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  • 151.
    Bratt, Cecilia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Sophie, Hallstedt
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Procurement as driver of sustainable product-service innovation2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current patterns of production and consumption need to change and they need to do so radically. For this shift sustainability-oriented product-services are highly potential contributors. Product-services have been described as a market proposition that extends the functionality of a product beyond the traditional view by inclusion of additional services into the product-service system. From a producer perspective this opens up for a differentiation from competitors and thereby for strategic market opportunities. For the customer this means the possibility to be released from responsibilities linked to asset ownership, more differentiated options and increased function availability .For society at large it means the possibility to gain sustainability achievements. However, the market adoption of product-services or functional products brings with it significant challenges. The demand side is still hesitant to ownerless consumption and the supply side faces economical and company culture-related challenges. The challenges also include customer-related challenges and the development of product-services will require joint efforts of a number of actors along the value chain, actors that traditionally have been outside the buyer-seller relationship. Product-services need to be developed on a case-by-case basis and involve the users perspective from initial need phase until end-of-life in a collaborative process that is not practice today. This paper explores the strategic position of a procurer in this development. It aims at providing guidelines for procurement processes on how to successively and systematically utilize its potential as drivers for sustainability-oriented product-service solutions. Three procurement cases are studied for which a movement from a traditional product-oriented process to a functional-oriented process was the selection criteria. These cases were used to gain a deepened understanding of drivers and barriers for function-oriented procurement processes. A template for sustainable product development is used as a base for the development. The result from the cases is used to adapt the guidelines to current procurement processes and to meet the procurers where they are today.

  • 152. Bratt, Cecilia
    et al.
    Hallstedt, Sophie
    Broman, Göran
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Oldmark, Jonas
    Assessment of Eco-labelling Criteria Development from a Strategic Sustainability Perspective2011In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 19, no 14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To turn current patterns of consumption and production in a sustainable direction, solid and understandable market information on the socio-ecological performance of products is needed. Eco-labelling programmes have an important role in this communication. The aim of this study is to investigate what gaps there may be in the current criteria development processes in relation to a strategic sustainability perspective and develop recommendations on how such presumptive gaps could be bridged. First a previously published generic framework for strategic sustainable development is described and applied for the assessment of two eco-labelling programmes. Data for the assessment is collected from literature and in semi-structured interviews and discussions with eco-labelling experts. The assessment revealed that the programmes lack both an operational definition of sustainability, and a statement of objectives to direct and drive the criteria development processes. Consequently they also lack guidelines for how product category criteria might gradually develop in any direction. The selected criteria mainly reflect the current reality based on a selection of negative impacts in ecosystems, but how this selection, or prioritization, is made is not clearly presented. Finally, there are no guidelines to ensure that the criteria developers represent a broad enough competence to embrace all essential sustainability aspects. In conclusion the results point at deficiencies in theory, process and practice of eco-labelling, which hampers cohesiveness, transparency and comprehension. And it hampers predictability, as producers get no support in foreseeing how coming revisions of criteria will develop. This represents a lost opportunity for strategic sustainable development. It is suggested that these problems could be avoided by informing the criteria development process by a framework for strategic sustainable development, based on backcasting from basic sustainability principles.

  • 153.
    Bratt, Cecilia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Hallstedt, Sophie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Oldmark, Jonas
    Assessment of criteria development for public procurement from a strategic sustainability perspective2013In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 52, p. 309-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Green public procurement has emerged as a policy instrument with a significant potential to steer procurers' and producers' decisions in a sustainable direction. The purpose of this study is to assess the process for development of green public procurement criteria at a Swedish governmental expert body from a strategic sustainability perspective, i.e. to identify strengths and weaknesses from such a perspective as a basis for making this process more supportive of sustainable product and service innovation. A previously published framework for strategic sustainable development is used for the assessment. The assessment shows that the criteria development process is transparent, well-documented and that it encourages a high level of participation by the members of the working groups. However, the assessment also points to several weaknesses of the process. These include, e.g., a limited impact perspective and lack of a clear definition of sustainability objectives. The development process therefore results in criteria which mainly concern a selection of current environmental impacts outside the context of long-term objectives and consequently there are no strategies to prepare for future processes. The conclusion is that the current process may result in improvements as regards some known environmental problems, but to allow for a strategic approach that could more significantly promote innovative product-service system solutions in support of sustainable development, process changes are needed. Essential process changes are proposed in this paper.

  • 154.
    Brennan, Josephine
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Garrett, Susan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Purcell, Mike
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Opportunities for Global Sustainability (Global ABCD)2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of our substantive knowledge about global un-sustainability, insufficient progress is being made to halt systematic socio-ecological decline. Much information is readily available on downstream impacts, with limited focus on upstream activities driving such effects. This thesis uses backcasting from socioecological principles for sustainability to identify major upstream human activities violating these principles, the underlying drivers reinforcing such activities, alternative practices already in use with potential for significant expansion, and emerging opportunities for action across different sectors of society. Results show emerging patterns of high magnitude violations across all four socio-ecological principles indicating nexus points in energy, transportation and agriculture. These activities are reinforced by our societal structure which is designed to meet human needs through a growth paradigm which in turn does not adequately consider the ongoing health of ecosystems or the sustainable functioning of society itself. Shifting to potential solutions, examples focus on themes such as renewable energy, green chemicals, organic agriculture, and self-organising network structures. Recognising that these actions may not be enough, the thesis explores elements of a global vision which could guide progress. Emerging nexus points for societal change include education, information flows (particularly the media), design (as a leverage point), self-organization, and governance.

  • 155.
    Brinck, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Stridh, Josefine
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Utmaningar i att leda ur ett arbetskaraktäristikt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kvalitativa studiens syfte var att ur ett ledarskapsperspektiv undersöka vad chefer upplevde som signifikanta utmaningar i att leda en arbetsgrupp utifrån de fem arbetskaraktäristika dimensionerna; uppgiftsidentitet, uppgiftsbetydelse, variation i färdigheter, autonomi och feedback. För att uppnå studiens syfte valdes att göra djupgående, semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra chefer ifrån fyra olika verksamheter med varierande erfarenhet av ledarskap. Intervjuerna genomfördes vid personliga intervjuer med stöd av en intervjumall men också med utrymme för lämpliga följdfrågor för så uttömmande svar som möjligt. Resultatet av studien visade på att utmaningar återfanns i att arbetsgruppens autonomi tillsammans med variation i färdigheter begränsades av arbetsbeskrivning. Utmaningar upplevdes också kring att få de anställda att förstå hela bilden samt i anställdas sätt att nyttja eller utnyttja autonomi och hantera feedback i de fall de erbjöds. Studien pekade även på en signifikant utmaning i att varje anställd också var en individ, liksom chefers olika perspektiv på vad som ses som önskvärt beteende. Resultaten öppnade också upp för frågeställningar kring individuella skillnader, hos såväl chefer som anställda, i relation till de olika dimensionerna som påvisade ett behov för vidare forskning.

  • 156.
    Bro, Marlene
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    PLACE ATTACHMENT: en kunskapsöversikt med fokus på fysisk planering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att arbeta med social hållbarhet i planering och förändring av våra fysiska miljöer behöver vi få större kunskap och förståelse för hur människor intergrerar och påverkas av den fysiska miljön. Människan är inte alltigenom rationell och logisk även om vi vill tro det; forskning i olika dicipliner visar på att vi styrs av känslor och perception. Hur vi upplever situationen med våra sinnen och hur vi sammanfogar detta med våra tidigare erfarenheter och vår självbild avgör hur vi reagerar och agerar.

    Denna uppsats granskar forskningen på place attachment genom en genomgång av nio vetenskapliga artiklar av forskare från en bredd av dicipliner. Syftet är att utreda begreppets innebörd och vad det har för betydelse i arbetet med att planera och förändra fysiska miljöer.

    Begreppet place attachment syftar till betydelsefulla känslomässiga band som människor har till en specifik plats. Större delen av utförd forskning behandlar miljöer kring hemmet, där skalan oftast innefattar grannskapet, men forskning finns även kring andra typer av miljöer så som semesterboenden och rekreationsområden.

    De två dominerande perspektiven för att beskriva fenomenet är dels anknytningsteorin som har sin grund i psykologin gällande hur vi anknyter till andra människor. Dels fenomenologin som ur ett mer filosfiskt perspektiv beskriver hur vi genom att uppleva omgivningen genom våra kroppar skapar ett förhållningssätt till platsen. Forskarna i de valda artiklarna är alla eniga om att det finns ett behov hos människan att anknyta till platser.

    Genom att lära oss att se och förstå innebörden av begreppet kan arbetet med att förändra en miljö i den fysiska planeringen ske på på platsens och användarnas villkor. Vilket också kan leda till smidigare planprocesser.

  • 157. Broman, Göran
    et al.
    Holmberg, John
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Simplicity Without Reduction: Thinking Upstream Towards the Sustainable Society2000In: Interfaces, ISSN 0092-2102, E-ISSN 1526-551X, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 13-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The natural-step framework is used by over 100 organizations, including many global corporations in Europe and the United States, to provide strategic direction for their sustainability initiatives. The framework is built on the concept of simplicity without reduction. Out of respect for complexity we designed it to provide a compass, a guide for strategic direction. The framework consists of a backcasting planning process for sustainable development based on four principles (system conditions) for sustainability. The framework does not prescribe detailed actions. Once an organization understands the framework it identifies and specifies the detailed means by which to achieve the strategy, because it knows its business best. The steps in the planning process are understanding and discussing the system conditions for sustainability, describing and discussing how the company relates to the system conditions in today's situation, creating a vision of how the company will fulfill its customers' needs in the futur e while complying with the system conditions, and specifying a program of actions that will take the company from today's situation to the future vision.

  • 158.
    Broman, Göran
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Collins, Terrence
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, USA.
    Basile, George
    Arizona State Univ, USA.
    Baumgartner, Rupert
    Graz Univ, AUT.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Huisingh, Donald
    Univ Tennessee, USA.
    Science in support of systematic leadership towards sustainability2017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 140, p. 1-9Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The un-sustainable course of our societies is the greatest threat humanity has ever confronted. The biophysical systems upon which we are totally dependent have not been challenged by human activities at the global scale before and our impacts upon those planetary systems, as well as upon our social systems, cannot be adequately addressed by ad hoc solutions. Science and leadership will be required to address this threat and transform our current societies into sustainable societies. This Special Volume presents an evolving, yet increasingly cohesive, science-based perspective on leadership towards sustainability. Examples of crucial, overall questions addressed by authors of articles in this Special Volume are: How can science help to clarify sustainability as a foundational platform for success for society's core institutions (e.g. business, governance and education), and how can this platform inform envisioning, planning, monitoring, communication and decision making to accelerate the needed transitions? The conceptual framing of sustainable development in this Special Volume is based upon the logic that it is only if we can define sustainability in a scientifically solid way, as a frame for any vision, that we can analyze current situations in relation to such sustainable visions, and design strategies to close the gap to such visions. In moving from current situations towards possible sustainable futures, specific support in the form of leadership concepts, methods, tools, and requirements are also essential, i.e. given clarity around what needs to be achieved, effective leadership then requires knowing how to achieve it. Both the what and the how questions are addressed in this Special Volume. The research described provides a foundation for moving from ad hoc activities to systemic, systematic and strategic transitions towards sustainability. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

  • 159.
    Broman, Göran
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Basile, George
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Baumgartner, Rupert
    Collins, Terry
    Huisingh, Donald
    Systematic leadership towards sustainability2013In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systematic leadership towards sustainability implies utilization of systems thinking for step-wise approaches to transformative changes towards sustainable societies. This ‘call-for-papers’ (CfPs) for a Special Volume of the Journal of Cleaner Production is focused upon what types of research are needed for us to make the necessary local, regional, national and global changes. This CfPs is for anyone who wishes to address these challenges seriously, that is, to utilize essential aspects of leadership to contribute strategically to the transition towards sustainable societies. To successfully address these challenges, people from different sectors and disciplines must work together in a coordinated and efficient way. We wish to explore the question: What support do such transformative endeavors require and how can science contribute?

  • 160.
    Bron, Mikael
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
    Hantering av fysiska säkerhetsrisker – en kunskapsöversikt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The competence to manage risks related to health, security, fire and safety is a sought-after skill.This is especially noticeable in both business and public administration job postings for therecruitment process of managers, administrators or coordinators to security departments. At thesame time there is little specialist literature available in Swedish on the subject of risk managementin the context of protecting assets and people from physical security threats. The lack of literatureaffects the study of risk management from a physical and procedural security perspective,particularly at an academic level where this is a relatively new topic. To move forward and expandthe field of knowledge is an important step, not only for the scientific community but also for theindustry. This bachelor thesis attempts to be an initial but significant contribution to a topic thatis likely to grow. By mapping what has already been published on the subject in English as wellas summing up and analyzing the scientific knowledge from similar disciplines the thesis has alsohad an additional goal: to reach out with knowledge to those dealing with risk management inpractice, and thus raising their awareness and developing their professional skills.The purpose of this study is to present the current state of knowledge and at the same time toshow the width and depth of the risk management process. This is done by identifying similaritiesand differences in definitions, process descriptions, problems and best practice of the studied areaswhile at the same time account for any criticism offered against risk management as a concept.The results show that there are more similarities than differences in the risk management processand methods regardless of whether the purpose is to protect people and assets from healthhazards, crime, fire or accidents.The paper has been conducted as a descriptive literature study and a comparative textual analysis.The risk management process has been described with reference to the generic ISO standard(31000:2009, Risk management - Principles and guidelines). Also, ten common risk analysismethods that cover all steps in the risk assessment process have been described. The narrative andrelated analysis follow the same order as the ISO-standard process description.The material has been supplemented and compared with guidelines and scientific papers from threetypes of risks management contexts: (1) health hazards, (2) fire and safety, and (3) security.The paper also provides examples of the inconsistent use of terms and definitions both between andwithin different disciplines involved in risk management. One of the conclusions of the report is thatcreating a unified, universal terminology to be used in the security context probably is impossibleas well as being not necessary. Instead, certain terminological misunderstandings can be avoided byproviding clear definitions and explanations of their meaning in each particular case.

  • 161.
    Brooks, Sarah
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    O'Halloran, Dan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Magnin, Alexandre
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Rock On!: Bringing strategic sustainable development to music festivals2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recreational events gather large numbers of people in concentrated areas for brief periods of time. Effects of these events extend far beyond their spatial and temporal boundaries; a music festival is one such event. This paper asks, “What are some measures that can move music festivals strategically toward sustainability?” A framework for strategic sustainable development based on backcasting from sustainability principles is applied. Research draws on pertinent literature, interviews with festival organizers and an in-depth case study with International Music Concepts. Results indicate that critical flows and management routines upon which music festivals depend contribute to systematic undermining of social and ecological systems. Festival organizers sit at the centre of these flows, and are crucial to changing them. Education to inspire behavioural change of festival organizers and other stakeholders, notably suppliers, audience and artists, appears critical to shifting music festivals toward sustainability. This can be underpinned by building in-house ‘sustainability capacity’ of festival organisations; creating strategic alliances between festival organizers; and scaling up organisational efforts to include lobbying governments for financial and other support to authenticate a high-level commitment to true sustainable development. Music festivals may then leverage their role in society to move society itself toward sustainability. A template and guidebook are presented to facilitate this shift.

  • 162.
    Bruce, Niklas
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Daly, Elaine
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Horton, Paul
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    The critical role of social capital in strategic sustainable development2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary intent of this thesis was to determine if and how the practice of Art of Hosting, a dialogue–based, participatory process architecture, could foster social capital in communities and other large, complex social systems working to address a variety of complex challenges, in order to draw conclusions that could contribute, in a meaningful way, to the advancement of strategic sustainable development (SSD). We hoped to gain useful insights by examining and interpreting the results from two case study systems existing within very different social contexts and with very different organizational structures: Columbus, Ohio and the European Commission. Based on the results of our research, strategic recommendations, guidelines and tools were developed for SSD practitioners wishing to assess the level of social capital in the systems in which they operate and take strategic steps to increase it. These same recommendations, guidelines and tools should also be helpful for Art of Hosting practitioners working to address complex societal challenges in general. Overall, the authors of this thesis believe that these results hold particular significance for any collaborative or multi-stakeholder effort to build support for adoption, and ensure the successful implementation, of sustainability goals and programs. This could include Eco-Municipalities, Transition Towns, Agenda 21 Communities, Smart Cities, and large complex organizations such as multi-national corporations or universities, to mention but a few.

  • 163.
    Bruehmann, Timo
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Florkowski, Sabrina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Ickes, Kevin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Implementation of the ESDP: the example of North West Europe2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Thesis examines the implementation of the ESDP in the planning systems of North West Europe (Denmark, North Germany, Netherlands). For that it shows the influence of the ESDP on programmes and policies in the respective planning system, and also provides ideas to improve the interaction.

  • 164.
    Burjorjee, Peter
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Roth, Benedikt
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nelis, Yoeri
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Land cooperatives as a model for sustainable agriculture: A case study in Germany2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 165. Byggeth, Sophie
    Integration of Sustainability Aspects in Product Development2001Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Integration of sustainability aspects into the product development process has been difficult to achieve, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises. The main reason is that existing tools are experienced to be too detailed and as a result too demanding in terms of time and resources. This Licentiate Thesis presents a method for sustainable product development (MSPD). The method is intended to be a complement to existing overarching sustainability management tools and detailed quantitative product analysis tools. The objectives of the MSPD are: (i) identification of potential problems of present or planned products caused by substances and activities during the product life cycle that are critical with regard to principles for sustainability; (ii) guidance in finding solutions to the potential problems by modifications of present or planned products, and (iii) promotion of new products and business ideas based on sustainability aspects. A method suitable for most enterprises, irrespective of product type or background knowledge, has been sought. The MSPD includes: (1) a management tool which supports the user with information about, and instructions for applying, the method; (2) a flexible model for an integrated product development process, including checklist questions concerning traditional aspects of product development; (3) a modular system of guiding questions concerning aspects of sustainability, and (4) a prioritisation matrix for evaluation and choice of proposals in each product development phase. A MSPD prototype has been developed and tested in six small and medium- sized enterprises to study the usability of the basic structure of the method, and to obtain ideas for improvements and further development.

  • 166. Byggeth, Sophie
    et al.
    Broman, Göran
    Environmental Aspects in Product Development: an Investigation among Small and Medium Sized Enterprises2000Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small- and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) represent a large part of industry. Environmental considerations during product development in SMEs therefore imply a large potential for reducing society's environmental impact. Implementing environmentally adapted product development among SMEs has been considered difficult and is uncommon. Our approach is to develop a qualitative Method for Sustainable Product Development (MSPD) that relates both to a framework for sustainability and to the ordinary product development process. The aim is to guide the user to avoid problems related to social and ecological non-sustainability without demanding extensive expertise knowledge. Two surveys in ten Swedish SMEs have been carried out. An initial survey registered their product development procedures and environmental work as well as desired characteristics of a new suggested method for integrating environmental aspects into the product development process. A second survey registered additional desired characteristics and improvement suggestions when testing an early version of our MSPD. The surveys and the structure of our MSPD are presented, and the desired characteristics for a workable method in SMEs, found in our investigation and in literature, are discussed.

  • 167.
    Byggeth, Sophie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Holmberg, John
    Lundqvist, Ulrika
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    A Method for Sustainable Product Development In Small and Medium Sized Enterprises2000Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A qualitative Method for Sustainable Product Development (MSPD) is presented. It consists of three tools: an Integrated Product Development Model (IPDM), a strategic planning process based on backcasting (ABCD-analysis), and a matrix containing hierarchically ordered and guiding questions. This Sustainability Product Analysis (SPA) matrix has conditions for sustainability along one axis and the life cycle of the product along the other axis. The SPA-matrix is used in the ABCD-analysis, which in turn is used in the IPDM. Integrating the tools in this way and using overall conditions for sustainability is unique compared to many other tools and methods for design for the environment. The MSPD is being developed in discussions with ten small- and medium sized enterprises.

  • 168.
    Byggeth, Sophie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lundqvist, Ulrika
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Holmberg, John
    An Approach to Sustainability Product Analysis in Product Development2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 169.
    Byggeth, Sophie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    A method for sustainable product development based on a modular system of guiding questions2007In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present a Method for Sustainable Product Development (MSPD) with the aim of integrating social and ecological aspects of sustainability with a strategic business perspective in product development. The method applies backcasting from basic principles for sustainability, which allows a strategic approach, and it includes a modular system of guiding questions that are derived by considering these principles and the product life cycle. Initial testing in Swedish companies indicates that the suggested MSPD promotes a ‘bird’s eye’ perspective and encourage and aid development of products that support society’s transformation towards sustainability. Furthermore, it is concluded that the modular system provides flexibility and user-friendliness.

  • 170.
    Byggeth, Sophie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Hochschorner, Elisabeth
    Handling trade-offs in Ecodesign tools for Sustainable Product Development and Procurement2005In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 14, no 15-16, p. 1420-1430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trade-off situations often occur in the product development and procurement processes when alternative solutions emphasize different aspects that have to be balanced against each other. Ecodesign tools can be used in both product development and purchasing, for example to prescribe design alternatives, assess environmental impacts or to compare environmental improvement alternatives. However, it is not always clear what should be chosen in trade-off situations. In this study, fifteen different Ecodesign tools were analyzed to ascertain whether a valuation is included in the tools, in what way the tools give support in different types of trade-off situations and whether the tools give support from a sustainability perspective. Nine of the fifteen tools analyzed included a valuation and were able to give support in a trade-off situation, but the support was not sufficient. The valuation should include a lifecycle perspective and a framework for sustainability. Otherwise it can lead to strategically incorrect decisions from a sustainability perspective with concomitant risks of sub-optimized investment paths and blind alleys. However, all the analyzed tools can be complemented with other tools and methods based on strategic planning towards sustainability in order to include a framework for sustainability.

  • 171.
    Byggeth, Sophie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Ny, Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Wall, Johan
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Introductory Procedure for Sustainability-Driven Design Optimization2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to the increasingly competitive global market, there is a growing interest in design optimization. Being able to include aspects of socio-ecological sustainability in product design should aid companies to both improve current competitiveness and to identify viable long-term investment paths and new business opportunities in the evolving sustainability-driven market. A case study of a water jet cutting machine is used to illustrate a new iterative optimization procedure that combines a technical assessment with a sustainability assessment. Sustainability assessment methods/tools are first used to identify prominent sustainability problems from present-day flows and practices (“societal indicators”) and to generate ideas of long-term solutions and visions. Based on this, preliminary ideas about likely desirable changes in machine properties are obtained. Technical investigations are then performed to assess if/how these particularly desirable changes in machine properties could in principle be realized through changes in design variables. After that, obtainable changes are fed back to a new and more refined sustainability assessment to find out the societal implications of these changes. This may in turn result in other desirable design changes, which may call for a new and more refined technical assessment, etcetera. The experience from the case study indicates that the suggested integrated and iterative working procedure should be able to add information about socio-ecological impacts of product properties and influence design criteria used in prioritisation situations during product development.

  • 172.
    Bárcena, Zaida
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lind, Jayne Bryant and Jenny
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Sustainable Selves: Shifting Paradigms within Individuals as the Core Driver to Reaching a Sustainable Society2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many people have focussed on the physical or technical aspects of what needs to change in order for us to achieve a sustainable society. These approaches have been vital in addressing major challenges facing our world. This study adds that in order for us to move towards a sustainable society it is fundamental to address the root cause of our unsustainable ways. The focus is at the level of the individual and how they can shift to a new way of thinking, a new paradigm of sustainability as the core driver to reaching a sustainable society. An understanding of the old paradigm and new paradigm is defined, and from literature review and expert feedback, four qualities are proposed that individuals need to develop in order to operate within a new paradigm of sustainability. The study explores and presents some of the most effective ways to develop these qualities within individuals and as a result of this research the authors propose a tool – a guidebook with the intention to help inspire and empower individuals to effect change in their own lives and organizations, live more whole, meaningful and authentic lives and, in this way, move society towards sustainability.

  • 173.
    Cabeza-Erikson, Isabel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Edwards, Kimberly
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Brabant, Theo Van
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Development of leadership capacities as a strategic factor for sustainability2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Building capacities of sustainability change agents is primordial to increase the effectiveness and to accelerate the process towards a sustainable society. This research investigates the current challenges and practices of sustainability change agents and analyses current research in the field of leadership development. A Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development is described as a means to overcome and address the complex challenges that society faces today. Furthermore the development of leadership capacities of sustainability change agents is suggested as a strategic factor for the process of sustainable development. A literature study highlights the new dimension to leadership development and defines its characteristics. Interviews and focus groups with sustainability practitioners and students are analysed. From this analysis a set of methods and approaches to professional and personal development is derived. The research points to the need of developing leadership capacities, of sustaining them and of having the ability to be self-aware. It is mentioned that the development of these capacities will depend on the supporting environment, the methods employed and on the candidate itself in order to achieve best results.

  • 174.
    Cameron, Kevin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Khaleeli, Roya
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lumper, Amity
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Informing Individual’s Actions through Strategic Planning for Sustainability2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the effects of a strategic planning process for sustainability (SPPS) on individuals. Very little research has connected strategic planning and sustainability for individuals, while related research has focused on strategic planning in organizational contexts and psychological determinants of individual change related to the environment (e.g., environmental attitude and perceived personal threat). An SPPS, based on backcasting from scientific principles of sustainability and the ABCD Analysis, a generic strategic planning methodology utilized by The Natural Step, was adapted for individuals and introduced to eight people in Karlskrona, Sweden. The SPPS was delivered to each participant in three, two-hour sessions, facilitated by three researchers. The study: 1) measured participants’ ability to identify new actions that move towards sustainability; and 2) investigated what can be learned from applying the SPPS to individuals. Our research indicates that applying an SPPS can help individuals to identify additional actions that may move towards a principled definition of sustainability. Time for personal introspection within the structure of the SPPS appears to be a main value of the process.

  • 175.
    Campbell, Andrew
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Hurry, Jovin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Zidov, Maja
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Designing an Organisation to Activate Cross-sectoral Mass Collaboration Towards Sustainability2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to design an organisation attempting to facilitate cross-sectoral, action-oriented collaboration to influence systemic change towards sustainability, and to create a Design Guide for achieving this objective. To answer this, we conducted a participatory action research with Smart Urbanism: London (SU:LDN) as a case study. This is a start-up organisation whose goal is to introduce the paradigm of complexity thinking to the planning, design and delivery of cities in order to create a new, responsive and sustainable urban fabric. They intend to faciitate a mass collaboration across the relevant sectors. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) was used as a lens for the overall research, the analysis of SU:LDN and the construction of the Design Guide.

  • 176.
    Capano, Immanuel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Renewable Energy Policy Practices: Three European Cases.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of renewable energy sources in EU member states is expected to increase, leading to a more sustainable energy mix, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and a lower dependency from fossil fuels. Promoting the production of renewable energy is a topic that nowadays tops the agenda of many national and regional governments, due to three main reasons: environmental, energy security and regional development reasons, whereby the environmental reasons can be considered the driving force. The Thesis aims at distilling lessons learned from a comparative study of the policies practices in three large Member States and it analyses the relevance of the policy context for the development of the renewable energy (RE) sector. This study examines the national policies of EU member states towards the development of renewable energy, and the rationale for government intervention in this area. It analyses the different supporting instruments adopted by the three Member States and the impact that have on the development of the RE sector.

  • 177.
    Carey, Méabh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Harned, Alexandrea
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Stein, Dayna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Addressing Food Waste as a Contribution to Strategic Sustainable Development within Vancouver, BC2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, the production, distribution and sale of food negatively impacts ecological and social sustainability, undermining the vital systems on which society depends. Global implications are intensified as one-third of the world’s food is wasted. The purpose of this research is to understand the role of food waste mitigation as a strategic stepping stone to further sustainable development in food systems. A pragmatic qualitative approach and the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development were used to analyze this using a systems perspective to identify key focus areas for development. Analysis of the data collected from industry, municipal government and community stakeholders led to the identification of key causes of waste, and drivers of and barriers to food waste reduction. Causal loop diagrams aided in mapping the opportunities for collaboration and potential associated risks between the three aforementioned sectors. Thirteen focus areas were deduced and analyzed using sustainability principles. The interplay of upstream and downstream strategies is discussed in examining ways to pursue focus areas simultaneously to impact the systemic barriers to a sustainable food system including globalized trade, overproduction, and underlying issues of food insecurity. 

  • 178.
    Carius de Barros, Karina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    THE KARELIA CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION PROGRAMME: A soft space on the Finnish-Russian hard borders2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study analyzes the Karelia cross-border cooperation programme and its activity under the theoretical framework of soft spaces, exploring the processes through which it overcomes the administrative and political boundaries of the Finnish-Russian ‘hard borders’. The ability of these cross-border areas to cooperate may appear to conflict with the geopolitical context in which they are embedded. The historical path, however, reveals a process where conflicts over changes of borders and political scenarios coexisted with the sharing of spatial identities and development challenges. The study demonstrates how stakeholders are motivated both by functional needs of cooperation towards regional development, as well as desires to change existent practices in the Russian side. Through informal and semi-formal processes of negotiation employed by several stakeholders, the regions attempt to overcome the clashes between EU, Finnish and Russian political and administrative discourses. Thus, it is argued that the cross-border cooperation programme constitutes a soft space in-between regional, national and supranational levels, as well as an enabler of other soft spaces in the local crossborder level.

  • 179.
    Carlberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Knuds, Caroline
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Att vara arbetssökande: Motivation och känslomässiga upplevelser hos arbetssökande individer samt upplevelser utav kontakten med arbetsförmedlaren2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Arbetslöshet i dagens samhälle är hög vilket gör det till ett intressant ämne att forska om, begränsad forskning finns i ämnet arbetslöshet, motivation och känslomässiga upplevelser samt hur kontakten med arbetsförmedlaren upplevs. Det som går att läsa syftar till stor del på arbetssökande och deras hälsa men motivation och känslomässiga upplevelser för individer är viktiga aspekter vid arbetslöshet. Vad är det som gör att vissa individer är mer motiverade än andra? Och hur kan motivationen påverka i en situation utav arbetslöshet?

  • 180.
    Carlberg, Nina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Finns samband mellan medarbetares grad av self-efficacy och självupplevd interaktion med närmaste chef?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den teoretiska bakgrunden tar upp self-efficacy som begrepp och dess betydelse för medarbetare och organisation. Syftet med studien är att undersöka om samband finns mellan self-efficacy och interaktion mellan medarbetare och chef. Self-efficacy mäts med GSE, i översättning av Koskinen-Hagman et al (1999), medarbetar-chefsinteraktion mäts med egenkonstruerade frågor i samma enkät i syfte att undersöka relationerna avseende bl a nöjdhet, chefsnärvaro, kontaktfrekvens, problemlösning. Deltagare består av 58 medarbetare från samma organisation varav 83 % är kvinnor. Studien visar att samband finns mellan self-efficacy och hur medarbetare uppfattar interaktionen med sin chef avseende närvaro, nöjdhet samt hur medarbetare själva agerar vid problem på arbetet. Self-efficacy har däremot inte betydelse för på vilket sätt de föredrar att kontakta chefen. Samband finns mellan self-efficacy och anställningstid men saknas mellan anställningstid och nöjdhet.

  • 181.
    Carlsson, Fabiola Da Costa
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Lundin, Johanna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Från en kultur till en annan: En kvantitativ studie om immigranters psykosociala upplevelser i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studier kring ackulturation har blivit världsomfattande samtidigt som intresset till att studera dess strategier såsom marginalisering, integration, separation och assimilation bland immigranter är i ständig tillväxt. Syftet med denna studie var att via gruppvisa skillnader och samband undersöka immigranters ackulturationsprocess med betoning på marginalisering och integration. Frågeställningen löd om subjektiva psykosociala upplevelser skiljer sig åt hos integrerade och marginaliserade immigranter i Sverige. I studiens empiriska del valdes efter en omfattande litteraturgranskning tre grupper med respondenter (N = 43) från Chile, Polen och Grekland att undersökas via en kvantitativ metod. Resultatet antydde på skillnader i immigranters psykosociala faktorer under anpassningsprocessen till en ny kulturell kontext, samtidigt som ett huvudfynd utgjordes av att en ljusare hudfärg bidrar till färre upplevelser av diskriminering. Slutsatsen blev att det inte är en helt smärtfri process när en immigrant skall förflytta sig från en kulturell kontext till en annan.

  • 182.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Glöm inte partnern vid expatriering!2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Do not forget the spouse at the expatriation! The purpose of this essay is to investigate the spouse perspective of an expatriation and his/her own adaptation process in order to identify adjustment factors for spouses. The essay is a qualitative method, since the purpose was to gain a deeper understanding of the accompanying spouse adjustment process. Four people were interviewed on four different factors, personality, family, work and help to adapt. Furthermore, two more persons were interviewed working on Relocation Services at a large international company. The results show that the above factors play a major role in the spouse adjustment. Important features of the personalities are openness, responsiveness, flexibility and being a problem solver. Family communication and what age the children have also played into how well the partner adapts. Preparatory training in the form of cultural training, language training and awareness adaptation curve for accompanying partners. Support for relocation like mentoring and support for employment had significant impact on how well the partner adapts to the new country.

  • 183.
    Carlsson, Liesel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Assessing Community Contributions to Sustainable Food Systems2020Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Evidence suggests that food and dietary adjustments at the community level can make positive contributions to globally sustainable food systems (SFS), which have reciprocal impacts on quality-of-life factors such as food security and nutritional health. Assessing such contributions has two central challenges: 1) a lack of methods that support alignment between communities and across scales, balanced against the need to involve the community in developing relevant indicators; and 2) the absence of adequate, fine grained data relevant to the community. Purpose: Addressing these two challenges, this paper builds on a local-to-global approach to engaging communities in SFS development and illustrates using a community case study with Canadian dietitians (a professional community). Methods: Researchers used the Delphi Inquiry method, guided by the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, to address the first challenge, together with causal loop diagrams informed by the Cultural Adaptation Template to address the second. Results: Indicators were developed for dietitian-identified contributions to SFS. Modeling indicator interactions showed how some actions are reinforcing a professional paradigm, as well as priority areas for action and measurement. Conclusions: The methods used were a good fit for addressing the two central challenges guiding this work. Procedural guidelines are proposed that are adaptable to different community settings. Further, results highlighted that cultural paradigms are a driving force of change, dietitians have a strategic role in SFS development, and facilitating SFS literacy among RDs generates positive feedback loops that can amplify adaptations for, and positive contributions to, broader SFS development.

  • 184.
    Carlsson, Liesel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Conceptualizing and Assessing Sustainable Food Systems and Diets: A Review2020Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To synthesize research conceptualizing and measuring sustainable food systems (SFS) and diets and discusses the results from the perspective of supporting community level participation in global SFS. Design: Researchers conducted a narrative review of the literature, structured results into emergent categories and themes, and analyzed against known challenges to community level measurement. Results: Concepts defining SFS fall into the following broad approaches: visionary, multidimensional, resilience and parametres. Within these, common categories and emergent themes are reported. Assessment of SFS and diets can be grouped into three general approaches: multidimensional progress reporting, composite scores, and vulnerability assessments. Assessment is challenged by data gaps, especially at the community level, making community engagement in broader global goals elusive. Conclusions: Results contribute to SFS theory by suggesting a need to further develop existing parametres concepts, which set out system limits and principled approaches to governing those systems and show promise for assessment in the absence of adequate data. Future research directions might explore parametres approaches for supporting community level contributions to SFS in a way that demonstrates local-to-global alignment. These will be relevant to practitioners in nutrition, public health and community development, who are well-positioned to facilitate such work.

  • 185.
    Carlsson, Liesel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Inviting Community into the Development of Globally Sustainable Food Systems2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Food systems and human diets contribute to unsustainable socioecological conditions, which in turn negatively affect human health. These driver-impact relationships span multiple scales, prompting international governance bodies, nations, and communities alike to grapple with solutions for a better food future. Collaborative action across scales and sectors is necessary; however, how communities can align contributions with efforts at broader scales is unclear.

    The aim of this research is to develop theoretical and procedural supports for community engagement in globally sustainable food systems (SFS), and to provide concrete results relevant to one case community.

    The community of nutrition and dietetics professionals was chosen as the case community given its history of engagement with SFS, its integration throughout food system sectors, and because dietary shifts have significant potential to contribute to SFS. Furthermore, the researcher’s position as a member of this community supported the case study work.

    The research uses transdisciplinary methods guided by the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) and Community Development theory. The FSSD provides a concrete definition of sustainability and includes methodological supports for co-creation of sustainability transitions. Community Development theory supports participatory approaches and welcomes different knowledge cultures in such co-creation. The Delphi Inquiry method was used to facilitate data collection and community engagement. For measurement-specific elements of the research, causal loop diagrams (CLD) informed by the Cultural Adaptation Template (CAT) theory were used, and Critical Dietetics was used as a framework for dietetics-specific analysis.

    High level insights include that: (i) participatory and multidimensional approaches are important to facilitate community engagement in SFS development; (ii) objective parametres for defining sustainability are critical to guide concerted action and can provide an innovation space that invites creative and diverse solutions within; (iii) systems thinking and related tools help simplify the complexity of food systems without disregarding broader context, and support assessment in the absence of all data. Specifically in relation to the case community explored, insights include that, (i) integrating an SFS lens into existing roles and activities is important, because dietitians already work across sectors and scales, making them well positioned to contribute in diverse ways; (ii) a shared language based on transdisciplinary understandings of SFS is required; (iii) engaging in activities that facilitate SFS knowledge development within the profession, prior to integrating it into roles and activities, is an important first step; (iv) collaborative and reflexive approaches to continued knowledge development and practice are important, such that in the end sustainability becomes integrated into a cultural way of thinking about food.  

    Based on these insights, this dissertation outlines a procedure for collaborative community work for globally SFS. The procedure is adaptable to various community settings. The dissertation also provides specific guidance for how dietitians could utilise their strategic positions throughout food systems to contribute to SFS development.

  • 186.
    Carlsson, Liesel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development. Acadia University .
    Callaghan, Edith
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development. Acadia University.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    How Can Dietitians Leverage Change for Sustainable Food Systems in Canada2019In: Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research, ISSN 1486-3847, Vol. 80, no 4, p. 164-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In this paper, we begin to set out language defining sustainablefood systems (SFS) in Canada, through the voices of dietitians, andidentify leverage points where dietitians can affect change.Methods: Dietitians of Canada members were invited to a Delphi Inquiryprocess; questions explored a vision of SFS in Canada, barriers to thatvision, and actions. Results were independently analysed by 2 membersof the research team who used the Framework for Strategic SustainableDevelopment to structure the data.Results: Fifty-eight members participated. The resultant vision describesa future food system in 15 thematic areas of the social and ecologicalsystems. Barriers are described according to how they undermine sustainability.High-leverage actions areas included: (i) facilitating knowledgedevelopment within the profession and public, (ii) influencing organizationalpolicy to support SFS, and (iii) and influencing public policy.Approaches to such action included: (i) facilitating cross-sectoral collaborationand (ii) applying reflexive approaches.Conclusions: This research suggests a multidimensional understandingof food systems sustainability among dietitians. The vision provides somelanguage to describe what dietitians mean by SFS and can be used as acompass point to orient action. Action areas and approaches have thepotential to drive systemic change while avoiding unintendedconsequences.

  • 187.
    Carlsson, Veronica
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Med livet som utbildning: Team och enskilda entreprenörers uppfattningar av lärande2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Samhället har genom alla tider förändrats och individerna i samhället har förändrats tillsammans med det. Dagens tekniska utveckling och globaliseringstendenser har medfört en intensiv förändringstakt. Detta innebär att människan måste vara mer förändringsbenägen och anpassningsbar än någonsin förr. Några individer är mer ivriga än andra att lära nytt. De kallas entreprenörer och förespråkar förändring och anpassning till nya omständigheter. Forskning visar att entreprenörer allt oftare startar företag tillsammans. Syftet med denna studie är att utveckla kunskap om teamentreprenörers uppfattningar av lärande. Studien grundar sig på en fenomenografisk ansats där uppfattningar av lärande är det primära. Datainsamlingen skedde med hjälp av narrativ metod med fokus på entreprenörers kunskapsutveckling när de löser problem som uppstår under verksamhetsutveckling. Resultatet visar att det finns liknande såväl som skilda uppfattningar av lärande, beroende på om entreprenörer arbetar i team eller enskilt. Bland annat framkom att teamentreprenörer uppfattar att lärande sker genom samspel, externt såväl som internt med varandra. Dessutom inser de vikten av den egna kompetensen för att de ska kunna lära på ett effektivt sätt. Entreprenörers lärande står i relation till den fortsatta utvecklingen av livslångt lärande i samhället.

  • 188.
    Carlsson, Veronica
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Motiverande beslutsfattande: Relationen mellan chefens beslutsfattande och anställdas arbetsmotivation2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Beslutsfattande anses vara en viktig del av ledarskapet. Trots detta är förhållandet mellan chefens beslutsfattande och anställdas arbetsmotivation ett mindre utforskat område. Studiens syfte var därför att undersöka relationen mellan anställdas perception av chefs och lednings beslutsfattande, informationen av fattade beslut och de anställdas arbetsmotivation, samt motivation för eget beslutsfattande i arbetet. Genom ett webbaserat enkätverktyg samlades data in från de 37 respondenterna, bestående av anställda vid en statlig organisation i Mellansverige. Datan analyserades framförallt med hjälp av Spearmans korrelationsanalys. Resultatet gav stöd för tre av studiens fyra hypoteser och indikerade att om ledningen fattar de beslut som organisationen kräver och vidare kommunicerar dem med sina anställda skapas förutsättningar för anställdas motivation, både för arbete och för att fatta egna arbetsrelaterade beslut.

  • 189.
    Carreño, Sara Flores
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Harel, Tamar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Macario, Carmelina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    A Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) Approach for Executing Vision 20502011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All levels of society, individuals, businesses and governments, must be involved in order to reverse the unsustainable path that society is currently on. Though much has been written about what needs to be done, there is much less literature on how to do it. This study attempts to start filling this gap. This paper is focused on the Vision 2050 report which acknowledges the role businesses have in moving society towards sustainability. The Vision 2050 report which was released by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development explores the current reality business is facing and the opportunities that are available for them to incorporate sustainability into the mainstream of their business. The study examines how businesses can begin to integrate sustainability into their company’s operations and services, using the report for inspiration and the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development as guidance. A suggested approach is presented in the form of an implementation guide, which can be used by business to help them navigate their organization, collaborate with others and to develop an action plan as they work to integrating sustainability into their operations

  • 190.
    Carswell, Cassandra
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Filshie, Stuart
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Osinga, Yvette
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Zophoniasdottir, Solveig
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Strategy and Sustainability Awareness in the Danish Fourth Sector2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The newly emerging Fourth Sector combines a strong social or environmental mission with business practices, and could potentially play a catalysing role in moving society towards sustainability. This thesis explores the extent that Danish social businesses and enterprises are using a strategic sustainable development approach and discusses how such an approach could potentially strengthen their core business. The analytical framework we used is the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, complemented with sector specific elements. To gather our data we conducted twelve semi-structured interviews with Danish social enterprises and businesses, as well as expert interviews. Main findings include that few had both social and environmental goals, that they strategise informally, and few measure their impact. Recommendations to strengthen their core business include incorporating sustainability in their definition of success, making their decision-making framework explicit, and measure and communicate impacts.

  • 191.
    Cassidy, Ann S.
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Page, Delphine Le
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Spender, Sean W.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Enhancing planning for local energy systems by the strategic sustainable development framework2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world is facing energy supply challenges. Rising prices and finite reserves of fossil fuels, combined with necessary reductions in their use in order to mitigate anthropogenic climate change, will dramatically reshape the future energy supply. Among the greatest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions are the energy systems that power transportation, heating and cooling, and industrial processes. It is imperative that energy planning is sustainable, secure and effectively implemented for local development. The aim of our research is to enhance the planning process that can aid authorities moving towards sustainable local energy systems. Local energy systems refer to the supply, distribution and use of energy within a municipality. In this study, we advocate applying a strategic sustainable development framework based on 'backcasting from principles of sustainability'. We analyzed global, European Union and Swedish energy objectives, as well as the results of a survey of beacon European cities to inform strategic planning guidelines for authorities moving towards sustainable local energy systems. Our research suggests that the strategic sustainable development framework provides structure to inform strategic and critical decision points for planning and implementing local energy systems.

  • 192.
    Cataldi, Carlotta
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Dickson, Maureen
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Grover, Crystal
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Slow Fashion: Tailoring a Strategic Approach towards Sustainability2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores one avenue for achieving sustainability within the fashion industry; which as it exists today is unsustainable. The Slow Fashion movement has an existing foundation in the larger fashion industry and is already making strides towards sustainability. The authors used this opportunity to examine a strategic approach, as its current approach is ad hoc. First, the authors assessed the Slow Fashion movement using the 5 level Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development. To analyze the Slow Fashion movement further, the concept of Leverage Points was used to provide a focused lens to assist the author’s in navigating through the fashion industry’s complex system. Findings were synthesized into thirty strategic recommendations that target various players in the Slow Fashion movement. Three key recommendations will provide the most leverage in strengthening the Slow Fashion movement: 1) Co-create Slow Fashion Principles to represent the values of the movement and a shared definition of sustainability 2) Establish an overarching global network and local chapters for the Slow Fashion movement 3) Harmonize global garment and textile labelling initiatives under a Slow Fashion label.

  • 193.
    Chacón, Lisa
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Hornblow, Benjamin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Johnson, Daniel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Walker, Chris
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Strategic Sustainable Development for the Stationary Power Sector: Is Carbon Capture and Storage a Strategic Investment for the Future?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An examination of the stationary power sector is performed using The Natural Step framework and Sustainability Principles (SP), in order to aid decision makers in developing policy to balance energy needs while reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in order to address climate change. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is evaluated for its sustainability aspects, and is found to be a potentially sustainable approach which can be a bridging technology to a more sustainable energy mix, as well as a remediation technology which can remove CO2 from the atmosphere when utilized in combination with biomass fuel. Initial actions for restructuring the stationary power sector should emphasise demand reduction and efficiency efforts, followed by switching to renewable energy sources. If the first two strategies can not provide sufficient CO2 reductions, then investments in CCS technology may be an appropriate choice. CCS with coal-fired power can be a means to decouple CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use, but other SP violations associated with coal use must also be fully addressed before this strategy can be considered a truly sustainable option.

  • 194.
    Chai, Yi
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Gao, Zhenqing
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Product-Service System Innovation in Urban Mining-A case study with Volvo CE2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) is one of the world's largest manufacturers of construction machines. Now they want to access a sustainability-focused mining field – urban mining. This study is to find a solution helping Volvo CE quickly access to urban mining with a Product-Service System (PSS) development concept. To do this, the authors completed surveys and several interviews with construction companies, to understand the user and customer needs. The authors also go through a functional analysis on a new prototype of their collaboration partner - Stanford University. The result of this thesis is a PSS concept for urban mining, developed with machine selection guidelines combined with Life Cycle Assessment, and Quality Function Deployment. Recommendations include: 1) Improve the communication between Volvo CE and their Customers. 2) Adding more visible services. 3) Adding multiple business solutions provide to customers. 4) Understanding relevant stakeholders in urban mining 5) Expand research on urban mining.

  • 195.
    Chen, Chen
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Dilley, Maura
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Valente, Marco
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Improving Decision Support Systems for Water Resource Management2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Water Framework Directive (WFD) structures long-term plans for Europe's threatened water resources. Owning to the inherent and human-made complexities of the water cycle, stakeholders must move strategically to avoid crisis and restore sustainability. Yet, the reality of water resource management today is falling short on delivery. Stakeholders require strategic tools that will help them to build consensus and take action in the right direction. Using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), this study shows how Decision Support Systems can be strategically improved using a whole-systems approach grounded in basic Principles for Sustainability. In this way, stakeholders will be capable of making synchronized moves towards sustainability and thus more likely to realize the WFD’s goal of ‘good status’ for all European waterways by 2015.

  • 196.
    Chen, Zixiang
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Billiard Club2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Billiard Club will provide a good billiard training and entertainment environment for the young beginners as well as mid-age fans of the cue-shot games in Karlskrona. There would also be some Asian style Fast food provided in the Club.

  • 197.
    Chender, Isabel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Viggiani, Raquel Luna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Patarroyo, Zulma
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    The Role of Rural Development Interventions in Creating a Sustainable Society2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The inter-related social and ecological facets of global sustainability imply that the way society develops will impact the environment. Development presents complex, multifaceted challenges. Interventions in the developing world in the form of projects created by the agencies, organizations and agents of the international development community increasingly appreciate and seek to address these challenges. Yet, to do so effectively, interventions need to shift from fragmented, sector-specific approaches based on formal data reports to approaches that anticipate, adapt, transform, and learn. This research aims to complement and support the practical and theoretical knowledge of rural development agents with insights from practitioners using approaches that consider complexity in other fields, in order to explore how development interventions could play a role in moving society toward sustainability. A prototype guide for rural development interventions synthesizes results gathered from interviews with rural development agents within Latin America and learning experience designers into three levels: system, interaction, and personal. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) provides a systems perspective and unifying definition of sustainability. The interaction level presents key recommendations, rationale, and methods for action, and the personal level presents reflection questions. This research hopes to inspire mutual learning between development actors and communities.

  • 198.
    Cheng, Zeng
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Urban Sprawl: how to prevent from urbanization to counterurbanization - the Research and Thinking of Compact City and Satellite City2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sprawl seems an inevitable phenomenon because of the rapid expansion in urban area. It has some negative consequences, such as long transport distance to work, high car dependence and inadequate facilities. Recently, it pointed as causing a lot of urban problems and the situation has been worsening. This thesis asks the question: could there be a conscious way to prevent this issue? To deal with it, this thesis firstly conducts an intensive study about theories of compact city and satellite city. In the second part, in order to investigate how those theories are reflected and implemented in real examples, this thesis analyzes two cases and discusses about how urban sprawl happened in London and Shanghai as well as to what extent theories were served in these two cities. The investigation produces some results related to the process of urbanization, common actions which authorities would take towards it, and some highlights in the pre-experience. So when facing with urban sprawl, the measure might be dealt with it in a more conscious way.

  • 199.
    Chester, Ronan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Woofter, Jennifer
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Non-Financial Disclosure and Strategic Planning: Sustainability Reporting for Good Corporate Governance2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A sustainability report is a tool to help organizations monitor and communicate economic, environmental, and social performance. A corporate strategic planning model is a tool that guides businesses through decision-making processes for sustainable competitive advantage and long-term economic success. While both tools can be used to move a company towards sustainability, the processes are usually not closely integrated. This project explores a closer integration of sustainability reporting and strategic planning for improved corporate governance and strategic sustainable development. We scrutinize the 2002 Global Reporting Initiative Sustainability Reporting Guidelines against a scientific principle definition of sustainability, pointing out current shortcomings and suggesting opportunities for improvement. An enhanced sustainability reporting model is proposed followed by an exploration of how this reporting model can bring value to the corporate strategic planning process.

  • 200.
    Chiem, Jenny
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Bloggning: om upplevelser kring publicering av personlig information för offentligheten2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har blivit alltmer populärt att ”blogga”. Ordet blogg uppstod under 1990-talet och sedan dess har ett stort antal människor tagit det av fenomenet. Publicering av information på Internet kan innebära att vem som helst kan få tillgång och detta var en utgångspunkt för studiens syfte, som var att få förståelse för hur studiens deltagare upplever att publicera personlig information för offentligheten via bloggar. För att nå förståelse användes kvalitativa intervjuer. Den primära frågeställningen var att undersöka om det är sökandet efter bekräftelse från andra människor som är kärnan i bloggandet. Begreppet självkänsla blev centralt då bekräftelse ska ses ur en psykologisk synvinkel. Studiens resultat visade tecken på att bloggning ses mer som ett sätt att skriva av sig på, närmare bestämt som ett dagboksskrivande än bekräftelse i den bemärkelsen ”duger jag?”. Slutsatsen kunde vara att samtliga deltagare vill göra sina röster hörda via sitt bloggande. Avslutningsvis verkade studien visa en bild på att bloggskrivandet är här för att stanna.

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