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  • 1.
    Chu, Thi My Chin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    MIMO Incremental AF Relay Networks with TAS/MRC and Adaptive Modulation2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the use of adaptive modulation (AM) for a dual-hop multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network with transmit antenna selection (TAS) at the transmitter and maximal ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. Our system deploys incremental amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying with AM to forward the source signal. A switching policy for selecting between the relaying and the direct communication is utilized to maximize spectrum efficiency. In particular, we derive closed-form expressions for the outage probability, spectrum efficiency, and bit error rate (BER) for the considered system over Nakagami-m fading. The considered network not only takes advantage of TAS transmission such as achieving full diversity order with low transmit complexity but also inherits the beneficial feature of AM such as spectrum efficiency improvement. Reference

  • 2.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Elkashlan, Maged
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Beamforming Transmission in Cognitive AF Relay Networks with Feedback Delay2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the effect of feedback delay on outage probability (OP) and symbol error rate (SER) of cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks with beamforming transmission in Rayleigh fading environment. It is assumed that the secondary transmitter and the secondary receiver are equipped with multiple antennas, whereas the relay and the primary user comprise of a single antenna. Furthermore, in this system, the secondary users use the underlay scheme in which the secondary transmitter and the relay can coexist with the primary user as long as their interference caused to the primary receiver is below a predefined threshold. Through our analysis, numerical results are provided to show the level of degradation of cognitive AF relay systems in proportion to the degree of feedback delay. In addition, we also present the effect of the number of antennas at the secondary transceiver on the performance of the considered system.

  • 3.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Adaptive Modulation and Coding with Queue Awareness in Cognitive Incremental Decode-and-Forward Relay Networks2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the performance of adaptive modulation and coding in a cognitive incremental decode-and-forward relaying network where a secondary source can directly communicate with a secondary destination or via an intermediate relay. To maximize transmission efficiency, a policy which flexibly switches between the relaying and direct transmission is proposed. In particular, the transmission, which gives higher average transmission efficiency, will be selected for the communication. Specifically, the direct transmission will be chosen if its instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is higher than one half of that of the relaying transmission. In this case, the appropriate modulation and coding scheme (MCS) of the direct transmission is selected only based on its instantaneous SNR. In the relaying transmission, since the MCS of the transmissions from the source to the relay and from the relay to the destination are implemented independently to each other, buffering of packets at the relay is necessary. To avoid buffer overflow at the relay, the MCS for the relaying transmission is selected by considering both the queue state and the respective instantaneous SNR. Finally, a finite-state Markov chain is modeled to analyze key performance indicators such as outage probability and average transmission efficiency of the cognitive relay network.

  • 4.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Amplify-and-Forward Relay Assisting both Primary and Secondary Transmissions in Cognitive Radio Networks over Nakagami-m Fading2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the performance for the primary and secondary transmissions in cognitive radio networks where the amplify-and-forward (AF) secondary relay helps to transmit the signals for both the primary and secondary transmitters over independent Nakagami-m fading. First, we derive exact closed-form expressions for outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the primary network. Then, we derive an exact closed-form expression for outage probability and a closed-form expression of a tight upper bound for SER of the secondary network. Furthermore, we also make a comparison for the performance of the primary system with and without the help of the secondary relay.

  • 5.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Cognitive AF Relay Assisting both Primary and Secondary Transmission with Beamforming2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the system performance of a cognitive relay network with underlay spectrum sharing wherein the relay is exploited to assist both the primary and secondary transmitters in forwarding their signals to the respective destinations. To exploit spatial diversity, beamforming transmission is implemented at the transceivers of the primary and secondary networks. Particularly, exact expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the primary transmission and tight bounded expressions for the outage probability and SER of the secondary transmission are derived. Furthermore, an asymptotic analysis for the primary network, which is utilized to investigate the diversity and coding gain of the network, is developed. Finally, numerical results are presented to show the benefits of the proposed system.

  • 6.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Cognitive MIMO AF Relay Network with TAS/MRC Under Peak Interference Power Constraint2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the use of transmit antenna selection (TAS) and maximal ratio combining (MRC) for a cognitive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) amplify-andforward (AF) relay network. We focus on the scenario that each of the source and relay selects only a single antenna which maximizes the instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) to transmit and forward the signal while the receiver combines the signals from all receive antennas. Utilizing TAS, the considered cognitive network not only offers advantages such as achieving full diversity order with low transmit complexity but also reduces the interference induced to the primary transmission as compared to maximum ratio transmission (MRT). This in turn becomes beneficial for the secondary network when this network operates under the interference power constraint of the primary receiver. In particular, we derive expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the network to evaluate the system performance. We also develop an asymptotic analysis for the outage probability and the SER to obtain diversity and coding gain. With the tractable asymptotic expressions, the effect of network parameters such as the number of antennas, the transmission distances, and the interference power constraint of the primary receiver on the system performance are readily revealed.

  • 7.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Delay Analysis for Cognitive Ad Hoc Networks Using Multi-channel Medium Access Control2014In: IET Communications, ISSN 1751-8628, E-ISSN 1751-8636, Vol. 8, no 7, p. 1083-1093Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the authors analyse the average end-to-end packet delay for a cognitive ad hoc network where multiple secondary nodes randomly contend for accessing the licensed bands of primary users in non-slotted time mode. Before accessing the licensed bands, each node must perform spectrum sensing and collaboratively exchange the sensing results with other nodes of the corresponding communication as a means of improving the accuracy of spectrum sensing. Furthermore, the medium access control with collision avoidance mechanism based distributed coordination function specified by IEEE802.11 is applied to coordinate spectrum access for this cognitive ad hoc network. To evaluate the system performance, the authors model the considered network as an open G/G/1 queuing network and utilise the method of diffusion approximation to analyse the end-to-end packet delay. The authors’ analysis takes into account not only the number of secondary nodes, the arrival rate of primary users and the arrival rate of secondary users but also the effect of the number of licensed bands when assessing the average end-to-end packet delay of the networks.

  • 8.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Hybrid Interweave-Underlay Spectrum Access for Cognitive Cooperative Radio Networks2014In: IEEE Transactions on Communications, ISSN 0090-6778, E-ISSN 1558-0857, Vol. 62, no 7, p. 2183-2197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study a hybrid interweave-underlay spectrum access system that integrates amplify-and-forward relaying. In hybrid spectrum access, the secondary users flexibly switch between interweave and underlay schemes based on the state of the primary users. A continuous-time Markov chain is proposed to model and analyze the spectrum access mechanism of this hybrid cognitive cooperative radio network (CCRN). Utilizing the proposed Markov model, steady-state probabilities of spectrum access for the hybrid CCRN are derived. Furthermore, we assess performance in terms of outage probability, symbol error rate (SER), and outage capacity of this CCRN for Nakagami-m fading with integer values of fading severity parameter m. Numerical results are provided showing the effect of network parameters on the secondary network performance such as the primary arrival rate, the distances from the secondary transmitters to the primary receiver, the interference power threshold of the primary receiver in underlay mode, and the average transmit signal-to-noise ratio of the secondary network in interweave mode. To show the performance improvement of the CCRN, comparisons for outage probability, SER, and capacity between the conventional underlay scheme and the hybrid scheme are presented. The numerical results show that the hybrid approach outperforms the conventional underlay spectrum access.

  • 9.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    MIMO Incremental AF Relay Networks with TAS/MRC and Adaptive Modulation2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the use of adaptive modulation (AM) for a dual-hop multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) network with transmit antenna selection (TAS) at the transmitter and maximal ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. Our system deploys incremental amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying with AM to forward the source signal. A switching policy for selecting between the relaying and the direct communications is utilized to maximize spectrum efficiency. In particular, we derive expressions for the outage probability, spectrum efficiency, and bit error rate (BER) for the considered system over Nakagamim fading. The considered network not only takes advantage of TAS transmission such as achieving full diversity order with low transmit complexity but also inherits the beneficial feature of AM such as spectrum efficiency improvement.

  • 10.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    On the Performance of Underlay Cognitive Radio Networks Using M/G/1/K Queuing Model2013In: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 876-879Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by a realistic scenario for cognitive radio systems, we model the underlay cognitive radio network (CRN) under interference power constraint imposed by the primary network as an M/G/1/K queueing system. The respective embedded Markov chain is provided to analyze several key queueing performance measures. In particular, the equilibrium probabilities of all states are derived and utilized to evaluate throughput, blocking probability, mean packet transmission time, mean number of packets in the system, and mean waiting time of an underlay CRN with Nakagami-m fading channels.

  • 11.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Opportunistic Spectrum Access for Cognitive Amplify-and-Forward Relay Networks2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the performance of cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks where the secondary users opportunistically access M licensed bands of the primary users over Nakagami-m fading channels. In order to enhance the accuracy of spectrum sensing and strongly protect the primary users from being interfered by the secondary transmission, collaborative spectrum sensing is deployed among the secondary transmitter, secondary relay, and secondary receiver. In particular, an analytical expression for the capacity of the considered network is derived. Numerical results are provided to show the influence of the arrival rate of the primary users on the channel utilization of licensed bands. Finally, the impact of the number of the licensed bands, channel utilization of the primary users, false alarm probability, and transmission distances on the capacity of the considered system are investigated.

  • 12.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Performance analysis of MIMO cognitive amplify-and-forward relay networks with orthogonal space–time block codes2015In: Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing, ISSN 1530-8669, E-ISSN 1530-8677, Vol. 15, p. 1659-1679Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the performance of multiple-input multiple-output cognitive amplify-and-forward relay networks using orthogonal space–time block coding over independent Nakagami-m fading. It is assumed that both the direct transmission and the relaying transmission from the secondary transmitter to the secondary receiver are applicable. In order to process the received signals from these links, selection combining is adopted at the secondary receiver. To evaluate the system performance, an expression for the outage probability valid for an arbitrary number of transceiver antennas is presented. We also derive a tight approximation for the symbol error rate to quantify the error probability. In addition, the asymptotic performance in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime is investigated to render insights into the diversity behavior of the considered networks. To reveal the effect of network parameters on the system performance in terms of outage probability and symbol error rate, selected numerical results are presented. In particular, these results show that the performance of the system is enhanced when increasing the number of antennas at the transceivers of the secondary network. However, increasing the number of antennas at the primary receiver leads to a degradation in the secondary system performance.

  • 13.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Performance Assessment of Cooperative Relay Networks with Advanced Radio Transmission Techniques2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade, cooperative communications has been emerging as a pertinent technology for the current and upcoming generations of mobile communication infrastructure. The indispensable benefits of this technology have motivated numerous studies from both academia and industry on this area. In particular, cooperative communications has been developed as a means of alleviating the effect of fading and hence improve the reliability of wireless communications. The key idea behind this technique is that communication between the source and destination can be assisted by several intermediate nodes, so-called relay nodes. As a result, cooperative communication networks can enhance the reliability of wireless communications where the transmitted signals are severely impaired because of fading. In addition, through relaying transmission, communication range can be extended and transmit power of each radio terminal can be reduced as well. The objective of this thesis is to analyze the system performance of cooperative relay networks integrating advanced radio transmission techniques and using the two major relaying protocols, i.e., decode-and-forward (DF) and amplify-and-forward (AF). In particular, the radio transmission techniques that are considered in this thesis include multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems and orthogonal space-time block coding (OSTBC) transmission, adaptive transmission, beamforming transmission, coded cooperation, and cognitive radio transmission. The thesis is divided into an introduction section and six parts based on peer-reviewed journal articles and conference papers. The introduction provides the readers with some fundamental background on cooperative communications along with several key concepts of cognitive radio systems. In the first part, performance analysis of cooperative single and multiple relay networks using MIMO and OSTBC transmission is presented wherein the diversity gain, coding gain, outage probability, symbol error rate, and channel capacity are assessed. It is shown that integrating MIMO and OSTBC transmission into cooperative relay networks provides full diversity gain. In the second part, the performance benefits of MIMO relay networks with OSTBC and adaptive transmission strategies are investigated. In the third part, the performance improvement with respect to outage probability of coded cooperation applied to opportunistic DF relay networks over conventional cooperative networks is shown. In the fourth part, the effects of delay of channel state information feedback from the destination to the source and co-channel interference on system performance is analyzed for beamforming AF relay networks. In the fifth part, cooperative diversity is investigated in the context of an underlay cognitive AF relay network with beamforming. In the sixth part, finally, the impact of the interference power constraint on the system performance of multi-hop cognitive AF relay networks is investigated.

  • 14.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jurgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Arlos, Patrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Packet Loss Priority of Cognitive Radio Networks with Partial Buffer Sharing2015In: 2015 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATIONS (ICC), IEEE Computer Society, 2015, p. 7646-7652Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider the application of partial buffer sharing to an M/G/1/K queueing system for cognitive radio networks (CRNs). It is assumed that the CRN is subject to Nakagami-m. fading. Secondary users are allowed to utilize the licensed radio spectrum of the primary users through underlay spectrum access. A finite buffer at the secondary transmitter is partitioned into two regions, the first region serves both classes of packets while the second region serves only packets of the highest priority class. Therefore, the examined CRN can be modeled as an M/G/1/K queueing system using partial buffer sharing. An embedded Markov chain is applied to analyze the queueing behavior of the system. Utilizing the balance equations and the normalized equation, the equilibrium state distribution of the system at an arbitrary time instant can be found. This outcome is utilized to investigate the impact of queue length, arrival rates, and fading parameters on queueing performance measures such as blocking probability, throughput, mean packet transmission time, channel utilization, mean number of packets in the system, and mean packet waiting time for each class of packets.

  • 15.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Arlos, Patrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Delay and Throughput Analysis for Opportunistic Decode-and-Forward Relay Networks2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we develop a queueing analysis for opportunistic decode-and-forward (DF) relay networks. It is assumed that the networks undergo Nakagami-m fading and that the external arrival process follows a Poisson distribution. By selecting the best relay according to the opportunistic relaying scheme, the source first transmits its signal to the best relay which then attempts to decode the reception and forwards the output to the destination. It is assumed that each relay operates in full-duplex mode, i.e., it can receive and transmit signals simultaneously. The communication process throughout the network can be modeled as a queueing network which is structured from sub-systems of M/G/1 and G/G/1 queueing stations. We invoke the approximate analysis, so-called method of decomposition, to analyze the performance behavior of the considered relay network. The whole queueing network is broken into separate queues which are then investigated individually. Based on this approach, the end-to-end packet transmission time and throughput of the considered relay network are quantified in comparison with the networks with partial relay selection (PRS).

  • 16.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Ngo, Hien Quoc
    Performance of Cognitive Radio Networks with Finite Buffer Using Multiple Vacations and Exhaustive Service2014In: 2014 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ICSPCS), Gold Coast, Australia: IEEE , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the performance of a cognitive radio network where the secondary transmitter, besides its own transmission, occasionally relays the primary signal. It is assumed that the secondary transmitter employs the exhaustive service mode to transmit the secondary signal and multiple vacations to relay the primary signal. When assisting the primary transmitter, we assume that the secondary transmitter utilizes the decode-and-forward protocol to process the primary signal and forwards it to the primary receiver. Furthermore, the secondary transmitter has a finite buffer, the arriving packets of the secondary network are modeled as a Poisson process, and all channels are subject to Nakagami-m fading. Modeling the system as an M/G/1/K queueing system with exhaustive service and multiple vacations, using an embedded Markov chain approach to analyze the system, we obtain several key queueing performance indicators, i.e., the channel utilization, blocking probability, mean number of packets, and mean serving time of a packet in the system. The derived formulas are then utilized to evaluate the performance of the considered system.

  • 17.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Elkashlan, Maged
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Beamforming Amplify-and-Forward Relay Networks With Feedback Delay and Interference2012In: IEEE Signal Processing Letters, ISSN 1070-9908, E-ISSN 1558-2361, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 16-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this letter, we investigate the effect of feedback delay on the performance of a dual-hop amplify-and-forward (AF) relay network with beamforming in the presence of multiple interferers over Rayleigh fading channels. Specifically, we derive closed-form expressions for the outage probability (OP) and the symbol error rate (SER). Furthermore, to render insights into the effect of feedback delay and interference on the network performance, asymptotic OP and SER are also presented. These asymptotic expressions are very tight in the high signal-to-noise ratio regime, readily enabling us to obtain the diversity and coding gains of the considered network.

  • 18.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Performance analysis of decouple-and-forward MIMO relaying in Nakagami-m fading2012In: IEICE transactions on communications, ISSN 0916-8516, E-ISSN 1745-1345, Vol. E95-B, no 9, p. 3003-3006Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The end-to-end performance of dual-hop multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) decouple-and-forward relaying with orthogonal space-time block code (OSTBC) transmission over Nakagami-m fading is analyzed. By considering the multiple antennas at all nodes, we derive exact closed-form and asymptotic expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate, which enables us to evaluate the exact performance and reveals the diversity gains of the considered system. In addition, the closedform approximation and asymptotic expressions for the ergodic capacity are also derived. We show that OSTBC transmission over relay systems yields a unit order of multiplexing gain despite the fact that full diversity order, which is equal to the minimum fading severity between the two hops, is achieved.

  • 19.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Shu, Lei
    Adaptive transmission in MIMO AF relay networks with orthogonal space-time block codes over Nakagami-m fading2012In: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, ISSN 1687-1472, E-ISSN 1687-1499, no 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we apply different adaptive transmission techniques to dual-hop multiple-input multiple-output amplify-and-forward relay networks using orthogonal space-time block coding over independent Nakagami-m fading channels. The adaptive techniques investigated are optimal simultaneous power and rate (OSPR), optimal rate with constant power (ORCP), and truncated channel inversion with fixed rate (TCIFR). The expressions for the channel capacity of OSPR, ORCP, and TCIFR, and the outage probability of OSPR, and TCIFR are derived based on the characteristic function of the reciprocal of the instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the destination. For sufficiently high SNR, the channel capacity of ORCP asymptotically converges to OSPR while OSPR and ORCP achieve higher channel capacity compared to TCIFR. Although TCIFR suffers from an increase in the outage probability relative to OSPR, it provides the lowest implementation complexity among the considered schemes. Along with analytical results, we further adopt Monte Carlo simulations to validate the theoretical analysis.

  • 20.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Duong, Trung Q.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Tsiftsis, Theodoros A.
    Distributed orthogonal space–time block coding in wireless relay networks2013In: IET Communications, ISSN 1751-8628, E-ISSN 1751-8636, Vol. 7, no 16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the authors consider distributed orthogonal space–time block coding for relay-based channel state information-assisted amplify-and-forward networks. Specifically, they show that opportunistic relaying (OR) is an optimal solution in terms of instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), that is, it provides the maximum instantaneous SNR under the constraint of fixed transmit power for the relays. In particular, instead of allocating the given transmit power to all relays, letting the best relay transmit with this power is an optimal solution for maximising the received SNR. To exhibit this benefit, Monte Carlo simulations are presented showing superior performance of the OR scheme compared to equal power allocation policy for the considered relay networks. For the considered optimal scenario, the authors further derive analytical expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) over quasi-static independent, not necessarily identically distributed Nakagami-m fading channels. They further present asymptotically tight approximations for the outage probability and SER in the high SNR regime, rendering insights into the cooperative diversity behaviour. Finally, numerical results are provided to examine the effect of network parameters on the system performance of the considered network.

  • 21.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Duong, Quang Trung
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Tran, Hung
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Chu, Thi My Chinh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Cognitive amplify-and-forward relay networks with beamforming under primary user power constraint over Nakagami-m fading channels2015In: Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing, ISSN 1530-8669, E-ISSN 1530-8677, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 56-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the performance of cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks with beamforming under the peak interference power constraint of the primary user (PU). We focus on the scenario that beamforming is applied at the multi-antenna secondary transmitter and receiver. Also, the secondary relay network operates in channel state information assisted AF mode, and the signals undergo independent Nakagami-m fading. In particular, closed-form expressions for the outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) of the considered network over Nakagami-m fading are presented. More importantly, asymptotic closed-form expressions for the outage probability and SER are derived. These tractable closed-form expressions for the network performance readily enable us to evaluate and examine the impact of network parameters on the system performance. Specifically, the impact of the number of antennas, the fading severity parameters, the channel mean powers, and the peak interference power is addressed. The asymptotic analysis manifests that the peak interference power constraint imposed on the secondary relay network has no effect on the diversity gain. However, the coding gain is affected by the fading parameters of the links from the primary receiver to the secondary relay network.

  • 22.
    Phan, Hoc
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Tran, Hung
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Impact of interference power constraint on multi-hop cognitive amplify-and-forward relay networks over Nakagami-m fading2013In: IET Communications, ISSN 1751-8628, E-ISSN 1751-8636, Vol. 7, no 9, p. 860-866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the authors study the effect of peak interference power constraint given by the primary receiver on the performance of multi-hop cognitive amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks. The athours assume that all involved channels are subject to independent, not necessarily identically distributed Nakagami-m fading and the secondary multi-hop relay network operates in channel state information-assisted AF mode. An analysis of the system performance in terms of outage probability and symbol error rate (SER) is presented. Accordingly, closed-form expressions for the tightly bounded outage probability and SER are formulated which are used for quantifying the impact of the fading channels, the interference power constraint and the number of hops on system performance. More importantly, an asymptotic performance analysis, which intuitively reveals benefits of cooperative diversity of the secondary relay network, is established. The analysis shows that the diversity gain of the considered cognitive relay networks is equal to the minimum of the fading severity parameters of all relaying hops. Also, the interference power constraint imposed by the primary receiver only affects the coding gain of the secondary relay network.

  • 23.
    Tran, Hung
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Fiedler, Markus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Outage Probability, Average Transmission Time, and Quality of Experience for Cognitive Radio Networks over General Fading Channels2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we examine the delay performance in cognitive radio networks (CRNs) over general fading channels where secondary users are allowed to simultaneously access the spectrum licensed by primary users. In particular, subject to the peak interference power constraint, we investigate the effect of general fading channels on the delivery delay of data packets and acknowledgements (ACKs). A lower bound of outage probability and an upper bound of average transmission time are derived by utilizing the concept of timeout. Specifically, we apply the above results to investigate the quality of experience (QoE) for various fading channels, such as one-sided Gaussian, Rayleigh, Nakagami-m and Weibull channels. The numerical results indicate that the delay of ACKs under severe fading leads to a degradation of system performance.

  • 24.
    Tran, Hung
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Cognitive Proactive and Reactive DF Relaying Schemes under Joint Outage and Peak Transmit Power Constraints2013In: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 17, no 8, p. 1548-1551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, outage performance of cognitive cooperative radio networks using two decode-and-forward (DF) schemes is investigated. Subject to the joint outage constraint of the primary user and the peak transmit power constraint of the secondary user, adaptive power allocation policies for the secondary transmitter and secondary relays are studied. Based on these strategies, expressions for the outage probability of proactive and reactive DF schemes are obtained. Interestingly, our results show that an increase in the transmit power of the primary transmitter (PU-Tx) does not always degrade the performance of the secondary network. In fact, the PU-Tx transmit power is a substantial parameter that the secondary users can adapt to in order to improve the system performance. The numerical results additionally show that the performance of the reactive DF scheme outperforms the proactive DF scheme if the outage threshold in the first hop of the reactive DF scheme is less than that of the proactive scheme.

  • 25.
    Tran, Hung
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Impact of the Number of Antennas and Distances Among Users on Cognitive Radio Networks2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the impact of the number of antennas and distances among users on the performance of a spectrum sharing system. In particular, we assume that a secondary transmitter is equipped with a single antenna while both secondary receiver and primary receiver have multiple antennas. Also, it is assumed that the secondary users are subject to the peak interference power constraint. On this basis, the cumulative distribution function and probability density function for the signal-to-noise ratio are derived for Rayleigh fading channels. Moreover, using these results, we obtain closed-form expressions for the outage probability, ergodic capacity and an exact expression for symbol error probability. These formulas allow us to examine the impact of the number of antennas of the SU-Rx, the PU-Rx and distance among users on the system performance. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulations are provided to verify our analytical results.

  • 26.
    Tran, Hung
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Sibomana, Louis
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Performance Analysis of a Cognitive Radio Network with a Buffered Relay2015In: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, ISSN 0018-9545, E-ISSN 1939-9359, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 566-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the packet transmission time in a cognitive cooperative radio network (CCRN) where a secondary transmitter (SU-Tx) sends packets to a secondary receiver (SU-Rx) through the help of a secondary relay (SR). In particular, we assume that the SU-Tx and SR are subject to the joint constraint of the timeout probability of the primary user (PU) and the peak transmit powers of the secondary users. On this basis, we investigate the impact of the transmit power of the PUs and channel mean powers on the packet transmission time of the CCRN. Utilizing the concept of timeout, adaptive transmit power allocation policies for the SU-Tx and SR are considered. More importantly, analytical expressions for the endto- end throughput, end-to-end packet transmission time, and stable condition for the SR operation are obtained. Our results indicate that the second hop of the considered CCRN is not a bottleneck if the channel mean powers of the interference links of the networks are small and the SR peak transmit power is set to a high value.

  • 27.
    Tran, Hung
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Zepernick, Hans-Jürgen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Phan, Hoc
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Trinh, Pham Quang
    Cognitive Cooperative Networks with Cluster-Based Relaying under Interference Constraints2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider the outage performance of a cognitive cooperative radio network (CCRN) in which the secondary base station (SBS) transmits signals to multiple secondary receivers (SU-Rx) through the help of multiple secondary relays (SRs). It is assumed that the SRs are geographically distributed in clusters and that the considered network operates in a Rayleigh environment. In addition, we assume that the transmit powers of the SBS and SRs are subject to peak interference power constraints of the primary users (PUs) in their respective coverage range. Specifically, a closed-form expression for the outage probability of the SU-Rx with the worst channel condition is derived for independently distributed Rayleigh fading. The obtained outage expression is further utilized to examine the impact of the channel mean powers, the number of SRs distributed in each cluster and the number of clusters on the system performance.

1 - 27 of 27
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