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  • 1.
    Giger, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Conversation and Figuration from the Horizontality of the 2.0 Decade2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concerns the 2.0 decade, the decade when the social web started to develop. The main research objective is to contribute to our embedment in Internet technology in a conscious and livable way. The thesis is part of a general attempt to improve our understanding of the transformation taking place in the development of the web. We live in a time when knowledge contexts are moving from expert knowledge towards conversational knowledge. My research is mainly presented in the form of five essays. This thesis can be described as a conversational analysis of knowledge processes during the 2.0 decade. The 2.0 decade came to life in the wake of the information technology bubble in the end of the 1990s. The first decade of the 2000s was the decade when 'the Web' became 'Web 2.0' and the energy of the Internet switched from monetary speculations to conversations. Everyone wanted to start conversations and build digital technology, which induced conversations. Like the concept Web 2.0, this thesis came to life in the wake of the information technology bubble. It presupposes the knowledge relation between humans and our technology to be conversational rather than rational. This basically means that digital technology is not a tool but an integrated part in the person assemblage. There are many important thinkers embedded in this thesis. Some of them are more important than others, notably Gilles Deleuze and Donna Haraway. However, the thesis does not analyze the text of other thinkers, it involves them in the conversation. Important concepts as assemblage, rhizome (Deleuze) and cyborg (Haraway) are participants in the text rather than being its objectives. They are part of the general experience behind the essays, together with all the persons I have linked up to and the digital technology I have tried to become with. To become with (or develop together with) technology means to acknowledge the idea that technology is more than a tool. It is something within, not something external.

  • 2. Giger, Peter
    Information Literacy - Academic Literacy - participation Literacy: filosofin runt Bibliotek 2.02007Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns inget definierande svar på vad Bibliotek 2.0 är. Egentligen är det ingenting fast utan snarare en process mot någonting. Dagens bibliotek är uppbyggda kring en svunnen kultur, en kultur med tydliga och raka vägar för information och kommunikation. Bibliotekariens arbete var och är som en slags virvelvind runt boken och nu också artikeldatabaserna. Bokhyllan är en totempåle i bibliotekskulturen. Samtidigt som vi har dansat runt totempålen har en helt ny värld dykt upp kring oss. En värld som innehåller samma symboler som totempålen men i en svärm av olika former. Den här massan av allt nytt gör oss förvirrade. Därför vänder vi ryggen till och fortsätter dansa runt totempålen. Många av oss väljer att ignorera det därför att det är okända marker, och vi vet ju redan vilka marker som är våra. Kärnan är människor och diskursiv information Bibliotek 2.0 handlar i någon mening om att lära sig generalisera och i viss mån abstrahera. Biblioteket handlar inte om att ackumulera böcker och artiklar och lära ut vägar att hitta till dessa produkter. Biblioteket handlar om navigation i diskursiv information, dvs strukturerad information som är en del av omfattande kunskapsprocesser. Bibliotekt sysslar alltså inte med de små informationssmulorna som seglar omkring i cyberrymden, som reklam och inte heller med privat information. Men i rimlighetens namn borde all information som motsvarar böcker och artiklar formmässigt ingå bibliotekariens värld. Bara för att en typ av information inte kan köpas för pengar, eftersom den är fri, och ställas i en bokhylla borde inte betyda att den ska ignoreras av biblioteken. Det finns givetvis ingen mening med att skapa samlingar kring diskursiv information på Interent, utom i speicalfall. Den finns ju redan där och biliotekarien har sällan kontroll över den. Men det är ingen anledning till varför vi ska ignorera den i utbildningen. Processen mot Bibliotek 2.0 handlar också om att se Internet som ett nytt biblioteksrum där bibliotekarier verkar i samma syfte som i det rum den diskursiva informationen var samlad före internet. Vissa ser kanske en bild av sig själva framför sig, drunknade i djup kvicksand. Men det finns ingen kvicksand där ute, bara diskursiv och icke diskursiv information och människor i nya miljöer. Behovet av det som bibliotekarien står för finns mångfaldigt mer än tidigare. Konsten att inte drunkna i allt detta är att rikta blicken mot bibliotekets kunder, i stället för att förlora sig i oändligheten. Invånarna i en kommun och studenter på en högskola har minst lika stort behov som tidigare av guider bland den oändliga mängd diskursiv information som produceras. Bibliotekarien måste verka där den informationen finns. Under flera århundraden har utbildningen gått mot dekontextualisering, medan de flesta erfarenhetsmässigt är medvetna om att man lär sig bäst i en kontext. När medvetenheten om kontextuell inlärning når skolsystemen, då kommer informations- och deltagarkompetens bli livsviktiga. Ett högskolebibliotek skulle kunna resonera som så att det är bara en stödfunktion till den akademiska instution de ingår i. Det innebär att om akademin skulle börja använda wikis, bloggar och andra kunskapsformer i utbildningen, då skulle biblioteket behöva följa efter med sin utbildning och samling. Men så länge akademisk kompetens bygger på interaktivitet med böcker och tidskriftsartiklar, då är behovet för informationskompetens detsamma som tidigare. Men om akademisk kompetens skulle omdefineras, då skulle biblioteket också följa efter. Förmodligen är det så de flesta bibliotek resonerar omedvetet. Till vardags har de en ganska slö naturalistisk syn som bygger på att “vi finns” och “vi handlar” i egenskap av den “vi är”. Ett bibliotek är ett bibliotek, som bör agera som ett bibliotek ska agera. Om man som högskolebibliotek istället har en teleologisk syn på saken, då blir resultatet säkerligen annorlunda. Jag tror att det är det vi försöker göra med Bibliotek 2.0.

  • 3. Giger, Peter
    Participation Literacy: Part I: Constructing the Web 2.0 Concept2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The licentiate thesis is a piece of academic work under the theme of /Participation Literacy/. The thesis concerns the Web 2.0 concept construction. Web 2.0 is a new mind-set on the Internet. The main characteristics include ”Web as a Platform”, Collective Intelligence, Folksonomy and interfaces build with lightweight technologies such as Ajax. Web 2.0 is not only a technique, but also an ideology – an ideology of participation. A Web 2.0 service is completely web based and generally draws on open access. It includes tools for people to interact within areas such as encyclopaedias, bookmarks, photos, books or research articles. All Web 2.0 services are web communities. A web community is a group of individuals, linked together by a network of social relations with some degree of continu¬ity. Community members learn from each other and the knowledge base of the community grows for every interaction. The core values of Web 2.0 are democracy and participation. The licentiate thesis is divided into four main parts and two appendixes. The four parts constitute a foreword, a reading guide, a conceptual and empirical introductory discussion to the Web 2.0 concept; finally a series of constructions based on the Web 2.0 concept and the cyborg figure. Appendix I is a short conference paper called Technologically Navigating Cyborgs. Appendix II is a very short piece of fiction, written in Swedish. These appendixes comprise a background to the focus on the Web 2.0 and the cyborg concept.

  • 4. Giger, Peter
    et al.
    Norling, Eva
    Library Participation Cultures2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Getting a deeper sense of what it means to participate in a library culture, and trying to figure out what the future has in store for the library as an institution.

  • 5. Giger, Peter
    et al.
    Norling, Eva
    Library participation cultures: Durban2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines some of the main points of recent library development, building on phenomena or concepts such as particpation, democracy, web 2.0, library 2.0 and convergence cultures. We start with two cases closely related to activities at Blekinge Institute of Technology. The first case is about building a community for national and international cooperation about learning objects in the setting of a search guide. The other case is about a project aming to bring our patrons into the discusson about the library and our future. Finally, we discuss the role of librarians in a world where knowledge processes go from a hierarchical, authoritative perspective to a participative, inclusive mindset.

  • 6. Giger, Peter
    et al.
    Norling, Eva
    Searchguide 2.02007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blekinge Institute of Technology library has offered education in information seeking on campus and online and has developed web based tools for this which have received much attention1. The Quick Search Guide and The Search Guide are now used in all courses we offer at Blekinge Institute of Technology. The Quick Search Guide contains very basic information about searching and evaluation of sources. The Search Guide is both more extensive and deeper than The Quick Search Guide. But in the light of Web 2.0, The Search Guide’s lack of participation seemed outdated, in some respects, so we decided to rework it, and this time we were going to do it based on open source systems. From Consultants to Open Source When we decided to switch from a system tailored by a consulting firm to an open source system, we were confronted by a fairly large set of choices. One important decision was the question of which open source system was to be the base to work on. Another important question was about the community the system was supposed to serve. In our view the community was in focus, but the choice of system was also crucial since its job is to underpin the community. Our main directives when we looked for a system were that it had to be fairly light weight and based on standards. It was also important that it was based on the most common programming languages and software structures. But the most important aspect was interactivity and communication. One of the main points for switching software was the move from information publishing to communication, and that aspect had to set the stage for what kind of system we choose. Our choice was Wordpress, the largest weblog software in the world. It is a native communication system, and it meets all requirements we had. The Searchguide 2.0 community system comprises two Wordpress installations, a shared library/community of texts and learning objects, and a local customizable end user search guide. Agendas And finally, we want to point to the theoretical/philosophical agendas of the project. * we want to participate in the open source, open access movements. We think this is an important step for the whole community of learning professionals. * we want to collaborate around learning objects. * we also want to raise awareness and knowledge about lightweight, open source, web 2.0 systems. * in the process we hope to be able to communicate participation strategies which makes us wiser and better equipped for the future. * let users participate in the creation of content – in the local search guide. * Communicate library interaction strategies. A large part of the participating organizations will probably be libraries.

  • 7. Giger, Peter
    et al.
    Trojer, Lena
    From Control to Networks in Academic Publishing: Introduction of an Open Peer Review International Journal2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to discuss alternatives to the traditional peer review system and reconstruct the review praxis to include ideas from Mode 2 and the second generation of web solutions, often called Web 2.0. The article starts by discussing the concept of Research 2.0 which basically propose a gentle marriage between the concepts Mode 2 in the the researchosphere and Web 2.0 in the webosphere. The following discussion concerns the concept Open Peer Review. Open Peer Review is a young and still quite open concept, used to describe a general transparency in the review process as well as a complete shift in the ideology of peer review. Our preference goes to the later interpretation. The last section before the conclusion describes International Journal of Feminist Technoscience. The journal is a way of realising our ideas in a working praxis.

1 - 7 of 7
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