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  • 201.
    Johansson, Karin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Morina, Viola
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Att sätta medborgaren i andra hand: en studie om tjänstemannens dilemman vid tillsynsärenden i djurskyddsfall2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The situation of officials of public and governmental organizations have been recognized as increasingly risky, in which the influences of both threats and violence have become an issue that administrators have to manage. Experiences of feeling threatened in their workplace or in their professional lives has been marked by an increased number of reported cases in the work environment authority. Common to the problems faced by many agencies and important associations that dealt with its often derive personal and sensitive issues. The purpose of this study is to highlight how veterinarians and animal welfare inspectors on the counties of Blekinge, Kronoberg and Kalmar experience the interaction of regulatory and prohibition cases. Länsstyrelsen is the one that can decide what is to happen to an animal that has been kept under bad conditions. They will also work preventive to animals well being, they may decide to dispose harmed animals or prohibit a person to have animals or species. Animal welfare inspectors and veterinarians have a relatively reverse situation compared to other officers. Instead of the citizen visits authority, the welfare inspectors go home to the citizen, which is why we have chosen to highlight their work. The study is based to the symbolic interactionism and Goffman's dramaturgical theory. This explains how the action is framed and must structure and then how it opens into how to experience the interaction between a disciplined approach and an affirmation of the way of acting different emotions. Overall - what will be the tone for the identity they create themselves in their profession. We also relate to a study by Peter Ehn - in government service - a role with many bottoms, and his five types of different behavior models for discretions stands today-collar, available. Their meaning is aimed to see different perspectives, which he terms as follows: classic, expert, manager, representative and normal bureaucrat. The models clarifies the resources available in the ability to apply their professional performance from different perspectives. Our data is based on a questionnaire sent out and three interviews, two of which occurred in the focus groups and includes three county councils in southern Sweden. The result shows that the number of reported cases has increased in pace with the knowledge of animal rights and cases of mismanagement come to be receiving increasing attention in the media. Informants perceive themselves often to have a strained work situation. Aspects like approach to aggressive pet owners and demands for efficiency results in working environmental dilemma. Working as a animal representative provides knowledge about what animals had measure of good. But this does not always correspond with what is considered as the minimum level. It may therefore seem unsatisfactory to have to file a case with not optimally healthy animals because it does not qualify for poor husbandry. The experience that stress causes a situation when the work that must be done but can’t be done in time, and even the negativity of their role come to be associated with. Increased support in the form of both financial aspects collegial could facilitate loading. It also emphasizes the issue of whether it is really possible to prevent threats and violence and practices primarily be composed of technical means or if it's located on the individual's mental strategies. Through the study we gained an increased knowledge and understanding of how the interaction may appear between welfare inspector and pet owners seen from the position that animal welfare inspector finds itself in.

  • 202.
    Johansson, Karin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Zetterqvist, Malena
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Kjellsson, Jessica
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Att vilja eller tvingas närma sig cirkulär ekonomi.: En studie om förändringsagenters attityd kring externa styrmedel.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    We found ambivalent attitudes, the respondents were both positive and negative regarding the external instruments towards circular economics they were affected by. The respondents expressed an overall positive attitude towards external instruments as means to counter unwanted behaviors that hinder a sustainable development. Generally, a negative attitude was expressed to how the external instruments have worked in real life, the instruments were not perceived as thought through enough. The factors that adversely affected the attitude were primarily the feeling of losing control and a lack of information. The instrument that the respondents expressed themselves most positive to was research and development contributions, which we interpret is due to the contributions being given to self-initiated projects and not perceived as intrusive. The respondents expressed a genuine desire to change parts of the business to strive for a sustainable development. We believe that although they are negative to how the directly acting instruments are designed and work in practice, they still have the will to develop the business in that direction.

  • 203.
    Jou Inchausti, Diego Jose
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Povoa, Carlos
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    An investigation into demand determinants in portuguese social investment market2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Social enterprises may be instrumental to overcome the well-known difficulties of State provision of social welfare services. Considering the impressive movement of social entrepreneurship and innovation witnessed in most European societies, coincident with the decline of economic growth and the rise of unemployment, the idea of a transition from a welfare state to a welfare mix gains interest.

    For social enterprises to meet the challenge, they need to scale up operations. Moreover, for that purpose they should be able to diversify the finance resources used, instead of relying mainly on subsidies and donations. However, so far not much progress has been made in that direction what led (Daggers & Nicholls, 2016) to identify as a critical research topic: how do social investment markets develop? That research question was investigated in the Portuguese context.

    Besides a conceptual framework, literature review allowed to identify the factors that currently are believed to determine demand in social investment markets: i) impact; ii) return; iii) double cost issue; iv) financial dead zone; v) investment readiness; vi) ecosystem. Theory development was greatly enhanced from the contacts made with the Project Manager of an ongoing applied research project launched by European Investment Bank Group on a similar topic: “Social Enterprises Access to Finance – An exploration into the constraints around social businesses access to finance in Portugal”.

    The importance of the research question becomes clear from the fact that, in spite of all the knowledge and attempts, for some reason not yet identified, social investment market does not grow. The investigation revealed that the key to the problem had to be looked in the demand side of the market and that there is reason to believe that social and cultural characteristics of demand agents are being overlooked. This supported the main theoretical proposition: Portuguese social investment market development will be unlikely to occur as expected from current understanding about how the market operates, unless prevailing characteristics of the social and cultural structure of demand agents are also taken into account.

    The investigation was conducted through case study research. A rival theory was elaborated and study propositions were defined for both main and rival theory. Multiple sources of evidence were collected and from the respective analysis the study propositions of the main theoretical propositions were corroborated. None of the study propositions of the rival theory were corroborated.

    The conclusion was that initiatives for growth of Portuguese social investment market will have to integrate a factor that so far has been neglected. Indeed, social and cultural characteristics are a determinant a demand that needs to be considered.

  • 204.
    Jujic, Michaela Danielsson och Meliha
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Socialutredarens lärande i mötet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur socialutredare upplever att lärande sker i mötet med unga flickor som utsätts för hedersrelaterat våld. Uppsatsen har en hermeneutisk ansats. Datamaterialet samlades in med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet visar att socialutredarna upplever att förutsättningarna för att lärande ska ske i mötet med klienterna är mycket goda. Resultatet av studien visar exempelvis att intresse, delaktighet och engagemang är några faktorer som bidrar till hur socialutredarna upplever att lärande sker i mötet.

  • 205.
    Jujic, Michaela Danielsson och Meliha
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Vägen tillbaka till arbetslivet från utbrändhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term sick leave has increased dramatically since the 1990s. Sick leave is usually related to employment when the individual has suffered from severe work-related stress without the possibility of recovery because of the work situation. This leads in turn to the individual feels exhausted, both physically and mentally. A name that can describe this kind of situation is burnout. Purpose of this study is to get a denominator and deeper understanding of how the nursing staff changed emotionally after burnout process. Qualita-tive approaches in the form of semi-structured interviews were conducted with four individuals. The result has been developed us-ing a thematic analysis. The resultats shows that health profession-als feel much better today. They have changed in many ways. For a example, they gotten back the job satisfaction, they are happier, the energi has returned and a increasad tolerance to the body’s reac-tions during stressful periods. The results are also discussed with previous research and essential theories.

  • 206.
    Kafafi, Lara
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Leshchinskiy, Dmitry
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Anpassningar av globala varumärke2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att granska och analysera anpassningar av marknadsföring strategier av svenska varumärken som är verksamma på den globala B2B-marknaden, samt med hjälp av analys förklara hur svenska B2B-varumärket kan kännetecknas. Metod: I denna uppsats har vi valt att använda oss av en kvalitativ studie för att ge läsaren en djupgående bild av tre svenska företaget Atlas Copco, Volvo Trucks och Ericsson och deras marknadsföring av varumärket på den internationella marknaden. Deduktiv undersökningsansats har använts. Semi-strukturerade intervjuer har genomförts för att samla in primärdata Slutsatser: Genom vår undersökning av tre svenska företag har vi funnit att de kulturella skillnaderna är den viktigaste faktorn när det gäller att utforma den globala marknadsstrategin för svenskt B2B varumärke. Detta eftersom kulturen har en stor påverkan på kundernas uppfattning bland annat om kvalité, prisnivå mm. Även ekonomiska faktorer och konkurrenter påverkar valet av anpassning strategi. Det framgår tydligt att de svenska B2B-varumärken kan karakteriseras som flexibla och anpassningsbara till de lokala marknaderna.

  • 207.
    KARAOULANIS, ANDREAS
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    MONFORT, FREDERIC
    A comparative study of women in top managerial positions in Greece and the United Kingdom(UK)2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Problem formulation: The main research questions of this comparative study are as follow: How does the Maculinity Index (MAS), which is similar in both UK and Greece, express itself inside organisations, in terms of culture (norms, values)? How can this help to understand the differences found in the representations of women in both countries?

    Purpose: The purpose of why this study was contacted is to describe several MAS expressions in the organisational culture in order to find out how these expressions can help us understand the differences in female representation in both countries (UK and Greece).

    Literature: The main literature, upon which the whole study s was based upon, is the Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory as described in:

     

    1. Hofstede, G. 2014. Cultural Tools: Country Comparison. [Online]. Available at: <http://geert-hofstede.com/countries.html> [Accessed: 13th January 2015], and

     

    1. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J. & Minkov, M. 2010. Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

     

    Numerous literature sources were used throughout this thesis, which can be found in references.

     

    Method: The authors used the case study approach for this research as described in Yin’s “Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 5th Ed.” (2014). The main methods used for the collection of the empirical findings were documentation, interviews, informal discussions and archival records.

     

    Key findings: The major findings of this research indicated that at Alpha Bank, the male dominated powerful “in- groups”, by framing the recruitment and the selection process, by recruiting mainly male friends and relatives,  reproducing the male dominated culture inside the company. At Tata Steel, the masculine organisational culture was mainly the results of gender role norms associating STEM disciplines and leadership with masculinity. Some women were perceived to violate their femininity when being assertive or holding traditionally male positions. In addition, the “double burden syndrome” was considered to be an important barrier to women’s career advancement in Britain whereas it was not affecting Greek women as much due to the collectivistic characteristics of the Greek societal culture with parents usually helping their daughters and daughters-in-law with baby-sitting and in-house “obligations”.

  • 208.
    Karatzoglou, Ioanna
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Olsson, Leif
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Internet of things on Power Tools: a study in product development2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 209.
    Karlin, Johanna Gebestam och Louise
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Lärande organisation med stöd av facilitation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En av de viktigaste nycklarna till en lärande organisation, är teamlärande. Samarbetar och arbetar de anställda tillsammans så överstiger det den enskildes kunnande. Facilitatorer arbetar med förändringsprocesser där de anställda utmanas och coachas mot att samverka aktivt för att tillsammans bilda en lärande organisation, där ett mål med processen är att leda organisationer mot att fortlöpande vilja eftersträva förbättringar med andra ord bli en lärande organisation. Det har visat att det finns en viss problematik kring att skapa grupper som frambringar förutsättningar för lärande och utveckling. Vi kände då att vi kunde bidra till den pedagogiska vetenskapen i anknytning till detta problem genom vår studie som riktar sig mot facilitatorns upplevelser av hur de påverkar förutsättningarna för utveckling och lärande i/hos arbetsgrupper. I denna studie har vi tagit stöd av den hermeneutiska ansatsen och samlat in kvalitativ data. Vi genomförde öppna intervjuer som styrdes av olika teman. Med hjälp av diktafon transkriberade vi sedan frågorna och svaren, vilket sedan analyserades. Sedan följde tolkning av analysen med hjälp av våra valda teorier. Det framgick från resultatet att de viktigaste förutsättningarna facilitatorerna upplevde att de påverkade lärande och utveckling i/hos grupper var insikt genom reflektion, lyssna genom öppenhet och samspel genom dialog.

  • 210.
    Karlsson, Alice
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Axelsson, Gabrielle
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Budget som styrmedel?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att skapa en förståelse för vilken funktion budgeten fyller i grundskolornas verksamheter, och vilka kopplingar det finns mellan deras nuvarande verksamheter och vad som förespråkas vid en budgetlös styrning. Även relationen mellan skolornas ekonomistyrning och deras strategier kommer att undersökas för att skapa en förståelse för sambandet mellan dessa begrepp. Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ metod där vi har samlat in primärdata genom sju semi-strukturerade intervjuer, samt en del frågor ställda via mail. Dessa intervjuer har skett med rektorer, alternativt annan ekonomipersonal, på fem grundskolor i Blekinge län. Tre av dessa har kommunala huvudmän medan resterande två drivs av privata huvudmän. Slutsatser: Studien visar att budgeten fyller många syften inom de budgetanvändande skolorna vilket innebär att den fyller en viktig funktion. Friskolorna använde sig av mer flexibla metoder för ekonomistyrning än de kommunala skolorna gjorde, men ändå kunde likheter med budgetlös styrning även ses i de kommunala skolornas ekonomistyrning. Samband mellan skolornas strategier och deras verksamheter kunde ses. Det enda samband som kunde utläsas mellan skolornas ekonomistyrning och deras strategier för konkurrens, var att de kommunala skolorna har många likheter inom båda områdena.

  • 211.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Matejic, Dejan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Välgörenhetsorganisationer i sociala medier: En studie om e-kundlojaliteten att förbättra2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att utifrån e-kundlojalitetsbegreppet utvärdera hur välgörenhetsorganisationer i dagsläget arbetar med sociala medier liksom hur de kan förbättra gåvogivarnas e-kundlojalitet genom sociala medier. Metod: Våra metoder har både kvalitativa och kvantitativa inslag och består av intervjuer med personal från fyra olika välgörenhetsorganisationer som är väl insatta i arbetet med sociala medier liksom innehållsanalyser av organisationernas profilsidor i sociala medier. Teori: Den teoretiska referensramen inleds med rekommendationer för sociala medier. Därefter följer en redogörelse av relationsmarknadsföring och hur den kan appliceras på välgörenhetsorganisationer. Vidare går vi sedan djupare in på lojalitet respektive e-lojalitet för att visa på hur dessa begrepp ska appliceras på vår empiri. Avsnittet avslutas sedan med en egen modell som ska användas för att analysera empirin. Slutsats: För att förbättra gåvogivarnas e-kundlojalitet genom sociala medier krävs att välgörenhetsorganisationerna lägger mer kapacitet på underhåll av relationer, långsiktigt fokus och tvåvägskommunikation. Vidare behövs även mer arbete kring att skapa psykologiska band till följarna liksom att organisationerna bör se över vilka sociala medier de väljer att vara mest aktiva på. Avslutningsvis bör de även arbeta mer med att synkronisera de sociala medierna mer med varandra liksom till traditionella medium samt samarbeta mer med kända varumärken.

  • 212.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Andersson, MartinBlekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.Bjerke, LinaJönköpings universitet, SWE.
    Geographies of growth: Innovations, networks and collaborations2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Today we can observe an increasing spatial divide as some large urban regions and many more medium-sized and small regions face growing problems such as decreasing labour demand, increasing unemployment and an ageing population. In view of these trends, this book offers a better understanding of the general characteristics and specific drivers of the geographies of growth. It shows how these may vary in different spatial contexts, how hurdles and barriers to growth in different types of regions can be dealt with, how and to what extent resources in different areas can develop and how the potential of these resources to stimulate growth can be realized. This book presents a collection of chapters, divided into four main parts, that together deal with these issues. The expert contributions provide numerous different perspectives on a new regional divide as well as exploring the inter-regional accessibility to human capital and its effects on productivity on both sides of the border. The book also investigates the speed of convergence and the fact that, when incorporating structural change, it is often quicker at the regional level compared to both the country and industry level. Other topics covered include institutional foundations and their influence on local social acceptance of entrepreneurship, the role of global value chains on bilateral trade and the determinants of cross-border innovation cooperation focusing on partner selection and location. Students, researchers and scholars will find this an important resource that fills numerous knowledge gaps and opens new avenues for research. It will also appeal to consultants, practitioners and planners at the international, regional and local level. © Charlie Karlsson, Martin Andersson and Lina Bjerke 2017. All rights reserved.

  • 213.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Cornett, Andreas P.University of Southern Denmark, DEN.Wallin, TinaJonkoping International Business School, SWE.
    Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: An introduction2018Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a consequence of globalization, news, ideas and knowledge are moving quickly across national borders and generating international spillovers. So too, however, are economic and financial crises. Combining a variety of methods, concepts and interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides an in-depth examination of these structural changes and their impact. Assessing the implications of globalization for businesses and sectors, chapters focus on the interdependencies between different economic and political layers, and explore topics such as human capital, creativity, innovation, networks and collaboration.

  • 214.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Cornett, Andreas. P.
    University of Southern Denmark, DEN.
    Wallin, Tina
    Jonkoping International Business School, SWE.
    Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: Implications for regions and industries2018Inngår i: Globalization, international spillovers and sectoral changes: Implications for regions and industries, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2018, s. 1-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As a consequence of globalization, news, ideas and knowledge are moving quickly across national borders and generating international spillovers. So too, however, are economic and financial crises. Combining a variety of methods, concepts and interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides an in-depth examination of these structural changes and their impact. Assessing the implications of globalization for businesses and sectors, chapters focus on the interdependencies between different economic and political layers, and explore topics such as human capital, creativity, innovation, networks and collaboration. © Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett and Tina Wallin 2018. All Rights Reserved.

  • 215.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hammarfelt, Björn
    Univ Boras, SWE.
    Global Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Incentives2016Inngår i: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 56, nr 4, s. 725-727Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 216.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Rickardsson, Jonna
    Jönköping International Business School, SWE.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Universität St. Gallen, CHE.
    Diversity, innovation and entrepreneurship: where are we and where should we go in future studies?2019Inngår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we review and comment upon the development of the literature on diversity, innovation, and entrepreneurship. In an overview of previous studies and various strands of literatures, we outline and argue that to better understand the intricate dynamic relationships between diversity, innovation, entrepreneurship, and regional development there is a strong need to further develop “the economics of spatial diversity.” We further argue that this development may benefit from combining various literatures based upon sound economic micro-foundations, to develop a more absolute understanding of diversity and fulfill the need of more clear mechanisms for future empirical testing. Obviously, this is important both from a research point of view and in order to provide policymakers with a powerful set of analytical tools. We call for more analytical work and more high-quality empirical studies. With a set of papers, we believe this special issue to provide a contribution in this direction. © 2019, The Author(s).

  • 217.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Rouchy, Philippe
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Innovation, regions and employment resilience in Sweden2018Inngår i: Advances in Spatial Science, Springer International Publishing , 2018, s. 81-103Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lately, the concept of regional resilience has drawn some attention in academic and policies circles. In a macroeconomic perspective, resilience is essentially conceived through recovery from recession (industrial redeployment, path dependency) or external shock (economic crisis). In this chapter, we will adopt a mix approach of resilience associating economic geography with labour capital. We define the notion of regional resilience through labour characteristics (regional net employment, job accessibility defined as commuting surplus/deficit, employment resilience and labour dynamics) of the six most innovative Swedish regions (NUTS 3 level). We observed those regions under a 10 years period between 2004 and 2014. Our descriptive approach shows the relevance to consider regional resilience from the institutions of the job market in regard of business cycle, i.e. in line with regions’ abilities to adapt to continuous changes over time. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.

  • 218.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Rouchy, Philippe
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Media clusters and metropolitan knowledge economy2015Inngår i: Handbook on the Economics of the Media / [ed] Robert G. Picard and Steve S. Wildman, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 80-106Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the mid-1990s, the interrelationship between ICT, the location of media consortia and their innovation processes have been essential features of agglomeration renewals. In many arenas, academic research as well as policy-orientated projects have focused on understanding the factors operating the re-organization of new media and their development in particular major cities and their agglomerations. Increasing numbers of case studies have investigated particularly remarkable media clusters (Achtenhagen and Picard, 2011; Davis et al., 2009; Picard, 2008 and 2010; Von Streit et al., 2010) which are used as either exemplary models of developments or starting to question traditional industrial and economic growth policies (Backlund and Sandberg, 2002; Bathelt and Boggs, 2003). In this chapter, we will not address the policy implications of media clusters. We rather want to bring some preliminary reflection on media clusters, the dynamic of knowledge and agglomeration. We think it is premature to develop planning policies on clusters when the main issue remains to identify properly the role of knowledge dynamics and its economic implication in both the constitution of media clusters and agglomeration economies (Cheshire and Malecki, 2004; Oinas, 2002). At this moment, it seems unclear to what extent we are able to draw the right lesson of the accumulations of cases on the innovative performance of media clusters. In other words, we think that there are still spaces to investigate conceptually and/or empirically appropriate analytical tools and knowledge bases on media clusters.

  • 219.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi. CIRCLE.
    Innovation Strategies and Firm Performance: Simple or Complex Strategies?2016Inngår i: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 25, nr 7, s. 631-650Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effect of various innovation strategies (ISs) of firms on their future performance, captured by labor productivity. Using five waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced the innovative behavior of firms over a decade, that is, from 2002 to 2012. We defined ISs to be either simple or complex (in various degrees). We call an IS a simple IS when firms engage in only one of the four types of Schumpeterian innovations, that is, product, process, marketing, or organizational, while a complex IS is when firms simultaneously engage in more than one type. The main findings indicate that those firms that choose and afford to have complex ISs are better off in terms of their future productivity in comparison with those firms that choose not to innovative (base group) and also in comparison with those firms that choose simple ISs. The results are mostly robust for those complex innovators that have a higher degree of complexity and also keep the balance between technological (product and process) and non-technological (organizational and marketing) innovations.

  • 220.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Innovation Strategies of Firms: What Strategies and Why?2016Inngår i: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 41, nr 6, s. 1483-1506Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes various innovation strategies of firms. Using five waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced the innovative behavior of firms over a 10-year period, i.e. between 2002 and 2012. We distinguish between sixteen innovation strategies, which compose of Schumpeterian four types of innovations (process, product, marketing, and organizational) plus various combinations of these four types. First, we find that firms are not homogenous in choosing innovation strategies, instead, they have a wide range of preferences when it comes to innovation strategy and some of the innovation strategies are “commonly” used among firms. Second, using Transition Probability Matrix, we found that firms also persist to have such a diverse innovation strategy preferences. Finally, using Multinomial Logit model, we explained the determinant of each and every innovation strategies, while we gave special attention to the commonly used innovation strategies among firms.

  • 221.
    Karlsson, Emmy
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Suljeva, Arijeta
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hur en ökad kunskap om kabelns mätmetoder kan leda till materialbesparing och därigenom kostnadsoptimering samt ökad produktivitet: En fallstudie inom NKT High Voltage Cables2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens tillverkningsindustri ställs det allt högre krav på produkter av hög kvalité med lägsta möjliga produktionskostnad. För att som producerande industri kunna tillmötesgå dessa krav krävs det att produktionsprocessen optimeras och därigenom sänker kostnaderna.

    Samtidigt ställs det allt högre krav på tillverkningsindustrin från samhället, en minimal materialförbrukning gentemot förbrukningskraven leder till en ökad hållbar utveckling.

    För att kunna uppnå visionen av en optimerad produktionsprocess blir kvalitetskontroll idag allt viktigare för industrierna. Målet är att uppnå en produkt av hög kvalité, fri från betydelsefulla variationer och därigenom tillgodose kundens behov eller än hellre överträffa kundens förväntningar på produkten, samtidigt som tillverkningsprocessen är optimerad till små marginaler.

    Syftet med det här arbetet är därför att bidra med en ökad kunskap om kvalitetskontroll inom produktionsprocessen och några av de vanligaste mätmetoder som används idag. Samt undersöka om en ökad kunskap kan möjliggöra för en optimering av produktionsprocessen genom en produktion med minskade marginaler. Arbetet utförs med en förhoppning om att denna optimering sedan kan leda till en rad fördelar för både den tillverkande industrin men även för samhället, dels genom en reducerad materialanvändning och därigenom en kostnadsoptimering, men även en produkt med optimerade dimensioner som därigenom kan tillverkas effektivare och höja processens produktivitet.

    Examensarbetet är upplagt som en fallstudie i samarbete med NKT HVC. Mätdata från tillverkningsprocessen har studerats för att upptäcka variationer och samband mellan de olika mätmetoderna. Två produktionslinjer har beaktats i studien. All mätdata från de båda linjerna behandlar en likvärdig produkt. 

    Resultatet av den empiriska studien indikerar på att det finns möjligheter för en optimering inom produktionsprocessen då det finns skillnader mellan kvalitetskontroll utfört med olika mätinstrument. En ökad kunskap är därför väsentligt för att kunna säkerhetsställa vilken mätmetod som stämmer bäst överens med verkligheten och därigenom kunna optimera processen med en reducerad materialförbrukning och därigenom en kostnadsoptimering samt en ökad produktivitet som resultat. 

  • 222.
    Karlsson, Gustav
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Simonato, Mariette
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Marknadsföring av läkemedel-Skulle internetmarknadsföring av receptbelagt läkemedel direkt till konsument understödja bättre hälsa?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    This thesis aims to show the positive effects of marketing by studying whether the regulation on direct marketing to consumers of prescription drugs today prevents to consumers accurate information and better health, and how consumers relate to the possible legalization of increased marketing through controlled and information audited webpages. Methods used in this research are qualitative method, quantitative method, documents and websites studies. The thesis fulfills the purpose as it shows the potential positive effects of an expanded marketing through pre-approved websites. It also shows a demand from the consumers' side and a need for increased awareness for more empowerment over their own health

  • 223.
    Karlsson, Jennie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Support in Strategic Investment Decisions: Using Option Games in an Uncertain and Competitive Environment2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 224.
    Karlsson, Josefine
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Made in Sweden: En kombination av kvalitativ- och kvantitativ studie avseende re-insourcing av klädproduktion2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 225.
    Karlsson, Lars
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Lagsten, Lina
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Effektivt krissamarbete mellan offentliga och ideella organisationer: En fallstudie av flyktingkrisen i Göteborg hösten 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 226.
    Karlsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Karlsson, Zandra
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Detecting Disruption:: an Ex-ante Study in the Automotive Industry2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In history there are numerous examples of strong market-leaders who have lost everything through the emergence of a new breakthrough technology which has replaced the existing one. That could be the reason why Christensen received such high attention when he presented his famous work about disruptive technologies in 1997. In his work, and in many following studies, several aspects of this phenomenon have been investigated. However, the key point for the market leaders, the ability of identifying a market disruption before it happens, ex ante, is still a field that has not reached a definedstate of the art. In this work one of Christensen's original ideas of disruption, driven by changes incustomer demand, is highlighted as a possible improvement for the ex ante methodology. In this thesis a selected existing holistic prediction model is extended explicitly with this aspect of need change. The purpose of this work is thus to evaluate if including the property of shifting customer needs in an existing holistic model would improve the ex ante prediction of disruption and lead to a simple, practical but yet rich model. With a literature review of the existing types of ex ante methods a fitting base model for the holistic approach to disruptive prediction is found. A second literature review is performed with the focus on disruption and its link to changes in need, as expressed by customer demand. This serves as a starting point for the extension of the base ex ante model into a methodology that look also upon the aspect of shifting customer demand. To validate and use the proposed extended ex ante model a qualitative approach is selected. It consists of two studies within the automotive industry. One is a history analysis of a known disruptive case to validate the extension, the entry of Japanese car manufacturers into the US market. One is a case-study of a present potentially disruptive case to apply the extended method as a genuine ex ante method for final evaluation at a post-disruption stage. It investigates the effects of electric vehicles on the Chinese automotive market. Through the analysis of the two studies the conclusion is reached that a qualitative improvement of the prediction has been obtained. Additionally it is shown that the analysis of customer need change can provide an increased understanding of the underlying drivers of the disruption.

  • 227.
    Karnouskos, Stamatis
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Massive open online courses (MOOCs) as an enabler for competent employees and innovation in industry2017Inngår i: Computers in industry (Print), ISSN 0166-3615, E-ISSN 1872-6194, Vol. 91, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The industrial domain is increasingly depending on the rapid technological advances, and to utilize it, new competencies will need to be acquired by the employees in order to strive towards innovation and business success. In this new context, under also the prism of globalization, the rules of competition are redefined, and competent labor is the deciding factor. Especially in fast-paced knowledge-based economies, there is greater dependence on knowledge, information and high employee competency levels, which also play a key role in innovation. It is therefore in the interest of both corporations and individual employees to not only retain existing knowledge, but continuously enhance it, by expanding it and utilizing it more efficiently. Competent people are the key to future success and offer organizations their only sustainable competitive advantage. Among the plethora of available tools to enhance employee competencies, massive open online courses (MOOCs) are an emerging phenomenon. They have taken the world by storm and recently they also started penetrating the corporate environments. This work focuses exactly on this white-spot area i.e., the relationship of MOOC-empowered employee competencies and innovation. A model is proposed, empirical data is collected via a survey, and is statistically analyzed. Initial results indicate a positive contribution of MOOC related factors such as culture, knowledge, communication, technology, and cost to innovation in modern enterprises. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 228.
    Karnouskos, Stamatis
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Holmlund, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Impact of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) on Employee Competencies and Innovation2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation has redefined the rules of competition, and skilled labour is a deciding factor. Especially in fast-paced knowledge-based economies, there is greater dependence on knowledge, information and high skill levels, which also play a key role in innovation. It is therefore in the interest not only of corporations but also of individual persons to not only retain existing knowledge, but continuously enhance it, by expanding it and utilizing it more efficiently - in other words to expand their competencies. Competent people are the key to future success and offer organizations their only sustainable competitive advantage. Among the plethora of available tools to enhance employee competencies, Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) are an emerging phenomenon. They have taken the world by storm the last years, and very recently they also started penetrating the corporate environments. As MOOCs are still at a very early stage,mostly the last two years their models and impact are starting to be analysed in scientific articles. Our efforts in this work focus exactly on this white-spot area i.e. the usage of MOOCs on modern enterprises within the scope of employee competency enhancement. The purpose of this work is to understand the exact impact that MOOCs can have on the workforce and especially to innovation which is a key competitive advantage for any corporation is of paramount importance in knowledge economies. To achieve our goal, we initially discuss and provide evidence on the theoretical positive contribution of the key competencies via more traditional means and their link to innovation. Subsequently we formulate hypotheses which we then evaluate following a quantitative methodology. Via a survey we gather empirical data and analyse them via structural equation modelling. The result is the empirical validation of some of our initial hypotheses. More specifically all key employee MOOC-empowered competencies under the factors of Knowledge, Technology, Cost, Communication and Culture have a considerable impact on innovation. Although also Leadership, Strategy and People have a positive impact, it is not seen as being significant. Our hope is that the results of this work will spark further and deeper investigations on the role that MOOCs can play for the employees in modern enterprises and how all stakeholders can benefit.

  • 229.
    Ketels, Kristina
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Relationen mellan KASAM och tjänstemäns inställning till det gränslösa arbetslivet: - Ett potentiellt verktyg för det psykosociala arbetsmiljöarbetet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kvantitativa studien syftar till att se huruvida det finns en relation och ett samband mellan tjänstemäns KASAM-värde och deras inställning till det gränslösa arbetslivet i mobiltelefonen. KASAM står för känsla av sammanhang och består av tre delkomponenter; begriplighet, hanterbarhet och meningsfullhet. Gränslöst arbetsliv syftar i den här studien på den nutida organisationstrenden att genom mobiltelefoner, tillhandahållna av arbetsgivare, ständigt vara tillgänglig för och ha tillgång till arbetet. Genom en enkätundersökning med 31 deltagare söktes svar på om tjänstemännens KASAM-värde kunde förklara varför en del ser det så kallade gränslösa arbetslivet som en källa till frihet och möjligheter, medan andra ser en källa till stress och krav. Resultatet pekade på en relation mellan KASAM-värdet och inställningen till det gränslösa arbetslivet vilket innebär att KASAM- teorin kan vara ett potentiellt verktyg för det psykosociala arbetsmiljöarbetet. 

  • 230.
    Kianian, Babak
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Larsson, Tobias C
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    The Role of Additive Manufacturing Technology in job creation: an exploratory case study of suppliers of Additive Manufacturing in Sweden2015Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier , 2015, Vol. 26, s. 93-98Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    his paper investigates how Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies, as a process innovation, may contribute to a job creation. Further, the various mechanisms in which AM may contribute to an increase in job creation as well as the types of jobs are analyzed. The analysis also goes beyond AM technologies and incorporates other non-technological factors which foster job creation, i.e. higher wages in BRIC countries, lower quality in BRIC countries, and a rising demand for western-made products. The analysis is based on a case study and the data collected was through interviews with three prominent actors within the AM technologies field in Sweden: technology developers, leading suppliers and users. The main findings indicate that AM (i) contributes to job creation in both the manufacturing sector and in the service sector, (ii) does not bring back mass production jobs from emerging economies such as BRIC, (iii) contributes to job creation in product development stages (e.g. rapid prototyping), and (iv) contributes to job creation in production stages of low-volume batches mainly of complex products. The findings also suggest there are barriers for full exploitation of AM in several areas, including education systems.

  • 231.
    Kianian, Babak
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Larsson, Tobias C.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Diegel, Olaf
    Lund Univ, Fac Engn LTH, Design Sci Dept, Lund, Sweden..
    The Adoption of Additive Manufacturing Technology in Sweden2016Inngår i: 13TH GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE MANUFACTURING - DECOUPLING GROWTH FROM RESOURCE USE, 2016, s. 7-12Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the adoption of Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies in Sweden. The dataset consists of a recent and representative sample of Swedish AM users (companies, universities, and research institutes). The authors investigate two questions. Firstly, what are the current applications of AM in Sweden (e.g. Rapid Prototyping (RP), production)? Secondly, what are the factors that can explain the variation in AM adoption among the users? Using a regression analysis technique, the main findings are as follows. (i) There is a variation among users' choice of AM application, and the majority of users are expanding their AM applications beyond RP. (ii) There are two factors that positively affect the decision of firms to expand classical RP and also incorporate production and management. These two factors are using multiple AM technologies (as opposed to single Fused Deposition Modeling technology) and being small companies. The authors discuss the implication of these results. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 232.
    Kianian, Babak
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Diegel, Olaf
    The Adoption of Additive Manufacturing Technology in Sweden2015Inngår i: 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, ISSN 2329-7662, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 152-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the adoption of additive manufacturing (AM) technologies in Sweden. The data set consists of a recent and representative sample of Swedish AM users (companies, universities, and research institutes). The authors investigate two questions. First, what are the current applications of AM in Sweden (e.g., rapid prototyping [RP], production)? Second, what are the factors that can explain the variation in AM adoption among the users? Using a regression analysis technique, the main findings are as follows. (i) There is a variation among users' choice of AM application, and the majority of users are expanding their AM applications beyond RP. (ii) There are two factors that positively affect the decision of firms to expand classical RP and incorporate production and management as well. These two factors are using multiple AM technologies (as opposed to single fused deposition modeling technology) being small companies. The authors discuss the implication of these results.

  • 233.
    Kihlström, Andreas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Effektiv kommunikation inom organisationer: Informationsasymmetriers och kommunikationsdiskrepansers påverkan på organisationers internkommunikation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Effektiv kommunikation inom organisationer – Informationsasymmetriers och kommunikationsdiskrepanser påverkan på organisationers internkommunikation

    Författare: Andreas Kihlström

    Handledare: Camilla Wernersson

    Institution: Managementhögskolan, Blekinge Tekniska Högskola

    Kurs: Kandidatarbete i Företagsekonomi, 15 högskolepoäng

    Syfte: Denna uppsats utforskar frågan hur den intern kommunikationen inom organisationer och transaktionskostnaden kommunikation påverkas av informationsasymmetrier och kommunikationsdiskrepanser mellan olika hierarkiska led inom en organisation.

    Metod: Uppsatsens använder sig av en metaetnografisk metod som studerar totalt 17 st originalstudier och syntetiserar dessa till ett resultat. Detta syntetiserade resultat har sedan analyserats mot ett teoretiskt ramverk.

    Slutsatser: Uppsatsen finner att den interna kommunikationen och således transaktionskostnaden kommunikation inom en organisation påverkar effektiviteten på en operativ nivå i det dagliga arbetet på ett flertal sätt. Uppsatsen visar även avslutningsvis på tre viktiga åtgärder för organisation att implementera för att minska informationsasymmetri och kommunikationsdiskrepanser inom organisationen.

  • 234.
    Kiwara, Lekamere
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Warringer, Fredrik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Managing Change through the Implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning in a Global Industrial Organisation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Change is an alteration from one state of being to another, brought by individuals or organisations as a result of different types of internal or external forces. The change phenomenon, when discussed in context of the organisation, is referred to as organisational change. Organisational change is all about restructuring and re-engineering business processes so as to assist organisations in the growth and development process. This research paper aims to gain further insight and knowledge about change and the change management process. The research paper focuses on understanding the concept of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and its impact on organisations. The study also focuses on gaining insight in the change that is introduced when the ERP project is initiated in an organisation. Various change and change management models are explained and studied. Moreover, the case study method of research design was followed for further research and knowledge, and the empirical survey was conductedwithin the company of Siemens.

    The empirical survey was conducted with 20 respondents, and the results indicate that it is very important for a global industrial organisation to successfully implement the ERP system so as to survive and sustain in the global competitive environment. To achieve successful ERP implementation, the organisation must clearly understand the need for change and its implications. Changes need to be properly communicated to all affected employees of the organisation. In order to have successful implementation, it is important that employees do not fear and resist the change process. Proper support and training from the management need to be provided to the employees to increase their motivation for change. In conclusion, it was identified that in order to reach a successful outcome, an efficient change management process needs to be followed. To support this, a change management model was proposed with the intention of helping the organisation to successfully manage change during implementation of the ERP system.

  • 235.
    Kokorev, Andrey
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Gidlöf, Simon
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Key Elements for Making Product Value Offerings Comprehendible in Value-­Based Selling -­ a Study of Energy and Fuel Saving Solutions in the Marine Industry2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Value-based selling is broadly discussed in today’s business world. Selling value is not just about selling a product/solution by adjusting price and negotiating contract terms. It requires detailed and deep understanding of customer needs, acting in proactive manner and delivery of product value in terms of improvement of customer’s business and elimination of his problems. However, it has been shown in academic literature that there is a lack in understanding of value in the offerings submitted to the customers, thus there is an existing need to identify key elements of value proposition that make it comprehendible for the customers. The objectives of this thesis aim to add knowledge about how to make value proposition understandable for the customers. Theoretical framework built on the basis of literature review serves as a tool for narrowing down the discussion topic and to design insightful questions for interviews. Case study as a research method has been selected for this thesis where two companies delivering energy and fuel saving solutions to marine industry are interviewed. Data was collected through 10 semi-structured interviews with employees in different sales management positions, a Bricolage analysis approach was thereafter applied on the material. Our findings show that there are several important elements for making an offering more comprehendible. The result points toward that both tangible and intangible form of value are important elements to include in offerings. The choice of value forms and value elements, to be included in the offering, depends on customer segments, but price associated with low acquisition cost is, in general, mostly utilised and found to be best understood by customers. It is shown that quantification of value elements is another important aspect and that resonating focus is the most suitable method for presenting benefits. Our findings also show that reference cases in combination with value calculators are a fruitful approach for making offering´s value understandable by the customers. Finally, the study shows that sale force plays an important role in value-based selling and that the advising role of sale force is a key element attributable to better value understanding of the offerings. Thus, this study contributes to the knowledge about elements for making customers to comprehend product value in offerings in value based selling, both from practitioners’ point of view and from theory perspective.

  • 236.
    Kondaveeti, Srinivasa Kiran
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Kostoulas, Andreas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Successful Organizational Innovation and Key Driving Factors2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to discuss the key driving factors influencing the success of innovation in high-tech firms based in Sweden. The thesis will discuss key determinant factors and how those factors are connecting with each other. Organizational innovation and Organizational culture relationship have been under research for many years. The success of organizational innovation can be captured by various factors. Similarly, the organizational culture can be captured by different factors.

    During the research process, we came across various theories and this thesis is based on Rao and Weintraub (2013) developed model. The model provides six building blocks with determinant factors as a foundation for the successful innovative organizational culture. The six major building blocks or factors are Values, Behaviours, Climate, Resources, Processes, and Success (Rao & Weintraub, 2013). The purpose of the study is to define the hypothetical relationship between some of the six major factors which drives the successful innovation in the organization.

    The authors have developed a model for successful organizational innovation based on their hypotheses. It will be a matter of great interest to reflect upon the employee's feedback regarding those factors that influence firm’s organizational culture and successful innovation. The model was analyzed using the results of the survey in which 230 employees participated from Swedish based high-tech firms, using Structural Equation Modelling (Hair et al, 2010).

    The research results reveal some of the key contributors towards the successful organizational innovation and the relation between the factors for the successful organizational innovation. The factor successful innovation is strongly dependent on the innovation processes factor and this is followed by some more relatively moderate contributing factors such as the leaders’ behaviours, and the organizational resources.

    The study reveals that there is a strong relation between the innovation success and the innovation processes. The innovation processes factor is positively connected to the organization values, the leaders’ behaviours, and the organization resources. The organization climate is weakly connected to the innovation processes as represented by the data sample collected which needs to be further investigated. The model identified in the thesis gives an understanding of how the six factors are connected to drive the successful organizational innovation.

  • 237.
    Koster, Sierdjan
    et al.
    University of Groningen, NLD.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    When is your experience valuable?: Occupation-industry transitions and self-employment success2018Inngår i: Journal of evolutionary economics, ISSN 0936-9937, E-ISSN 1432-1386, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 265-286Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on employee spinoffs has, for a long time, stressed the importance of industry-specific skills and experiences in explaining the success of new firms. We argue that employees also develop skills that are associated with their occupation within an industry, and that success as an entrepreneur, therefore, is also contingent on the relation between the entrepreneurs’ previous occupation and the industry in which they operate as self-employed. Using matched employer-employee data, we develop a measure, occupational spin-offs, that accounts for this relation. An occupational spin-off is defined as a start-up in the most common industry, given the previous occupation of the founder. We then show that entrepreneurs starting occupational spinoffs enjoy above average income from self-employment and have longer spells as business owners. © 2017 The Author(s)

  • 238.
    Krallis, Apostolos
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Souto, Christopher
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Leadership Style, National Culture and Employee Satisfaction: Empirical Evidence from European R&D Companies2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose: Both academics and practitioners have demonstrated a keen interest in the topics of leadership style and employee performance within research and development (R&D) organisations. Much of the interest in these topics centres on claims that leadership style and local culture are linked to R&D performance. However, while the links between leadership and performance, leadership and culture, and work performance and employee satisfaction have been examined independently, few studies have investigated the association between all of these concepts. This study examines the relationship between leadership study and employee satisfaction in European R&D settings and provides empirical evidence that the leadership style is influenced by the national culture that is present. The paper presents a number of implications for theory and practice. Methodology: A quantitative study was carried out across a number of European R&D organisations, with the primary source of data obtained through the use of established surveys distributed to researchers and R&D leaders. Findings: Transformational leadership was found to be positively correlated with employee satisfaction in European R&D organisations and the scales of individualised consideration and inspirational motivation to exhibit the highest correlations with the researchers’ satisfaction among all of the leadership dimensions. Transactional leadership was found that does not support employee satisfaction, although the dimension of active management by exception contributes to researchers’ satisfaction. Leadership style and its individual dimensions were found to be dependent on the geographic location around Europe as a result of the effect of national culture. Whilst in Northern and Central European R&Ds transformational and transactional leaders have equal share, in the Southern European R&Ds the dominant leadership style was the transaction one, due to the higher power distance and the less flat structure in the society. In Southern European R&Ds the prevalent transformational dimension was idealised influence, while individualised consideration was the dominant one in Northern and Central European R&Ds. Research Implication: This study contributes to the body of knowledge on cross-national effects of leadership styles on employee satisfaction in European R&D organisations since the existing studies focus primarily on leadership style and performance. Practicality of the work: This work provides useful information about the effective leadership style, which brings satisfaction to researchers in European R&D organisations, and the prevalent leadership style in a given country as a result of the influence of national culture. Thus, it provides the knowledge required for a R&D organisation to set up appropriate training programs which will produce leaders who will be able get the best out of their researchers by ensuring high levels of employee satisfaction.

  • 239.
    Krig, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Sandra, Lindvall
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Business Value Enhancing Factors of Aligning IP Strategy with Corporate Strategy2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 240.
    Kritikos, Konstantinos
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Barreiros, Jacinto
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Business model innovation to explore data analytics value; A case study of Caterpillar and Ericsson.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to identify a roadmap for well-established companies towards business model innovation to explore data analytics value. The business model innovation currently taking place at Caterpillar and Ericsson in order to explore data analytics value is presented to answer the question: “How do established companies explore data analytics to innovate their business models?” Initially, the problem discussion, formulation and purpose are given. Then, the relevant theory is presented covering the importance of data analytics, IT infrastructure challenges due to the increased volume of data created, data analytics methods currently being used, smart connected products and the Internet of Things. The meaning of business model innovation is given, followed by a well-structured business model process which includes the business model canvas for representation purposes. The business areas affected by data analytics value and the barriers of business model innovation are given as well. After that, the theory addressing business model innovation to explore data analytics value is presented and the main industries which are currently on this journey along with the required initial steps and the business models that can come out of this process are identified. The challenges and risks if the option of not following this route is chosen are also shown. The method section follows to explain the case study design, data collection method and way of analysis. The results cover all the information gathered from numerous sources including on-line available information, papers, interviews, videos, end of year reviews and most importantly current Caterpillar and Ericsson mid-level management employee answers to a questionnaire created and distributed by the authors. The business model canvas tool is used to aid the reader understanding Caterpillar’s and Ericsson’s business model innovation. Each company’s business model is given before and after data analytics adoption. Finally, the analysis of the results and the link with the theory is given in order to answer the thesis question.

  • 241.
    Kumar, Vivek
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Balazs, Gyorgy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The implementation process of ITIL2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 poäng / 60 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis focuses on the implementation process of the IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL), the most widely used IT service management framework. ITIL consists of a broad variety of guidelines to standardize IT service management processes based on applied best practices, however ITIL itself gives no guidance on how to implement these practices. The benefits, critical success factors and barriers of ITIL implementation have been identified by multiple researchers, yet only an initial proposal has been made on the actual implementation process. This thesis aims to advance the work in developing an ITIL implementation process both in theoretical and practical terms. The theoretical framework is built around the initial 12 step implementation process model, which has not been tested previously. The theoretical framework further strengthens the process by connecting it to existing research in the area of ITIL, general and IT specific implementation theory, also proposing extensions to the model. Having developed a framework well grounded in theory, the practical validation of the process is advanced through a case study. The case study examines the relevance and applicability of the proposed implementation model with the help of interviews conducted at organizations which are planning to, or have already implemented ITIL. Based on the data collected from service management experts in different roles at the studied organizations, the development and validation of the implementation process is advanced in a real world setting. The findings underline the importance of selection and measurement of progress at different levels of the implementation, also stressing on the iterative nature of implementation processes. While confirming the validity of these generic process implementation principles in the ITIL context, also multiple ITIL specific nuances of the implementation have been explored. Altogether the proposed model is found to be relevant as a generically applicable guideline for ITIL implementation, outlining that no detailed, universally applicable recipe can be constructed. Instead, each organization must customize the proposed implementation process to their specificities.

  • 242.
    Kurniawan, Eko
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Zander, Roland
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Organizational Change and Technology Transformation: Impact of Process Innovation, Enterprise Maturity and Dynamic Capability Approach2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 poäng / 90 hpOppgave
  • 243. Laar, A.
    et al.
    Manu, A.
    Laar, M.
    El-Adas, A.
    Amenyah, R.
    Atuahene, K.
    Quarshie, Dave
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Adjei, A. A.
    Quakyi, I.
    Coping strategies of HIV-affected households in Ghana2015Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: HIV and negative coping mechanisms have a cyclical relationship. HIV infections may lead to the adoption of coping strategies, which may have undesired, negative consequences. We present data on the various coping mechanisms that HIV-affected households in Ghana resort to. Methods: We collected data on coping strategies, livelihood activities, food consumption, and asset wealth from a nationally representative sample of 1,745 Ghanaian HIV-affected households. We computed coping strategies index (CSI), effective dependency rate, and asset wealth using previously validated methodologies. Results: Various dehumanizing coping strategies instituted by the HIV-affected households included skipping an entire day’s meal (13%), reducing portion sizes (61.3%), harvesting immature crops (7.6%), and begging (5.6%). Two-thirds of the households were asset poor. Asset-poor households had higher CSI than asset-rich households (p <0.001). CSI were also higher among female-headed households and lower where the education level of the household head is higher. Households caring for chronically ill members recorded higher CSI in comparison with their counterparts without the chronically ill (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Institution of degrading measures by HIV-affected households in reaction to threat of food insecurity was prevalent. The three most important coping strategies used by households were limiting portion size (61.3%), reducing number of meals per day (59.5%) and relying on less expensive foods (56.2%). The least employed strategies included household member going begging (5.6%), eating elsewhere (8.7%) and harvesting immature crop (7.6%). Given that household assets, and caring for the chronically ill were associated with high CSI, a policy focusing on helping HIV-affected households gradually build up their asset base, or targeting households caring for chronically ill member(s) with conditional household-level support may be reasonable. © 2015 Laar et al.

  • 244.
    Lam, Vincent
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The Economic Impacts of M&A Announcements of Non-Software Acquiring firms & Software Target firms: An Event Study Approach2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are two types of corporate takeover strategy, that is widely used for strengthening and maintaining a firm competitive advantage in both domestic and global markets. Where the common motives behind M&A, is to achieve business expansion through synergy, or to acquire an existing external technology/product outside of a firm's own operational territory. As the world has entered an era of information and globalization, where innovation seems to prosper and different industry markets have become ever more integrated on a global scale, not least in the software industry. Hence, more firms have resorted to M&A in order to survive in a modern competitive market. For example, to capture more market shares, boost productivity, cut development costs, improve investment returns, etc. Nevertheless, the integration process of M&A carries lots of risks, where there is lots of different factors that needs to be considered and discussed before adopting M&A strategies. Such as, what industry are the involving firm operating in, which country are the involving firm located in, and what economic impacts can be triggered by M&A announcements. However, there are currently lack of literatures investigating the economic impacts of M&A announcements across different industries. That is, depending on if the firms are operating within or outside of the same industry, the economic impacts of the M&A announcement might differ.

    Objectives: The objective of this thesis is to analyze the market reactions generated from M&A announcements, and determine if the economic impacts will be greater if a software target firm is merged/acquired by a software or non-software acquiring firm.

    Methods: A quantitative statistical event study has been used as the main methodology in this thesis. Which is a standard method to analyze market reaction, that is in this case represented by financial stock market data. Following the event study, a multiple regression analysis was conducted in order to explain the event study, by examine the economic impact on the abnormal return derived from M&A announcements.

    Results: The result from the event study disclosed that target firms tends to experience more positive abnormal returns, while acquiring firms will experience negative abnormal returns during M&A announcements. The results of the multiple regression analysis, revealed various significant variables that has high explanatory power to the abnormal return.

    Conclusions: Based on the empirical results, the greatest economic impact could be identified during an M&A announcement that involves a cooperative partnerships deals between software target firms and non-software acquiring firms. Furthermore, acquiring firms tends to offer a higher premium to target firms during M&A transactions. This in turn indicates that acquiring firms will statistically receive less abnormal returns compared to target firms.

    Delimitations: Due to the wide-ranging scope of an event study that has many diverse adoptions areas to explore, the author decided to make some demarcations in this thesis. In particular, this thesis will be focusing on analyzing stock price movements prior and during M&A announcements. In addition, certain factors/variables that can potentially generate a significant economic impact during M&A announcements will be investigated. Hence, other aspects that are related or may affect M&A transactions itself, will scarcely be discussed or even excluded from this study.

  • 245.
    Lanander, Maximillian
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Uncertainty Management for Knowledge Maturity in a High-Consequence Industry2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In industries where risks involve high consequences, uncertainties are cause for concern, espe-cially in early stages of producing a product or service when less is known about the final de-sign. To counteract this, uncertainties must be managed during evaluations to reach the best decision possible. The purpose of this research is to assert how to manage uncertainties in the early stages of designing a product or service for a high-consequence risk company using the concept of knowledge maturity and descriptive decision based methods to assess uncertainty. As such, it was assessed how a high-consequence risk company deals with and manages un-certainties in early product development. It was then determined how uncertainties could be managed in design engineering. This was fulfilled by conducting semi-structured interviews with staff at GKN, an aerospace company that deals with extensive uncertainties in a high-consequence industry. To complement this, literary reviews were conducted encompassing uncertainty assessments in design engineering. The findings showed that uncertainty in the early stages of design is either lingered on until more information is made available or circum-vented by developed mitigation plans. It was also discovered how evaluations are carried out in early design considering uncertainty. Lastly the findings implicate that uncertainty assess-ments are applicable through use of descriptive decision based models coupled with a knowledge maturity scale in a stage gated process.

  • 246.
    Larenhjelm, Philip
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Employees’ individual readiness for quality improvement change: A single case-study analysis within the European food and drink industry2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The European Union’s (EU) food and drink industry has faced declining competitiveness over the past two decades. Methodologies associated with the quality improvement has been recognized as a possible solution to increase competitiveness of the industry. However, there are uncertainties among researchers and practitioners of how to implement these quality improvement methodologies and researchers of today requests further understanding in why some firms perform better than others when applying the same practices.

    Objectives: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate if the concept of ‘individual readiness for organizational change’ can be used as a measurement to better understand why some firms perform better than others when applying the same quality improvement initiations within the EU food and drink industry.

    Methods: The researcher of this thesis uses secondary data from existing literature on quality improvement imitations, according to Luning and Marcelis (2009) definition of quality improvement as a part of the food quality management system (FQMS), to justify the need for ‘individual readiness for organizational change’ measurements, defined by Holt et al. (2007), and uses primary data from the conduction of a single-case study, of an Swedish fruit and vegetable operating organization that were about to embark a Lean manufacturing piecemeal approach implementation, to validate the need for assuring individual readiness for change before any food and drink industry invests in quality improvement implementations.

    Results: The findings of the primary data collection are accordant with existing literature where individual employees were found to display lower levels of ‘individual readiness for organizational change’ perceived the organization to have lack of proper communication or were more resistant towards the implementation. Employees whose daily activities were more orientated around other FQMS practices such as quality assurance and quality control, displayed lower levels of individual readiness than employees whose activities are less associated with these systems. Furthermore, trust in management was identified as a key determinant of the employees’ individual readiness for the Lean manufacturing implementation.

    Conclusions: The findings of this thesis indicate that the usage the concept of ‘individual readiness for change’ as a measurement before a quality improvement implementation within the EU food and drink industry could increase researches’ and practitioners’ understanding why some firms perform better than others when applying the same practices.

  • 247.
    Larsson, Conny
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bladh, Fredrik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Jeppsson, Anders
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Complexity Leadership: En analys av ledarskap och dynamiska nätverk2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningens syfte är att förklara hur chefer agerar vid ledningsdrivna och vid spontant uppkomna förändringsinitiativ i en organisatorisk miljö där det finns informella nätverk av specialiserade kompetenser. Arbetet kombinerar en kvalitativ ansats för att utforska och beskriva chefers ledarskapsmetoder genom djupintervjuer med en kvantitativ undersökning i enkätform riktat mot chefer och även mot deras medarbetare med specialistkompetens. Studiens slutsats är att de undersökta cheferna har metod och förmåga att skapa goda förutsättningar för förändring samt att stötta samverkan och innovation i informella nätverk inom den lokala enhetens kontext. Cheferna saknar dock god förmåga och metodik för att kunna utöka detta till att omfatta och inverka på företagets nyttoskapande som helhet.

  • 248.
    Larsson, Niklas
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    All, Pontus
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Startups och Marknadsföring2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Studien har fokuserat på tidiga startups och hur dessa arbetar med marknadsföring och varumärkesbyggande, och hur en otydlig affärsmodell påverkar. Resultaten pekar på vikten av att involvera kunder så tidigt som möjligt för att hitta en fungerande affärsmodell och få feedback på produkterbjudandet. Vidare pekar studien på vikten av det egna och det utökade nätverket, som finns såväl fysiskt som digitalt, samt intresset för att användning av lågkostnadsmedier där det går att kvantifiera resultatet.

  • 249.
    Latheef, Faheem
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Competitive Strategies in the English National Healthcare System (NHS) -A Case Study of York Teaching Hospital2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Increased patient choice and competition are well renowned reform strategies in European Healthcare systems. Despite some debate, these strategies are generally felt to improve efficacy and quality of healthcare. The National Health Service (NHS), England’s publicly funded healthcare system, is similarly undergoing significant government reforms as a result of substantial increases in health care spending and an ageing population. Prior to the reforms, hospitals in England were given a fixed annual budget from the government to treat the patients living in their catchment area and there was no competition and patients subsequently had no choice over where they could have their care. However the government reforms being rolled out over a ten year period propose the following changes: removal of the annual budgets, split up of care into purchasers and providers of care, allow for negotiation on services, introduce a new payment system based on results, introduce a new system whereby patients are given at least four or more providers to choose from, allow private providers to bid for services, and finally allow primary care doctors to commission out services as required. All these reforms allow for increased patient choice between providers and mean that hospitals will have to develop competitive strategies to meet these challenges. The aim of our study is to assess what strategies managers in English hospitals can use in order to gain a competitive advantage and meet the challenges posed by the government reforms. From our literature review we concluded that potential strategies could be either deliberate or emergent and potentially further analysed on a theoretical basis of whether they address the “external” or “internal” frameworks as represented by Porters Theories and the resource based view (RBV) of the firm respectively, as these were felt to be the most applicable to our aims. The SWOT framework was proposed as an appropriate tool as it can be split into these two separate schools of strategy. The first school of strategy characterized by the industrial organization or Porter’s theories is represented by the opportunities and threats and the second school of thought, RBV of the firm, is represented by the strengths and weaknesses. Based on the explorative nature of our research question, a case study using York District Hospital in England was conducted with the use of semi-structured interviews with key management personnel as well as a survey questionnaire to account for all hierarchies of management and to establish the resource profile of the hospital. Firstly we established what competitive strategies are currently being used in the hospital and then a SWOT analysis of our primary data was undertaken in order to analyse and suggest competitive strategies utilising the “external” and “internal” theoretical frameworks. Our results demonstrated that the hospital’s competitive strategies were a mixture of deliberate and emergent strategies. The deliberate strategies predominantly addressed the reforms already in place and focused on improving the quality of essential services in terms of aiming to be the main provider of acute services in the catchment area, attracting standard elective work with existing long waiting times, and expanding non-acute/non-elective care capabilities by forging partnerships and sharing clinical support. As these strategies focus on “where” (acute/elective service) a hospital should be competing they therefore represent the external framework based on Porter’s “positional” approach although there were elements of both schools of thought. The emergent strategies on the other hand, more specifically addressed the reforms being rolled out and were devised taking into consideration aspects such as size, internal resources and competences and therefore represented the internal framework or resource based view as they all involved service diversification by virtue of using specific internal resources and included: increased recruitment of specialised staff, re-organisation of existing clinical space, updating out-dated technology and promoting formation of new services such as a weight management clinic with integrated bariatric services. Our study demonstrates that by including important elements from different theoretical perspectives this allows for a greater complexity and a wider scope of analysis when evaluating strategy and enhances our understanding of sustained competitive advantage in the English healthcare system. Based on our study we therefore propose a framework for hospitals in England to use in addressing the competitive challenges posed by the reforms, which consists of two broad but distinct strategies: predominantly deliberate strategies for i) competing on quality of essential services and more emergent strategies for ii) competing on service diversification. Suggested future research possibilities in this area would include repeating the study once the full government legislation comes into place to assess differences in competition and the impact of our suggested strategies.

  • 250.
    Le, Thanh
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Wejrot, Luz Bruno Picasso
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Global competitiveness, human capital, and Hofstede’s cultural dimensions: Does culture influence national competitiveness?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    National economic competitiveness is a major concern to governments, firms, and individuals in an increasingly globalised world. Culture is known affect economic competitiveness, but there is little existing research that links Hofstede’s cultural dimensions with the Human Capital Indicators in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index. U-blox is an international firm with offices around the world. The firm has grown through acquisitions and has become a key player in the wireless communication and positioning semiconductors business. The chosen topic will study the cultural aspects of a selected group of u-blox subsidiaries. The values in a workplace are in fact influenced by culture and by their human capital. Using Hofstede’s dimensions to analyse the cultural factors, it is possible to study the international context of the human capital in each subsidiary by using reliable international indicators provided in the Global Competitiveness Index. 

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