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  • 1.
    Lilje, Stina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health.
    Aspects of musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life and naprapathic manual therapy from a health technology assessment perspective2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Musculoskeletal pain is one of the most common reasons for seeking health care. If a patient’s disorders remain after conventional primary care, a referral to secondary care is often made, yet many referrals on the waiting lists concern patients who are not in need of surgery. Manual therapy has a lot of “proved experience” but is not routine in the Swedish national health care system today. There is a lack of scientific evidence for its treatment and cost effects.

    Aims

    The overall aim of this thesis was to increase the knowledge of musculoskeletal pain that interferes with normal life. Specific aims were to investigate if musculoskeletal pain in older adults is associated with heavy physical and negative psychosocial workloads through life, and to deepen the knowledge of the treatment and cost effects of naprapathic manual therapy (NMT), and of older adults' experiences of reminders of home exercises through mHealth.

    Methods

    Study I is a cross sectional study (n=641) that investigates associations between musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life in older adults and physical and psychological loads through life. Study II is a randomised controlled trial (n=78) that compares NMT with standard orthopaedic care for “low priority” orthopaedic outpatients. Study III (n=1) is a case study that describes the treatment effects of NMT in a patient diagnosed with adhesive capsulitis. Study IV is a cost consequence analysis (n=78), where the costs and the health economic gains in study II were analyzed. Study V is a qualitative interview study (n=8) exploring older adults’ experiences of text messages as reminders of home exercises after NMT.

    Results

    The results in Study I were that psychosocial and physical workloads are associated with musculoskeletal pain that interferes with normal life in older adults. NMT for low priority orthopaedic outpatients yielded larger improvements in pain, physical function and perceived recovery compared with standard orthopaedic care (Study II). NMT for the acromio-clavicular joint, for adhesive capsulitis resulted in significant pain relief and perceived recovery, decreased sleeping disorders and medication (Study III). The health gains for naprapathy were higher compared with standard orthopaedic care, and the costs significantly lower (Study IV). Study V concluded that the use of SMS:s as reminders of home exercises after NMT were appreciated by the patients, and stimulated them to practice memorising and to create.

    Conclusion

    This thesis suggests that pain in older adults is associated with heavy physical and negative psychosocial workloads through life. NMT may be cost effective for low priority orthopaedic outpatients of working age with musculoskeletal disorders that are not likely to benefit from orthopaedic surgery, and was effective in a patient diagnosed with adhesive capsulitis. mHealth used to remind older adults of home exercises stimulates the patients to create own routines for continued compliance.  

     

  • 2.
    Lilje, Stina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
    Behandling hos naprapat kan avlasta köer till ortopeder2010In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 107, no 40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Lilje, Stina C.
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health.
    Skillgate, Eva
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health.
    Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health.
    Negative psychosocial and heavy physical workloads associated with musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life in older adults: Cross-sectional analysis2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 453-459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Pain is one of the most frequent reasons for seeking health care, and is thus a public health problem. Although there is a progressive increase in pain and impaired physical function with age, few studies are performed on older adults. The aim of this study was to investigate if there are associations between musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life in older adults and physical and psychosocial workloads through life. Methods: The association of heavy physical workload and negative psychosocial workload and musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life (SF 12) was analyzed by multiple logistic regression. The model was adjusted for eight background covariates: age, gender, growing-up environment, educational level, if living alone or not, obesity, smoking, and leisure physical activity. Results: Negative psychosocial and heavy physical workloads were independently associated with musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life (adjusted OR: 4.44, 95% CI: 2.84-6.92), and (adjusted OR: 1.88, 95% CI: 1.20-2.93), respectively. The background covariates female gender and higher education were also associated with musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life, and physical leisure activity was inversely associated. Conclusions: The findings suggest that negative psychosocial and heavy physical workloads are strongly associated with musculoskeletal pain interfering with normal life in older adults.

  • 4.
    Lilje, Stina
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health.
    Persson, Ulf B.
    Tangen, Stine
    Kasamoen, Stine
    Skillgate, Eva
    Costs and Utilities of Manual Therapy and Orthopedic Standard Care for Low-prioritized Orthopedic Outpatients of Working Age A Cost Consequence Analysis2014In: The Clinical Journal of Pain, ISSN 0749-8047, E-ISSN 1536-5409, Vol. 30, no 8, p. 730-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Treatment for musculoskeletal disorders in primary care in Sweden is generally initiated with advice and medication. Second-line therapy is physiotherapy and/or injection and radiography; third-line therapy is referral to an orthopedist. Manual therapy is not routine. It is a challenge to identify patients who benefit from treatment by different specialists. The current referral strategy probably contributes to long waiting lists in orthopedic departments, which is costly and implies prolonged suffering for the patients. The aim of this health economic evaluation was to compare costs and outcomes from naprapathic manual therapy (NMT) with orthopedic standard care for common, low-prioritized, nonsurgical musculoskeletal disorders, after second-line treatment. Materials and Methods: Diagnose Related Groups were used to define the costs, and the SF-36 was encoded to evaluate the outcomes in cost per quality adjusted life years gained. Results: Results from a 12 months' follow-up showed significantly larger improvement for the NMT than for orthopedic standard care, significantly lower mean cost per patient; 5427 SEK (*Price level 2009; 1 Euro = 106,213 SEK; 1 US Dollar = 76,457 SEK) (95% confidence interval, 3693-7161) compared to14298 SEK (95% confidence interval, 8322-20,274), and more gains in outcomes in cost per quality adjusted life years per patient (0.066 compared with 0.026). Thus the result is "dominant." Discussion: It is plausible that improved outcomes and reasonable cost savings for low-prioritized nonsurgical outpatients would be attainable if NMT were available as an additional standard care option in orthopedic outpatient clinics.

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