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  • 1.
    Ahlin, Lina
    et al.
    Lund Univ, SWE.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Human capital sorting: The "when" and "who" of the sorting of educated workers to urban regions2018In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 581-610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sorting of high-ability workers is often advanced as one source of spatial disparities in economic outcomes. There are still few papers that analyze when human capital sorting occurs and whom it involves. Using data on 16 cohorts of university graduates in Sweden, we demonstrate significant sorting to urban regions on high school grades and education levels of parents, i.e., two attributes typically associated with latent abilities that are valued in the labor market. A large part of this sorting has already occurred in deciding where to study, because the top universities in Sweden are predominantly located in urban regions. The largest part of directed sorting on ability indicators occurs in the decision of where to study. Even after controlling for sorting prior to labor market entry, the best and brightest are still more likely to start working in urban regions. However, this effect appears to be driven by Sweden's main metropolitan region, Stockholm. We find no influence of our ability indicators on the probability of starting to work in urban regions after graduation when Stockholm is excluded. Studies of human capital sorting need to account for selection processes to and from universities, because neglecting mobility prior to labor market entry is likely to lead to an underestimation of the extent of the sorting to urban regions.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Globala värdekedjor, konkurrenskraft och löner2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 3.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Malmö: en stad, två berättelser2023Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 4.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Lööf, Hans
    R&D strategies and Entrepreneurial Spawning2012In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different R&D strategies of incumbent firms affect the quantity and quality of their entrepreneurial spawning. By examining entrepreneurial ventures of ex-employees of firms with different R&D strategies three things emerge: First, firms with persistent R&D investments with a general superiority in sales, exports, productivity, profitability and wages are less likely to generate entrepreneurs than firm with temporary or no R&D investments. Second, start-ups from knowledge intensive business service (KIBS) firms with persistent R&D investments have a significantly increased probability of survival. No corresponding association between the R&D strategies of incumbents and survival of entrepreneurial spawns is found for incumbents in manufacturing sectors. Third, spin-outs from KIBS-firms are more likely to survive if they start in the same firm, indicating the importance of inherited related knowledge. The findings suggest that R&D intensive firms spur fewer entrepreneurs, but their entrepreneurial spawns tend to be of higher quality.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Import flows: extraregional linkages stimulating renewal of regional sectors?2013In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 45, no 12, p. 2999-3017Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the role of regional import flows for renewal of regional industries. The hypothesis is that imports stimulate renewal of local industries by being vehicles for technology diffusion and means by which local firms can exploit advantages of global specialisation. We find robust and positive relationships between high-quality imports and renewal of regional exports, where the latter are measured by the introduction of novel export products of local firms. Connectedness to international markets via import networks appears to be a stimulus for the renewal of regional exports.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Bjerke, Lina
    Jönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Introduction2017In: Geographies of Growth: Innovations, Networks and Collaborations / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2017, p. 1-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Debatt: En inkluderande tillväxt i Malmö av betydelse för hela Sveriges tillväxt2023In: Dagens industri, no 1 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Castellani, Davide
    Lund University, SWE.
    Fassio, Claudio
    Lund University, SWE.
    Jienwatcharamongkhol, Viroj
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Leaving the multinational: The likelihood and nature of employee mobility from MNEs2022In: Journal of International Business Studies, ISSN 0047-2506, E-ISSN 1478-6990Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility of workers from multinational enterprises (MNEs) to other local firms is increasingly recognized as an important externality mechanism. However, MNEs have strong incentives to curb this mobility to prevent leakage of firm-specific assets. This research note investigates the likelihood and nature of such mobility patterns. Using longitudinal, matched employer–employee data for Sweden with detailed information on individuals, establishments, and firms, we find that workers employed in MNEs are more likely to leave their employers compared to similar workers employed in non-MNEs with similar characteristics. This effect is particularly strong for high-wage workers and managers. While we find that workers who leave MNEs are more likely to move to other MNEs, our results identify significant mobility toward start-ups, thus leading to important industrial dynamics in the host country. We discuss the implications of these results for research on the externalities from MNEs, and international business theory. © 2022, Academy of International Business.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Deiaco, Enrico
    Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Konkurrenskraft och globala värdekedjor – översikt, framtidsspaning och policy för Sverige2020In: Swedish Economic Forum Report 2020: Svensk konkurrenskraft – Hur kan Sverige säkerställa ett långsiktigt välstånd? / [ed] Johan Eklund, Per Thulin, Stockholm: Entreprenörskapsforum , 2020, p. 111-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Tsvetkova, Alexandra
    OECD Trento Centre for Local Development, Spatial Productivity Lab (SPL),ITA.
    Spatial variations in financial constraints of SMEs-evidence from firm-level estimates of investment-cash flow sensitivities in Sweden2023In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 1683-1698Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Plain English Summary We show that small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) located outside the main city regions are more dependent on internal cash flow in their investments compared to SME urban city regions. Our findings clearly show that, as access to agglomerated economies decreases, financial constraints faced by the SMEs increase. The investment ability of SMEs in rural regions depends on own cash flow more but revenues in smaller regions tend to be smaller too-implying that the cash flow is likely to be lower. As a result, SMEs in smaller and more remote places would find it harder to invest and, therefore, to grow or increase productivity. The fact that such a consistent pattern of increasing investment-cash flow sensitivity is clearly observable in Sweden, one of the least regionally unequal countries, only reinforces the importance of considering the spatial dimension in policies targeted at closing SME financing gap. It is well established that there is uneven availability of credit across space, in particular for SMEs. The evidence on whether this translates into differences in actual business investments remains scarce. We assess this question by using firm-level data for Swedish firms and estimate the extent to which the average investment-cash flow sensitivities of firms vary across the urban-rural hierarchy. We find that the world of financing is not yet flat for the majority of Swedish SMEs. Companies located in non-metro regions are most dependent on own cash flow in their investments. The results hold for all firms, firms of different sizes, firms operating in low-end services, unaffiliated firms and those belonging to domestic corporations. In contrast, investment-cash flow sensitivity of firms operating in high-tech services and those belonging to a multinational enterprise does not differ geographically. On average, regional investment-cash flow sensitivity is lower in bigger, denser and more educated local labour market regions; it is higher in regions with greater concentration of SMEs.

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  • 11.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kim, Brian H. S.
    Seoul National University, KOR.
    Kohlhase, Janet E.
    University of Houston, USA.
    Editorial: developments at the Annals of regional science 2020–20212022In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 68, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The editors-in-chief of the Annals of Regional Science offer an overview and analysis of recent developments at the journal from January 2020 through December 2021, a time period hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic. Annal’s Impact Factor increased substantially to 2.646 in 2020. Moreover, submissions increased from pre-COVID times. A new development is the shifting of source regions for articles accepted for publication. For the first time, China tied with the USA to lead the distribution of acceptances by country. Special Issues continue to be important components of the journal. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kim, Hong Sok
    Seoul National University, PRK.
    Kohlhase, Janet
    University of Houston, USA.
    Editorial Annals of Regional Science2020In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is no tradition in Annals of Regional Science that the editors write editorials. However, as of 2020, the editors will each year write an editorial in which we report as well as reflect on recent developments of the journal. We hope that this will be of interest for our readers. This editorial is the first one and marks the start of the strategy to write a yearly editorial.We, i.e., Martin Andersson (Sweden), Hong Sok Kim (South Korea) and Janet Kohlhase (USA), are by some standards a rather new constellation of editors-in-chief (EICs). Janet Kohlhase became an editor in 2011, replacing professor Roger Stough.1 Martin Andersson joined as editor in 2014 and replaced professor Börje Johansson. Hong Sok (Brian) Kim became an editor in 2019 by replacing profes-sor Euijune Kim. The former EICs continue to be part of the journal in the capacity as members of the advisory board of former editors. We are all delighted to serve as EICs and are committed to maintain as well as to further develop the journal’s tradition of publishing high-quality and influential research that pushes the field of regional science forward.

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    Editorial Annals of Regional Science
  • 13.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    Larsson, Johan
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    How Local are Spatial Density Externalities? Neighbourhood Effects in Agglomeration Economies2016In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, no 6, p. 1082-1095Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The geographic scale at which density externalities operate is analysed in this paper. Using geocoded high-resolution data, the analysis is focused on exogenously determined within-city squares (‘neighbourhoods’) of 1 km2. The analysis confirms a city-wide employment density–wage elasticity and an economically significant density–wage elasticity at the neighbourhood level that attenuate sharply with distance. Panel estimates over 20 years suggest a neighbourhood density–wage elasticity of about 3%, while the city-wide elasticity is about 1%. It is argued that the neighbourhood level is more prone to capture learning, e.g. through knowledge and information spillovers. This interpretation is supported by (1) significantly larger neighbourhood elasticities for university educated workers and (2) sharper attenuation with distance of the effect for such workers.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Klaesson, Johan
    Larsson, Johan P
    The sources of the urban wage premium by worker skills: Spatial sorting or agglomeration economies?2014In: Papers in regional science (Print), ISSN 1056-8190, E-ISSN 1435-5957, Vol. 93, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the respective importance of spatial sorting and agglomeration economies in explaining the urban wage premium for workers with different sets of skills. Sorting is the main source of the wage premium. Agglomeration economies are in general small, but are larger for workers with skills associated with non-routine job tasks. They also appear to involve human capital accumulation, as evidenced by the change in the wage of workers moving away from denser regions. For workers with routine jobs, agglomeration economies are virtually non-existent. Our results provide further evidence of spatial density bringing about productivity advantages primarily in contexts when problem-solving and interaction with others are important.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Klepper, Steven
    Characteristics and performance of new firms and spinoffs in Sweden2013In: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the rate of formation, the characteristics, and the performance of different types of new firms in Sweden over a decade. Comparisons with Denmark, Brazil, and the United States suggest that the environment for new firm formation in Sweden is not markedly different than elsewhere. In line with previous studies, spin-offs of incumbents perform better than other types of new firms, particularly if their parent firm continues to operate. A novel finding is that the larger the size of their parent, the greater is the rate of employment growth of spin-offs. This contrasts sharply with findings for firms with a single owner.

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  • 16.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Koster, Sierdjan
    University of Groningen, NLD.
    Local industry structure as a resource-base for entrepreneurship: Implications for smart specialization strategies2016In: The Empirical and Institutional Dimensions of Smart Specialisation, Taylor and Francis , 2016, p. 39-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kusetogullari, Anna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lund University, SWE.
    Coding for intangible competitive advantage - mapping the distribution and characteristics of software-developing firms in the Swedish economy2023In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 17-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Software is at the core of digitalisation and is often claimed to play a central role in innovation and in shaping competition across industries and firms. There are yet few studies of the extent and nature of software development across firms. We employ a unique firm-level survey comprising 3,929 firms across Sweden to analyse the distribution and characteristics of firms that invest in software development and the orientation of their investments. The results confirm that software development activities are present in most industries, but heterogeneously distributed across firms. Internal software development is associated with innovation-oriented large firms in high-tech and knowledge-intensive industries, and is often affiliated with MNEs. The results suggest that software development is comparable to R&D investments and constitutes an example of digital innovation. This strengthens the value of studying software development activities to understand how firms invest in and build competitive advantage in the digitalised economy. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 18.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics. Lund University, SWE ; Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE ; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), SWE.
    Kusetogullari, Anna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Software development and innovation: Exploring the software shift in innovation in Swedish firms2021In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 167, article id 120695Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of scholars and industry professionals have claimed that there has been a ‘software-biased shift’ in the nature and direction of innovation, in that software development is a core part of innovation activities in firms across a wide array of industries. Empirical firm-level evidence of such a shift is still scant. In this paper, we employ new and unique firm-level survey data on the frequency and nature of software development among firms in Sweden, matched with the Community Innovation Survey (CIS). We find robust evidence supporting a software bias in innovation, in that software development is associated with a higher likelihood of introducing innovations, as well as higher innovation sales among firms in both manufacturing and service industries. Furthermore, this positive relationship is stronger for firms that employ in-house software developers than for those that only use external developers, suggesting that there is a hierarchy but possibly also a complementarity between in-house and external software development. We also find support for complementarity between software-based technology and human capital; the estimated marginal effect of software development on innovation is particularly strong for firms that combine in-house software development with a highly educated workforce in both STEM and other disciplines. © 2021

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  • 19.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Att lära av staden: ekonomi och fysisk planering i urbaniseringens tidevarv2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Författarna går igenom modern forskning kring förtätningens ekonomiska drivkrafter och tydliggör vad forskningen säger; dels om generella konsekvenser av förtätning, dels om hur förtätningens effekter sprids i geografin. Vad förklarar de senaste årtiondenas starka urbanisering? Rapporten avslutas med en diskussion om framtida utmaningar för såväl forskning som fysisk planering.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Entreprenörskapets envisa geografi2019In: Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutvecklingoch entreprenörskap i Norrland / [ed] Karl Wennberg, Växjö: Familjen Kamprads stiftelse , 2019, p. 31-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Univ Cambridge, GBR.
    Historical local industry structure, voting patterns and the long-run entrepreneurial character of regions: Swedish examples2022In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 69, no 3, p. 611-631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial variations in rates of new firm formation are large and spatially persistent over long periods of time. A common explanation of this empirical regularity is so-called local entrepreneurship cultures, which refer to spatially embedded social characteristics that change in slow processes. This paper discusses perspectives on the development of such cultures and focuses on the role of historical industry structures in forming the long-run entrepreneurial character of regions. To illustrate the empirical relevance of arguments and findings in the literature, we use historical data on voting patterns in municipalities in Sweden, as well as indications of their early industrial concentrations, and assess their correlations with present-day entrepreneurial activity. We show that places with a high share of left-wing votes in the period 1917-1948 and early historical presence of heavy industry have lower rates of new firm formation, less positive public attitudes toward entrepreneurship as well as larger average establishment sizes in the twenty-first century. The empirical patterns are consistent with the argument that regions' historical industry structure is one factor that influences the development of local entrepreneurship cultures.

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  • 22.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Box 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.;JIBS, Dept Econ Finance & Stat, Ctr Entrepreneurship & Spatial Econ CEnSE, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Local entrepreneurship clusters in cities2016In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 39-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that entrepreneurs are co-located within cities. One plausible source of such spatial clustering is local social interactions, where individuals' decisions to become entrepreneurs are influenced by entrepreneurial neighbors. Using geo-coded matched employer-employee data for Sweden, we find that sharing residential neighborhood with established entrepreneurs has a statistically significant and robust influence on the probability that an individual leaves employment for entrepreneurship. An otherwise average neighborhood with a 5% point higher entrepreneurial intensity, all else equal, produces between six and seven additional entrepreneurs per square kilometer, each year. Our estimates suggest a local feedback-effect in which the presence of established entrepreneurs in a neighborhood influences the emergence of new local entrepreneurs. Our analysis supports the conjecture that social interaction effects constitute a mechanism by which local entrepreneurship clusters in cities develop and persist over time.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Mysteries of the trade? Skill-specific local agglomeration economies: Skill-specific local agglomeration economies2022In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 56, no 9, p. 1538-1553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do workers benefit from proximity to other workers with similar skill sets? This question dates back at least to Alfred Marshall. We use occupation groups to proxy skill sets and show that the answer likely depends on geographical levels, as well on regional hierarchy. Using longitudinal Swedish data, we document robust evidence consistent with highly localized spillovers at the level of sub-city districts between individuals in similar occupations. We further demonstrate less distance-sensitive benefits of working in districts and regions, characterized by high overall density (of employees in other occupations). We find no evidence of benefits from overall density outside Sweden’s three main metropolitan areas. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 24.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Näringslivsdynamik, städer och agglomerationsekonomier – forskningsöversikt och agenda2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport sammanfattar forskning kring sambanden mellan städer, agglomerationsekonomier, det vill säga ekonomiska fördelar av täta miljöer, och näringslivsdynamik. Ett särskilt fokus riktas mot hur värdet av agglomerationsekonomier skiljer sig åt mellan olika grupper av aktörer.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds Universitet.
    Närhet och nätverk: Urbaniseringens roll utanför storstäderna2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Urbaniseringen är inte bara begränsad till storstäderna och är inte ett nollsummespel där stad ställs mot landsbygd. Tvärtom kan både små och stora städer vara avgörande för den regionala utvecklingen och landsbygdens framtid. Urbanisering handlar nämligen inte om storstäder, utan om förtätning.

  • 26.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), SWE.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Öner, Özge
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Ethnic enclaves and self-employment among Middle Eastern immigrants in Sweden: ethnic capital or enclave size?2021In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 590-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ geocoded data to explore the effects of ethnic enclaves in Swedish cities on the propensity of Middle Eastern immigrants to transcend from having no employment to self-employment. We demonstrate a robust tendency for immigrants to leave non-employment for self-employment if many co-ethnic peers in the enclave are business owners, while we observe weak effects emanating from business owners in other groups. Net of these effects, overall enclave size, measured by the local concentration of co-ethnic peers, has a negative influence on the propensity for a non-employed immigrant to become self-employed. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 27.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Entreprenörskapsforum, SWE.
    Stora kunskapsintensiva investeringar: orsaker, verkan och den offentliga sektorns roll2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a definition of large knowledge-intensive investments (LKI). It then surveys research on the drivers as well as effects of LKI, and provides conclusions with regards to the conditions for, and role of, public policy in promoting such investments. The purpose is to provide the Swedish government with evidence and knowledge to support and develop the government’s work on supporting innovation and structural change of businesses in Sweden.

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  • 28.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    The economic microgeography of diversity and specialization externalities: firm-level evidence from Swedish cities2019In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 48, no 6, p. 1385-1398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ finely geo-coded firm-level panel data to assess the long-standing question whether agglomeration economies derive from specialization (within-industry), diversity (between-industry) or overall density. Rather than treating the city as a single unit, we focus our analysis on how the inner industry structures of cities influence firm-level productivity. Our results illustrate the co-existence of several externalities that differ in their spatial distribution and attenuation within cities. First, we find robust positive effects of neighborhood-level specialization on TFP as well as a small effect of diversity at the same fine spatial level. These effects are highly localized and dissipate beyond the immediate within-city neighborhood level. Second, we also find that firms benefit from the overall density of the wider city. The results emphasize the relevance of “opening up” cities to study the workings of their inner organization and support the idea that location in a within-city industry cluster in a diversified and dense city boosts productivity. © 2019

  • 29.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Urban preferences, amenities and age: Exploring the spatial distribution of age in Stockholm from 1991 to 20112018In: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 367-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities exhibit a rich and complex heterogeneity in people and activities. This poses a sizable challenge for planners when planning new neighbourhoods or the reconstruction of old ones as well as when considering the allocation of supply of and demand for amenities, e.g. kindergartens or health facilities. However, individual preferences may also exhibit common denominators that may provide structure to this heterogeneity. One such denominator is age. In this paper we introduce the concept of neighbourhood age, defined as the mean age of people living in exogenously defined squares of 1km2 in a city. We use highly disaggregated geocoded data to map how the spatial distribution of neighbourhood age changes over a 20-year period from 1991 to 2011 in the city of Stockholm, Sweden. We then test the correlation between neighbourhood age and two categories of urban amenities: supply of local consumption amenities and distance to the city's central business district (CBD). The paper presents three main findings: First, neighbourhood age changes and polarizes significantly over the observed period, suggesting that different age groups are concentrating in different parts of the city. Second, there is a rejuvenation in the central parts of the city but also in more distant clusters of amenities. Third, over a long-term perspective, the results suggest that local clusters of consumption amenities outside the inner city may become increasingly attractive to younger people. Our conclusion is that neighbourhood age and age-related patterns over time provides a tool for planners to better understand the spatial distribution of age-related demand. © 2018 The Author(s). Regional Science Policy and Practice © 2018 RSAI

  • 30.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Lavesson, Niclas
    Lunds Universitet, Centre for Innovation Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), SWE.
    Niedomysl, Thomas
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    Rural to urban long-distance commuting in Sweden: Trends, characteristics and pathways2018In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 59, p. 67-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of ICT and the shift toward jobs with more flexibility in working hours and places of work sparked popular debates about potential for a ‘rural renaissance’. A key argument was that there are increasing possibilities to live in the countryside while being employed in large cities. This paper uses data spanning two decades to examine trends in and characteristics of employee–employer ties between rural and urban areas in Sweden. Our main results suggest that rural-to-urban long-distance commuting is rapidly increasing, but not as fast as commuting flows elsewhere. Compared to the rural population at large, rural residents working in large cities constitute a strongly selected group of workers who are well paid, have long educations, are young and also have advanced knowledge-intensive occupations. Only about 30 percent of those who become rural-to-urban long-distance commuters have moved from urban areas; the vast majority constitute those who already lived in rural areas before starting to commute to urban areas. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

  • 31.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Lööf, Hans
    Small business innovation: firm level evidence from Sweden2012In: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 732-754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines innovation among very small firms and provides new insights into both internal and external determinants of patenting. Applying a non-linear panel data approach to about 160,000 observations on manufacturing firms in Sweden for the period 2000-2006, the following facts emerge: (i) in contrast to larger firms, innovation in micro firms with 1-10 employees is not sensitive to variation in internal financial resources, (ii) skilled labour is even more important for innovation among micro firms compared to other firms, (iii) affiliation to a domestically owned multinational enterprise group increases the innovation capacity of small businesses, (iv) small firms' innovation is closely linked to participation in international trade and exports to the G7-countries, and (v) there is no statistically significant evidence that proximity to metropolitan areas, or presence in a specialized cluster, increases the innovativeness of the smallest firm

  • 32.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Tillväxtpolitiska insatsers logik, effekt och utvärderingsbarhet2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 33.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
    Sundqvist, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
    Organdonation: en intervjustudie om vårdpersonals erfarenheter av hur de stödjer och hjälper anhöriga att ta beslut om organdonation.2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag transplanteras med framgång bl.a. hjärta, lungor, njurar och lever. Behovet av organ ökar men tillgången minskar. Det finns många olika sätt att göra sin vilja känd om sin inställning till organdonation. Om den avlidnes vilja inte är känd är det anhöriga som måste ta beslutet om organdonation. Att mista en närstående plötsligt och oväntat är i många fall förenat med ett chocktillstånd. Att i det tillståndet bli tillfrågad av en läkare om tillåtelse att ta den avlidnes organ, kan medföra både skuldkänslor och ångest, speciellt eftersom beslutet tas under tidspress och psykisk stress. Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att genom intervjuer beskriva vårdpersonals erfarenheter av hur de stödjer och hjälper anhöriga vid beslut om organdonation. I studien används Watson som teoretisk referensram, Watson har en syn på människor som passar bra att använda sig av när en människa står inför en stor förändring. Intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av Burnards analysmetod. I resultatet förekommer det att information till anhöriga är mycket viktigt. Informationen skall vara lättförståelig, upprepad och tydlig. Det är till en början viktigt att de anhöriga förstår vad hjärndöd innebär, det är en förutsättning för att kunna gå vidare. Det är också viktigt att anhöriga får ta farväl av den avlidne, det underlättar förståelsen att den närstående är död. I många fall är det kaotiskt för de anhöriga och då spelar vårdpersonalen en viktig roll att ge de anhöriga stöd och hjälp. Den vårdpersonal som intervjuats menar att det är deras erfarenhet som gör att de på ett bra och effektivt sätt kan ge de anhöriga stöd och hjälp.

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  • 34.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    Does spatial employment density spur inter-firm job switching?2013In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 245-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-firm job switching of workers is a much cited but seldom measured source of the productivity advantages of spatial employment density. It has been advanced as a conduit for localized knowledge flows as well as labor market matching efficiency. Using a matched employer–employee dataset for Sweden, we estimate the influence spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job switching of private sector workers. Our estimates suggest that a doubling of employment density per square kilometer increases the probability that a random worker switches employer by 0.2 % points. The same effect is substantially higher for more skilled workers. While the effect of a doubling of density is limited, the actual differences in density across the regions in our data amount to a factor over 40, rendering differences in density an important explanation for regional variations in rates of inter-firm job switching.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Ecole d'Economie de Paris, FRA.
    Hernando de Soto: recipient of the 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2017In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 721-728Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is given to Hernando de Soto, president of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD) in Lima, Peru. Over the last 30 years, Hernando de Soto has been a world-leading intellectual engaged in academic and public policy discussions on global development. He has made substantial contributions to our understanding of the informal economy and of the importance of property rights to unleash entrepreneurship and alleviate poverty and underdevelopment. His contributions have led to a new and better understanding of the role played by institutions in supporting entrepreneurship, especially in the Third World. Hernando de Soto’s work has also had major influences on policy worldwide, both in terms of conceptual understanding and practical policy measures. © 2017 The Author(s)

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  • 36.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    External Trade and Internal Geography: Local Export Spillovers by Industry Characteristics and Firm Size2012In: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 420-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exporting firms in a region may reduce export entry costs for other local firms either through market or non-market interactions. This paper tests this proposition by analyzing whether the probability of exporting among Swedish firms is positively associated with the local presence of exporters in their region and industry. Our results support this conjecture, while also providing some support for such export spillovers being more important in contract-intensive industries and small firms. The results for different industries and size-classes of firms are also sensitive to whether we focus on firms' export status or restrict the sample to export starters.

  • 37.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Den programmeringsbara ekonomin: Mjukvara och mjukvaruutveckling i det svenska näringslivet2020Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Xiao, Jing
    Acquisitions of start-ups by incumbent businesses A market selection process of "high-quality" entrants?2016In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 272-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze the frequency and nature by which new firms are acquired by established businesses. Acquisitions are often considered to reflect a technology transfer process and to also constitute one way in which a "symbiosis" between new technology-based firms (NTBFs) and established businesses is realized. Using a micro-level dataset for Sweden in which we follow new entrants up to 18 years after entry, we show that acquisitions of recent start-ups are rare and restricted to a small group of entrants with defining characteristics. Estimates from competing risks models show that acquired start-ups, in particular by multinational enterprises (MNEs), stand out from entrants that either remain independent or exit by being much more likely to be spin-offs operating in high-tech sectors, having strong technological competence, and having weak internal financial resources. Our overall findings support the argument that acquisitions primarily concern NTBFs in market contexts where entry costs are large, access to finance is important and incumbents have valuable complementary capabilities and resources. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 39.
    Borg, Marcus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, SWE.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Olsson, Thomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, SWE.
    Franke, Ulrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, SWE.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Illuminating a Blind Spot in Digitalization - Software Development in Sweden's Private and Public Sector2020In: Proceedings - 2020 IEEE/ACM 42nd International Conference on Software Engineering Workshops, ICSEW 2020, Association for Computing Machinery, Inc , 2020, p. 299-302Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As Netscape co-founder Marc Andreessen famously remarked in 2011, software is eating the world - becoming a pervasive invisible critical infrastructure. Data on the distribution of software use and development in society is scarce, but we compile results from two novel surveys to provide a fuller picture of the role software plays in the public and private sectors in Sweden, respectively. Three out of ten Swedish firms, across industry sectors, develop software in-house. The corresponding figure for Sweden's government agencies is four out of ten, i.e., the public sector should not be underestimated. The digitalization of society will continue, thus the demand for software developers will further increase. Many private firms report that the limited supply of software developers in Sweden is directly affecting their expansion plans. Based on our findings, we outline directions that need additional research to allow evidence-informed policy-making. We argue that such work should ideally be conducted by academic researchers and national statistics agencies in collaboration. © 2020 ACM.

  • 40.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Pioneering Entrepreneurship Research: How, by Whom, and When2022Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pioneering Entrepreneurship Research lists the seminal and pioneering research efforts conducted by a limited group of scholars from different disciplines that challenged traditional thought on small business and entrepreneurship – these pioneers and their specific contributions transformed our thinking about entrepreneurs. This monograph also discusses the drivers that motivated their entrepreneurial endeavors, their influence at the firm/micro-level and their role in fostering economic development and growth. It explores how their breakthrough contributions increasingly gained acceptance in several disciplines, thereby toppling previous views with profound implications for theory, empirics, methodology and policy.

    Research on entrepreneurship has witnessed a tremendous renaissance and continues to rapidly evolve. This monograph identifies scholars who have played a particularly important role in pushing the research frontier through their seminal work in the entrepreneurship field. Following an introduction, the authors discuss the definition of entrepreneurship and the academic domain of entrepreneurship research. Next is a chronological account of the early pioneers and the origin of entrepreneurship research. The monograph provides a more detailed description of contemporary pioneers, defined as those that contributed to shaping and defining the research field in the latter decades. It then groups pioneers into specific research categories aiming to give a comprehensive picture of how the advances made has served to deepen our understanding of how the economy works. This is followed by a discussion of avenues for future entrepreneurship research and a conclusion with references.

  • 41.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Pioneering Entrepreneurship Research: How, by Whom, and When2022In: FOUNDATIONS AND TRENDS IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP, ISSN 1551-3114, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 77-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic thought on entrepreneurship goes at least as far back as to Richard Cantillon, Adam Smith and Jean-Baptiste Say in the 18th and 19th centuries, and by some accounts much further back. After being neglected throughout a large part of the 20th century, entrepreneurship research has risen to become one of the most forceful, dynamic and expansionary fields in social sciences, represented by variety of specialized journals and conferences and encompassing several academic sub-disciplines. This monograph attempts to provide an overview of primarily contemporary pioneers in entrepreneurship research who have been instrumental in defining, re-introducing and establishing entrepreneurship as a core research discipline through their seminal scientific endeavors. Besides of the founding fathers of entrepreneurship research, we have identified 45 pioneers from a list of several hundreds of potential candidates. Three of those made their most seminal contributions between the late 1940s and the late 1960s. The remaining 42 contemporary pioneers were decisive for the establishment of the research field. Our ambition is thus to provide answers to how, by whom and when these pioneering contributions were made. By necessity, given how large and diverse the field has become, many researchers and topics have been left out of this review. We humbly recognize that we may have left out researchers who deserve to be mentioned; nevertheless we feel confident that selection of scholars are all worthy pioneers in the entrepreneurship research field.

  • 42.
    Foss, Nicolai J.
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics. Entreprenörskapsforum.
    Henrekson, Magnus
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
    Jack, Sarah
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Stenkula, Mikael
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Sweden.
    Thorburn, Karin
    Norwegian School of Economics.
    Zander, Ivo
    Uppsala University.
    Saras Sarasvathy: recipient of the 2022 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2023In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Professor Saras Sarasvathy is the recipient of the 2022 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research. Her research contributions have fundamentally changed and invigorated the conversation in the domain of entrepreneurship research. Sarasvathy’s work on effectuation emphasizes how entrepreneurs operate based on available resources, think in terms of affordable loss rather than profit maximization, leverage trustworthy partnerships, and treat unforeseen contingencies as opportunities rather than problems. It has led and inspired a new generation of researchers in the quest for a better understanding of how entrepreneurs make their decisions and the unfolding of the entrepreneurial process. © 2023, The Author(s).

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  • 43.
    Ghani, Zartashia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health. Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Jarl, Johan
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Saha, Sanjib
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Sanmartin Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Economic evaluation of a software application (Support, Monitoring and Reminder Technology for Mild Dementia [SMART4MD]) designed for older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ghani, Zartashia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Jarl, Johan
    Lund University, SWE.
    Sanmartin Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    The cost-effectiveness of mobile health (Mhealth) interventions for older adults: Systematic review2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 15, p. 1-13, article id 5290Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to critically assess and review empirical evidence on the cost-effectiveness of Mobile Health (mHealth) interventions for older adults. We systematically searched databases such as Pubmed, Scopus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Literature (CINAHL) for peer-reviewed economic evaluations published in English from 2007 to 2018. We extracted data on methods and empirical evidence (costs, effects, incremental cost-effectiveness ratio) and assessed if this evidence supported the reported findings in terms of cost-effectiveness. The consolidated health economic evaluation reporting standards (CHEERS) checklist was used to assess the reporting quality of the included studies. Eleven studies were identified and categorized into two groups: complex smartphone communication and simple text-based communication. Substantial heterogeneity among the studies in terms of methodological approaches and types of intervention was observed. The cost-effectiveness of complex smartphone communication interventions cannot be judged due to lack of information. Limited evidence of cost-effectiveness was found for interventions related to simple text-based communications. Comprehensive economic evaluation studies are warranted to assess the cost-effectiveness of mHealth interventions designed for older adults. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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    The cost-effectiveness of mobile health (Mhealth) interventions for older adults
  • 45.
    Ghani, Zartashia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Saha, Sanjib
    Lund University, SWE.
    Jarl, Johan
    Lund University, SWE.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Sanmartin Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Short Term Economic Evaluation of the Digital Platform "Support, Monitoring and Reminder Technology for Mild Dementia" (SMART4MD) for People with Mild Cognitive Impairment and their Informal Caregivers2022In: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 86, no 4, p. 1629-1641Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A randomized controlled trial of the SMART4MD tablet application was conducted for persons with mild cognitive impairment (PwMCI) and their informal caregivers to improve or maintain quality of life. Objective: The objective was to conduct economic evaluation of SMART4MD compared to standard care in Sweden from a healthcare provider perspective based on a 6-month follow-up period. Methods: Three hundred forty-five dyads were enrolled: 173 dyads in the intervention group and 172 in standard care. The primary outcome measures for PwMCI and informal caregivers were quality-adjusted life years (QALY). The results are presented as incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, and confidence intervals are calculated using non-parametric bootstrap procedure. Results: For PwMCI, the mean difference in total costs between intervention and standard care was (sic)12 (95%CI: -2090 to 2115) (US$ =(sic) 1.19) and the mean QALY change was -0.004 (95%CI: -0.009 to 0.002). For informal caregivers, the cost difference was -(sic)539 (95%CI: -2624 to 1545) and 0.003 (95%CI: -0.002 to 0.008) for QALY. The difference in cost and QALY for PwMCI and informal caregivers combined was -(sic)527 (95%CI: -3621 to 2568) and -0.001 (95%CI: -0.008 to 0.006). Although generally insignificant differences, this indicates that SMART4MD, compared to standard care was: 1) more costly and less effective for PwMCI, 2) less costly and more effective for informal caregivers, and 3) less costly and less effective for PwMCI and informal caregivers combined. Conclusion: The cost-effectiveness of SMART4MD over 6 months is inconclusive, although the intervention might be more beneficial for informal caregivers than PwMCI.

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  • 46.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Andersson, MartinBlekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.Bjerke, LinaJönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Geographies of growth: Innovations, networks and collaborations2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today we can observe an increasing spatial divide as some large urban regions and many more medium-sized and small regions face growing problems such as decreasing labour demand, increasing unemployment and an ageing population. In view of these trends, this book offers a better understanding of the general characteristics and specific drivers of the geographies of growth. It shows how these may vary in different spatial contexts, how hurdles and barriers to growth in different types of regions can be dealt with, how and to what extent resources in different areas can develop and how the potential of these resources to stimulate growth can be realized. This book presents a collection of chapters, divided into four main parts, that together deal with these issues. The expert contributions provide numerous different perspectives on a new regional divide as well as exploring the inter-regional accessibility to human capital and its effects on productivity on both sides of the border. The book also investigates the speed of convergence and the fact that, when incorporating structural change, it is often quicker at the regional level compared to both the country and industry level. Other topics covered include institutional foundations and their influence on local social acceptance of entrepreneurship, the role of global value chains on bilateral trade and the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation focusing on partner selection and location. Students, researchers and scholars will find this an important resource that fills numerous knowledge gaps and opens new avenues for research. It will also appeal to consultants, practitioners and planners at the international, regional and local level. © Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Lina Bjerke 2017. All rights reserved.

  • 47.
    Koster, Sierdjan
    et al.
    University of Groningen, NLD.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    When is your experience valuable?: Occupation-industry transitions and self-employment success2018In: Journal of evolutionary economics, ISSN 0936-9937, E-ISSN 1432-1386, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 265-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on employee spinoffs has, for a long time, stressed the importance of industry-specific skills and experiences in explaining the success of new firms. We argue that employees also develop skills that are associated with their occupation within an industry, and that success as an entrepreneur, therefore, is also contingent on the relation between the entrepreneurs’ previous occupation and the industry in which they operate as self-employed. Using matched employer-employee data, we develop a measure, occupational spin-offs, that accounts for this relation. An occupational spin-off is defined as a start-up in the most common industry, given the previous occupation of the founder. We then show that entrepreneurs starting occupational spinoffs enjoy above average income from self-employment and have longer spells as business owners. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 48.
    Kusetogullari, Anna
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kusetogullari, Hüseyin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Computer Science.
    Yavariabdi, Amir
    KTO Karatay University, TUR.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Eklund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Genetic Algorithm-based Variable Selection Approach for High-Growth Firm Prediction2022In: International Conference on Electrical, Computer, Communications and Mechatronics Engineering, ICECCME 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we propose a novel method for high-growth firm prediction by minimizing a cost function using a Genetic Algorithm (GA). To achieve it, the GA is used to search to find a set of important variables which provide the best fit for machine learning models so that accurate predictions can be made for high-growth firm prediction. The GA is employed to optimize the mean square error (MSE) between the accurate results and the predicted results of the machine learning methods by evolving the initially generated binary solutions through iterations. The proposed method obtains the best fitting set of variables for the machine learning methods for high-growth firm prediction. Four different machine learning methods which are Support Vector Machines (SVM), Logistic Regression, Random Forest (RF) and K-Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) have been employed with the GA and experimental results show that using RF with the GA achieves the best accuracy results with 94.93%. © 2022 IEEE.

  • 49.
    Lindholm-Dahlstrand, Åsa
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Case Western Reserve University, USA.
    Entrepreneurial experimentation: a key function in systems of innovation2019In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 591-610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on innovation systems focuses on the supply side (the creation of technology) rather than on how innovations are converted into economic activity and growth via the market (the demand side, and the interface between supply and demand). One implication of this is that there is a dearth of research on the links between innovation systems and economic growth. The purpose of this paper is to begin to fill this gap in the literature. We articulate the function of entrepreneurial experimentation as an essential mechanism for translating new knowledge into economic activity and growth created in innovation systems. We argue that entrepreneurial experimentation comprises both “technical” and “market” experimentation. Spinoffs and acquisitions are proposed as micro-mechanisms that give rise to system-wide entrepreneurial experimentation. Our framework suggests that entrepreneurial experimentation is central in driving both the supply- and the demand-side dynamics of innovation systems, hence linking both innovation systems and entrepreneurship to economic growth. © 2018 The Author(s)

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  • 50.
    Minniti, Maria
    et al.
    Martin J. Whitman School of Management, USA.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, SWE.
    Delmar, Frederic
    EMLYON Business School, FRA.
    Rickne, Annika
    Linköping University, SWE.
    Thorburn, Karin
    Wharton School at University of Pennsylvania, USA.
    Wennberg, Karl
    Linköping University, SWE.
    Stenkula, Mikael
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), SWE.
    Boyan Jovanovic: recipient of the 2019 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2019In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 547-553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2019 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research has been awarded to Professor Boyan Jovanovic at New York University in the USA. Boyan Jovanovic has developed pioneering research that advances our understanding of the competitive dynamics between incumbent firms and new entrants, entrepreneurial learning and selection processes, and the importance of entrepreneurship for the economy. Key perspectives in his research are that the entrepreneur makes employment choices based on the comparative advantage of his or her skills and that entrepreneurial firms are vehicles of technological change and knowledge diffusion that influence industry dynamics and, in turn, economic growth. © 2019, The Author(s).

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