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  • 101.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Klepper, Steven
    Characteristics and performance of new firms and spinoffs in Sweden2013In: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the rate of formation, the characteristics, and the performance of different types of new firms in Sweden over a decade. Comparisons with Denmark, Brazil, and the United States suggest that the environment for new firm formation in Sweden is not markedly different than elsewhere. In line with previous studies, spin-offs of incumbents perform better than other types of new firms, particularly if their parent firm continues to operate. A novel finding is that the larger the size of their parent, the greater is the rate of employment growth of spin-offs. This contrasts sharply with findings for firms with a single owner.

  • 102.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Koster, Sierdjan
    University of Groningen, NLD.
    Local industry structure as a resource-base for entrepreneurship: Implications for smart specialization strategies2016In: The Empirical and Institutional Dimensions of Smart Specialisation, Taylor and Francis , 2016, p. 39-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Box 118, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.;JIBS, Dept Econ Finance & Stat, Ctr Entrepreneurship & Spatial Econ CEnSE, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Local entrepreneurship clusters in cities2016In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 39-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that entrepreneurs are co-located within cities. One plausible source of such spatial clustering is local social interactions, where individuals' decisions to become entrepreneurs are influenced by entrepreneurial neighbors. Using geo-coded matched employer-employee data for Sweden, we find that sharing residential neighborhood with established entrepreneurs has a statistically significant and robust influence on the probability that an individual leaves employment for entrepreneurship. An otherwise average neighborhood with a 5% point higher entrepreneurial intensity, all else equal, produces between six and seven additional entrepreneurs per square kilometer, each year. Our estimates suggest a local feedback-effect in which the presence of established entrepreneurs in a neighborhood influences the emergence of new local entrepreneurs. Our analysis supports the conjecture that social interaction effects constitute a mechanism by which local entrepreneurship clusters in cities develop and persist over time.

  • 104.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Cambridge, GBR.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    The economic microgeography of diversity and specialization externalities: firm-level evidence from Swedish cities2019In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ finely geo-coded firm-level panel data to assess the long-standing question whether agglomeration economies derive from specialization (within-industry), diversity (between-industry) or overall density. Rather than treating the city as a single unit, we focus our analysis on how the inner industry structures of cities influence firm-level productivity. Our results illustrate the co-existence of several externalities that differ in their spatial distribution and attenuation within cities. First, we find robust positive effects of neighborhood-level specialization on TFP as well as a small effect of diversity at the same fine spatial level. These effects are highly localized and dissipate beyond the immediate within-city neighborhood level. Second, we also find that firms benefit from the overall density of the wider city. The results emphasize the relevance of “opening up” cities to study the workings of their inner organization and support the idea that location in a within-city industry cluster in a diversified and dense city boosts productivity. © 2019

  • 105.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Johan
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, SWE.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Urban preferences, amenities and age: Exploring the spatial distribution of age in Stockholm from 1991 to 20112018In: Regional Science Policy & Practice, E-ISSN 1757-7802, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 367-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities exhibit a rich and complex heterogeneity in people and activities. This poses a sizable challenge for planners when planning new neighbourhoods or the reconstruction of old ones as well as when considering the allocation of supply of and demand for amenities, e.g. kindergartens or health facilities. However, individual preferences may also exhibit common denominators that may provide structure to this heterogeneity. One such denominator is age. In this paper we introduce the concept of neighbourhood age, defined as the mean age of people living in exogenously defined squares of 1km2 in a city. We use highly disaggregated geocoded data to map how the spatial distribution of neighbourhood age changes over a 20-year period from 1991 to 2011 in the city of Stockholm, Sweden. We then test the correlation between neighbourhood age and two categories of urban amenities: supply of local consumption amenities and distance to the city's central business district (CBD). The paper presents three main findings: First, neighbourhood age changes and polarizes significantly over the observed period, suggesting that different age groups are concentrating in different parts of the city. Second, there is a rejuvenation in the central parts of the city but also in more distant clusters of amenities. Third, over a long-term perspective, the results suggest that local clusters of consumption amenities outside the inner city may become increasingly attractive to younger people. Our conclusion is that neighbourhood age and age-related patterns over time provides a tool for planners to better understand the spatial distribution of age-related demand. © 2018 The Author(s). Regional Science Policy and Practice © 2018 RSAI

  • 106.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Lavesson, Niclas
    Lunds Universitet, Centre for Innovation Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE), SWE.
    Niedomysl, Thomas
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    Rural to urban long-distance commuting in Sweden: Trends, characteristics and pathways2018In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 59, p. 67-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of ICT and the shift toward jobs with more flexibility in working hours and places of work sparked popular debates about potential for a ‘rural renaissance’. A key argument was that there are increasing possibilities to live in the countryside while being employed in large cities. This paper uses data spanning two decades to examine trends in and characteristics of employee–employer ties between rural and urban areas in Sweden. Our main results suggest that rural-to-urban long-distance commuting is rapidly increasing, but not as fast as commuting flows elsewhere. Compared to the rural population at large, rural residents working in large cities constitute a strongly selected group of workers who are well paid, have long educations, are young and also have advanced knowledge-intensive occupations. Only about 30 percent of those who become rural-to-urban long-distance commuters have moved from urban areas; the vast majority constitute those who already lived in rural areas before starting to commute to urban areas. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

  • 107.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Thulin, Per
    Does spatial employment density spur inter-firm job switching?2013In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 245-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-firm job switching of workers is a much cited but seldom measured source of the productivity advantages of spatial employment density. It has been advanced as a conduit for localized knowledge flows as well as labor market matching efficiency. Using a matched employer–employee dataset for Sweden, we estimate the influence spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job switching of private sector workers. Our estimates suggest that a doubling of employment density per square kilometer increases the probability that a random worker switches employer by 0.2 % points. The same effect is substantially higher for more skilled workers. While the effect of a doubling of density is limited, the actual differences in density across the regions in our data amount to a factor over 40, rendering differences in density an important explanation for regional variations in rates of inter-firm job switching.

  • 108.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Ecole d'Economie de Paris, FRA.
    Hernando de Soto: recipient of the 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research2017In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2017 Global Award for Entrepreneurship Research is given to Hernando de Soto, president of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD) in Lima, Peru. Over the last 30 years, Hernando de Soto has been a world-leading intellectual engaged in academic and public policy discussions on global development. He has made substantial contributions to our understanding of the informal economy and of the importance of property rights to unleash entrepreneurship and alleviate poverty and underdevelopment. His contributions have led to a new and better understanding of the role played by institutions in supporting entrepreneurship, especially in the Third World. Hernando de Soto’s work has also had major influences on policy worldwide, both in terms of conceptual understanding and practical policy measures. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 109.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Xiao, Jing
    Acquisitions of start-ups by incumbent businesses A market selection process of "high-quality" entrants?2016In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 272-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze the frequency and nature by which new firms are acquired by established businesses. Acquisitions are often considered to reflect a technology transfer process and to also constitute one way in which a "symbiosis" between new technology-based firms (NTBFs) and established businesses is realized. Using a micro-level dataset for Sweden in which we follow new entrants up to 18 years after entry, we show that acquisitions of recent start-ups are rare and restricted to a small group of entrants with defining characteristics. Estimates from competing risks models show that acquired start-ups, in particular by multinational enterprises (MNEs), stand out from entrants that either remain independent or exit by being much more likely to be spin-offs operating in high-tech sectors, having strong technological competence, and having weak internal financial resources. Our overall findings support the argument that acquisitions primarily concern NTBFs in market contexts where entry costs are large, access to finance is important and incumbents have valuable complementary capabilities and resources. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 110.
    Andersson, Matilda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Att leva med Myelom2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Myelom är en sällsynt och obotbar sjukdom men är trots detta bland de vanligare haematologiska cancersjukdomarna. Fram till början på 1980-talet orsakade myelom en långsam med gradvis nedgång i patientens hälsotillstånd och medellivslängden då var 2 år efter diagnos. Nu har den förbättrade behandlingen av högdosterapi främjat patientvården och även ökat medellivslängden. Behandling och effekter av sjukdomen har olika påverkan på kropp och psyke och kunskapen om upplevelserna av att leva med myelom är en viktig del i omvårdnadsarbetet.

  • 111.
    Andersson, Mattias
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Sildén, Daniel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Vidareutveckling av parkeringsbroms2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis report is the final work and summary for Bachelor of Science degree in Product Development. The program has emphasis in Mechanical Engineering, at Blekinge Institute of Technology, 2016.

    This assignment consists of a continued research and development study of a conceptual brake caliper operated by an electric servo-assisted motor.

    In the current situation there is a concept both as a CAD model and a 3D-printed physical plastic model of a parking brake. After a prolonged investigation seems to have brake for large physical dimensions, high weight, as well as for complex surface geometry. Another important part is that you do not in the current situation have found a suitable electric motor for the linear movement required for functionality to be maintained. Which led to the desire to explore the opportunities that exist to improve these points.

    The assignment has led to a series of improvements through further development based on the earlier concept proposal which found new solution proposals and component taking into account the comments they had regarding previous design and technical solutions. These design improvements have very little or no negative impact of previously established requirements and requests for the product, which has been seen as very positive.

  • 112.
    andersson, mikael
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    johansson, sophia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    phuinuan, arada
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Beslutsfattande i småföretag: En studie av användandet av ekonomisk information vid investeringsbeslut i data- och IT-företag.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 113.
    Andersson, My
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Kostic, Maja
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Finns det samband mellan förmaksflimmer och levnadsvanor hos den äldre befolkningen?: En kvantitativ studie i samarbete med Swedish National study on Aging and Care - Blekinge2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Förmaksflimmer (FF) är vanligt förekommande hos äldre, prevalensen beräknas vara cirka 5 % samtidigt som antalet äldre individer i samhället ökar. Den äldre befolkningen har sämre levnadsvanor än den yngre och drabbas i större utsträckning av sjukdom. De ohälsosamma levnadsvanorna riskbruk av alkohol, tobaksbruk/rökning, otillräcklig fysisk aktivitet och ohälsosamma matvanor kan påverka hälsa och välbefinnande på många olika sätt för individen.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka eventuellt samband mellan förmaksflimmer och levnadsvanor hos individer över 60 år i Blekinge.

    Metod: Studien är en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie baserad utifrån data från Swedish National study on Aging and Care – Blekinge (SNAC-B). Data har sammanställts deskriptivt, verklig skillnad mellan grupper har undersökts med chi2-test och sedan har Spearmans rangkorrelation används för att undersöka samband.

    Resultat: Statistisk signifikant skillnad upptäcktes mellan FF och ohälsosamma matvanor, där fanns även en statistiskt signifikant positiv korrelation. Detta innebär att det finns ett samband mellan FF och ohälsosamma matvanor. Riskbruk av alkohol, tobaksbruk/rökning och otillräcklig fysisk aktivitet visade ingen statistisk signifikant skillnad.

    Slutsats: Samband mellan FF och ohälsosamma matvanor hos den äldre befolkningen i Blekinge finns, vilket kan vara till nytta för sjuksköterskan i den personcentrerade vården. Kunskap gällande FF, levnadsvanor och äldre kan vara ett kunskapsstöd för sjuksköterskan i omvårdnaden av dessa individer. 

  • 114.
    Andersson, Nathalie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Lindén, Martina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser av isoleringsvård vid smittsam sjukdom: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ibland vårdas patienter med smittsam sjukdom under isolering. Detta för att förhindra att smitta sprider sig ytterligare till medpatienter eller vårdpersonal. Att vårda patienter med smittsam sjukdom utgör en ökad risk för sjuksköterskan att smittas. Smittprevention och försiktighetsåtgärder är också faktorer som kan påverka omvårdnaden och är dessutom avgörande för sjuksköterskans och patientens säkerhet.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskans upplevelser av omvårdnad i samband med isoleringsvård vid smittsam sjukdom

    Metod: För att besvara studiens syfte användes en litteraturstudie med kvalitativ design. Vetenskapliga artiklar samlades in och kvalitetsgranskades. Därefter genomfördes innehållsanalys på samtliga artiklar och kategorier plockades fram.

    Resultat: Fyra kategorier växte fram ur resultatet av litteraturstudien. Dessa var: oro för smittspridning, mellanmänskliga aspekter i omvårdnaden, känsla av maktlöshet samt vikten av kunskap och erfarenhet.

    Slutsats: Det upplevdes en oro inför smittspridning och resurser som inte räckte till. Dessa aspekter kunde påverka omvårdnaden och relationen till patient och anhöriga. Dock var de flesta sjuksköterskor överens om att trots detta försöka uppnå omvårdnad av god kvalitet. Tidigare kunskap och erfarenhet av smittspridning bidrog positivt till omvårdnadsarbetet och minskade sjuksköterskornas riskuppfattning.

  • 115.
    Andersson, Niclas
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Åkesson, Hnerik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Increased gross profits fromintangible and tangible assets: From a modular product’s perspective2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world and its economy is going through countless and significant changes. Intangible assets are one of these changes due to the economy and the society have a higher demand for information than before. Nevertheless, tangible assets are still important assets within the economy since no economy will function without tangible assets. Intangible assets and tangible assets can contribute to that a business is gaining competitive advantages and thereby, increasing the level of profits.

    The focal study has been performed at Sweco Environment AB and aims to investigate how intangible assets and tangible assets contribute to increased gross profits within a specific service industry, where a modular product can be implemented. A modular product wasinvestigated in order to find differences and similarities which can affect a business’ opportunities to generate increased gross profit. The focal study is limited to a modular product and a specific industry, where it can be applied. In order to perform the focal study, scientific articles, books and reports have been utilised to form a foundation of the theoretical framework. The theoretical framework consists of sustainability, modularity and economics. Subsequently, a combination of a qualitative and quantitative research has been conducted. The qualitative research included observations and semi-structured interviews with experienced participants within the field. The quantitative research contained archival records with annual financial statements and balance sheets of private corporations within the Swedish market. The archival records were used in order to perform the econometric analysis.

    The results from the observations and interviews demonstrated a holistic picture of the nonmodular product and the modular product. The main differences were found within the process from customer order to utilisation and the leasing option for the modular product. The econometric analysis which was performed in the specific service industry indicated that tangible assets were not statistically significant meanwhile, intangible assets were statistically significant. A 1 % increase in intangible assets contribute to 0.088 % increase in gross profit per employee. By investing in intangible assets does not only contribute to increased gross profits, it can also lead to competitive advantages.

  • 116.
    Andersson, Niklas
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Sundberg, Fanny
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    På jakt efter det erfarna landskapet: skillnader mellan hur landskap konstrueras när det kroppsligen erfars och hur det konstrueras i planeringens styrdokument2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om landskap och planering, mer bestämt om olika landskapssyner och hur de återspeglas i planeringens beslutsunderlag. Planerare och medborgare tenderar att värdera landskap och platser olika. Enligt landskapskonventionen ska landskapsanalys genomföras av både medborgare och expertgrupper för att skapa en övergripande bild över hur landskap betraktas och värderas (Europarådet, 2008:31). Från landskapskonventionen (Europarådet, 2008:43) ställs krav på att alla synsätt av vad landskap är ska inkluderas i landskapsplanering. Vilket i sin tur ställer krav på planeringen att hitta metoder som kan identifiera dessa olika synsätt. Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka olika idéer om vad landskap är och kan vara, och hur dessa kan återspeglas i planeringens beslutsunderlag. Genom sammansättning av lämpliga metoder har vi utformat en landskapsvandring med syfte att ta reda på hur landskap konstrueras när det erfars. Vandringen har genomförts med planerare i Simrishamn kommun och intervjuer därifrån utgör en del av det empiriska materialet. Den andra delen utgörs av en dokumentstudie av styrdokument från Simrishamns kommun och Skåne länsstyrelse med syfte att undersöka hur landskap konstrueras i planeringsdokument.I tidigare forskning inom området framgår att landskapet präglas av pluralitet och att det därför inte finns en entydig bild av vad landskap är och hur det ska beaktas i landskapsplanering (Butler, 2014:13). Genom att undersöka hur planerare konstruerar landskap i tal och skrift ska vi försöka identifiera idéer om landskap som bör återspeglas i landskapsplaneringen. I uppsatsens analysdel diskuteras det empiriska materialet och kategoriseras utifrån forskningslägets identifierade spänningar angående de olika sätt som landskap konstrueras. Vidare svarar vi på uppsatsens frågeställning angående hur landskap konstrueras när det erfars och i planeringens styrdokument.

  • 117.
    Andersson, Oscar
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lu, Anqi
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Elektriskt drivsystem för tandemvält: En utvecklingsprocess2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle har det blivit mer och mer populärt med miljövänliga lösningar. Inom detta område har fordonsindustrin utmärkt sig de senaste åren genom utvecklandet av eldrivna bilar. Därför börjar även företagen som utvecklar tunga maskiner bli intresserade av att börja utveckla mer miljövänliga produkter.

     

    Syftet med arbetet som vi utfört i samarbete med Dynapac Compaction Equipment AB i Karlskrona har varit att utveckla ett koncept till en lösning av ett miljövänligt drivsystem för deras minsta tandemvält. Det är tänkt att motsvara den vardagliga prestationen av det dieseldrivna systemet, utan att bli för dyrt, samt undvika att använda specialbeställda produkter.

  • 118.
    Andersson, P.
    et al.
    Kristianstad Univ, SWE.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Sjogren, P.
    Oral Care AB, SWE.
    Zimmerman, M.
    Oral Care AB, SWE.
    Dental status in nursing home residents with domiciliary dental care in Sweden2017In: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 203-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. Design: Case note review. Clinical setting: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. Participants: Care dependent elderly people (>= 65 years). Methods: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices. Medical and dental risk assessments were performed. Results: Data were available for 20,664 patients. Most were women (69.1%), with a mean age of 87.1 years (SD 7.42, range 65-109). The mean age for men was 83.5 years (SD 8.12, range 65-105). Two or more medical conditions were present in most of the population. A total of 16,210 individuals had existing teeth of whom 10,974 (67.7%) had manifest caries. The mean number of teeth with caries was 5.0 (SD 5.93) corresponding to 22.8% of existing teeth. One in four individuals were considered to have a very high risk in at least one professional dental risk assessment category. Conclusions: Care dependent elderly in nursing homes have very poor oral health. There is a need to focus on the oral health-related quality of life for this group of frail elderly during their final period of life.

  • 119.
    Andersson Sandegren, Maria
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Äldreomsorg och motivation: En kvantitativ studie om motivationsfaktorer och anställningsformer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med hjälp av en enkät undersöktes studiens huvudsyfte för att ta reda på vilka faktorer som anses viktiga för motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse på arbetet och vidare se skillnad mellan timanställd och tillsvidare anställd personal inom äldreomsorgen. Deltagandet resulterade 39 ifyllda enkäter från undersköterskor och vårdpersonal. Resultatet visade att det skiljer sig åt vad man anser vara motiverade i relation till anställningsform. Studien hittade indikationer som tyder på att tillsvidare anställd personal anser att hygien faktorer och yttre motivation är viktiga. Timanställd personal anser att inre motivation och motivationsfaktorer är viktiga. Lönen var den viktigaste faktorn enligt tillsvidare anställd personal och timanställd personal ansåg att det viktigaste var att komma hem och känna att man gjort någonting bra för patienten.

  • 120.
    Andreasson, Eskil
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Mechanics and Failure in Thin Material Layers: Towards Realistic Package Opening Simulations2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The final goal of this PhD-work is an efficient and user-friendly finite element modelling strategy targeting an industrial available package opening application.  In order to reach this goal, different experimental mechanical and fracture mechanical tests were continuously refined to characterize the studied materials. Furthermore, the governing deformation mechanisms and mechanical properties involved in the opening sequence were quantified with full field experimental techniques to extract the intrinsic material response. An identification process to calibrate the material model parameters with inverse modelling analysis is proposed. Constitutive models, based on the experimental results for the two continuum materials, aluminium and polymer materials, and how to address the progressive damage modelling have been concerned in this work. The results and methods considered are general and can be applied in other industries where polymer and metal material are present.                                                                   

    This work has shown that it is possible to select constitutive material models in conjunction with continuum material damage models, adequately predicting the mechanical behaviour in thin laminated packaging materials. Finally, with a slight modification of already available techniques and functionalities in a commercial general-purpose finite element software, it was possible to build a simulation model replicating the physical behaviour of an opening device. A comparison of the results between the experimental opening and the virtual opening model showed a good correlation.

    The advantage with the developed modelling approach is that it is possible to modify the material composition of the laminate. Individual material layers can be altered, and the mechanical properties, thickness or geometrical shape can be changed. Furthermore, the model is flexible and a new opening design with a different geometry and load case can easily be implemented and changed in the simulation model. Therefore, this type of simulation model is prepared to simulate sustainable materials in packages and will be a useful tool for decision support early in the concept selection in technology and development projects.

  • 121.
    Andreasson, Eskil
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Realistic Package Opening Simulations: An Experimental Mechanics and Physics Based Approach2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A finite element modeling strategy targeting package opening simulations is the final goal with this work. The developed simulation model will be used to proactively predict the opening compatibility early in the development process of a new opening device and/or a new packaging material. To be able to create such a model, the focus is to develop a combined and integrated physical/virtual test procedure for mechanical characterization and calibration of thin packaging materials. Furthermore, the governing mechanical properties of the materials involved in the opening performance needs to be identified and quantified with experiments. Different experimental techniques complemented with video recording equipment were refined and utilized during the course of work. An automatic or semi-automatic material model parameter identification process involving video capturing of the deformation process and inverse modeling is proposed for the different packaging material layers. Both an accurate continuum model and a damage material model, used in the simulation model, were translated and extracted from the experimental test results. The results presented show that it is possible to select constitutive material models in conjunction with continuum material damage models, adequately predicting the mechanical behavior of intended failure in thin laminated packaging materials. A thorough material mechanics understanding of individual material layers evolution of microstructure and the micro mechanisms involved in the deformation process is essential for appropriate selection of numerical material models. Finally, with a slight modification of already available techniques and functionalities in the commercial finite element software AbaqusTM it was possible to build the suitable simulation model. To build a realistic simulation model an accurate description of the geometrical features is important. Therefore, advancements within the experimental visualization techniques utilizing a combination of video recording, photoelasticity and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) of the micro structure have enabled extraction of geometries and additional information from ordinary standard experimental tests. Finally, a comparison of the experimental opening and the virtual opening, showed a good correlation with the developed finite element modeling technique. The advantage with the developed modeling approach is that it is possible to modify the material composition of the laminate. Individual material layers can be altered and the mechanical properties, thickness or geometrical shape can be changed. Furthermore, the model is flexible and a new opening device i.e. geometry and load case can easily be adopted in the simulation model. Therefore, this type of simulation model is a useful tool and can be used for decision support early in the concept selection of development projects.

  • 122.
    Andreasson, Eskil
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Jönsson, Joel
    Tetra Pak, SWE.
    Advancements in package opening simulations2014In: Procedia Materials Science / [ed] Zhang, Z; Skallerud, B; Thaulow, C; Ostby, E; He, J, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 3, p. 1441-1446Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fracture mechanical phenomenon occurring during the opening of a beverage package is rather complex to simulate. Reliable and calibrated numerical material models describing thin layers of packaging materials are needed. Selection of appropriate constitutive models for the continuum material models and how to address the progressive damage modeling in various loading scenarios is also of great importance. The inverse modeling technique combined with video recording of the involved deformation mechanisms is utilized for identification of the material parameters. Large deformation, anisotropic non-linear material behavior, adhesion and fracture mechanics are all identified effects that are needed to be included in the virtual opening model. The results presented in this paper shows that it is possible to select material models in conjunction with continuum material damage models, adequately predicting the mechanical behavior of failure in thin laminated packaging materials. Already available techniques and functionalities in the commercial finite element software Abaqus are used. Furthermore, accurate descriptions of the included geometrical features are important. Advancements have therefore also been made within the experimental techniques utilizing a combination of microCT-scan, SEM and photoelasticity enabling extraction of geometries and additional information from ordinary experimental tests and broken specimens. Finally, comparison of the experimental opening and the virtual opening, showed a good correlation with the developed finite element modeling technique.

  • 123.
    Andreasson, Eskil
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lindström, Tommy
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    Käck, Britta
    Altair Engineering AB, SWE.
    Malmberg, Christoffer
    Saab AB, SWE.
    Asp, Ann Magret
    Tetra Pak AB, SWE.
    Simulation of thin aluminium-foil in the packaging industry2017In: AIP Conference Proceedings / [ed] Brabazon D.,Ul Ahad I.,Naher S., American Institute of Physics Inc. , 2017, Vol. 1896, article id 160014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work present an approach of how to account for the anisotropic mechanical material behaviour in the simulation models of the thin aluminium foil layer (≈10 μm) used in the Packaging Industry. Furthermore, the experimental results from uniaxial tensile tests are parameterised into an analytical expression and the slope of the hardening subsequently extended way beyond the experimental data points. This in order to accommodate the locally high stresses present in the experiments at the neck formation. An analytical expression, denominated Ramberg-Osgood, is used to describe the non-linear mechanical behaviour. Moreover it is possible with a direct method to translate the experimental uniaxial tensile test results into useful numerical material model parameters in Abaqus™. In addition to this the extended material behaviour including the plastic flow i.e. hardening, valid after onset of localisation, the described procedure can also capture the microscopic events, i.e. geometrical thinning, ongoing in the deformation of the aluminium foil. This method has earlier successfully been applied by Petri Mäkelä for paperboard material [1]. The engineering sound and parameterised description of the mechanical material behaviour facilitates an efficient categorisation of different aluminium foil alloys and aid the identification of the correct anisotropic (RD/TD/45°) mechanical material behaviour derived from the physical testing. © 2017 Author(s).

  • 124.
    Andrén, Sebastian
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Sahyouni, Mohamad
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Exploring the Impact of the Project Management Office on Project Performance, A Quantitative Study2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between the establishment of a Project Management Office and project performance. Particularly, whether or not the establishment of a Project Management Office leads to enhanced project performance in project based organizations.

     

    Framework - The framework developed for the purpose of this study is made out of the different categories of Project Management Office services and functions on the one side and the different dimensions of project performance on the other. The model created tests the individual relationships between the constructs on each side.

     

    Methodology- The study employs a quantitative research design. Project Management Offices in organizations from across the globe and operating in a range of industries and industry segments are investigated. The data for the study is collected using an online questionnaire.

     

    Findings - The findings of this study lead to the belief that the establishment of a Project Management Office and the implementation of a certain set of its services and function will indeed lead to enhanced project performance

     

    Managerial Implications - Managers are made aware of the impact of the Project Management Office on project performance. Moreover, they are given guidelines as to what services and functions to adopt if there were only interested in seeing results on the project level.

    Limitations - The approach to exploring the subject in hand, the choice of participating organizations, the size of the sample tested, and the framework chosen for the evaluation of project performance are all seen as limitations for this study.

  • 125.
    Anehov, Ellen
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Thilly, Natcha
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Hur bra kan en larvig behandling läka sår?: En systematisk litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sår är ett underskattat hälsoproblem inom svenska sjukvården och kostar samhället mycket pengar. Sjuksköterskan har det yttersta ansvaret vid omvårdnaden för dessa patienter. Det ingår i kompetensbeskrivningen för sjuksköterskeprofessionen att evidensbaserad omvårdnad ska tillämpas. Larvterapi är en av de äldsta behandlingsmetoden för sårläkning, när antibiotikan slog igenom på 1940-talet ersattes larvterapi med antibiotikan. I samband med antibiotikaresistensen som uppkom på 1990-talet har alltfler forskare och läkare valt att återgå till larvterapi. 

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att jämföra larvterapi med traditionella behandlingar avseende debridering av sår, antimikrobiella egenskaper, sårläkningstid, kostnadseffektivitet och smärta. 

    Metod: En systematisk litteraturöversikt baserad på nio artiklar med kvantitativ ansats och evidensgradering enligt GRADE. 

    Resultat: Resultatet presenterades i två översiktstabeller och delades in i fem variabler, dessa var debridering, antimikrobiella egenskaper, sårläkningstid, kostnadseffektivitet och smärta. Larvterapi visade en tydlig effektivitet vid debridering av sår jämfört med förband. dock var smärta vanligare i denna patientgruppen. Gällande antimikrobiella egenskaper, sårläkningstid och kostnadseffektivitet sågs ingen märkbar skillnad mellan larvterapi och traditionella behandlingar. 

    Slutsats: Larvterapi är en effektivare metod vid debridering av sår än traditionella förband och/eller kompression. Dock krävs det mer forskning gällande antimikrobiella egenskaper, sårläkningstid och kostnadseffektivitet. 

  • 126.
    Aniol, Alexander
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    How firms can reduce the risks with fixed price contracts2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Firms have had difficulties in dealing with the risks that occur when providing fixed price contracts (FP) for both small – scale and large – scale projects to involved customers. This is general for the most companies surveying customers with the development for a product or service in the IT – industry. Research has paid minimum attention on how firms can imple-ment scientific proven agile methods to reduce the risks with FP contracts to increase profit margin. In FP contracts, the risks lie on the supplier providing the contract, where research has shown that companies have issues in determining the project scope in the planning pro-cess and how they can find certain approaches for increasing the dialogue in a buyer and seller arrangement. Therefore, firms are more comfortable in going into Time and Material (T&M) arrangements where customers pay for the time and resources spent under a project process. This study also makes investigations on how firms can make accurate estimations of the development durations that occurs when providing this contracting form and how firms can identify risks into profitable pricing engagements. The study took ground in Lund, Swe-den at a company named Sigma Connectivity which is a firm developing services and prod-ucts based on wireless communication and the phenomenon called Internet Of Things (IoT).The delimitations that were made for this study was related to the marketing mix concept which conducts of seven strategies for business management of these seven strategies the choice was made to exclude exclude sustainable aspects, physical evidence, internal market-ing related to promotion, and location factors. Internal qualitative directive and semi – struc-tured interviews were methods used for determining variables and key issue with FP contracts that was included in the survey based approach to customers. Agile methods such as Feature Driven Development (FDD) and Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) were implemented in or-der to tackle the challenges of visualising a clear project scope description with clear specifi-cation on what is included in a FP contracts in small – scale and large – scale projects.The results conducted from this study shows that integrating scientific proven methods such as FDD and WBS in a firm, will help them to divide project processes into smaller mecha-nisms, which will provide sufficient access for an increased project scope allocation forcing the involved parties in a buyer and seller arrangement to hold both internal and external re-views which will enable the possibility of making pricing approaches during the project pro-cess. Results also shows that customers find FP contracts to be the most valuable but the diffi-culties that they have felt in this arrangement is to incorporate new ideas for a project scope change during a project process. The use of the FDD framework and WBS provided results that are vital for firms going into FP arrangements where clearer project scope definitions, key role identifications, increased pricing opportunities and communication channels were founded.Keywords: Fixed price contracts (FP), project scope, Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), Feature Driven development (FDD).

  • 127.
    Ansari, Umair Azeem
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Ali, Syed Umair
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Application of LEAN and BPR principles for Software Process Improvement (SPI): A case study of a large software development organization2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract ------------- Background ---------------- Like other businesses, the failures and problems faced by the software development industry over the time have motivated experts to look for software process improvement to create quality software rapidly, repeatedly, and reliably. Objective ------------ The purpose of this study is to evaluate if and how Lean thinking and principles primarily associated with auto manufacturing industry can be applied to software development lifecycle for Software Process Improvement (SPI). The secondary aim is to analyze how BPR can be integrated with Lean software development for process improvement. Method ---------- A derived Lean-BPR adoption pattern model is used as a theoretical framework for this thesis. The seven Lean software development principles along with four-step BPR process are selected as process improvement patterns, which effects the KPIs of a software organization. This research study incorporates both Qualitative and Quantitative methods and data to analyze the objectives of this study. The methodological framework of Plan-Do-Check-Act is used in the case study to implement process re-engineering incorporating Lean and BPR principles. The impact of adopting the Lean and BPR principles is assessed in terms of cost, productivity, quality of products and resource management. Results ---------- Application of Lean and BPR principles for software process improvement in the organization under study resulted in 79% improvement in test coverage, 60% reduction in time for test execution and analysis and 44% reduction in cost for fixing defects that were being passed to customer in past. Conclusion ------------- Based on case study results, it can be concluded that Lean, a bottom up approach, characterized by empowerment of employees to analyze and improve their own working process can be effectively combined with IT centric traditionally top down BPR approach for improving KPI’s and software processes.

  • 128.
    Ansari, Yousuf Hameed
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    Siddiqui, Sohaib Ahmed
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Quality Assessment for HEVC Encoded Videos: Study of Transmission and Encoding Errors2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a demand for video quality measurements in modern video applications specifically in wireless and mobile communication. In real time video streaming it is experienced that the quality of video becomes low due to different factors such as encoder and transmission errors. HEVC/H.265 is considered as one of the promising codecs for compression of ultra-high definition videos. In this research, full reference based video quality assessment is performed. The raw format reference videos have been taken from Texas database to make test videos data set. The videos are encoded using HM9 reference software in HEVC format. Encoding errors has been set during the encoding process by adjusting the QP values. To introduce packet loss in the video, the real-time environment has been created. Videos are sent from one system to another system over UDP protocol in NETCAT software. Packet loss is induced with different packet loss ratios into the video using NETEM software. After the compilation of video data set, to assess the video quality two kind of analysis has been performed on them. Subjective analysis has been carried on different human subjects. Objective analysis has been achieved by applying five quality matrices PSNR, SSIM, UIQI, VFI and VSNR. The comparison is conducted on the objective measurement scores with the subjective and in the end results deduce from classical correlation methods.

  • 129.
    Antonsson, Anette
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    SAMSPEL OCH LÄSFÖRSTÅELSE- Lärares upplevelser av samspel med lässvaga elever.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of my research was to develop new knowledge about teachers' experiences of interaction between teachers and students with weak reading comprehension and how these teachers feel that the phenomenon of interaction is expressed in a school context. A focus-group interview with four teachers who have been employed between 4-25 years have been conducted with a hermeneutic research approach as a basis for understanding teachers' perceptions of the phenomenon of interaction. The results suggest that the interaction and communication is an important part of the work. In the communication and interaction results show that concepts such as dialogue, development , understanding and rhetoric are tools that teachers work with in order to develop a better reading comprehension for students.

  • 130.
    Apelman, Lisa
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Klawitter, Raik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Wenzel, Simone
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Organizations as Functioning Social Systems: A Review of Social Sustainability in Management and Organizational Research2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the reasons, why it is difficult to implement the concept of social sustainability into organizations, is its inherent complexity and vagueness. The new Social Sustainability Principles (SSPs) within the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) offer a clear definition of success for the social system. This study aims to put the new SSPs into an organizational context. It investigates how people-related issues within organizations, discussed in six organizational and management journals, published between 2009 and 2014, are related to the SSPs. One fourth of the 3305 reviewed articles were found to relate to social sustainability. Most of the articles focused on improving performance through aspects related to social sustainability. The articles mainly discussed aspects related to barriers to the SSPs as problems, solutions or positive aspects that could remove barriers to the SSPs. The results show that for organizational research to be able to support organizations moving towards social sustainability, there is a need for a clear definition of success as well as a frame that takes the whole social system into consideration. The FSSD and the SSPs could help to structure the diverse topics, put research problems in a bigger context and discern relevant problems and solutions.

  • 131.
    Appiah, David
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    The Attitudes of Christian Church Pastors and Leaders toward Leadership Succession, For Leadership Continuity, in Charismatic and Pentecostal Church Organizations in Kumasi, Ghana.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Lack of cooperation of the incumbent leaders was a major cause of leadership succession failures of organizations reported. This investigation was carried out to determine the attitudes of Christian Senior Pastors and leaders (associate Pastors and Elders), for leadership continuity, toward leadership succession of Charismatic and Pentecostal Church organizations in Kumasi, Ghana; to find lasting solution to the problem of lack of cooperation of incumbent leaders towards leadership succession planning by determining the root cause of lack of cooperation of incumbent senior leader towards leadership succession. Using in-depth interview, qualitative data was collected and analyzed using inductive procedure of Structuring (Ordering) of Meanings Using Narrative for analysis. This work contends that even though best practices are necessary condition for leadership succession effectiveness, they are not sufficient to make the incumbent senior leader willing and cooperative enough to act in the best interest of the organization, let alone yield to leadership succession. It was found that the Christian Churches investigated have positive attitudes towards leadership succession because of character development adopted in the churches. It was found that apart from fear (Freeman, 2004; Zhang and Rajagopalan, 2006; 2010) and ego (Freeman, 2004; Beeson, 2006; Ciampa, 2005), unforgveness and self-centeredness were other causes, holding back the effectiveness of leadership succession due to lack of cooperation of the incumbents, with self-centeredness being the source of fear, ego and unforgiveness. It was concluded that self-centeredness was the root cause of lack of cooperation of Senior Pastors towards leadership succession. Because fear (Freeman, 2004; Zhang and Rajagopalan, 2006; 2010), ego (Freeman, 2004; Beeson, 2006; Ciampa, 2005), unforgiveness and self-centeredness produce insecurity, the incumbents were never willing and cooperative to subject themselves to anything they perceived as threat. On the basis of this, succession failures reported will rather increase in frequency. Nevertheless, self-centeredness could be resolved effectively by adopting character development focused on the following nine attributes: Faith, Peace, Joy, Humility, Patience, Self-control, Kindness, Goodness and Love (value, respect, approval, availability, attention, appreciation and service).The results suggest that the incumbent Pastors have the tendency to take actions, make choices and decisions that are in the best interest of their organization, and are favorably disposed towards leadership succession. The Christian Churches are well positioned to produce leaders who are cooperative and selfless enough to plan their own succession using best practices that yield desired outcomes. This work contributes to a better understanding of attitudes, character, relationship, motivation, highlights the invisible features (self-centeredness, fear, ego and unforgiveness) of leadership succession failures in the organization, and the transformation of character that results by simple change of attitudes consistently modified by love and its attributes so that the decisions, choices and actions of the incumbents can favor the organization, consequently, making them willing and cooperative enough to plan their own succession. Based on the results of the Christian Church organization, it serves as a basis for further research in the field.

  • 132.
    Appilla Chakravarthula, Rohan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    Veluru, Chaithanya Kumar Reddy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    Intelligent Beam Weight Computation for Massive Beamforming2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    LTE (Long Term Evolution) is likely the most complex wireless system ever developed. It incorporates features that could not have been economically implemented as recently as a decade ago. Today, with large-scale ICs, LTE can be easily accommodated in base stations and battery-powered handsets alike. LTE-Advanced is the upgraded version of LTE technology for providing more speed and greater reliability.

    In this report, the wireless communication between the user and base station is implemented by creating 4G LTE environment in MATLAB. Impact of Coherence time on beam weight computation varies for different delay profiles. Moreover, SNR of the transmitted signal varies significantly by the time gap between two successive uplink frames in TDD configuration. In this report, computationally efficient algorithm for reducing beam weight computations in system level LTE simulations is proposed.

    The wireless channel is modelled in both Rician and Rayleigh fading channel. Efficiency of beam forming algorithms is observed at different channel conditions like delay profile, fading channel, bandwidth, correlation, modulation technique.

    The MUSIC algorithm is implemented for detecting the movement of the users in Line of sight condition

  • 133.
    Arai, Keigo
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Pia, Fernanda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    La Ray Armstrong, Kristopher
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Transitioning towards Sustainability: What are we waiting for?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is growing consensus that humanity is being confronted with a sustainability challenge of which the severity has never been known to modern man. This pressing situation is demanding solutions and alternatives to change the path of society. At the community level, grassroots movements have emerged around the world as a way of striving to develop local sustainability.  This research studies the Transition Movement, a popular, global community-based movement. The aim of this study is to evaluate if a Transition Initiative is effective in moving a local community towards sustainability. The definition of sustainability used in the research is taken from the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) which comprises of eight sustainability principles (SPs); three ecological SPs and five social SPs. To this end, an analytical-evaluative case study of a single Transition Initiative was conducted in which semi-structured interviews, a survey and document analysis were all use as sources of information. The researchers chose a small-scale Transition Initiative, conducting the case study on the village of Ungersheim, France. The results revealed that the actions of Transition are contributing to progressing Ungersheim towards sustainability, both socially and ecologically. The research also revealed how the Transition is being done and what critical factors allowed for success. The study finally deduces a set of strategic guidelines that may be used for further longitudinal research cross-evaluating Ungersheim to other small-scale community transitions. 

  • 134.
    Archer, Isaiah
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Muirhead, Lewis
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Forrester-Wilson, Sarah
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Exploring Holacracy’s Influence on Social Sustainability Through the Lens of Adaptive Capacity2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The organizational structure of Holacracy has been gaining popularity in recent years,

    but a lack of academic research on Holacracy called for a systematic approach to assessing its

    merits and shortcomings. The need Holacracy fills, is that of organizations dealing with a

    complex world and rapidly evolving technology. While Holacracy is not tailored to address

    sustainability issues, there are many components that made it a candidate for the researchers to

    examine it through a social sustainability lens.

    This study examines the effect of specific components of Holacracy with elements of adaptive

    capacity – a theory from which the research definition of social sustainability was built. With

    the goal of determining the effect of Holacracy on social sustainability, a questionnaire directed

    at employees and practitioners of holacratic organizations was utilized.

    The findings implied that Holacracy does positively influence the experience of the elements

    of adaptive capacity; with the relationship to the adaptive capacity element of self-organization

    being a standout. The importance of trust is also identified. The link to the Framework for

    Strategic Sustainable Development can be elucidated through adaptive capacity’s influence to

    the social sustainability principles. Because of the importance of social sustainability and social

    capital to organizational performance and longevity, this research is of value to any business

    using, or considering using Holacracy.

  • 135.
    Arguedas-Matarrita, Carlos
    et al.
    Universidad Estatal a Distancia, Escuela de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. CRI.
    Beatriz Concari, Sonia
    Universidad Nacional de Rosario, ARG.
    García-Zubía, Javier
    Universidad de Deusto, ESP.
    Marchisio, Susana Teresa
    Universidad Nacional de Rosario, ARG.
    Hernández-Jayo, Unai
    Universidad de Deusto, ESP.
    Alves, Gustavo
    IPP, Felgueiras, PRT.
    Uriarte-Canivell, Iñigo
    Universidad de Deusto, ESP.
    Villalobos, Marco Conejo
    Universidad Estatal a Distancia, Escuela de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. CRI.
    Gustavsson, Ingvar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    Elizondo, Fernando Ureña
    Universidad Estatal a Distancia, Escuela de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. CRI.
    A teacher training workshop to promote the use of the VISIR remote laboratory for electrical circuits teaching2017In: Proceedings of 2017 4th Experiment at International Conference: Online Experimentation, exp.at 2017, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2017, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The learning of Physics involves building up and using lab experiments. In turn, teachers must be trained in experimenting and using several resources that enable them to design valuable teaching strategies and learning activities. Thanks to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), virtual and remote labs can provide a framework where physical experiments can be developed. Altough remote labs have been in use for over a decade now in several countries and levels of education, its use at secondary schools in Latin America has not been reported yet. The Virtual Instruments System in Reality (VISIR) is one of these remote labs, suitable to practice in the area of electrical circuits. This paper aims at describing how this remote lab was used in a training workshop for secondary school level teachers of Physics in Costa Rica. © 2017 IEEE.

  • 136.
    Arlefalk, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Fotbollens språk-en diskursanalys av journalisters och supportrars sätt att tala om Parken-skandalen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är för det första att genom diskursanalys analysera hur supportrar till fotbollslaget Malmö FF på Himmelriket på Svenskafans framställer diskurser kring läktarbråket i Parken år 2005 samt hur Sydsvenskan framställer samma läktarbråk utifrån samma incident och tidpunkt. För det andra syftar uppsatsen till att klarlägga de eventuella diskursernas relation till omliggande sociala strukturer som enligt Fairclough antingen påverkar diskurserna eller själv blir påverkad av diskurserna. De två forskningsfrågorna är således, vilka diskurser som kan identifieras kring Parkenskandalen hos supportrar på Svenskafans och hos Sydsvenskan? Samt, Vilken relation finns det mellan diskurserna och omliggande sociala strukturer? Uppsatsen har i bakgrundsavsnittet gått igenom supporterskap ur MFF-supports perspektiv, även huliganism ur ett vetenskapligt perspektiv för att skapa förståelse kring skillnader på supportrar och huliganer, vidare återges medias bevakning av andra incidenter samt annan fotbollsrelaterad forskning som är tänkt att utgöra förförståelse för problemområdet. Som tidigare forskning har författaren valt att använda sig av avhandlingen ”Kung Fotboll” av Thorbjörn Andersson vars verk bygger på en engelsk och nordisk kontext kring fotbollsrelaterade fenomen förr i tiden och där publikbråken under denna tid analyserats. Metoden som används i kandidatuppsatsen för dels bearbetning av empiri samt för att svara på de två forskningsfrågorna består av Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys. Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys har sedan även används som teoretisk utgångspunkt tillsammans med Foucaults teori om utestängningssystem. Foucaults socialkonstruktivistiska perspektiv utgör även en bakgrundsförklaring till kandidatuppsatsens genomgång av Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys. Det empiriska materialet utgörs av 15 artiklar från Sydsvenskan.se samt 9 publicerade artiklar av supportrar på svenskafans.com som valts ut i en analytisk process där fokuset är hur supportrarna och journalisterna beskriver ordningsvakternas och polisernas beteende och utseende. I resultat och analys som görs på tre olika nivåer, textanalys, diskursiv analys samt analys av den bredare sociala praktiken, visar författaren att journalisternas diskurs skiljer sig från supportrarnas diskurs och att det därför föreligger en låg grad av samhällelig förändring i den omliggande sociala strukturen. Journalisterna använder en diskurs som har mindre negativa konnotationer kring utseende och beteende hos ordningsvakter och polis än den diskurs som supportrarna använder och därtill fokuserar journalisterna mer på enskilda isolerade fall medan supportrarna oftare återger beskrivningar som inte enbart återger isolerade händelser. Därefter ges det en tänkbar förklaring utefter Foucaults teori om utestängningssystem till varför relationen mellan diskurserna och den omliggande sociala strukturen ser ut som den gör. I den slutliga diskussionen gör författaren reflektioner kring metoden samt ger en återkoppling till tidigare forskning och menar att resultaten i kandidatuppsatsen kan utgöra fördjupad förståelse kring hur media väljer att fokusera vid publikbråk.

  • 137.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Lärande utvärdering i ESF-projektet Kompetens i vård och omsorg, KIVO. Slutrapport.2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Projektet ”Kompetens i vård och omsorg”, KIVO är ett Europeiskt socialfondsprojekt (ESF) som genomfördes under tiden 2011-10-01 till 2013-09-30. Projektägare är Landstinget Blekinge och chefen för Blekinge kompetenscentrum är projektägarens ombud. Inom projektet finns samarbetsavtal mellan Landstinget Blekinge, Äldre förvaltningen, Karlskrona kommun och Hälsohuset för alla AB. Den totala projektbudgeten var 8749 920 SEK.1 KIVO är ett tvåårigt projekt som har haft en lång startsträcka. Det innebär att aktiviteterna inom projektet startade på allvar först i november 2012 och genomfördes under 11 månader. En förklaring är att flera inom nuvarande projektledningsgruppen började arbeta med projektet i slutet av år 2012 eller i början av år 2013. I föreliggande slutrapport redogörs för den lärande utvärdering som bedrivits inom KIVO under tiden 2013-01-01 och 2013-09-30. Syftet var att följa projektets arbete mot uppsatta mål. Centralt i den lärande utvärderingen har varit dialogen med projektledarna, projektledningsgruppen och projektägarens representant. Min roll har varit stödjande, men också störande under processen det vill säga ifrågasättande och kritisk. Rapporten är indelad i fem delar. Första delen beskriver bakgrunden till projektet, dess syfte och mål. I den andra delen presenteras metodologiska utgångspunkter för den lärande utvärderingen. Den tredje delen fokuserar på arbetet med hållbart lärande och hållbar jämställdhet. Analys och resultat av den lärande utvärderingen redovisas i del fyra. Slutligen i del fem förs ett framåtsyftande resonemang om vilka hållbara effekter som projektet bidragit med. Förhoppningen är att denna slutrapport kan bidra till reflektion och lärande kring förutsättningar för att ett projekt som KIVO ska uppnå långsiktiga effekter, samtidigt som den lyfter fram den faktiska måluppfyllelsen som projektet har uppnått.

  • 138.
    Arnsteg Danielsson, Ann
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Porsche, Brigitte
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en person med palliativ diagnos i hemmet: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Utvecklingen i Sverige går mot att fler personer med palliativ diagnos vårdas och dör i hemmet. Detta medför ofta att anhöriga får rollen som vårdare och att deras ansvar för den terminala vården i hemmet ökar. För att sjukvården ska kunna ge rätt stöd och adekvat information till anhöriga och personen med palliativ diagnos är det därför värdefullt att ta del av deras erfarenheter.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en person med palliativ diagnos i hemmet.

    Metod: Nio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats granskades och bedömdes i en kvalitetsmodell. Den insamlade data analyserades med hjälp av innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analys av artiklarna utmynnade i tre huvudkategorier, Dagliga livet förändrades för båda parter, Sjukvården både hindrade och stöttade och Döden en del av vardagen. Innehållet i huvudkategorierna genererade de sex underkategorierna, Förändrade relationer, Det egna livet i andra hand, Att få hjälp och stöd, Att inte få hjälp och stöd, Rädsla för döden och Att leva i nuet. Ett övergripande tema, En förändrad livssituation sammanfattade tolkningen av de anhörigas upplevelser.  

    Slutsats: Anhöriga som vårdar personer med palliativ diagnos i hemmet behöver stöd och uppmärksammas av sjukvården. Deras egna behov kommer i andra hand eftersom de sätter personen med palliativ diagnos i första hand. De kan då känna sig isolerade och ensamma.

  • 139.
    Arslan, Muhammad
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    , Usman
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF VIDEO QUALITY ASSESSMENT METHODS BASED ON FRAME FREEZING2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A Digital Video Communication System consists of a video encoder, a channel through which the video is transmitted and finally a video decoder. These three phases can cause different kinds of impairments or degradations in the quality of a video. One of the degradations that takes place due to an error prone channel is frame freezing and it affects the quality of a video. Frame freezing is a phenomenon in which a particular frame is repeated (displayed) for a certain period of time until the next correct frame is received hence producing a pause or a freeze in a video sequence. Frame freezing can be single or multiple depending on the channel characteristics. Research is being conducted in order to devise a metric which can help in quantifying a video sequence on the basis of its quality. Researchers design metrics and then using their mathematical models, they compare their results with subjective measurements. Subjective measurements help in telling the preciseness and correctness of the metric that whether the quality assessment metric is close enough to subjective test measurements. In this report, three metrics used for video quality assessment have been studied and compared mathematically as well as by careful experiments. The three metrics, chosen for this study, work on No Reference (NR) method for judging the quality of a video. Subjective tests have been performed keeping in view of the recommendations of ITU (International Telecommunication Union). After the study of these three metrics, their advantages and disadvantages over each other have been discussed and the metric that performs the best under certain conditions has been proposed. Finally, a conclusion has been made for the metric that performs the best and also for the metric that performs the worse or even does not perform at all under certain conditions.

  • 140.
    Arvidsson, Matilda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Medborgardialog och kommunikation inom fysisk planering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 141.
    Asadollahi, Nilofar O.
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Brodin, Jeannette
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Anställdas uppfattning av arbetsplatslärande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien utgår från en fenomenografisk ansats. Vi avser att fånga skilda uppfattningar om arbetsplatslärande och studera hur uppfattningarna påverkar medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse. Vi utgick från två frågeställningar: vilka uppfattningar har medarbetare av hur de lär på sin arbetsplats, och finns det skillnader i medarbetarnas uppfattningar av vad de lär? Resultatet visar att deltagarnas uppfattningar om fenomenet skiljer sig åt. Tolkningen av resultatet visar att deltagarna lär på olika sätt och använder kunskapen olika i deras yrkesutförande. De lär genom erfarenhet, socialt samspel, teoretiskt samt genom praktiskt arbetsutförande. De utvecklar och lär flexibilitet, anpassning, problemlösning och socialt samspel. Det finns ett samband mellan hur deltagarna uppfattar fenomenet och arbetstillfredsställelse. När arbetsplatslärande är effektivt bidrar det på ett positivt sätt till deltagarnas arbetstillfredsställelse.

  • 142.
    Asadollahi, Nilofar O.
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Brodin, Jeannette
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Hur Anställda Erfar Självförmåga2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet var att öka förståelsen av hur fenomenet självförmåga erfars av anställda samt hur de föreställer sig sin respektive nivå av självförmåga. Banduras (1997) teori om självförmåga användes med fenomenografi som metod. Fyra anställda på olika organisationer och med olika ålder och kön intervjuades. Det uppfattades att självförmåga fanns i många olika aspekter av de anställdas yrkessliv, det uppfattades som något som påverkade dem i väldigt stor utsträckning. Deltagarna hade sinsemellan olika nivåer av självförmåga och det visades tydligt i hur de hanterade olika delar av sitt arbetsliv. Det visades i deras val av arbetsuppgifter och om de påverkades positivt eller negativt av omgivningen samt av sina erfarenheter. Fler fenomenografiska studier om självkänsla bör genomföras inom psykologin, det skulle vara intressant att koppla emotioner och personlighets tester till fenomenet.

  • 143.
    Asbjorn Sorensen, Charlotte
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola, SWE.
    Warell, Anders
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Jagtap, Santosh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Material selection: A qualitative case study of five design consultancies2017In: DS87-1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 17), VOL 1: RESOURCE SENSITIVE DESIGN, DESIGN RESEARCH APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES / [ed] Maier, A; Skec, S; Kim, H; Kokkolaras, M; Oehmen, J; Fadel, G; Salustri, F; VanDerLoos, M, The Design Society, 2017, no DS87-1, p. 439-448, article id DS87-1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative case study aims at understanding when and how industrial designers, working in design consultancies, engage in activities that will influence material selection in the design process. While the extant literature presents material selection processes as a sequence of activities aimed at finding candidate materials, there is paucity of research on material criteria activities. Formulating material criteria is an activity that is performed during all design phases and they become clearer and more complete throughout the project. For the case studies, explorative semi-structured interviews were conducted with five industrial designers with 10 years of work experience or more. The results suggest (a) that risk management has a major influence on the material selection process, (b) that negotiations of project boundaries in the 'fuzzy' pre-design phase has crucial influence on the risk management aspect of the material criteria activities, and (c) a lack of awareness that design briefs usually outline material criteria expressed as sensorial characteristics, which are later translated by engineering into final material criteria used for the material selection process.

  • 144.
    Asbjörn Sörensen, Charlotte
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola, SWE.
    Jagtap, Santosh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Warell, Anders
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    A shift from technical properties towards sensorial characteristics in product design education2017In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education:: Building Community: Design Education for a Sustainable Future / [ed] Gulden T.,Pavel N.,Kovacevic A.,Buck L.,Bohemia E.,Berg A., Institution of Engineering Designers, The Design Society , 2017, p. 388-393Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to evaluate a new pedagogic approach implemented in a compulsory materials course for product design students at bachelors level at ABC University. When developing a new curriculum for the material course, a decision was made to teach materials and production methods in a contextualized setting with emphasis on how students can deal with materials in a design process. Methods can be seen as mental tools that aid the design students in navigating complexity and offers them a structure to deal with unfamiliar territories. After an evaluation, some methods, guidelines and tools were selected to integrate in the compulsory materials course for the product design students, e.g. the Expressive-Sensorial Atlas [1], Meaning Driven Materials Selection [2] and the Material Driven Design method [3]. The implementation is made in two steps in order to test, evaluate and further develop a framework for teaching materials courses to product design students. The study evaluate the first step of implementation in general, and the implementation of the Material Driven Design method in particular. It is hoped that this research can contribute to further development of pedagogical approaches for teaching materials and production methods in a contextualized setting for product design students at bachelors level.

  • 145.
    Assarsson, Rrezarta Kadrija & Maria
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    KOMMUNIKATION OCH SAMARBETE: Upplevelser av förutsättningar för informellt lärande i olika arbetsmiljöer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med denna studie är att utveckla kunskap om medarbetarnas upplevelser av hur strukturen på den fysiska arbetsmiljön påverkar deras förutsättningar för det informella lärandet. Studien har en hermeneutisk ansats för att tolka och förstå medarbetarnas upplevelser. För att besvara vår forskningsfråga utfördes datainsamlingen i form av halvstrukturerade intervjuer med åtta medarbetare som arbetar inom samma organisation men i två olika arbetslag. Medarbetarna sitter och arbetar i olika strukturer av fysiska arbetsmiljöer. Resultatet av studien visar att arbetslaget som satt och arbetade i öppet kontorslandskap upplevde att de hade lättare för att kommunicera och samarbeta då de satt bredvid varandra och arbetade. Dock upplevdes strukturen påverka kommunikationen på så sätt att individerna inte alltid kunde föra en dialog. Medarbetarna som satt och arbetade i cellkontor å andra sidan upplevde att dörren ibland kunde vara ett hinder i deras kommunikation och samarbete med de andra. För att kommunicera och samarbeta med andra behövde medarbetaren visa sig tillgänglig genom att hålla sin dörr öppen.

  • 146.
    AWOMODU, GBOLAHAN
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    ALOFOJE, OHIORENUA
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    FASEHUN, OYEWOLE
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AS A CATALYST FOR CONSUMER CHOICE2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Even though research on CSR activities has been on the rise, they do not have generally ratified and widely acclaimed explanation with regard to the variation in consumer response to firms operating within the same industry and supporting the same CSR activities. The aim of this research was to investigate the role of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in catalyzing consumer choice. The writers used quantitative research method whereby data was collected by means of online questionnaires in an online survey. The analysis was carried out through frequency, descriptive, reliability, correlation and regression analyses. We realized that although a relationship exists between CSR and consumer behavior through the three channels including legitimacy, information asymmetry and ethical decision making, CSR does not drive sales, but increases the appetite for more CSR information for use in product assessment. Therefore, the engagement in CSR may only increase purchasing and evaluation intention, but not the actual purchase. Given that CSR directly results in the increased information search, the best way to orient CSR to stimulate consumer purchase is through the availability of CSR information to the consumer through localization of CSR activities alongside product excellence and competitive product pricing. Our recommendation is that future research should consider smaller geographical zones, for instance an institution or a city.

  • 147.
    Axberg, Sigrid
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Bodin, Louise
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Icke farmakologisk egenvård vid sömnstörningar: en litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sömnen är ett av personers viktigaste behov. När en person får för lite sömn ger detta kroppen sömnbrist, vilket påverkar flera funktioner i kroppen negativt som behövs för att vi ska kunna fungera. Sömnbrist kan leda till sömnstörning. Sömnstörningar kan vara en egen sjukdom eller ett symtom på en annan sjukdom. En metod för att motverka sömnstörningar är genom egenvård. Icke farmakologiska åtgärder är en egenvårdsmetod. Vilka icke farmakologiska egenvårdsåtgärder som fungerar för de olika personerna påverkar personernas erfarenheter av åtgärderna.

    Syfte: Att belysa personers erfarenheter av icke farmakologisk egenvård vid sömnstörningar.

    Metod: Litteraturstudie med kvalitativ design som baseras på åtta artiklar. Manifest innehållsanalys användes för att analysera artiklarna.

    Resultat: Erfarenheter av icke farmakologiska egenvårdsåtgärder samt Erfarenheter av tekniska hjälpmedel var det två kategorierna som framkom i resultatet. De egenvårdsåtgärder som framkom kunde antingen vara av fysisk karaktär eller påverka sömnen via sinnena. Åtgärder som kräver tekniska hjälpmedel fanns också. Majoriteten upplevdes påverka sömnen och vilan positivt. Erfarenheterna av CPAP och snarkskenan var till största del att de förbättrade sömnen. Däremot var erfarenheterna av tillexempel aromterapi att det inte förbättrade sömnen.

    Slutsats: Erfarenheterna av egenvårdsåtgärderna med fysisk karaktär, såsom fysisk aktivitet och kostförändringar, var till största del positiva. Däremot var erfarenheterna av de egenvårdsåtgärder som påverkar sinnena, som aromterapi och ljusterapi, mer kritiska. CPAP-masken och snarkskenan hade båda fördelar såväl som nackdelar. Däremot fungerar inte samma sorts egenvård för alla personer. Det behövs göras fler kvalitativa studier inom detta område för att syftet helt ska kunna svaras på. 

  • 148.
    Axelsson, Moa
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Gulliksson, Linnea
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av användning av tolk vid språkbarriärer: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Samhället blir allt mer mångkulturellt och en större press sätts på att sjuksköterskor kan möjliggöra en fungerande kommunikation med patienter. Om kommunikationen inte fungerar kan en språkbarriär uppstå mellan sjuksköterskor och patient. Då språkbarriärer kan påverka kvaliteten på omvårdnaden är det viktigt att sjuksköterskor kan hantera språkbarriärerna. Genom att använda en tolk kan språkbarriärer hanteras men det finns även brister i användandet av tolk. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av användning av tolk vid språkbarriär. Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie som baserats på 14 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna har analyserats med inspiration av Graneheim och Lundmans (2004) samlade beskrivning av innehållsanalys. Resultat: I studiens resultat framkom sju subkategorier: Sjuksköterskors prioriteringar, Sjuksköterskors kunskap om användandet av tolk, Tillgänglighet av formell tolk, Tillgänglighet av informell tolk, Möjligheter vid användning av tolk, Svårigheter vid Sjuksköterskors användning av formell tolk och Svårigheter vid sjuksköterskors användning av informell tolk. Dessa subkategorier resulterade i två huvudkategorier: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att få tillgång till tolk och Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av användning av tolk. Slutsats: Att sjuksköterskor hade erfarenhet av att tolk var viktigt för att kunna hantera språkbarriärer, det i sin tur gav bättre möjligheter till en god omvårdnad. I sjuksköterskors användning av tolk fanns både möjligheter och svårigheter. I denna studie identifierades en kunskapsbrist i sjuksköterskors användande av tolk. En utbildning i sjuksköterskors användning av tolk ansågs kunna förbättra omvårdnaden vid språkbarriärer.

  • 149.
    Axmon, Anna
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    Kristensson, Jimmie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    Midlöv, Patrik
    Lunds Universitet, SWE.
    Use of antipsychotics, benzodiazepine derivatives, and dementia medication among older people with intellectual disability and/or autism spectrum disorder and dementia2017In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 0891-4222, Vol. 62, p. 50-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Although people with intellectual disability (ID) and people with dementia have high drug prescription rates, there is a lack of studies investigating drug use among those with concurrent diagnoses of ID and dementia. Aim To investigate the use of antipsychotics, benzodiazepine derivatives, and drugs recommended for dementia treatment (anticholinesterases [AChEIs] and memantine) among people with ID and dementia. Methods and procedures Having received support available for people with ID and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was used as a proxy for ID. The ID cohort consisted of 7936 individuals, aged at least 55 years in 2012, and the referent cohort of age- and sex-matched people from the general population (gPop). People with a specialists’ diagnosis of dementia during 2002–2012 were identified (ID, n = 180; gPop, n = 67), and data on prescription of the investigated drugs during the period 2006–2012 were collected. Outcome and results People with ID/ASD and dementia were more likely than people with ID/ASD but without dementia to be prescribed antipsychotics (50% vs 39% over the study period; odds ratio (OR) 1.85, 95% confidence interval 1.13–30.3) and benzodiazepine derivatives (55% vs 36%; OR 2.42, 1.48–3.98). They were also more likely than people with dementia from the general population to be prescribed antipsychotics (50% vs 25%; OR 3.18, 1.59–6.34), but less likely to be prescribed AChEIs (28% vs 45%; OR 0.32, 0.16–0.64).

  • 150.
    Ayers, James
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Melchert, Gabriel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Piwowar, Julius
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    The Impact of Renewable Energy Cooperatives on the Social Resilience of Their Communities2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Major global problems, manifested by climate change and social inequality, reinforce the need for a societal shift towards sustainable practices. This transition requires new approaches in the future design of society. The current energy system, based on fossil fuels and centralized infrastructure is a key contributor to many of the socio-ecological issues related to the sustainability challenge. The intent of this research is to examine renewable energy cooperatives as an alternative to minimize the negative impacts of the current energy system. Using a Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) approach with a Resilience Attribute Framework, this research explored the presence of resilience attributes (Trust, Diversity, Learning and Self-organization) and sustainability behavior in renewable energy cooperatives. The research then explored, through interview and surveys, the perceived impacts that these cooperatives had on the resilience and sustainability behavior of the wider community. Findings showed that energy cooperatives displayed high levels of the resilience through the attributes of: - Trust: due to non-profit status, ownership structure, localisation and shared values - Diversity: due to member and service diversity - Learning: through collaboration, diverse member knowledge and participation - Self-organization: due to cooperative development, leadership and outcomes (infrastructure and energy knowledge). This study showed that renewable energy cooperatives have numerous impacts on their community however; there were no significant evidence to suggest energy cooperatives transferred their high levels of social resilience to the community.

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