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  • 101.
    Khan, Afia Akram
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Krishna, Sai
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    USING SOCIAL MEDIA IN PRIMARY HEALTHCARE SETTINGS2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media websites play an obvious role in involving people to get help and motivation regarding healthcare through social interaction because a huge mass is present on social media websites like Facebook. So there is a need to understand that how social media websites specifically Facebook can involve in healthcare awareness and social interaction at primary care level in Blekinge region.

  • 102.
    Khan, Mohammad Ali
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Nasir, Majid
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Human Errors and Learnability Evaluation of Authentication System2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Usability studies are important in today’s context. However, the increased security level of authentication systems is reducing the usability level. Thus, to provide secured but yet usable authentication systems is a challenge for researchers to solve till now. Learnability and human errors are influential factors of the usability of authentication systems. There are not many specific studies on the learnability and human errors concentrating on authentication systems. The authors’ aim of this study is to explore the human errors and the learnability situation of authentication systems to contribute to the development of more usable authentication systems. The authors investigated through observations and interviews to achieve the aim of this study. A minimalist portable test lab was developed in order to conduct the observation process in a controlled environment. At the end of the study, the authors showed the list of identified human errors and learnability issues, and provided recommendations, which the authors believe will help researchers to improve the overall usability of authentication systems. To achieve the aim of the study, the authors started with a systematic literature review to gain knowledge on the state of art. For the user study, a direct investigation, in form of observations and interviews was then applied to gather more data. The collected data was then analyzed and interpreted to identify and assess the human errors and the learnability issues.

  • 103.
    Khan, Muhammad Qasim
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Rehman, Zia ur
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Usability Issues in Content Based Multimedia Computer Based Trainings2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In distance education, students and teachers are at different places and interact with each other with the help of different technologies. Broadcast television, two-way video conferencing, asynchronous learning mode, virtual learning environment (VLE) and content based multimedia computer based trainings (CB-MCBTs) are some of the technologies used to provide distance education. Content Based Multimedia Computer Based Trainings (CB-MCBT) is a computerized learning environment. The acceptance of computerized learning environment is based on its usability. And usability in any computerized learning environment is supportive to learners and it increases their learning experiences of learners. Authors of this research have evaluated usability of CBMCBTs, specifically CB-MCBTs designed by AIOU. Usability evaluation has been performed to find out usability issues in CB-MCBTs, and figured out requirements of learners regarding CB-MCBTs. To figure out usability issues in CBMCBTs authors have used inquiry technique with focus group and questionnaire. Authors have proposed usability criteria to evaluate usability of CB-MCBTs. Each element of proposed criteria is based on principle of user interface design, and three main usability aspects: effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction. Development of CB-MCBTs in AIOU is nice and unique effort in the field of computer based trainings. However if these CB-MCBTs are designed to support distance education, then AIOU should focus on the availability of CB-MCBTs to the students, feedbacks within CB-MCBT and feedback from university to students and completeness of these CB-MCBTs regarding features and facilities required by the students. This research also gives recommendation to AIOU for improvements in CB-MCBTs. These recommendations are helpful to fix usability issues in CB-MCBTs and to make these CB-MCBTs according to the requirements of learners.

  • 104.
    Kianian, Babak
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Diegel, Olaf
    The Adoption of Additive Manufacturing Technology in Sweden2015In: 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, ISSN 2329-7662, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 152-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the adoption of additive manufacturing (AM) technologies in Sweden. The data set consists of a recent and representative sample of Swedish AM users (companies, universities, and research institutes). The authors investigate two questions. First, what are the current applications of AM in Sweden (e.g., rapid prototyping [RP], production)? Second, what are the factors that can explain the variation in AM adoption among the users? Using a regression analysis technique, the main findings are as follows. (i) There is a variation among users' choice of AM application, and the majority of users are expanding their AM applications beyond RP. (ii) There are two factors that positively affect the decision of firms to expand classical RP and incorporate production and management as well. These two factors are using multiple AM technologies (as opposed to single fused deposition modeling technology) being small companies. The authors discuss the implication of these results.

  • 105.
    Korkeakunnas, Tea
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Medarbetarskap – en studie av medarbetarskap i en arkitektbyrå2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Företag och organisationer har upptäckt vikten av medarbetarskap för att utveckla ansvarstagande och förändringsförmåga på arbetsplatserna. Medarbetarskap är ett relativt nytt begrepp i affärsvärlden på slutet av 1980-talet. I ett nordiskt sammanhang är medarbetarskap en traditionell metod som företag använder i konkurrensen, överlevning och utvecklingen. Organisatoriska insatser för ett fungerande medarbetarskap omfattar engagerade människor som kan hjälpa företag att uppnå flexibilitet, kundlojalitet, innovation och ekonomisk framgång i en utmanande affärsvärld. Många teoretiker tror att medarbetarskap är nyckeln till framgångsrik integration av teknik, till finansiell kompetens och produktiva innovationer. Men det finns få empiriska studier i ämnet. Denna uppsats är en studie av hur anställda i en finsk arkitektbyrå upplever medarbetarskap. Syftet är att undersöka medarbetarskap och lärande.

  • 106.
    Kruse, Anna
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Åström, Mirja
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Digital organizing of brief notes and schedules: supporting the collaboration between paper and digital artifacts2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Living in a time where mobility and wireless information are of great interest when developing new computer artifacts, but paper and pen, which are the most used artifacts of today for taking brief notes and scheduling, are easy not to consider even though we have seen that they are very mobile. In this report we are discussing the use of both paper and mobile computer artifacts and their properties to see where mobile computer artifacts can support or replace paper artifacts in connection to brief notes and schedules. We believe that the work toward a design is just as important as the design it self, which is why this report also includes the methods and the results from it. Our research question is how different designs affect the possibilities of taking notes, planning and also what paper artifacts mediate to you, which digital do not do today. The question resulted in ideas of how the properties of paper and digital artifacts should be considered in the developing of computer artifacts for taking brief notes and scheduling, design ideas and a mock-up of our Digital Interactive Organizer.

  • 107.
    Kumar, Kasireddy Sai Suren
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Vardhan, Bojja Vishnu
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Measurements of Energy Consumptions in Mobile Applications with respect to Quality of Experience2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, Third Generation (3G) mobile phones equipped with powerful hardware are becoming popular and dominating the market of cellular com-munication systems. Features such as music and video players, in-built Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, navigation maps, Internet connectivity and high resolution cameras has converted mobile phones into so called Smartphones. With the increase in applications and services, limitations on energy consumption are also increasing. Therefore, it is more im-portant for manufacturers to nd e ective means of increasing battery life of mobile phones, as the mobile device itself is energy consuming and longer operational times are demanded by customers. Good energy mangement in mobile phones requires a good understanding of the energy usage in mobile phones. To this end, this thesis report presents the results of power and energy consumption measurements conducted on available Smartphones. The services under investigation includes basic Smartphone functionalities and few Internet services are studied and conclusions were drawn. This paper presents a cost e ective methodology for reliable measurements of energy on Smartphones. It also examines the e ect of operating systems on en-ergy consumption in mobile phones and reports less energy consumption for Android supported phones. The energy consumption of these Smartphones with respect to various applications has been studied and related to Quality of Experience of users'. Based on the results conclusions were drawn.

  • 108.
    Kågesson, Gustav
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Tahir, Zainalabidin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Manufacturing processes and materials selection for a sustainable future2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on different manufacturing processes and material choices

    for products that are designed to help the future to be more sustainable. These

    products were developed in a global project that explored the field and

    subfields of urban mining. This thesis is a part of that project and is meant to

    come with valuable input to the results. In this urban mining project two

    products were developed.

    The two different products that has been developed during this project is the

    NIX and the UM Factory. They work together with keeping material on the

    construction site when space is limited in order to reduce the transportation,

    both for the environmental benefit and also from a cost perspective. Together

    they will not only keep the material on the site but also refine them so they

    can be used again.

    This thesis will look into how these two products can be manufactured and

    what materials is a suitable choice for the products. These two factors were

    also thought about during the development of the products, both how to make

    it as simple design that was easy to produce while still fulfilling the

    requirements set. Also what materials might be a suitable choice for different

    parts of the products is considered, in order to be reliable, easy to work with,

    and relatively cheap. The study also explored some methods and materials

    that might be worth looking into in a few years. Methods and materials that

    today are undeveloped or not economically viable.

  • 109.
    Leung, Simon
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Management of Motivation and Innovativeness in the Service Industries2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation and innovativeness are both included in the complex business processes that organizations need to use to ensure value to customers. There are circumstances where innovativeness is required, companies need the participation of their employees for a successful execution. Employee innovativeness is required to ensure successful service delivery. The employees may have the ability, knowledge, and skills but few may be willing to do more than what their tasks require them to do. The willingness of employees to be innovative highly depends on the factors that motivate them. In the current study, it is aimed to examine the ways motivation affects innovativeness in service industries. A review of literatures is performed to gain insights on the concepts of motivation and innovativeness and to examine the relationship that exist between the concepts. Results from the current study is significant since the existing literature is providing only a few number of articles referring to the relationship of motivation factors to quality services delivery and its effects on organizational progress. Even today, there is no significant progress on the literature with refers to innovativeness within the service industry. The current study will show there is a gap in this area which may lead to further studies related to the field.

  • 110.
    Lindberg, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Interaktion i klassrummet2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten beskrivs hur elever mellan åtta och tolv år upplever användningen av datorn och Internet i skolan. Genom att studera användningen av Internet med hjälp av intervjuer, deltagande observationer och informella samtal har författaren i den här rapporten valt att utifrån elevernas perspektiv beskriva deras situation. Utifrån den etnografiska studie och de konstruktionistiska teorier författaren gjort utnyttjas sedan erfarenheter från utbildningstiden för att försökta skapa ett koncept om hur ett framtida klassrum skulle kunna komma att se ut. Undersökningar har gjorts om hur information, kunskaper och erfarenheter utbyts i klassrummet och vilken betydelse det har för användningen av Internet. Men även hur elevernas själva utvecklas och skapar sig ett kritiskt tänkande och att lära sig sortera, för dem, relevant information. Jag har även studerat hur lärarens roll förändras och hur det påverkar undervisningskulturen. Då eleverna arbetar med uppgifter som de själva skapar sökstrategier för, hittar information till och slutligen gör val som påverkar hur de vill gå vidare med uppgiften. Allt detta sammanfattas sedan i en designvision om hur ett klassrum skulle kunna stödja datoranvändningen och sudda ut gränsen mellan den och den traditionella läromedelsundervisningen.

  • 111.
    Lindqvist, Monika Adamson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    BeAKKta: ett kommunikationshjälpmedel som möter behoven av djupare kommunikation hos personer med autism2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personer med autism är en utsatt grupp i samhället – en grupp som tycks öka främst på grund av genetiska faktorer men också på grund av miljöfaktorer. Den medicinska forskningen intensifieras både i USA och i Europa. Det största problemet för dessa funktionshindrade handlar om en oförmåga att kommunicera, såväl verbalt som socialt. Parallellt utvecklas kommunikationstekniken starkt, en teknik som skulle kunna hjälpa dessa personer avsevärt om bara det fanns en anpassning till deras behov. Det finns ju visserligen redan tekniska kommunikationshjälpmedel utvecklade för personer med autism. Det är bara det att dessa fortfarande inte passar målgruppens behov av kommunikation särskilt väl. Hjälpmedlen är konstruerade att hantera en mer ytlig kommunikation, det vill säga en kommunikationsform som personer med autism inte använder, än mindre förstår sig på. De vill ofta istället ha en djupare relation som kan stötta dem i viktigare frågor. Det kan till exempel handla om att reda ut huruvida det finns ett ”inuti” och ett ”bortom”; att det finns många hus bortom dem som man kan se närmast. Att se stora sammanhang är nästintill obegripligt för dem. Här behövs verklig hjälp och stöttningen bör förmedlas av en nära vän. Den omfattande kontaktlista som nuvarande kommunikationshjälpmedel tillhandahåller, står alltså inte högt i kurs. I mitt magisterarbete tittar jag framför allt på de centrala behoven bakom kommunikationen hos personer med autism. Men jag presenterar också ett designförslag i form av några enklare skisser med utgångspunkt i just dessa behov. Anledningen till att fokus ligger på analysskedet är att flertalet hittillsvarande tekniska kommunikationshjälpmedel aldrig tycks ha ifrågasatt grunden till de beslut som formar designen det vill säga behoven hos de funktionshindrade personerna. Alltför ofta tas fel designbeslut på grund av en grundlös analys. Flera funktioner sammanfogas här inom ett och samma hjälpmedel som kan stödja de funktionshindrade att tala, tänka klarare tankar, att reflektera, formulera sin åsikt och att drömma. Jag vill att de ska nå djupare tankar än vad som hittills varit möjligt. Funktionerna är identifierade men finns inte inom ett och samma hjälpmedel. Sju funktioner sammanfogas inom ett och samma hjälpmedel: ”Betonad överföring”, ”överblickbarhet”, ”struktur à la Talking Mats”, ”bildhantering”, ”digitalkamera”, ”reellt möte” samt ”närstående som viktiga förebilder”. Båda parter bör befinna sig geografiskt nära varandra och båda måste ha med sig sin egen ”BeAKKta”. Jag identifierar kommunikationsbehoven hos personer med autism och ger förslag på hur behoven skulle kunna mötas genom analys och skisser. Resultatet blir en ny design som sammanför tidigare förvisso identifierade funktioner, varav dock fåtalet utvecklats med tanke på den digitala tekniken. Lovisa, min dotter och hennes brist på kommunikationsförmåga, är upprinnelsen till mitt försök och det är också hon som givit mig både insikter och inspiration.

  • 112.
    Lundberg, Jenny
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    ComAiDiMap: design for SOS operators handling 112 calls2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this thesis is a design suggestion, the Computer Aided Dispatch Map (Co-mAiDiMap). As a way of exploring innovative design suggestions, the design has been influenced by the use of alternative interfaces. Specially the Pond, a prototype developed in ICE-laboratory (ICE-lab) at Swedish Institute of Computer Science (SICS). The design is also influenced by the innovative Disappearing Computer concept. It is made for the SOS operators working in Swedish emergency service centres (SOS Alarm AB Sverige) for supporting the handling of 112 calls. The research question in this thesis is: How can the SOS operators handling of 112 calls in their work practice be supported individually and cooperatively using alternative interface design? The foundation that the design is based on is an integration of the dispatch system (CoordCom) and the computerized map application currently in use at the SOS centres.

  • 113.
    Lyrstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Gustavsson, Fredrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Berättande i datorbaserade rollspel: en empirisk och teoretisk designstudie om datorspel2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    VD:n för spelindustrins intresseorganisation (Interactive Digital Software Association) förutspår i den årliga State of the Industry rapporten för åren 2000 ? 2001, att spelindustrin snart kan nå 70 procent av världens hushåll, vilket gör spelmaskinen, näst intill, lika vanlig som videon. I denna dag börjar många spelutbildningar växa fram i hela landet, så som i Karlshamn, Visby och Kramfors. Trots denna tillväxt finns det nästan ingen akademisk forskning i ämnet speldesign. Detta gör att hjulet i många fall tvingas återuppfinnas om och om igen. I detta kandidatarbete är huvuddiskussionen hur man designar ett spel innehållande både spelfrihet och en färdig berättelse, vilket är en konflikt i sig. Vi försöker identifiera kärnan av ett spels design genom att samarbeta med både användare och designers av digital underhållning och sätta detta i relation till de studier av spel vi gjort. Resultatet av vår studie är tre kritiska begrepp för design av datorspel med en färdig berättelse. Vi ser vårt arbete som ett avstamp för vidare forskning och produktion. Tiden har kommit för att ta datorspel på allvar!

  • 114.
    Lyrstedt, Daniel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Gustavsson, Fredrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    From Chit-Chat to Formalized Documents: A Design Study of the Communication in a Persistent Multi-player Computer Game2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this Master thesis the key discussion is how to make dynamic informal conversations comprehensible to a computer system. The discussion is at large centered towards the distributed persistent real-time multi-player computer game Worlds. In this thesis we discuss the important aspects of communication and collaboration in computer games, and how these affect the the formalization of communicated information into computable data. The discussion of this thesis is based on several kinds of sources; empirical studies of games, discussions with players of multi-player computer games, meetings with a game designer and a game programmer and forum activities on a message board for independent game developers. Beside this the use of academic literature and the design of an actual computer game, are also brought together to create a platform for thought and discussion. This thesis is an attempt to bring reflection and analysis into the craft of computer game making, as well as to bring aspects of game design into the world of academics. The result of this thesis leads to a design suggestion of the communication and agreement creation system of the game Worlds. We find our discussion and our design, interesting and important, as an object for further analysis, discussions and thoughts.

  • 115.
    Lättman, Katrin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Personality measures as predictors of job satisfaction from a frame-of-reference perspective2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Extending previous research by Bowling and Burns (2010), a comparison of work personality to general personality indicate that work personality has a stronger relationship with job satisfaction (work-criteria) than does general personality, and, contrary to the above study, general personality has a stronger relationship with life satisfaction (general criteria) than does work personality. Work personality is defined as the personality in the context of work, by promoting the use of a frame-of-reference. Some of these work personality-job satisfaction, and general personality-life satisfaction relationships further predict incremental validity in their corresponding criteria after work, or general, personality is controlled for. The study includes self-reported data from 90 Swedish employees from three randomly selected municipalities and occupational areas, and the outcomes rely on correlational and regression analyses. The results partly support the use of a frame-of-reference in order to enhance the predictive strength of personality measures in a work setting. Implications are discussed.

  • 116.
    Martinson, Tiina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Children chatting- communication between two social settings2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chat communication has been investigated within the frames of 5thD (Fifth Dimension). The study is based in field-material from two chat sessions, between children in Ronneby-Barcelona and Ronneby-Denver. During the chats there was plenty of interaction between children and, assistants, which is illustrated with the help of patterns of communication. The analysis of the data shows that chat is more than an interaction between two persons, it even connects two social settings. The thesis also deals with the question of how to create meaningful chat, since this did not occur in an entirely satisfactory way during the above-mentioned chats.

  • 117.
    Martinson, Tiina
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Åkesson, Johanna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Designing with only second hand information- An evaluation of the filters and formatters in the Billing Gateway GUI2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor´s Thesis concerns 20 points at the MDA-program (People, Computers and Work) at Blekinge Institute of Technology in Ronneby. The MDA-program focuses on how people use Information Technology and its design and development. In this Bachelor?s Thesis we describe a study process at the Billing Gateway Department at Ericsson Software Technology in Ronneby in which we investigate how to design for destined users without direct contact with them. Our aim of the study was to evaluate and bring out a design suggestion of a graphical representation of the filters and formatters for the end-users. With only second hand information about them we found the task to be impossible to accomplish. Instead this Bachelor?s Thesis is an investigation of how a design process is developed without direct contact with the end-users. The results are based on second hand information about the needs of the end-users. We give Ericsson suggestions of how to involve the end-users in the design process. ----------------------- Tiina Martinson Johanna Åkesson

  • 118.
    Mattsson, Linda
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Persson, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Användare från båda håll ? Utökat informationsstöd inom design av registreringsprocesser2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vi har under vårterminen 2001 varit på webbyrån Doberman Digital Agency och utfört vårt kandidatarbete. Vi har i vårt arbete inriktat oss på registreringar och dess förlopp via digitala medier, främst Internet. Under arbetets gång har vi genomfört ett antal studier och analyser. Etnografiska metoder såsom strukturerad intervju och iakttagande observation har använts främst i vårt fältarbete. Även brainstorming har använts mycket i vår designprocess. Aktivt deltagande i workshops och designsessioner har lett fram till material och underlag för både mockup och prototyping men även själva rapportskrivandet. Vårt mål har varit att bryta den traditionella synen på registreringsdesign och ge upphov till nya tankesätt inom detta område. Vi ville utforska om det verkligen gick att ersätta den traditionella registreringsprocessen med en sådan process som fortfarande gör att användaren känner sig trygg i miljön, men att den utmärker sig på ett sätt som är annorlunda.Genom att använda metafordesign i vårt arbete har vi tagit fram alternativa lösningar och synsätt på registreringar. Den fysiska blanketregistreringen har vi helt bortsett från som utgångspunkt för nya digitala idéer och tankar. Det centrala i vår studie har varit människans olika synsätt och aspekter på dagens registreringssidor. Vi har sökt ta fram ett bättre samspel mellan de båda involverade parterna inom registreringsprocessen, det vill säga användaren och tjänsteproducenten. Vi ansåg att en bättre kommunikation vore nödvändig för att tillgodose båda parternas krav och behov. I rapporten redovisar vi förslag på förbättringar inom den digitala registreringsprocessen. Detta skedde genom att vi bearbetade material från intervjuer, litteratur, egna erfarenheter ur designarbeten och självklart prototyping.

  • 119.
    , Meer
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    , Usman
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    PET Recycling Behavior of consumers in Lahore, Pakistan, Available knowledge and general attitudes, Impact on recycling2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Lahore, Pakistan is one of the most populated and hottest regions of the world. Due to long summers beverages consumption is generally high leading to an increase in consumption of beverage PET bottles. There is a huge amount of municipal waste which is not being recycled and as a result it ends up in land refills. Through a survey I have tried to figure out that how different factors like income level, educational level, recycling facility, knowledge and incentives influence recycling behavior of 124 individuals in Lahore, Pakistan. The research conducted shows us a positive relationship between recycling and low income level and also shows an increase in recycling trend with an increase in financial incentive to the general public. However a negative relationship can be observed among the recycling trend and an increase in private cost in terms of effort and time. According to the study one of the major factors which demotivates the public sector from recycling is the shabby condition of junk shops. Furthermore it seems lower recycling rates are due to lack of awareness in general public regarding importance of recycling, people want a clean environment but are unaware of the fact that recycling is a key component in preserving the environment. So, the appended study below shows that effort needs to be done to create awareness and start an effective and planned collection system which can reduce private cost of recycling, similarly efforts should be made for advertising and campaigning about the benefits of recycling and encouraging individuals to feel proud of the fact that they are contributing towards the betterment of society by recycling.

  • 120.
    Meland, Catrin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Business Administration and Social Science.
    Svensson, Sophia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Business Administration and Social Science.
    Kompetent arbetskraft: Vad attraheras de av och vilka blir följderna för personalsammansättningen2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ta reda på de kriterier som en kompetent arbetstagare anser vara viktiga när han eller hon söker sig till ett visst företag, samt de resonemang som de för kring dessa. Vi vill även ta reda på vad företagen erbjuder kompetent arbetskraft, för att tillsammans med arbetstagarnas svar se om detta kan ha några följder för personalsammansättningen.

  • 121.
    Mossberg, Tommy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Personas and Ethnography within a commercial context2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: ***************************************************** There are several challenges to bridge when designing useable software for mobile devices. The information devices of tomorrow are going to be used in constantly changing contexts and they are going to be designed to enable a mass market for mobile communication. In the software industry the "time to market" factor, which sets firm deadlines for developers, is also important. In such a landscape of complexities is it very important to have design methods that afford the work in an effective way without giving up the impact of potential user. This thesis is the outcome of twenty weeks? research in the field of mobile computational artefacts in relation to developing design methods that will help designers focus on real world use situations. I will examine the opportunity to use the Personas concept [Cooper, A. 1999] in relation to ethnography as a method to afford the design process. I point at how long term work with background field studies in various ways can afford the design process in specific projects and how the traditionally usability work mostly built up around scenario based tests can be helped of the same. I will base my analyses on empirical data from my research site, Symbian. The primary method in my research is participation and observations in the daily work within a design team consisting of eight people. I will show how they work with design today and which methodological directions I think should develop their design work in the future. My research question is, put simply, how background fieldwork and Personas can afford design work. I hope readers of this thesis will gain useful insights and ideas concerning developing design methods in a commercial context for wireless information devices.

  • 122.
    Murali-Venkatesh, Krishnan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Availability and Mobile Phone Interruptions2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile phones have become ubiquitous in many countries today. As the number of subscribers and geographical coverage continues to increase worldwide, mobile users can now be reached at nearly any place and at any time. Though the technology supports near perpetual connectivity, users are not available for mobile phone communication in such a straightforward way. As a result, users are often interrupted by mobile phones in the middle of activities. One reason that has been attributed to this problem is the callers lack of awareness about the callee’s current activity. Some context aware mobile technologies have been developed with an aim to help users coordinate mobile phone interruptions. However, these studies are mostly technology oriented and we are yet to understand the effectiveness of these designs. This is because there are few studies on interruption and availability in relation to mobile phone use. To examine the role of technology in coordinating mobile phone interruptions, we have conducted a diary study to investigate the factors that affect the disruptiveness of a mobile phone call, and the practices by which mobile users currently manage their availability. The results from our study show that the availability of a user is highly subjective, and that the interruption rating of a call is affected by factors such as location, activity, relationship with the caller as well as the history of interactions between them. We have also found that mobile phone users appropriate features of the device by way of silencing calls, dismissing calls or placing a ’missed call’, in order to manage their availability. The implications of our results for the design of technologies such as context aware telephony, that aim to coordinate mobile phone calls is discussed.

  • 123.
    Nguyen, Thi Thanh Loan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    The creation of Uni-REPM A universal model for assessing requirements engineering process maturity2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Context. The empirical study of Somerville in 2005 has shown that potential business benefits could be achieved by assessing and improving the Requirement Engineering (RE) process. However, currently there has not been an adequate instrument for practitioners to perform this work. Most known process assessment models such as CMMI and ISO do not pay intensive attention on RE whereas tailored models such as GPG and REPM do not cover the mentioned area extensively. Objectives. This thesis presents a conceptual research of RE process assessment in which the researcher aims to develop a practical model for evaluating the maturity of RE processes in industrial settings. Methods. A major part of this study consists of a systematic review and a literature review to explore all RE ―good practices‖ as a profound basis for the new model. Together with identifying potential activities, the two reviews also highly regarded the feasibility of certain practices and their context to assure the validity of the model. Conclusions. Based on the results of the reviews, Uni-REPM is formulated and introduced. The objective of Uni-REPM is twofold. Firstly, it is expected to be applicable for assessing the maturity of RE processes in various scenarios where an organization would use different development approaches. Secondly, it instructs practitioners with what to perform in RE processes and what they would benefit from such activities. As an assessment instrument, Uni-REPM serves a simple and low cost solution for practitioners to identify the status of their RE process. As a guidance tool, Uni-REPM is believed to lessen the gap between theoretical and practical worlds by transferring the available RE technologies from research to real work.

  • 124.
    Nihlén, Ola
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Hermansson, Patrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    En tvåa Absinth: En studie i informationsflöde och gränssnittsdesign inom fjärrvärme2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens samhälle strävar efter allt fler miljövänliga lösningar på energiförsörjning. Alla letar efter nya miljövänliga energikällor, men detta arbete går långsamt framåt samtidigt som behovet av energi ständigt ökar. Det är därför viktigt att man vidareutvecklar de miljövänliga lösningar som redan finns, så att de i så stor grad som möjligt täcker det ständigt ökade behovet. Fjärrvärme är ett kostnadseffektivt och miljövänligt alternativ som täcker en stor del av det behov av värme och varmvatten som finns inom både bostäder och industrier. Fjärrvärme har funnits i Sverige sen slutet på fyrtiotalet och har sedan dess vuxit, och täcker idag cirka 40 % av värmemarknaden i Sverige. Vi har i detta projekt studerat de system som idag används för övervakning och styrning av fjärrvärmenät. Vi har även satt oss in i hur det stora Absinthe-projektet ska göra energiproduktionen mer effektiv. Vår rapport är en del av forskningsprojektet Absinthe vars grundidé är att med hjälp av agentteknologi förbättra kontroll och övervakning av fjärrvärmenät. Vi har studerat de möjliga användarna av Absinthe-systemet, och utifrån deras behov och Absinthe-projektets grundtankar utvecklat ett användargränssnitt.

  • 125.
    Niklas, Ohlsson
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Produktionsoptimering av kranar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The reason for this report consists of two parts. The first reason for this report is that it is an examinational part of the bachelor’s degree for the mechanical engineering program at BTH. The second reason aims to help Movomech with problems that the company has in its production. The company has taken over the production of several standardized cranes, where the production has not been optimized. This report refers to a proposal for optimization in the production. The theory behind the work is to reduce waste, with lean-production. Reduction of the company’s negative impact on the environment is measured in ELU (Environmental Load Unit). And a smaller ELU equals to less negative environmental impact. The work has been carried out in close collaboration with the various departments. Through discussions the needs have been clarified and the work is based on solving these needs. Certain parts of the needs were solved by storing some parts through the production. This will reduce production disturbances since details not always are enabled at, for example, the assembly.

  • 126.
    Nilsson, Charlotta
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Business Administration and Social Science.
    Strömqvist, Anna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Business Administration and Social Science.
    Personalpolitiken – en dynamisk process2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study of personnel policy on an average sized service company; their purpose, effects and development. The purpose with this essay is to examine the personnel policy at Sparbanken i Karlshamn which is an average sized, private service company. Our intention is to investigate their purpose, effects and development. In the essay we have used a the qualitative method and on the basis of this we have interviewed three respondents at the company. The respondents have been accurate chosen and the empirical material have been based on personal and focussed questions. Furthermore we have used other observations and contacts with people well aware on the subject as well as secondary data It emerges through our study that the employeers are the company’s most important resource. The personnel policy today is about managing this asset in a most developing and caring way. Sparbanken i Karlshamn works active to synchronize with this dynamical process.

  • 127.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Tuvesson, Andreas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Mobilitet, abstraktioner och kontextmedvetenhet:Nya vägar för SRÖ i Karlskrona att övervaka driften av fastigheter2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis describes the development and creation of guidelines for a computer based system, where the goal is to change and improve an organization. Today the organization works from a stationary place but we argue that their way of doing their work could be mobile. In this thesis we describe and discuss our progress procedure, field study and the analysis. The thesis results in a creation of design guidelines for a adaptable mobile artifact. This artifact should be used by the staff who works with maintenance and surveillance of buildings in the municipality of Karlskrona. The artifact should be adaptable to the settings in which it is used. It must have the ability to be aware of its own context and it shall support the interactions that are done by the users. On the basis of our design ideas the user should be supported by adaptable abstractions and open implementation.

  • 128.
    Nordenrot, Andreas
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Ohlqvist, Freddy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Grafisk design med kreativitet som främsta resurs: Reflektioner över en designprocess2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver vårt projektarbete på ComOpt i Helsingborg. Uppgiften har varit att göra presentationer av företagets produkter. Det centrala i arbetet har varit grafisk design, i det här fallet gränssnittsdesign till de presentationer vi har gjort. I vår rapport reflekterar vi över den designprocess vi har genomgått och ställer frågor som: Vad gör en designer till en bra designer? Och: Var får vi kreativitet och inspiration ifrån? Det vi har kommit fram till är att en bra designer kännetecknas av förmågan att kunna prestera bra trots bristande resurser. En bra designer är kreativ och innovativ. Denna kreativitet åstadkoms genom att designern känner sig själv på ett bra sätt och vet hur han eller hon ska få inspiration. Vi har kommit fram till att mycket handlar om att strunta i det självklara och få inspiration i sin omgivning. En inspirerande omgivning ger ofta upphov till många bra idéer. Under vårt arbete har vi använt oss av metoder såsom intervjuer, feedbackmöten, mock-up och storyboard med flera. Detta har hjälpt oss att sätta oss in i produkterna, identifiera kundgrupp och designa presentationer våra klienter har varit nöjda med. Abstract This report is about our work at the company ComOpt in Helsingborg. Our task there has been to make presentations of the company´s products. The core in our work has been graphic design, in this case on the interfaces of the presentations we have been making. In our report we are reflecting about the designprocess we have been in and asking questions such as: What is it that makes a good designer? And: Were do we get our creativity and innovation from? Our conclusion is that a good designer is able to produce good products even with the lack of important resources. A good designer is creative and innovative. The designer knows him or herself and knows how to get inspired and thereby get great ideas. We have noticed that we get these ideas by ignoring the obvious and receiving inspiration through our surroundings. During our work we have been using methods as interviews, feedbackmeetings, mock-ups and storyboards and etcetera. This methods has helped us getting to know the products, identify the customergroup and designing presentations that has been to the satisfaction of our clients.

  • 129.
    Nordenskjöld, Gustav
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Software Engineering and Computer Science.
    Kingma, Harm Andries
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Software Engineering and Computer Science.
    Software Process Improvement Using Groupware: Supporting Distributed Cooperation in Software Development2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis describes our work with Team Sweden and how we have attempted to perform a Software Process Improvement using groupware. Team Sweden is a distributed academic software development organization doing research on artificial intelligence and robotics. Such an organization has a lot to gain from the introduction of a more structured process model. We have investigated the possibility of supporting the development processes of a small software development organization by introducing groupware. Only introducing a groupware tool or technique is not enough to improve the processes of an organization. Process improvement requires an infrastructure and groupware could be a useful tool for establishing it. Improved communication and knowledge sharing through groupware can be beneficial for establishing a process infrastructure. Groupware should be used in conjunction with other process improvement measures in order to be effective and improve the capability of the targeted organization.

  • 130.
    Norling, Karl-Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Holm, Philip
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Navigering, koordinering och översikt2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The advantage and the possibility of keeping track of a number of vehicles to make work practice more effective and smooth is today a favorable choice for Visual Units Logistics customers. We’ve been evaluating the software and trying to take it one step further and letting not only the individual user, but maybe, the company as a whole benefit from its advantages. This has been done by using methods like letting ourselves get to know the software, user case studies, workplace studies, interviews and future workshops. This resulted in a prototype introducing a new function designed with all collected data in mind trying to make the software, Visual Units Logistics, even more effective for the every day work practice of the user. A new function to keep track of vehicles outside the main working area at the same time as you still can keep track of the other vehicles in the field.

  • 131.
    Obajimi, Motunrayo
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Human Resourses Management (HRM); What Effect Does It Have On Staff Performance And Health Service Delivery In Nigeria – The Case Study of University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Rivers State, Nigeria2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The health care is a very important sector in Nigeria. Continuous observations of medical practitioners changing to, and picking up employments in other field for example, banking, insurance, oil and gas, marketing etc, pose a question if the problem has to do with Human Resources Management in the health institution where majority of the medical personnel get employed. This study was carried out to determine what effect this would have on staff performance and in turn health service delivery. This study adopted the simple random sampling technique to select one hundred and twenty (120) medical practitioners. The Likert scale was used to assess the opinion of the respondents. The data gathered through the questionnaires was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). More than half of the respondents: 54 (52.9%) confirmed their uncomfortable office conditions, 62 (60.4%) their insufficient benefits and allowances, 61 (59.8%) do not agree that they were being paid fairly for their responsibility. A vast majority of the respondents: 60 (58.8%) attested that employees are not recognized for good performance. Most of the respondents: 69 (67.6%) agreed that they were growing as a professional in the hospital. Quite a number of the respondents: 63(61.8%) confirmed that there is no policy that covers hazard related to their jobs. This study highlighted the overall Human resources management challenges in the health sector and confirmed the relationship between poor pay structure, lack of facilities, infrastructures, safety at work – and attitude to work. The Government and Health managers should address those factors that affect attitude to work. Improving the work environment so that it provides a context congruent with the aspirations and values systems of health workers is more likely to increase a better attitude to work and consequently have a positive effect on individual, organizational and health outcomes.

  • 132.
    Olows, Håkan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Kadiric, Armin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Koncept på kylstation i tubfyllningsmaskin2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work was conducted at Norden Machinery in Kalmar. Norden Machinery became an independent company in 1979 and is today a world-leading supplier of high-performance tube filling machines. The process in the machines is fully automated and handles mainly various types of laminated plastic tubes. In the process, the tube is filled with its content, the top of the tube is heated to partially melt the plastic and the top is then pressed together in order to seal the tube. Before any excess plastic at the top of the tubes is cut in the final step, the tubes need to cool down enough to not leave a bad cut. Norden Machinery wants to examine their current cooling station and further compare it with alternative solutions.

    The purpose of the work was that through theoretical and practical investigations examine different concepts of cooling. Performance criteria to be evaluated were cooling ability, cost of manufacturing, consumption of compressed air and noise level.

    Norden’s present solution was examined by temperature measurements at the top of the tube before and after the different stations in the tube filling machine. A concept generation process then followed, where a number of concepts were created, tested and evaluated with regard to the performance criteria. The concepts generated were limited to replacing the part of the tube filling machine that today serves as a cooling station.

    A generated concept that adds water mist to the compressed airflow could by measurements be demonstrated to increase the cooling performance by nearly 15 % at 25 % less airflow. The noise level was also positively affected. The solution is more complex than the current, and further development is needed, but the concept has the potential to cope with particularly demanding tubes that today cannot be cooled sufficiently.

    A final concept was presented, in which similar to the current solution compressed air is used for cooling the tube. Rectangular air outlets are used instead of round holes. With the new cooling profile, manufacturing costs can be reduced by close to 45%, mainly due to fewer operations and tool changes during the manufacturing.

  • 133.
    Olsson, Anna
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Årsköld, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Kill visions in the process of design :problem-oriented versus solution-oriented ways of expressing requirements2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How should requirements be expressed to support the design process of advanced software? This is what this report contributes based on facts from qualitative research methods performed at Ericsson Software Technology. The design process studied is influenced by different ways of expressing the requirements, problem-oriented and solution-oriented. The problem-oriented way of expressing requirements supports the designers to keep the overall picture of the product and make visions possible in the requirement handling process. The study also points out that the problem-oriented way of expressing requirements facilitates distributed software projects.

  • 134.
    Olsson, Carolina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Establishment of a Learning Centre at Mbarara University of Science and Technology2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report focuses on the establishment of a new Learning Centre within the LUMUST-project at MUST in Uganda. One important part of the development is to carry through careful examination of the situation and what the needs and expectation are. If this is done it would be easier to reach peoples expectations. The main purpose is to carry through a study among students and staff and map out their requirements and expectation on the new learning centre and summarize this in the report. During a period of two weeks I have conducted a fieldwork at MUST and I have carried out interviews, focus groups and observations at the university. Through this fieldwork I have been able to map out the needs and how the Learning centre should be managed and conducted in the future. One important observation I made was that the accessibility of computers are rare however students found computer and IT access very important in their schoolwork and research so a new Learning centre will be welcomed. Gradually the development of a new Learning centre has begun, this also enables the expansion of the LUMUST-project and hopefully in a near future enabling the expansion of Net based courses intended for students and staff. The development of the new Learning centre will hopefully broaden both the staff and the students learning environment in a positive way. The result of my work is this report, which is based on my observations and my recommendations of a Learning centre. I have also, on the basis of a PCW perspective, discussed how the new Learning centre will be managed to be able to achieve sustainability.

  • 135.
    Olsson, My
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Konstskolan2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sammanfattning Jag har gjort en webbplats som heter ”Konstskolan” för Liljevalchs konsthall, kulturförvaltningen i Stockholm och kulturskolan i Stockholm. Det är med stipendier från dessa som webbplatsen blivit möjlig. Arbetet med konstskolan påbörjades hösten 2005 och avslutades i Maj 2006 på distans ifrån Stockholm mot Blekinge Tekniska Högskola i Karlshamn. Webbplatsen är till för allmänheten, men framförallt för konstintresserade och de som vill veta mer om hur det går till att måla i olika medier. På webbplatsen tar jag upp medierna: olja, akvarell, akryl, gouache, kol och blyerts. På var och en av dessa medierna får man reda på dess historia, vad det finns för tekniker, vad för material man behöver, övningar och tips. Alla tavlor under övningar och teknik har jag målat och ritat, sedan har tavlorna blivit fotograferade under processens gång så att man kan se och förstå uppbyggnaden. Jag hyrde en fotostudio i Stockholm där jag kunde ta med allt konstnärsmaterial och fotografera för bästa ljus, sedan har jag även byggt upp en fotostudio i hemmet. Därefter har jobbet varit att skapa en design som passar ändamålet och en tillhörande logotyp. Uppbyggnaden av webbplatsen har varit tidskrävande men rolig. Jag har framförallt använt mig av programmen Macromedia Flash 8, Adobe Photoshop CS och Illustrator CS.

  • 136.
    Paulsson, Evy
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Björklöf, Jenny
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Immersierande Motivation: Hur immersion upplevs vid lärande spel av yrkesverksamma2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Spellärande blir allt vanligare, även inom arbetslivet. Det finns flera olika skäl till varför dataspel som läromedel har ökat i popularitet. Ett av argumenten för spellärande är att de är motiverande. En av motivationsfaktorerna i dataspel är immersion. I denna studie ville vi undersöka om im-mersion verkar motiverande vid lärande vid kompetensutbildning. Syftet med studien var att nå en förståelse om hur immersion och lärande spel kan verka som stöd vid kompetensutbildning, vad som ger upphov till immersion vid spel och hur detta upplevs. För att få svar på detta problematiserades följande frågeställningar fram; hur upplever yrkesverk-samma immersion vid spel? Vad är det yrkesverksamma upplever ger upphov till immersion vid spel? Hur upplever yrkesverksamma att immersion kan verka som stöd till lärande och motivat-ionshöjande faktor vid användning av lärande spel vid kompetensutbildning? En hermeneutisk studie genomfördes var sex yrkesverksamma deltog. Resultatet av studien blev att yrkesverksamma upplever att immersion i samband med lärande spel vid kompetensutbildning kan: ge möjlighet till att snabbt komma in i information, vara en förutsättning för lärande, bidra till att alla spel lär, påverkas av spel tillsammans med andra, falla för långt ifrån ämnet och kräva kunnande för spelutveckling.

  • 137.
    Persson, Emmeli
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Sjelvgren, Helen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Graphical Corporate Interface. A concept for semi-produced Graphical User Interfaces for corporations.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The objective of this bachelor’s project is to investigate how to reuse the graphical- and technical aspects of a user interface, and to develop a concept for a semi-produced GUI. When giving shape to a user interface the aim is to make it usable for the end user, so naturally that is part of the work as well. There are a lot of innovative and interesting techniques in the web based GUI domain and some of them are suitable when the aim is to make a GUI which is both reusable and a corporate structure. Two stages exist in the semi-produced GUI concept. The first stage is to investigate and develop the semi-produced. The second stage is to use the semi-produced GUI and prepare a specific GUI for the end user. The whole concept will require some extra effort to begin with. There has to be an enquiry into which functions in the GUI are likely to be reused. The architecture has to be planned to be reusable and be well documented. In the GUI development there are several roles involved and all of them will be affected by the reuse idea. The core in the semi-produced concept is a component-based architecture, a well-prepared reference GUI, GUI- documentation and guidelines.

  • 138.
    Persson, Hannes
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Toft, Christian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Support usability in online communities2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will divide the concept of member feedback in online communities into three types, namely conversational-, behavioural feedback and content analysis. During this thesis we will argue for the advantages with user involvement in design and how the three types of feedback listed above together with members could be introduced into the design process. We argue that by combining traditional methods such as personas and focus groups with the different kinds of feedback in the design and evaluation process supports usability in online communities.

  • 139.
    Pérez, Juliana
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Ohlin, Magnus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Diversity Maturity: How are managers in Sweden facing today’s diverse workforce?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose with this research is to explore what management is doing in order to successfully manage the diversity needs in their workplace and to put up a conceptual model of the initiatives needed in order to reach a successful diversity strategy implementation. The questions are aimed at finding the barriers for managers to implement a successful diversity strategy. Our goal is to understand where the real practitioners of workplace diversity stand in the subject and which areas they wish could be taken a closer look by the researchers. We would also like to explore how mature the companies really are regarding the subject of diversity. Method The method for our thesis was to begin with an exploratory approach in order to gain a better knowledge of the subject and to learn where the literature stands today. To this we have added the collection of qualitative data through interviews made in eight different companies with a total of eleven managers in different levels of the organizations. Once all the data was collected and reviewed we ranked each manager and the company they work for to produce a picture of the diversity maturity present in these companies. Conclusions We have come to the following conclusions - Diversity is a strength and value for companies acting on a global market. - Diversity within a team make the team more productive, solutions are better since the input are from various angles. - To successfully maintain a diverse team puts more demands on the manager to realize that everyone is different and not to handle everyone the same. - There is a high level of maturity found in Swedish managers when it comes to diversity, but areas like training and recruitment policies need to be improved. - Swedish managers have a vast knowledge of what diversity means to their organizational process.

  • 140.
    Ribbershed, Håkan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Dokumenthantering i en kommunal organisation.2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet berör frågor kring arkivering och dokumenthantering på stads-byggnadsförvaltningen i Trollhättans kommun. Problem som kommunen har är dagslägets hantering av digitala filer.

  • 141.
    Rigestam, Lucas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Uppskattning av färgnivå genom lastcellsimplementering: Högskoleingenjörsarbete i Maskinteknik2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a final degree project in mechanical engineering which was performed at Ball Beverage Packaging Fosie AB, Malmoe. The goal of the project was to create a system that could estimate the amount of paint available in a machine that colorizes aluminum cans. The environment that the system was mounted in is demanding and has high requirements on strength, stability and toughness against splashes of ethanol and water-based paint. Moreover, the company initially demanded that the project only used existing holes on the machine for adding equipment. In order to choose a measurement technology for the system, literature studies were performed on laser, ultrasonic devices and weight measurement. These studies were the foundation for a concept analysis using a Pugh’s matrix.Furthermore, with the help of the Pugh’s matrix, the project was directed towards estimating the amount of paint by measuring the weight using load cells. The collected data was supposed to be handled by an Arduino uno R3 board. Following the decision of a direction, seven concepts were designed in Autodesk Inventor with regards to mounting in existing positioning pin-holes.The last concept was manufactured with own hands – under supervision – by processing aluminum rods. Parallel to the manufacturing, the electronic system was programmed and tested by both step-wise removing identical weights, and a by measuring a continuous weight decrease caused by water escaping from a container with holes. The results of these tests showed that the system could perform the desired function.The result of the manufactured concept confirmed that the system could work with the machine but the position in the positioning pin-hole was not optimal as the forces were too low. By creating a provisional mount and testing the system beneath the paint container, it was concluded that the position accumulated more forces. This resulted in an approved modification of the container holder for a permanent mount of the load cell. Followed by this, a large amount of tests showed that the system had good potential of working with the machine but a mount beneath the container was not good as friction from mounting screws had great effect on the read values.

  • 142.
    Robért, Georgiana Danet/Ida
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Datorisering av arbetsuppgifter: att understödja det viktiga eller det oviktiga?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Rapporten presenterar en argumentation angående datoriseringen av två arbetsuppgifter på Habiliteringen, Karlskrona har inneburit ett understöd av det direkta arbetet med patienter eller av det administrativa arbetet. De anställda anser att den direkta kontakten med patienten är det viktiga, medan dokumentering och det administrativa arbetet är det ”oviktiga”, aspekt som också framgår från vår empiriska undersökning. Vi har kommit fram till att även om de använda dataprogrammen är designade för att stödja dokumentering coh administrativt arbete, så finns det en stor potential i själva tekniken som kan göra möjligt en indirekt understödjning av huvutarbetet, som är den direkta kontakten med patienter.

  • 143.
    Roos, Linda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Digital kompetens: Äldreomsorgspersonals upplevelser av en digitaliserad arbetsplats2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Denna studie belyser datorteknikens betydelse och inverkan på äldreomsorgspersonals kompetensutveckling i relation till den digitalisering som sker i arbetslivet inom offentlig sektor. Regeringen presenterar den digitala agendan inom vilken informations- och kommunikationstekniken idag anses ha en stor potential för hållbarhet, tillväxt och utveckling. Enligt EU kommissionen är det flera viktiga delar som bör förbättras för att digitaliseringen ska lyckas. Däribland den digitala kompetensen, samverkan mellan olika instanser samt satsningar på forskning, utbildning och innovation. Ny teknik kan uppfattas på olika sätt av människor. Vissa ser datorn och ny teknik som något positivt och spännande som underlättar vardagen medan andra har svårare att ta den till sig och inte ser möjligheterna till lärande och utveckling. Syftet är att undersöka hur undersköterskor samt vårdbiträden upplever den digitalisering som sker inom äldreomsorgen och vilka faktorer som påverkar deras lärande och digitala kompetens.

  • 144.
    Sajjad, Umar
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Hanif, Muhammad Qaisar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Issues and Challenges of Requirement Elicitation in Large Web Projects2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Requirement elicitation is a critical activity in the requirement development process and it explores the requirements of stakeholders. The success or failure of this process is based on identifying the relevant stakeholders and discovering their needs as well as the quality of requirements. The quality of the requirements is greatly influenced by methods applied during requirements elicitation process. Only complete and structured requirements make these projects more reliable. The common challenges that analysts face during elicitation process are to ensure effective communication between stakeholders as well as the acquisition of tacit knowledge. Mostly errors in the systems are due to poor communication between user and analyst, and these errors require more resources (time and money) to correct them. The understandability problems during elicitation process of large web projects can lead to requirements ambiguous, inconsistent, incorrect and unusable. Different methods (Conversational, Observational, Analytical and Synthetic) are available to deal with the problems during requirement elicitation process. The challenge for analysts is to select an appropriate method or set of methods and apply them for the clear, consistent and correct requirement gathering. This study based on the results of interviews conducted to the professionals, who have industrial experience in development of web systems. The elicitation problems that are identified in literature and interview along with applicability of elicitation methods for requirement gathering in large web projects development are documented in this report.

  • 145.
    Sakaria, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Fahlander, Anna Karin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Dawid, Slawomir
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology.
    Minor Field Study: Tanzania OnLAN - Infrastructure, computers and learning. Introducing Information Technology in Montessori Training Centre?s Work Practice2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project focuses on the installation, teaching, and developing Information Technology in a self-maintained collective organisation: the Montessori Training Centre, Lushoto, Tanzania. Our practical endeavour consists in implementing modern technology in this environment. We have organised teachings for the staff of this organisation based on basic knowledge in computer use. We also studied how Information Technology may be implemented and its impact on their schooling system, their administrative tasks as well as their business activities (such as hostel and small scale manufacturing). The expected result of our work is to provide the Montessori personnel with independent means of computer management with built-in facilities for extensions, as well as technical means to maintain their technical equipment.

  • 146.
    Santos, Jose Fernando Lopez
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Abrahamyan, Lusine
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Mirzoyan, Tsovinar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    An investigation into the relationship between the commitment of employees and their performance. A study within the Information and Communications Technology industry2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employee commitment has been in the center of growing interests and studies for several decades. During this time different approaches and theories have been developed regarding this concept. In the same way the concept of employee performance related to the latter’s work has been the focus of attention due to a potential improvement that this term offers to an organization. A review of scientific literature explores how important it is to have committed employees and describes its impact on a company’s competitive advantage expressed through customer satisfaction, productivity, low employee turnover, tolerance to changes, low absenteeism, etc. Moreover, managing employees’ performance is also crucial related to the motivational theory with positive outcomes, such as employees’ relations, productivity, quality of the service or product, as well as financial performance of an organization. Besides, a number of authors have drawn attention to the need of exploring conceptually and empirically the relationship between employee commitment and performance. Even though, research has identified both positive and negative relationships between these two concepts, there still remain confusing points. In this thesis the relationship between employees’ commitment and performance in Information and Communications Technology industry in Armenia has been investigated. To note, no research related to this subject has been carried out in Armenia before. The critical review is followed by a field study in three ICT companies with an email-based interview conducted among 14 employees. As mentioned in the findings not only the importance of employee commitment to the firm but also the relationship and effects it has on employees’ performance as a key outcome have been identified. The findings are analyzed and discussed and conclusions are drawn at the end of the report.

  • 147.
    Savasadia, Kiran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Human Resource arbetets betydelse för lärande och kompetensutveckling inom två olika organisationer2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of globalization lately has shown the value in educating employees in competency development. The relevance of this globalization is the proficiency at which Human Resource work is conducted within an organization. Recent studies show that developing the competence level is in high demand in today’s society and therefore many companies have chosen to give its’ staff adequate opportunities to utilize their skills. In theory the basic hypothesis states that knowledge and competence within the workforce will be the key to success in the future rather than financial resources. The investment of this proficiency within the private and public sector on a short-term and long-term basis is necessary for each corporation in the future. A well functional organization has good insight in what demands a company should require and what competence the employees must have. During the 90’s many corporations faced several cut backs which resulted in the lack of inadequate training procedures regarding skill development for its employees. In this particular research, we have two unique corporations that have been studied for the importance HR work has on the competence development. Through interviews with correspondents working within the HR sector in global corporations, the results show that both companies view competence development as an important aspect of its’ respective success for the future. During the interviews both of the correspondents said that financial resources are not enough to give the employees the opportunity to develop their skills on a regular basis. Therefore the main responsibility is up to each individual to keep their respective knowledge up to date.

  • 148.
    Sjelvgren, Helen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Technological support for graphical user interface development in large-scale enterprises2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The graphical user interface for a software system has several important roles to fulfill. It shall serve the end users in their interactions with the system and it shall act as a front for the system. It is an advantage if the graphical user interface gives the receiver confidence and inspiration to use the system. Consistency and usability in graphical and technical design are important qualities and aspects that influence the receiver’s opinion of a graphical user interface and additionally the whole system. Moreover when there is a suite of proprietary systems from one supplier, the different application user interfaces shall provide for a homogeneous and familiar impression. The graphical user interface gives furthermore a possibility to confirm brand recognition for the software producer. It is a great challenge for a large-scale enterprise to develop and deliver comprehensive software systems with a common expression and consistency in the different graphical user interfaces. In order for large-scale enterprises to succeed in such activities, it is necessary to coordinate and integrate the development of user interfaces. The focus of this thesis is, consequently, to investigate how technological support for graphical user interface development in large-scale enterprises can contribute to this and support user interface designers and developers in a large-scale enterprise when the product portfolio is widespread. The contributions of the thesis work are presented as a number of observations and the observations as such are summarized in a case study. Moreover, the thesis proposes a technological concept for a large-scale software enterprise, where the aim is to support a common and coordinated way of working with enterprise development of graphical user interfaces.

  • 149.
    Sjöberg, Astrid Selling
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Interaction and System Design.
    Willing Technology: Inheriting understanding and practice in an complex technological system of dialysis treatment2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis was originally motivated by a curiosity about how historicity and culture forms understanding in activities in a work situation. I wanted to gather and structure some thoughts about what happens when scientific, formally educated, knowledge, which dominates in a traditional desk learning situation, is facing knowledge which is learned through practice in real work situations with complex technology. These contradictions, I believe, must be something we all experience every day, more or less consciously. A study could perhaps be done at any kind of activity or work. I chose a dialysis department and the work of dialysis nurses as an example. This turned out to be a good choice, since these two perspectives of understanding becomes quite clear in a setting with new technology, which, together with routines and treatment, is developing and changing constantly. Patients, nurses, doctors, patient wards, dialysis machines, water cleansing system, and so forth create a complex system. It is not possible to analyse this system, or even create anything meaningful for it, unless bringing in a perspective of time and culture, into the discussion. Historicity explains and forms work practice at the very same time, when the nurses have to create a standpoint and an understanding for the actions they have to take. Creating meaningful design into complex environments is not helped by aiming for a total understanding of the whole system. Instead, agents that form the change of understanding, behaviour and action may work as keys into the creation of new design.

  • 150.
    Solomon, Josefine
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Delat Ledarskap: dubbelt så bra, hälften så svårt?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det kan många gånger vara ett ensamt arbete att vara en ledare eller en chef. Att vara ensam i att fatta beslut och i bedömningar kan i längden vara påfrestande. Men den finns en form av ledarskap som, när den fungerar väl, verkar ha möjlighet att hindra de baksidor som en chef eller ledare kan utsättas för. Svaret på det är så enkelt som att vara två. I denna kvalitativa studie har syftet varit att undersöka vad som främjar eller hindrar ett framgångsrikt delat ledarskap i arbetslivet. Data har samlats in genom två samtalsintervjuer med personer som gemensamt driver ett företag. Resultatet beskriver hur ett framgångsrikt delat ledarskap kan fungera där relationen ledarna emellan är viktig, att det finns en tillit till varandra och att det alltid finns tydliga förväntningar på varandra och på vad som ska genomföras. Det beskrivs också att, studiens huvudfynd, feedback kan bidra till bland annat personlig utveckling i såväl framgång som motgång. Detta har inte tidigare hittats i forskning kring delat ledarskap utan det är något som kan ses som unikt för denna studie.

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