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  • 201.
    Chikumbo, Irene
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Öztürk, Ahmet Eren
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Tate, Taryn
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Social Entrepreneurship as a Catalyst to Increase Equality in South Africa2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Inequality is a complex issue and an integral part of the sustainability challenge. This research examines how social entrepreneurs (SE) can be catalysts to increase equality in South Africa. In order to navigate through the complexity of inequality within this context, the authors designed a conceptual model. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), based on Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) concepts, such as backcasting and systems thinking, was incorporated into the research to ensure a systematic and comprehensive link to sustainability. The FSSD and the conceptual model assisted in exploring how social entrepreneurship could be a strategic approach to increase equality in South Africa, and in turn, help to open the social trap and contribute towards creating a more sustainable society. During the research process, the researchers identified nine high impact areas that could be addressed by SE and other stakeholders. These include: awareness; attitude and mind-set; a shared understanding; government support; education and training; economic environment; financial sustainability; social and physical infrastructure; and collaboration and asset sharing. The aim of these high impact areas is to help foster social entrepreneurial development and guide SE in strategically increasing equality in South Africa.

  • 202.
    Chuvarayan, Alexandra
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Peterson, Celia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Martel, Isabelle
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    A Strategic Approach for Sustainability and Resilience Planning within Municipalities2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research started by recognizing the role that local, municipal governments can play to reach the global goal of sustainability. In addition,a municipal community must be able to cope with change and disturbance in order to successfully achieve a sustainable future. This research investigates how improving municipal resilience can be a strategy to reach sustainability, and answers the primary research question “How can planning resilience help a municipal government lead a community towards sustainability?” Research was conducted through an inter-disciplinary literature review focusing on identifying key characteristics of resilience.Other methods included diagramming exercises to identify factors which foster or undermine resilience characteristics. Finally, implementable measures where identified which municipalities can implement to improve resilience and sustainability. These measures were selected using a synergy matrix, which helps select measures which most support principles for sustainability and resilience characteristics. The feasibility and current adoption of such measures was checked through interviews with municipal experts of Swedish, Canadian and Finnish municipalities.

  • 203.
    Claesson, Linda
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Forsberg, Oskar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Barn av vår tid: En retrospektiv studie om före detta besökares erfarenhet av fritidsgårdar samt dess påverkan på individen i dess nuvarande liv.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om hur fritidsgården har påverkat sina före detta besökare. För att genomföra detta använder vi oss av både enkäter och kvalitativa intervjuer. Studien är gjord i samarbete med Karlskrona kommun och kommer vara en del i ett större forskningsprojekt som ungdomsstyrelsen driver. Ungdomsstyrelsen arbetar med ett pilot projekt som Karlskrona kommun är en del av. Målsättningen för Karlskona kommun är att effektstudera förebyggande och främjande arbete inom kultur och fritidsområdet. Syftet med studien är att få en inblick i hur före detta fritidsgårds besökare upplevde sin tid som fritidsgårdsbesökare och hur detta har påverkat dem i deras fortsatta liv. Problemområdet kan sammanfattas med; äldre ungdomars syn på sin tid då de besökte en fritidsgård i Karlskrona kommun. Det vi vill få fram i stort om denna grupp är hur deras tid som gårdsbesökare påverkat dem i deras fortsatta liv, fick det någon konsekvens i deras syn på brott, våld, droger m.m. Fick de tillräckligt stöd från personalen, fick de vara med och påverka innehållet m.m. För att kunna förstå och förklara hur unga människor tänker och agerar utifrån de valmöjligheter de har använder vi oss av två moderna teoretiker som båda har ägnat sig åt att analysera samhället och människan. Den ena är Anthony Giddens samhällsteori om identitet i det moderna samhället och den andra teoretikern är Tomas Ziehe och hans teori om ungdomskulturer. I resultatet framkom vikten av att det finns en fritidsgård i samhället samt att det finns ett behov av en fritidsgård för dagens ungdomar i deras jakt på sin identitet. Vilket behandlas i analysen utifrån Giddens teori om identitet och identitetsskapande. Även Ziehes teorier om vikten av att ungdomar kan välja sina stilar som forma deras identitet behandlas i analysen. Diskussionen visar på hur vida fritidsgården är en plats för ungdomarnas identitetskapande samt det finns ett behov av en fritidsgård i dagens samhälle. Studien deltagare anser att fritidsgårdarna är en plats som bör finnas kvar i dagens samhälle och är en miljö som kan ha en positiv inverkan på besökarna.

  • 204.
    Colldahl, Caroline
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Frey, Sonya
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Kelemen, Joseph E.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Smart Cities: Strategic Sustainable Development for an Urban World2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Global urbanisation trends and pressing issues around sustainability pose great challenges for cities. The smart city concept has been developed as a strategy for working with cities as they become systematically more complex through interconnected frameworks, and increasingly rely on the use of Information and Communication Technology to meet the needs of their citizens. This thesis explores the concept of smart cities as a potential urban construct that can address the social and ecological sustainability challenges which society faces. Smart cities are defined as cities where investments in human and social capital, and traditional and modern communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic growth and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory governance. Through structured interviews with smart city practitioners and sustainability experts, the strengths and limitations of the smart city concept are identified and organised through the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD). Then, a Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) approach is applied as a method to maximise the benefits of the concept, and to mitigate any identified limitations. This thesis recommends a planning guide, informed by an SSD approach, to help smart cities move strategically towards their smart city vision and also move society towards sustainability.

  • 205.
    Colquechambi, Adriana
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Ulu, Gül
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nakamura, Mari
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Yu, Xiaohui
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    An Exploration of Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) Complemented Transformative Social Innovation (TSI) Tools2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The human social system is facing complex social issues and (new) initiatives coming from different social actors are born to try to tackle these complex social issues. Social innovation is the field where these initiatives function, so it is also a complex field to identify and frame. Thus a new theory, the Transformative Social Innovation Theory (TSI), was developed in order to frame and bring more clarification on the social innovation field to contribute to societal transition and transformation. The five TSI tools were developed from the TSI theory and they are training tools. All the TSI tools aim to (dis)empower the social innovation initiatives, actors and networks in the process of transformative social innovation. Transformative Social Innovation is the process of changes in social relations involving challenging, altering and/or replacing dominant institutions and structures which are considered to be the roots of systemic errors. This study sought to explore the Transformative Social Innovation tools from the perspective of the Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD). In this regard, the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) was adopted as it provides a principle-based and scientifically-proved definition of sustainability as well as a systems thinking approach regarding the complexity of global sustainability challenges. This research project tried to identify the potential contributions of the TSI tools to sustainability and the entry points of the tools where relevant SSD features could complement them so that they can contribute to strategically move the society towards sustainability. A qualitative research approach was selected. The methodology included four research methods, namely document content analysis, interviews, the FSSD analysis and prototyping. The results of this research indicated three main contributions of the TSI tools that could help to strategically move the society towards sustainability. Five entry points where the tools could be complemented with SSD features and a set of add-ins from SSD that could complement the current TSI tools were identified. The add-ins were sent to the TSI theory authors for the expert consultation.

  • 206.
    Connell, Tamara
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Dubin, Melanie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Szpala, Magdalena
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Carbon Neutrality as Leverage in Transitioning a Financial Organisation Towards Sustainability2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is one of the most pressing environmental issues of our time, as it threatens the survival of human civilisation. With the increasing number of initiatives trying to address climate change, it is important to examine how effective they are and what other roles these initiatives can serve in transitioning society towards sustainability. This thesis investigates the role of one such initiative, carbon neutrality, within a strategic approach to sustainable development, based on the case study of the North American Credit Union (NACU). A scientific understanding of climate change and sustainability provide a strict evaluation of the carbon neutrality concept with its benefits and challenges, including the role of carbon offsets. Within this context, recommendations are provided for roles and actions that a financial organisation such as NACU can take in order to set high standards in this new and still evolving market of voluntary carbon offsets, while striving for full sustainability and leadership within the community.

  • 207.
    Correia, Gustavo
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Koloc, Nathaniel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Smith, Naomi
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Embedding socio-ecological sustainability into impact investor due diligence.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Impact investors, seeking financial returns from investments that actively create social or environmental value, use a process known as due diligence to vet incoming investment opportunities. Some industry-wide tools have come to aid investors in this task. Existing metrics are not sufficient to assess the environmental performance of investee companies, the result of which is an allocation of increasing investment dollars into ventures and industries that are not operating within the limits of the socio-ecological systems upon which society depends. This paper proposes the creation of an investor toolkit that would allow users to effectively integrate the principles of strategic sustainable development (SSD) into the due diligence process. Such a toolkit would explain how current due diligence support tools could be used to construct comprehensive sustainability analyses of potential investments. The proposed toolkit was conceived after interviews with impact investors, social entrepreneurs, and industry experts. The research findings confirm a need for investors to use a strategic understanding of sustainability during the due diligence process, in order to increase portfolio value over time.

  • 208.
    Courtney, Ashley
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    McShane, Brendan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Wiles, Ella
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Cultivating the Social Field: Strategically moving Urban Agricultural Projects towards Sustainability2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The urban landscape requires a shift to a more self-sufficient, healthy and sustainable future. Urban agricultural (UA) projects are one way to do so. This research explores how low-income UA projects in North America and Europe can be supported strategically in moving towards a sustainable future. The authors analysed UA projects using the 5 Level Framework (5LF) and the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) to understand their current reality and to help determine sustainable advances within UA projects. Leverage Points were also used as a subsidiary analytical tool to help pinpoint effective actions of change. Research resulted in the creation of Strategic Recommendations and guidance for UA projects to help foster a societal shift towards sustainability.

  • 209.
    Craig, Alexander
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Macura, Katja
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Pucci, Giancarlo
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Purposeful Action: organizational practices that contribute to a culture of strategic decision making for sustainability2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Current methods for reaching and defining success in society are not sustainable. A major shift in society’s definition of economic success is required, and organizations represent a key leverage point in the transition to a sustainable economy. This research looks to practices within organizations with a sustainability purpose in an attempt to understand how their organizational culture creates an environment for continual strategic decision making towards sustainability. A combination of literature review and structured interviews were used to elicit the cultural practices of 18 organizations with a clear social and ecological sustainability purpose. The research confirmed the importance of organizational culture for maintaining alignment with a sustainability purpose by fostering motivation and commitment towards sustainability at both a collective and individual level in the organization. Eight overarching areas of practice were identified as being present in the organizations included in the study. The practices identified help organizations to act strategically and in the right direction towards sustainability on a daily basis, standing as a complement to the strategic prioritization model of the FSSD.

  • 210.
    Cretney, Alison
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Cretney, Steven
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Meisterheim, Tracy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Integrating Participatory Processes in Planning for Strategic Sustainable Development2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how dialogue-based methodologies can be integrated into a participatory planning process for strategic sustainable development. Evidence of the complex nature of the sustainability challenge is cited as necessitating tools and methodologies suited for dealing with complexity. The methodologies in this study were designed to use dialogue to address complex problems in which outcomes are unpredictable. Within the sustainability practitioner community, we identified a need for research on systematic guidance for pairing engagement processes with use of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD). This research focuses on how a specific set of dialogue-based methodologies within the Art of Hosting network can be integrated with the FSSD to strengthen the linkage between content and process. As the culmination of our research, we have developed The Weave: Participatory Process Design Guide for Strategic Sustainable Development (www.theweave.info). It includes a Template for process design, suggestions and examples for use, and guiding principles. It is the first prototype of participatory process design guidance to be offered for pilot testing in the field of strategic sustainable development.

  • 211.
    Cuginotti, Augusto
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Miller, Karen Marie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Pluijm, Freek van der
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Design and Decision Making: Backcasting using principles to implement cradle-to-cradle2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human society is currently designed based on linear patterns, without concern for and interactions with the biosphere. The natural world works in cycles, and in order to interact with these systems in a sustainable way, the redesign of human society according to the paradigm of cyclical thinking is required. This paper explores the synthesis and synergies between the cradle-to-cradle concept and a Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development in the context of sustainable development. The research tests whether Backcasting using Sustainability Principles is supportive to the implementation of the cradle-to-cradle concept and draws on relevant literature as well as interviews with experts. Based upon this research a process tool is designed and tested within a case study. Results indicate that, when backcasting using sustainability principles, principles for design and principles for decision-making provide synergistic characteristics in the process of implementation. Inspiring design principles, such as the ones suggested by the cradle-to-cradle concept, provide powerful engagement for a social learning process that works towards sustainable development. A structured decision-making process based on backcasting using sustainability principles provides the constraints and criteria for robust decision-making along the journey.

  • 212.
    Czabán, Vera
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Regional disparities in Hungary2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades, exacerbating regional disparities in the European Union as well as the newly joined Eastern European states have led to a growing interest in examining the spatial embeddedness of development. Hungary, a small and very monocentric country, has experienced rapid growth in the region of its capital city and its surrounding, whereas formerly lagging regions continued to fall behind. This thesis examines growing regional disparities in Hungary in order to provide a more comprehensive overview of the phenomenon and synthesise a growing body of both Hungarian and international literature based on their relevance for Hungary.

    As regional disparities rarely form an explicit research subject, the first aim of this thesis was to establish a suitable method for a comprehensive national level analysis. Within a mixed methodological framework, three theoretical perspectives on regional development were selected to analyse and reveal structural disparities, which were set in contrast with GDP levels of regions. On the one hand, the method proved to be useful to establish a refined rank order of the regions based on their approximated level and speed of development. On the other hand, the three different perspectives revealed structural strength and weaknesses underlying general development level of regions. The results did confirm the multiple advantages of the most developed regions, as well as the complex disadvantage of the most backward regions. Based on this experience a further increase in disparity levels can be expected in Hungary. Regions between the two extremes showed more heterogeneous outcomes across the perspectives, revealing very different development path and structural problems behind the performance level of these regions. Taken together, these findings support the heightening need of decentralization in Hungary, in order to tackle growing regional disparities and establish policy responses at a regional level.

  • 213.
    Cécile, Hervé-Bazin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Nils, Klinkenberg
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Matt, Milam
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Strategically Sustainable Environmental Assessment2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale planning initiatives can present major long-term environmental and social consequences. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one type of approach to integrating environmental considerations into many large-scale plans and programs, and was established in the European Union by Council Directive 2001/42/EC. Practical and theoretical limitations remain, and this research considers “How can SEA be carried out for plans and programs to better support strategic decision-making toward sustainability?” Information is compiled from an extensive literature review, interviews with SEA experts, and a case study SEA. An analysis is conducted around a framework for strategic sustainable development, based on backcasting from sustainability principles. Results indicate that SEA plays an important role in mitigating environmental impacts of planning, but also faces many weaknesses relative to a truly strategic approach to sustainable development. To help fill these gaps, generic recommendations are developed for SEA practice. Built on a principle-based definition of sustainability, they are relevant to any individual SEA situation. Hypothetical applications of the recommendations are illustrated with a case study. By adopting these recommendations, SEA practitioners can enable planners to better integrate strategic sustainable development into the decisions and upstream design of plans and programs.

  • 214. Dagli, Sevil
    Stadsodling som social hållbarhet: En fallstudie av Odlingsnätverket Seved2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom dagens samhällsplanering har det länge funnits tankar om en hållbar samhällsutveckling och den fysiska planeringens uppgift har varit att leda dessa tankar till en fysisk verksamhet. Hållbar utveckling består av tre dimensioner och de är ekonomisk-, ekologisk- och social hållbarhet. Det är den sociala hållbarhets dimensionen som arbetet kretsar kring eftersom den problematik som har uppmärksammats är om fysisk planering tillsammans med stadsodling kan främja social hållbarhet. Stadsodling och social hållbarhet inklusive barns upplevelse och välbefinnande av sitt närområde kommer vara en utgångspunkt för denna studie. För att förklara och beskriva om den bostadsnära naturen kan bidra till social hållbarhet i ett bostadsområde samt minskade hälsoskillnader som bland annat ger barnen förutsättningar för eget tänkande, eget skapande och egen aktivitet samt samspel med andra människor. 

    Kommunstyrelsen i Malmö beslutade 2010 att utveckla den sociala hållbarheten i Malmö varav Seved är ett av dessa och därför har den sociala hållbarheten studerats utifrån fallstudien som  gjorts av Odlingsnätverket Seved - Barn i stan. 

  • 215.
    Dahl, Rebecca
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Metanchuk, Larysa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Marshall, Steve
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Engaging Action: A Systemic Approach to Communication Design of Social Marketing Campaigns for Behaviour Adoption2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shifting towards sustainability in environmental, social and economic systems is an urgent concern for society today. In order to contribute to this, the thesis focuses on behaviour orientated social marketing campaigns, which can complement the broader changes required. This study adds knowledge to communication design for social marketing campaigns to improve the conversion of information to action helping move society towards a more sustainable future. Results, drawn from the literature, case studies and interviews, demonstrated the need for a shared vision, detailed knowledge of both the audience and behaviour, development of a network to support the campaign and better use of behavioural psychology and social media. Overall it was found that a more strategic approach is needed during the design and implementation of social marketing campaigns. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) was used to structure findings and provide context for campaigners. In practice the FSSD would be used to inform The Strategic Planning Process (SPP), proposed for development of social marketing campaigns that move society towards sustainability.

  • 216.
    Dahlström, Paola
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Gustafsson, Jenny
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Attityder till alkohol- och spelmissbruk2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Spel roar människor och ett glas vin till maten kan ses som harmlöst. Trots detta hamnar en del människor i både spel- och alkoholmissbruk En aspekt som kan ses som värdefull i detta sammanhang är vilka attityder människor har gentemot alkohol- och/eller spelmissbruk, går det att urskilja en skillnad i dessa attityder? Studiens syfte var att, utifrån hur attityder uppkommer, attitydförändring, Eriksons utvecklingsteori samt andra psykologiska förklaringsmodeller klargöra attityder till alkohol- och spelmissbruk. Dessutom var syftet att förklara bakomliggande psykologiska faktorer till dessa attityder. En enkätundersökning med 48 stycken deltagare har använts för att uppnå detta. Det har framkommit ur resultatet att människor har en mer negativ attityd gentemot alkoholmissbruk samt det anses som allvarligare än ett spelmissbruk. Detta resultat kan även kopplas till de teorier som har använts för studiens syfte.

  • 217.
    Dai, Dan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Tang, Xiuying
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Transitioning towards sustainable management of building materials in China2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to examine how The Natural Step Framework, combined with Life Cycle Assessment and Ecological Footprint could help to manage the sustainability challenges of construction materials in China and to consider how these tools and concepts might inform each other in combination. Based on a literature review regarding the current reality of building materials in China and industry experience with use of existing sustainability concepts and tools, we build a conceptual model to integrate the three above concepts and attempt to analyse how they could work better together in the management of a sustainable transition. We then analyse the likely strengths and limitations of such an integrated model and finally use this to inform a vision of a sustainable future for building materials, discussing how the model may help China move towards sustainability.

  • 218.
    Dai, Lu
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Finley, Tiffany
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    McCormack, Susan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    ICT and Education in Developing Countries: Shifting Initiatives toward a Sustainable Society2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates capacity building initiatives in developing countries’ ability to aid in a transition toward sustainability. A key system, the education sector, enables and creates human capacity. Teacher Training Initiatives (TTIs) are an organized effort to build the capacity of teachers within the education sector. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are a rising addition to TTIs that can expand the network, knowledge-sharing, and communication potential of TTIs. Yet, is this growing trend aiding in building capacity at the expense of long-term sustainability? Utilizing the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, this research employs literature reviews, interviews, data analysis, workshop participation, and an expert panel to illuminate how ICT enabled TTIs can contribute to sustainability. An intervention in the current planning process was identified as a key leverage point to shift the system toward sustainability. Taking a whole systems perspective when planning initiatives better equip stakeholders to build effective programs today that will not compromise the capacity building of the future. This upstream approach may build the foundation to move toward a strategic ICT enabled TTI, but it is not the only major factor. ICT enabled TTIs function within complex systems, requiring ongoing strategic planning and management toward sustainability.

  • 219.
    Dam, Ewout
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning. Radboud University.
    European Innovation Policy through the European Regional Development Fund: A case study of East-Netherlands2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study is analysed how the ERDF (European Regional Development Funding) in East-Netherlands approaches innovation and how this approach is shaped and complemented byEuropean, national and regional policy. This is done by analysing how the targeted interventionapproach and the institutional approach are used in the ERDF and adjacent policies. The twoapproaches are both based on a different argument on how innovation policy makes an impact.By doing this the study contributes to the analysis of European policy and it empirically appliesconcepts used in theory on innovation and regional economic development. This gives policy makersinput for the development of innovation policy and especially for the development of Europeanpolicy post 2020. For academia this study shows theoretical gaps in the concepts applied andprovides suggestions for further research on these concepts. The study concludes that ERDF fundingin East-Netherlands is strongly based on the targeted intervention approach. The use of thisapproach results from the governance structure under which ERDF is implemented. The EU 2020strategy has been influential in the final shape of the policy, while the national level has a lessimportant role. Innovation policy at the regional level complements the ERDF policy because it is alsobased on concepts from the targeted intervention approach. The institutional policy implemented atthe European and national level has weaker links with the ERDF programme.

  • 220.
    Damsgård, Dan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Vartiainen, Jesper
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    En studie av kommunikation i missbruk och drogfritt tillstånd, förståelseorienterat kontra framgångsorienterat handlande2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    By comparing the experience off interaction in a life world with a drug habit and a life world without a drug habit you might find how they differ. We asked four former drug abusers in four semi structured interviews to describe their experiences off interaction under these two circumstances. The difference between the two life worlds when it comes to interaction is that in the drug abusing life world our informants describe that communicative action has to stand back for a more goal oriented action. In the drug free life world, communicative action on the other hand is experienced as the most important action. The difference is about wether interaction is goal oriented or oriented at understanding. The extra weight the system gets by adding the burden off financing the drug consumption makes the invasion of the life world by the system so intense that almost all communicative action stops. By doing so personal growing, renewing of cultural knowing and establishing of personal development is getting difficult.

  • 221.
    Daniel, Ronny
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Horwitz, Sophia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    MacPherson, Laura
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Prato, Maurita
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Collaborative Services: Communities Innovating towards Sustainability2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current global economic system is driving an unsustainable society. The planet has limited resources, and the economic system exists within these limits. To move society towards sustainability, one must consider how to provide necessary services to a growing population while decreasing dependencies on resource consumption. This research aims to show that Collaborative Services offer one solution to communities by providing a platform for sharing and exchange of resources through innovation and participation. Collaborative Services are designed and utilized on a local scale, to meet specific community needs and have been found to provide Social, Natural, Human, Political, Cultural, Built and Financial Community Capital returns on investment. Successful Collaborative Services have certain ‘ingredients’ that guide them which include: leadership and vision, strategies to involve key stakeholders, organizational resilience considerations as well as financial, technical and physical supports for Collaborative Services. This research shows the benefits and ingredients of successful Collaborative Services, in order to promote their emergence and provide support for communities working with Collaborative Services. Using a strategic sustainable development lens this research suggests that Collaborative Services can act as a tool to pull communities towards sustainability.

  • 222.
    Danielsson, Nina
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Foss, Joshua
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Quesnel, Aaron
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Solutions From Above: Using Rooftop Agriculture to Move Cities Towards Sustainability2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cities present many opportunities to improve socio-ecological sustainability through efficiencies of scale and access to resources and services. These benefits are often compromised by rapidly increasing urban populations demanding energy, water, resources and food that are sourced, produced and transported from rural areas in unsustainable ways. A systems level approach to understanding the complex challenges cities face is required to strategically plan for the future. Rooftop agriculture is one measure that can help address many sustainability problems cities are currently faced with. Our research aims to identify the role rooftop agriculture can play in moving society towards sustainability, the challenges it currently faces that may prevent it from being widely implemented, and how to overcome these challenges. To structure our research, we used the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), a scientifically rigorous and peer reviewed model designed to manage the complexity of planning and decision-making towards sustainability. The culmination of this paper was the creation of a Sustainable Rooftop Agriculture Guide, a practical resource that can help city stakeholders determine how to best use rooftop agriculture in their movement towards sustainability.

  • 223.
    Daun, Catarina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Yogans främjande för lärande på arbetsplatsen: en studie i lärande och utveckling inom organisationlära2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur yogautövare upplever att yogan ger effekt på förmåga till och förståelse för lärande, samt om detta går att bära med sig i arbetslivet. Tidigare forskning har visat att yogan har en främjande effekt på förmågan att koncentrera sig på sitt arbete samt att yogan även ger en stärkande individuell effekt som ger energi till arbetet. Teorier om lärandet visar vikten av att skapa en arbetsmiljö som främjar motivation och ger trygghet till individ och grupp. Som metod för undersökning gjordes en förstudie med enkäter på två yogastudior i Sverige. Därefter gjordes tre kvalitativa intervjuer, samt tre uppföljande intervjuer med samtliga respondenter. Denna metod valdes för att skapa en fördjupad förståelse och kunskap över respondenternas upplevelse av fenomenet. Detta har sedan tolkats mot vetenskapliga teorier om lärandet utifrån en hermeneutisk tolkningsprocess. Resultatet visar att yogautövare upplever att yogan ger en effekt som främjar förmågan att hitta sin inre drivkraft och motivation, samt en stärkande effekt till att känna en trygghet mot sig själv och andra. Yogan har utifrån denna undersökning en positiv effekt på såväl förståelsen för och förmågan till lärande. Genom utövandet av yoga upplever denna studies respondenter att de bygger upp en förståelse inför sitt lärande och får verktyg till att hitta motivation och fokus även på arbetsplatsen.

  • 224.
    Davidsson, Emmy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Hemligheten bakom en ledares motivation och tillfredsställelse på arbetsplatsen: Utifrån ett manligt och kvinnligt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom att studera ledares motivation och tillfredsställelse i relation till motivationsteorin Self-Determination Theory (SDT) söktes stöd för undersökningens syfte och frågeställningar: hur respektive kön i ledarpositioner motiveras på arbetsplatsen i förhållande SDT – om de är självbestämmande eller kontrollerade samt om det finns en relation mellan motivation och tillfredsställelse. Frågeformulär besvarades av 48 män och 93 kvinnor i olika ledarpositioner. Data analyserades i form av t-tester, ett Chi-Square-test, kategoriseringar samt ett beräknande av Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale. Resultatet visade att den inre liksom den mest självbestämmande och minst kontrollerade motivationstypen motiverade mest utifrån självbestämmande profiler samt att det finns en relation mellan upplevelsen av motivation och tillfredsställelse. Även makt liksom den mest kontrollerade motivationstypen var betydande för motivationen. Statistiskt signifikanta skillnader upptäcktes mellan könen, dels då kvinnorna var något mindre tillfredsställda utifrån samtliga behov, dels då kvinnorna upplevde en något högre brist på motivation. Till skillnad från SDT och som bekräftelse och ickebekräftelse av tidigare forskning visade det sig att den inre och yttre motivationen snarare kompletterar varandra än arbetar mot varandra för den totala upplevelsen av motivation och tillfredsställelse på arbetsplatsen.

  • 225.
    Davis, Kara
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Öncel, Pinar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Yang, Qingqing
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    An Innovation Approach for Sustainable Product and Product-Service System Development2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the potential of User-Centered Design (UCD) and Agile to support Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) practice in product and product-service system (PSS) design. UCD tools and concepts are used to support stakeholder and needs research. Agile provides process support for collaboration and resilience. SSD tools and concepts are used to define and work within the system boundaries for sustainability. All three practices are combined in an innovation approach that supports collaborative and cross-functional design teams as they develop products and PSS. Design teams using this approach will work to satisfy the needs of customers while considering the needs of all non-customer stakeholders and the ecosphere. The full-systems context emphasized in the approach will support innovation and encourage design teams to consider services as complements to, or substitutes for, physical products.

  • 226.
    Davis, Kim
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Shen, Changkun
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Maratea, Aymeric
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Contributing to a Transition towards a Sustainable Society: Education Matters2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to shed insights and produce supportive tools to help stimulate the design of education programs. First a characterization of opportunities and challenges for education programs is given from a global sustainability standpoint. Second a characterization of what education programs may contain and take into account from a full sustainability standpoint, as an outline of education programs in a desired future at a principle level, is provided to help inspire purpose-led education services organizations. Third an outline of possible tools and strategies to help strategically close the gap between the current unsustainable state and the desired sustainable future is provided. A special focus is put on the Template for Sustainable Product Development (TSPD) process tool, originally used to help industries in their production chain, but here adapted as the “Sustainability Potential” Express Strategic Assessment for Education Programs to benefit education programs stakeholders. The authors also propose a set of three abilities acting in synergy: Creativity, “Knowledge Making” & “Open Values” (CKMOV) that are at the heart of Strategic Sustainable Development and thus may help form three equally vital pillars, which education programs may strategically take support from while helping society transition to a sustainable equilibrium.

  • 227.
    de Petris, Linus
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Indicators in Sustainability Things2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is a priority objective for the Swedish municipal government that forms the setting for this paper. Based on the triple bottom line the government has adopted an action program with associated sustainable development indicators (SDIs), designated to measure and act as a driving-force for sustainable change. As a result from the action program, almost all employees and elected have group-wise undergone a participatory project with semi-structured conversations based on the SDIs, supported by moderators. Processes of change were expected to arise as participants ‘learned’ about sustainability from the conversations. An evaluation of the project has on the one hand shown that the conversation-based approach was successful in generating knowledge. On the other hand ‘real change’ was found to be missing, indicating a gap between knowledge and action. Likewise, EEA’s (European Environment Agency) second ‘late-lessons’-report indicate such a gap [7]. By turning to Karen Barad’s agential realism [3], the gap between knowledge and action is discussed as a representationalist misconception of separating epistemology from ontology. The discussion then makes a retrospect of thing and indicator, where the etymology of the words leads to an elaboration of indicators in sustainable development. SDIs are reconfigured, no longer representations but the engagement of agents (human and non-human) in ’pointing out sustainability’, which implies a redesign of current SDIs. Sustainable development is suggested as the staging of locally situated sustainability Things, in which digital media may be able to expose the agency of SDIs.

  • 228.
    Deutgen, Thérèse
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Media and the priming of stereotypes: Direct effect of news articles racial stereotypes on individuals judgements of people of foreign extraction.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The present research examined both automatic and controlled processes in newpapers ability of priming racial stereotypes via the portrayals of people of foreign extraction. The automatic process were examined through articles which; a) involved an illegal act or b) the act was not illegal but morally questionable. Swedish-born subject’s explicit opinions against foreign people were also measured through “The Modern Racial Prejudice Scale”. In the experiment participants read four different articles which included; Swedish person/noncrime, foreign person/noncrime, Swedish person/crime and foreign person/crime. The central hypothesis was that news containing people of foreign extraction primes racial stereotypes which are subsequently brought to bear on subject’s evaluations of that person’s characteristics. A 2 ´ 2 ´ 2 ANOVA splitt-plot design revealed that there was no significant difference in judgments of the different articles depending on race or content . A distinction between sterotype activation and sterotype application are discussed.

  • 229.
    Deva, Faton
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    A Future Wine Cluster in Kosova?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the Kosovar agricultural economy and the introduction of new approaches. Kosova is an economy in transition with high unemployment, young population and structural problems. The privatization process promises a better future and economic growth. However, hard work and new approaches are needed. Privatization does not mean immediate growth. Hereby, clusters are considered as an appropriate approach to develop rural areas. Especially the wine sector in Kosova could be an example for cluster development as it is a promising sector. Wine has a long history in Kosova although wine consumption is not widespread. This sector is a rare example where exports are higher than imports. Climate conditions cheep working force and as stated the background make this sector attractive. Foreign agencies and investors are very interested in this sector. This thesis will show the main problems and main opportunities of this sector. It will describe the structural changes and current developments. Cluster creation is not a government function. Further, it is not a tailor-made solution. In fact, clustering involves many roles. Each participant has certain duties but the whole process needs coordination. The monitoring and supervision of the whole process, the identification of needs and permanent exchange of the participants are organized in a cluster. At the end, a win-win situation is created even if competition is raised to a high level. Competition and the functioning of free markets guarantee the success of the sector and as a results regional development. One cluster helps to create another. Starting one process means that many others could follow. By reading this thesis, the reader should recognize potentials and understand the local circumstances. This is the aim of the study.

  • 230.
    Dewangga, Anastasia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Goldsmith, Simon
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Pegram, Neil
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Social Responsibility Guidelines & Sustainable Development: Integrating a Common Goal of a Sustainable Society2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Given the global sustainability challenge; effective organizational Social Responsibility (SR) guidelines must set best-practices that acknowledge environmental constraints and strive for a sustainable society. SR has historically underrepresented environmental issues and needs to shift from a reactive focus on societal stakeholder demands, to a proactive whole-systems planning framework. There is a risk that unless SR guidelines consider both social and environmental issues together, they may generate negative outcomes to organizational viability. This research finds key Sustainable Development concepts that should be integrated within SR guidelines and uncovers an overall goal of SR as assisting organizations in moving towards a sustainable society. A Sustainable Society is defined in the research according to a set of scientific principles, based on environmental constraints and fundamental social needs. This clear goal enables the organization to ‘backcast’ from this success point in order to take effective strategic steps. The authors recommend the incorporation of critical concepts from Strategic Sustainable Development, a proven organizational sustainability planning framework, into SR guidelines to increase their effectiveness in strategic SR decision-making. The ISO 26000 SR Guideline is used as a case study.

  • 231.
    Dey, Palash-Kishore
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Sumon, Md-Tawfique-Hasan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Effects of the Post Multi-Fiber Agreement on Bangladesh Readymade Garments Sector2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis “Effects of the Post Multi-fiber Agreement on Bangladesh Ready Made Garments Sector” is a part of our M.Sc. in Business Administration Program. The thesis paper on this topic is done under the supervision of Mr. Göran Alsén, Professor of Blekinge Institute of Technology (BTH) Ronneby, Sweden. In our country garment industry has been playing most vital role in our national economy, foreign exchange earnings, employment, growth in other sector and most prominently women employment. In the first chapter we tried to focus on the historical background of Multi Fiber Agreement, the growth of Bangladesh Garments Manufacturer and Exporter Association (BGMEA).In 1983 the total members of BGMEA were 143 with narrow export volume but in 2007 we see the total members are 4637.They contribute 75.64% of our total export (BGMEA, 2007). People who are directly involved with this sector became worried because of phase out of quota system from January 2005.But if we observe the current scenario it is very much positive for our national economy. It’s true that competition grew high but at the same time we can say that our garments industry did not lose its market reputation compared to that of other rival competitors like China, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam etc. It’s very obvious that we have great problem with the backward linkage industry. As a result we are facing huge competition among the competitors. We have to face huge competition with the other competitors as long as we could set up our backward linkage industry. Under these circumstances, our Government is taking necessary steps to remove this problem. It is now simply a matter of time. But we hope we will get rid of this problem very soon. In this thesis paper we have tried to analyze the performance of five different RMG companies and we have also tried to examine the impact of withdrawal of quota system. Based on these five RMG factories we observe that our RMG industry is performing well after Post MFA. In addition, if we look our total exports we see that approximately 74.93% of our total export is from RMG sector. It is very promising sector compared to other export items. Thus we can say that to survive in this competitive sector our RMG sector should take some more necessary steps like improving employee efficiency, ensuring more training facility, emphasizing on backward linkage industry etc. To attract foreign investors these are very important.

  • 232.
    Diallo, Aissata
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Ewusie, Nana Benyiwa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Corporate social responsibility and stakeholder management in Unilever Ghana ltd2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and stakeholder management is relatively new to the Ghanaian business sector. Unilever Ghana ltd. has consistently had a prominent CSR drive in Ghana for several years. It has been found that stakeholder involvement in CSR is important for implementing relevant CSR programs which creates goodwill, good reputation and enhances business value. It is on this basis that this case study of Unilever Ghana was conducted. It investigates the CSR process of the company, the involvement and management of stakeholders in that regard and the relationship with corporate (financial) performance. Using the stakeholder approach as theoretical frame, interviews with open-ended questioning style as well as documents are used as sources of evidence. Analysis of the data is done with the help of building empirical models which will serve as guidelines for management practitioners dealing with stakeholder relations and CSR in modern Ghana.

  • 233. Djuric Ilic, Danica
    et al.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    Trygg, Louise
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Introduction of large-scale biofuel production in a district heating system: an opportunity for reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions2014In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 64, p. 552-561Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, cooperation between Stockholm's transport and district heating sectors is analysed. The cooperation concerns the integration of biofuel polygeneration production. A MODEST optimisation model framework is used, assuming various energy market and transport sector scenarios for the year 2030. The scenarios with biofuel production and increased biofuel use in the region are compared with reference scenarios where all new plants introduced into the district heating sector are combined heat and power plants, and the share of biofuel used in the transport sector is the same as today. The results show that the cooperation implies an opportunity to reduce fossil fuel consumption in the sectors by between 20% and 65%, depending on energy market conditions and assumed transport sector scenarios. If we consider biomass an unlimited resource, the potential for greenhouse gas emissions reduction is significant. However, considering that biomass is a limited resource, the increase of biomass use in the district heating system may lead to a decrease of biomass use in other energy systems. The potential for reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions is thus highly dependent on the alternative use of biomass. If this alternative is used for co-firing in coal condensing power plants, biomass use in combined heat and power plants would be more desirable than biofuel production through polygeneration. On the other hand, if this alternative is used for traditional biofuel production (without co-production of heat and electricity), the benefits of biofuel production through polygeneration from a greenhouse gas emissions perspective is superior. However, if carbon capture and storage technology is applied on the biofuel polygeneration plants, the introduction of large-scale biofuel production into the district heating system would result in a reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions independent of the assumed alternative use of biomass.

  • 234.
    Dohse, Ann
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Lusten och viljan att lära: En studie om vad distansstudenter upplever som motivationshöjande i sitt lärande2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Högskoleutbildningar på distans har blivit en allt vanligare studieform. De vanligaste orsakerna till att studenter väljer distansutbildning som tillvägagångssätt är att många har familj och barn, långt till högskolan eller att de helt enkelt vill arbeta vid sidan om sina studier. Från högskolans sida gäller det då att bygga upp ett pedagogiskt ramverk och att inspirera studenterna till den teknologi som erbjuds på den nätbaserade utbildningen. Därför kan det vara intressant att titta på vad som motiverar en student att vilja lära under de pedagogiska villkor som gäller på en distansutbildning. Syftet med denna studie var därför att söka kunskap och förståelse för vad distansstudenter upplever som studiemotivationshöjande faktorer i distans utbildningens genomförande. Studien bygger på en hermeneutistisk ansats där tolkningen har sin tyngdpunkt. Undersökningen utgjordes av en kvalitativ enkätstudie där 22 stycken distansstudenter deltog samt en litteraturstudie över tidigare forskning inom området. Resultatet visade på att motivationen kunde bero på hur utbildningen eller undervisningen var upplagd men även tekniken hade en viss betydelse. Lärarens påverkan, den individuella motivationen samt studenters samarbete var också bidragande orsaker till studenters studiemotivation. Slutsatsen i mitt resultat och i litteraturstudien var att en mängd olika faktorer kunde inverka på studiemotivationen genom både inre som yttre påverkan.

  • 235.
    Doyle, Molly
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Hikisch, Dermot
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Westcott, Shawn
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Organizational Networks as Catalysts for Strategic Sustainable Development2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In an increasingly connected and interdependent world, the global sustainability challenge needs to be addressed by organizational networks from a whole-systems perspective. This study explores organizations through the lens of network theory and the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, with a special focus on networks already considering sustainability issues. The purpose of the research was to identify key factors critical to the success of an organizational network in the sustainability field, as well as define specific barriers to success for these networks. These specific factors and barriers to success are identified and explored across: Academic, Business, and Non-Profit sectors, with the ultimate objective of increasing the performance of Emerging Sustainability Networks (ESNs), removing barriers in the field, and planning strategically to achieve success in the sustainability movement.

  • 236.
    Driffort, Thibaut
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Ogenblad, Oscar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Lara, Luís Sousa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Move! Bringing Urban Public Transportation towards Sustainability2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s societal development is not sustainable. The transportation sector has the potential role to be a tremendous lever for sustainability due to its central position in the societal structure as well as for the current unsustainable trends that occur in this system. Recommendations to public transportation providers were made by highlighting the main existing gaps between the current transportation system and an envisioned future transportation system that could exist in a sustainable society. To highlight these gaps, multiple perspectives were considered. These perspectives were enabled by e.g. User Journey Maps at the individual level and a holistic perspective over the broader urban transport system. The premise is that in order to increase use rates of public transportation, there is a need to better assess and address urban travellers' needs when commuting. For providers to have a strategic, stepwise approach and to be able to bring the public transportation system towards sustainability, the authors recommended that public transportation providers prioritize and implement future actions aligned with the three prioritization questions presented at the strategic level of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development and by defining a criterion that would emphasize that the users’ needs of importance highlighted in the study are fulfilled.

  • 237.
    Durgin, Ron
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Grierson, Scott
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Touchpoint: A Foundation for Sustainable Product Development2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Much has been written on the subject of sustainable development and the urgent need for society to understand and address human impacts on socio-ecological systems. Emerging from this broad context, the concept of sustainable product development (SPD) represents an important strategy to steer human society towards sustainability. This thesis investigates strategies for integrating sustainability concepts, through organisational learning and stakeholder management, into a new product development tool entitled ‘Touchpoint’. Built on prior research, specifically Methods for Sustainable Product Development(MSPD) and Templates for Sustainable Product Development (TSPD), this could help to eliminate product development approaches that lead to reductionism and ensure that SPD is adopted rapidly and widely.

  • 238.
    Durward, Anna
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Santamäki, Iina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nguyen, Luong
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nduhiu, Muthoni
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Exploring practitioner’s engagement with Indigenous communities to work towards sustainability2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the focus on addressing the sustainability challenge increases in the global agenda, the role of Indigenous communities and the knowledge they hold has been receiving increasing attention as a vital aspect in working towards sustainability. This research sought to bring forth the importance of Indigenous communities and their knowledge in addressing ecological and social sustainability. The research focused on practitioners` engagement with Indigenous communities with the objective of exploring their stories and experiences to offer learning and guidance to other sustainability practitioners. A pragmatic qualitative research approach was adopted in conjunction with literature review, collaborative autoethnography diaries by the authors and nineteen semi-structured interviews with practitioners with experience across sixteen different countries. The results revealed four themed lessons Indigenous communities offer in ecological sustainability, enhancing social sustainability, adaptive capacity in complex human systems, structural obstacles and definitions. Results also presented best practices and guidelines across four main themes for successful engagement with Indigenous communities. The discussion offers insights on what all sustainability practitioners can learn when working in the Indigenous context. Ultimately, becoming the bridge to foster mutual learning between Indigenous and Industrialized world toward global sustainability.

  • 239.
    Duvringe, Lisbet
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    I lagens namn? Poliser och etiska beslut.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisens uppdrag styrs av lagar och regler men handlingsutrymme finns för egna yrkesetiska bedömningar. Poliser är en heterogen grupp där individerna har olika lång anställningstid, ålder och kön. Studiens syfte var att undersöka sambanden mellan yrkesetisk bedömning och anställningstid samt eventuella skillnader i ålder och kön för att öka befintlig kunskap om vad som påverkar yrkesetiska bedömningar. I studien deltog tre polismyndigheter, 78 poliser i yttre tjänst (22 kvin- nor och 56 män, ålder 25-63 år). Enkätundersökning genomfördes för att mäta moralisk intensitet, omdöme samt medvetenhet. Korrelations- analysen av sambanden mellan anställningstid och totalindex för etiskt beslutsfattande visade ingen statistisk signifikans. Skillnaden var inte statistiskt signifikant gällande ålder och kön. En svag tendens till en förändrad attityd hos poliser med över tre års anställningstid kunde påvisas, dock ingen statistisk signifikans. Studien kan ses som en för- studie till fortsatt forskning i ämnet.

  • 240.
    Dyer, Georges
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    McKay, Michelle
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Mira, Mauricio
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    From Clean Development to Strategic Sustainable Development: Strategic planning for the Clean Development Mechanism2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Under the Kyoto Protocol, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has the dual objectives of facilitating a cost-effective way of meeting greenhouse gas emission reduction targets and contributing to global sustainable development. Due in part to a lack of consensus on definitions of sustainability and sustainable development and a lack of capacity to address these concepts, there is a risk that CDM projects may fail to move the host country towards sustainability. We suggest the use of a scientific, principle-based definition of sustainability to guide project participants in their decision-making process. We propose a user-friendly project planning tool – CDM Select – that can build capacity for project developers to employ a strategic, whole-system approach to sustainable development and increase the likelihood that CDM projects move society towards sustainability. Early review of CDM Select by experts and practitioners in the CDM arena indicate that it has strong potential to assist in these efforts.

  • 241.
    Dziomkina, Nina
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Jipp, Jimmy
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Strategic leadership in turbulent markets2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High-tech gadgets is a technology-intensive market that is highly profitable and very dynamic. Competition in this market is very intense and the market winner is unpredictable. In order to remain a market leader or to become one, a company should build a competitive advantage over his market rivals. In this study the authors would like to understand what market strategy make companies successful and what are the constituents of this strategy. To answer these questions a literature study was conducted with the goal to find market strategies that are representative for the dynamic market conditions. As a result several hypotheses for the market strategy and market leadership were derived. The multiple-case study method was used in order to ensure that by comparing single cases the optimal strategy is chosen. Three companies were chosen from the mobile phone market as representative examples due to recent changes in market leading position that involved them all: Apple succeeded mobile phone market leader Nokia in the smart-phone design, and Samsung succeeded Apple in the smart-phone design and Nokia in total mobile-phone market. Data collection was gained from the corporate sources of investigated companies, known financial institutions, and open source and published scientific journals. Subsequently, the hypotheses were verified by verification of internal and external validities, and the final market strategies with their constituents were derived. A major finding of the study is in showing empirically that both strategies [market-driven and driving-markets] can be successful, but they are company profile dependent [in this study: design-based and manufacturing-based]. Market leadership is independent of the market strategy and is highly dependent on the core competencies that are nourished by top-management. Therefore, as core competences are not specifically defined in this study, the managers should seek a way on how to induce the organization change for stimulating the creativity and innovativeness in the company - building an innovative culture. Market strategies proposed in this study can then be used as guidelines, but not as the prescription.

  • 242.
    Ebeneku-Anim, Frederick
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Jacobson, Ingrid
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    McRoberts, Margaret
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Munyura, Pierre
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Building Sustainable Urban Communities: Can a common participatory space offer a solution?2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization and rapid urbanization in the developing world have been contributing greatly to a current unsustainable reality. In order to move towards a sustainable society, the strength of people working collectively as a community must be recognized and harnessed to begin making changes from the bottom up. This thesis will examine how a common participatory space has the potential to become a community hub, and to foster participatory dialogue, negotiation and decision-making within urban communities of poverty. After examining the current reality, including present development practices, this research strives to find universal elements for a common participatory space where vision building and strategic community action can flourish. This study also examines the processes needed to engage community members in the cultivation, creation and maintenance of a common participatory space.

  • 243.
    Edekling, Jessica
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Jonskog, Ida
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Svenskt julfirande: En studie av bilderböcker utifrån ett socialkonstruktivistiskt perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kandidatarbetets syfte är att ur ett socialkonstruktivistiskt perspektiv beskriva och analysera hur julfirande framställs i tre bilderböcker. Vi ville undersöka hur det svenska julfirandet framställs i bilderböcker med olika tidsmässiga fokus samt i relation till etnologiska studier inom ämnesområdet. De bilderböcker som valdes är: Petters och Lottas jul av Elsa Beskow, Julgröten av Sven Nordqvist samt Emilias jul av Anna Dunér och Kirsten Raagaard. Arbetets forskningsfrågor är: ”Hur framställs julfirandet i text och bild i bilderböckerna Petters och Lottas jul, Julgröten och Emilias jul, samt vilka diskurser kan identifieras?”, ”Vilka likheter och skillnader finns mellan de tre framställningarna?” och ”Hur förhåller sig diskurserna till etnologiska studier som belyser svenskt julfirande från slutet av 1800-talet fram till 2000-talet?”. I relation till syftet valdes den kunskapssociologi som företräds av Peter L. Berger och Thomas Luckmann som teori. För att kunna analysera bilderböckerna användes den kvalitativa metoden diskursanalys som går ut på att analysera text för att identifiera mönster, teman och diskurser. Dessutom tillämpas Gustaf Cavallius analysmetod Bilderbok och bildanalys i arbetet för att undersöka bilderna och dess relation till texten. Vid bearbetningen av materialet utkristalliserades sex diskurser: julförberedelser, julfirande med familj, släkt och andra närstående, julklappsutdelare, måltider under julen, juldekorationer samt religion och folktro. Dessa diskurser valdes för att de tillsammans speglar det svenska julfirandet i bilderböckerna. I resultatet analyserades först böckernas bilder var för sig och därefter analyserades de tillsammans med texten. Analysen visar att det förekommer både likheter och skillnader mellan bilderböckernas framställningar av julfirandet samt i relation till de etnologiska studierna. En iakttagelse är att den äldsta och den nyaste bilderboken har mest gemensamt, bland annat när det gäller de förberedelser, de religiösa inslag samt den givmildhet som speglas i julfirandet. Vår slutsats är att traditioner ständigt förändras genom att nya inslag tillkommer medan inslag utan funktion försvinner. Bilderböcker och andra berättelseformer är genom historien och än idag en källa för socialisering av traditioner, kunskaper och normer.

  • 244.
    Edvardsson, Erik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Does organizational identification, being a manager and complexity predict level of engagement?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employee engagement is of great interest for leaders. It is not surprising that leaders seek ways to influence, manage and enhance level of engagement among its employees. Instead of asking directly how engaged their workforce is, leaders often ask questions on related constructs to engagement. The objective of this research is threefold. First is to determine if organizational identification (OID) is a predictor of engagement. Second is to conclude if being a manager with direct reports predicts higher level of engagement versus non-managers. Third is to decide if complexity in an organization has a moderating contextual effect on the relationships between employee engagement, employee OID and the role as a manager with direct reports. This re-search contributes to the established theories by testing a theoretical model with variables not found to be tested empirically together before. Data was collected in a survey with 168 respondents. The validity and reliability of the data was good, upon two multiple regression analyses were completed in order to test three hypotheses. Results show significant support for two of three hypotheses. First, high employee OID predicts high employee engagement (p-value 0,000 significant at 0,05 level). This is a complement to existing literature. Leaders can practically measure OID if they are interested in understanding and predicting level of engagement in their workforce. Second, managers with direct reports predicts higher engagement versus non-managers (p-value 0,021 significant at 0,05 level). This research does not answer why such difference is found, but an analysis is provided from both a manager’s and a subordinate’s view. Third, an employee (manager or non-manager) who spend a high percentage of time in meetings requested/organized by others does not make the relationship between OID and engagement weaker (p-value 0,440 not significant at 0,05 level). This study also indicates that most managers and non-managers spend less than 30% of their work week in meetings requested/organized by someone else. This speaks for a majority of both managers and non-managers are in control over the majority of their time during a working week.

  • 245.
    Efremovska, Irena
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Geurts, Sijme
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Perret, Scott
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Leverage Points for Broader Diffusion of the FSSD2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intrinsic characteristics of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) make it useful in moving society towards sustainability. However, most of the change agents who work with the FSSD report that it is not diffused widely enough to have a systemic impact on society. The purpose of the study is to enable those who wish to foster such diffusion to be more effective in their efforts by giving them information they need to strategically plan those efforts. An ‘important factors for diffusion’ lens is constructed from Diffusion of Innovations theory and social marketing concepts, and verified with case studies of the diffusion of Biomimicry 3.8, GRI and Cradle to Cradle. 152 current barriers and enablers to broader diffusion of the FSSD are identified from interviews with 27 practitioners and a survey of 58 additional practitioners. These are scored against the lens to determine the current diffusibility of the FSSD, then distilled and influence flows between them mapped, to identify seven leverage points for broader diffusion. Interrelations between these leverage points, as well as other emergent themes, are discussed, conclusions are drawn, and further research suggested.

  • 246.
    Ehrlin, Linda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Från "Öga för öga, tand för tand" till Superfängelse: En diskursanalys om fängelsestraff2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This composition is about prison sentence. The purpose with this study is to investigate how the concept of prison sentence as a punishment is constructed in media, analyses and reports, from a social constructivist point of view. The composition has an issue that follows like this: “How do people in the society speak, think and write about the concept of prison sentence?” To get a background as to how the concept is used today, a understanding about how it was used through time is needed. It was under the 17th century that changes started to happen that gave the physical punishment a compliment, the imprisonment of people. The methodological starting point in this report is hermeneutical and the qualitative emphasis the report is to stand on before the discourse analysis, is the main method of the composition. The material for this discourse analysis has been picked out with the help of a specification of the problem and the purpose. Articles, reports/analyses and a TV-show were picked out as material and were analysed along the discourses on prison sentences that were found. The result can been divided into four different discourse groups. The first is “Discourse about an alternative to the institutional prison sentence” where there has been a replacement of the pure prison sentence, the second group is “Discourse about prison sentence and society” where the society reflects upon the punishment, the third is “Discourse about prison sentence and rehabilitation” which is talked about a lot, but maybe not with so much action according to some and the fourth discourse group is “Discourse about the prison sentence nobody escapes from” that is about a punishment that one should not be able to escape from and a tougher control. The social constructivism, which is the main theory of this report, says that a concept only survives as long as people use it and that is used to show how we have gone from calling prisons houses of correction to super prisons. The discourse that exists in the material for this composition points out that the prison sentence does not have to be a pure punishment in prison, but that it is constructed as the punishment is served.

  • 247.
    Eivazzadeh, Shahryar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Information and Intelligence Design Patterns for Resilience and Sustainability in Product-Service Systems2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis discusses a set of information/intelligence patterns that impact the resilience and sustainability of systems. These patterns are organized into the form of design patterns for later reuse during design processes. The information dynamics of some typical examples of product- service systems are modeled. This model provides a context for further discussions on the application of those information design patterns. The combination of the information dynamics model, together with the set of the behavioral and structural information design patterns, are intended to provide a playground for innovation in designing resilient and sustainable systems. Better knowledge capture and communication, uniformity in the approach to both products and services, and modular extensibility are also considered to be amongst the benefits of such an approach. The discussions and ontological models of those patterns and their impact on resiliency of systems are based on the elements of information theory from Shannon and Kolmogorov and the resilience theory from Holling. Sustainability is considered as the holistic extent of resiliency, especially in the course of product-service systems design. The discussion has been supported by some simple mathematical models, and in one case by the simulation of an agent-based model. Examples have been drawn from different disciplines to provide additional clarity and to demonstrate the versatility and generality of those design patterns.

  • 248.
    Ek, Michaela
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Rexhaj, Cyme
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Ledarens förmåga att påverka och främja medarbetarnas arbetsmotivation: En kvalitativ studie om hur arbetsmotivation främjas inom en statlig myndighet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The study aims to increase understanding and knowledge of motivation; this by examining how the leader experiences her capability to promote employees' work motivation. Also, how employees perceive that the leader influence and enhance their work motivation. Interviews were conducted with a manager and two employees of a government agency in Sweden. The results demonstrate different opinions between manager and employees in the manager's ability to foster motivation in the everyday work. The leader thinks that she promotes her employees work positively and believes that she is giving her employees attention and appreciation. Employees mean that they lack feedback and pep talk in their everyday work. The results showed that employees believe that feedback and pep talk in everyday work is promoting work motivation. The leader believes that motivation is promoted through education and lifelong learning.

  • 249.
    Ekberg, Lenny
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Göransson, Lovisa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Användbarhet för grafiska designers: Responsiva webbplatser och dess utformning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag besöker vi inte längre webbplatser enbart via datorer, utan även mobiltelefoner och surfplattor. För att göra interaktionen på en webbplats användbar via flera olika plattformar blir det allt vanligare med responsiv anpassning. Denna utveckling ställer högre krav på den grafiska formgivaren som bör ha god kunskap om de plattformar som designen tillämpas på för att nå högsta möjliga användbarhet. En grafisk formgivare ska alltså förstå vad användbarhet innebär och hur denna kunskap ska tillämpas i designen. Kandidatarbetet undersöker vad som definierar användbarhet och vad grafisk design bidrar till i skapandet av responsiva webbplatser. Utifrån litteraturstudier i samband med en produktion i form av en responsiv webbplats, presenterar vi i detta arbete våra metoder för hur den grafiska designen ska uppnå användbarhet oavsett plattform. ---- We no longer visit websites solely by using computers, but also mobile phones and tablets. To make the interaction on a website usable on multiple platforms it’s becoming increasingly common with responsive adaption. This development creates greater demands on the graphic designer who should have good knowledge of the platforms that the design is applied on in order to achieve maximum usability. Thus, a graphic designer should understand the meaning of usability and how that knowlege applies in a design. This Bachelor Thesis examines what defines usability and what graphic design contributes with in creating responsive websites. Based on literature studies in relation to a production of a responsive website, we present in this work, our methods by which the graphic designer achieves usability regardless of platform.

  • 250.
    Eklund, Elisa
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Hansson, Ewa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Do u understand mzungu?: Volunteers’ conception of ICC development2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research was to obtain knowledge about volunteers’ conceptions of developing intercultural communication competence in an intercultural learning context in East Africa. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with volunteers both face-to-face and virtually on the Internet. The material was processed according to the second order perspective in a phenomenographic research approach. Based on the volunteer’s conceptions three qualitatively different categories of description emerged illustrating that development of ICC is promoted by intercultural encounters wherefore intercultural and socio-cultural dimensions should be taken into consideration. The theoretical framing constitutes the base for the interpretation of the result and is discussed further in relation to previous research in the area of ICC. The volunteers’ conception of the phenomenon reveals that the development of ICC occurs through interaction and is a life-long learning process influenced consciously and unconsciously by experience, personal development and communicative skills.

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