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  • 251.
    Borén, Sven
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Electric buses' sustainability effects, noise, energy use, and costs2018Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric buses are growing in numbers in Sweden, which contributes to the development of a fossil fuel free society and a reduction of emissions. Earlier studies of bus systems have identified a need to further investigate societal costs, total cost of ownership, energy use on a yearly basis to account for seasonal variations, and noise during acceleration. Addressing those needs was the purpose of this study. 

    Investigations were made in five cities in Sweden that have recently implemented different electric buses in their respective public transport system. Based on results from these investigations and earlier studies, updated and new calculations were made for electric buses on route 1 in Karlskrona, as a representative example. It was found that there were significant savings in societal costs and total cost of ownership when compared to diesel and biogas powered buses, mainly due to decreased noise, no emissions in the use phase, and decreased energy use.

  • 252.
    Borén, Sven
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Sustainable Personal Road Transport: The Role of Electric Vehicles2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric vehicles can play an important role in a future sustainable road transport system and many Swedish politicians would like to see them implemented faster. This is likely desirable to reach the target of a fossil independent vehicle fleet in Sweden by 2030 and a greenhouse gas neutral Swedish society no later than 2050. However, to reach both these targets, and certainly to support the full scope of sustainability, it is important to consider the whole life-cycle of the vehicles and also the interaction between the transport sector and other sectors. So far, there are no plans for transitions towards a sustainable transport system applying a sufficiently wide systems perspective, in Sweden or elsewhere. This implies a great risk for sub-optimizations.

    The overall aim of this work is to elaborate methodological support for development of sustainable personal road transport systems that is informed by a strategic sustainable development perspective.

    The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) is used as a foundation for the work to ensure a sufficiently wide systems perspective and coordinated collaboration across disciplines and sectors, both in the research and application. Maxwell’s Qualitative Research Design and the Design Research Methodology are used as overall guides for the research approach. Specific research methods and techniques include literature studies, action research seminars, interviews, and measurements of energy use, costs, and noise. Moreover, a case study on the conditions for a breakthrough for vehicles in southeast Sweden has been used as a test and development platform.

    Specific results include a preliminary vision for electrical vehicles in southeast Sweden, framed by the principled sustainability definition of the FSSD, an assessment of the current reality in relation to that vision, and proposed solutions to bridge the gap, organized into a preliminary roadmap. The studies show that electric vehicles have several sustainability advantages even when their whole life-cycle is considered, provided that they are charged with electricity from new renewable sources. Electrical vehicles also imply a low total cost of ownership and could promote new local ‘green jobs’ under certain conditions. Particularly promising results are seen for electric buses in public transport. As a general result, partly based on the experiences from the specific case, a generic community planning process model is proposed and its usefulness for sustainable transport system development is discussed.

    The strategic sustainable development perspective of this thesis broadens the analysis beyond the more common focus on climate change issues and reduces the risk of sub-optimizations in community and transport system development. The generic support for multi-stakeholder collaboration could potentially also promote a more participatory democratic approach to community development, grounded in a scientific foundation. Future research will explore specific decision support systems for sustainable transport development based on the generic planning process model.

  • 253.
    Borén, Sven
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Towards sustainable personal mobility with electric cars and buses2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to explore if, and then how, electric cars and buses can contribute to sustainable personal mobility. Electric vehicles have increasingly been seen as a potential sustainable solution for the transport sector due to their high energy efficiency, close to zero emissions in the use phase, and the possibility to be powered by electricity from renewable resources. However, there are concerns about future scarcity of resources (e.g. lithium and cobalt for batteries), vehicle range, costs, high energy use in the production of batteries, as well as insufficient scientific support for how electric vehicles could be a part of a transition towards sustainability regarding personal mobility.  

    The challenges for a fast transition towards sustainability are large and many. The transport sector is not contributing to such development, mainly due to emissions, use of fossil energy, and use of materials mined and recycled under unacceptable conditions. Furthermore, existing societal goals (e.g. fossil-fuel independent vehicle fleet by 2030 in Sweden, UN Agenda 2030, and the Paris agreement) are insufficient for sustainability and are not complemented by concrete plans or an approach for how to engage stakeholders and achieve coordinated actions for sustainability. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development includes a principled definition of sustainability that is necessary and sufficient for sustainability and procedural support for collaborative innovation for a strategic transition to fulfillment of that definition, which is why it has been used as an overarching methodology in this thesis. 

    The research verified through several studies conditions for how electric vehicles can play a vital role in a strategic transition of personal mobility towards sustainability. Through stakeholder collaboration (e.g. interviews and workshops), a vision for sustainable transport with a focus on electric vehicles and an initial development plan towards that vision were designed. Several life cycle focused studies investigated (through calculations and data collection from literature, life cycle databases, interviews and workshops) about environmental and social impacts and costs for electric cars and buses. The stakeholder collaboration, combined with conceptual modelling, also resulted in models for generic support for multi-stakeholder collaboration and planning for strategic sustainable development of transport systems and communities, and for how to include electric buses in the procurement model of public transport.

    The strategic sustainable development perspective of this thesis broadens the analysis beyond the more common focus on climate change issues and should be able to reduce the risk of sub-optimizations in community and transport system development when applied in that context. The generic support for multi-stakeholder collaboration could potentially also promote a more participatory democratic approach to community development, grounded in a scientific foundation.

  • 254.
    Borén, Sven
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Grauers, Anders
    Chalmers, SWE.
    Stakeholder collaboration models for public transport procurement of electric bus systems2019In: The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, ISSN 2325-1166, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 19-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier studies have mainly focused on technology, economy and advantages of electric buses, and they have largely shown that electric buses could be one of the solutions for sustainable public transport. Despite this, the present procurement process for public transport in Sweden is not suitable for including support systems for electric buses. This study was aimed to find a stakeholder collaboration model that would allow electric bus systems to be more effectively included in the procurement process for public transport. The results were achieved by several multi-stakeholder collaboration seminars and meetings that included representatives from regional public transport authorities, bus operators, bus manufacturers, energy companies, municipalities, and experts involved in bus transport. The study primarily developed two stakeholder collaboration models, suggesting that charging infrastructure should be designed separately from the common procurement process. In these models, energy companies, electric grid owners, charging infrastructure operators, regional public transport authorities, and municipalities need to collaborate. The first model is designed for a system that includes chargers at certain locations along a route and/or stakeholders with a low level of experience of electric bus systems, while the second is designed for a system that includes bus charging at the depot and/or stakeholders with a high level of experience of electric bus systems.

  • 255.
    Borén, Sven
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nurhadi, Lisiana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Ny, Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Preference of Electric Buses in Public Transport: Conclusions from Real Life Testing in Eight Swedish Municipalities2016In: Proceedings of ICSUTE 2016, 2016, Vol. 10, p. 255-264Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a theoretical perspective, Electric buses can be more sustainable and can be cheaper than fossil fuelled buses in city traffic. The authors have not found other studies based on actual urban public transport in Swedish winter climate. Further on, noise measurements from buses for the European market where found old. The aims of this follow-up study was therefore to test and possibly verify in a real-life environment how energy efficient and silent electric buses are, and then conclude on if electric buses are preferable to use in public transport. The Ebusco 2.0 electric bus, fitted with a 311 kWh battery pack, was used and the tests carried out during November 2014 to April 2015 in eight municipalities in the south of Sweden. Six tests took place in urban traffic and two took place in more of a rural traffic setting. The energy use for propulsion was measured via logging of the internal system in the bus and via an external charging meter. The average energy use turned out to be 8 % less (0,96 kWh/km) than assumed in the earlier theoretical study. This rate allows for a 320 km range in public urban traffic. The interior of the bus was kept warm by a diesel heater (biodiesel will probably be used in a future operational traffic situation), which used 0,67 kWh/km in January. This verified that electric buses can be up to 25% cheaper when used in public transport in cities for about eight years. The noise was found to be lower, primarily during acceleration, than for buses with combustion engines in urban bus traffic. According to our surveys, most passengers and drivers appreciated the silent and comfortable ride and preferred electric buses rather than combustion engine buses. Bus operators and passenger transport executives were also positive to start using electric buses for public transport. The operators did however point out that procurement processes need to account for eventual risks regarding this new technology, along with personnel education. The study revealed that it is possible to establish a charging infrastructure for almost all studied bus lines. However, design of a charging infrastructure for each municipality requires further investigations, including electric grid capacity analysis, smart location of charging points, and tailored schedules to allow fast charging. In conclusion, electric buses proved to be a preferable alternative for all stakeholders involved in public bus transport in the studied municipalities. However, in order to electric buses to be a prominent support for sustainable development, they need to be charged either by stand-alone units or via an expansion of the electric grid, and the electricity should be made from new renewable sources.

  • 256.
    Borén, Sven
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nurhadi, Lisiana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Ny, Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Andersson, Mats
    Electrodriving Scandinavia, SWE.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Miljöfordon Syd, SWE.
    Lööf, Jonas
    Miljöfordon Syd, SWE.
    GreenCharge: demotest i fält med elbuss2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    GreenCharge Sydost är en sammanslutning av regionförbund, kommuner, landsting och företag medett övergripande syfte att främja införandet av elfordon i främst sydöstra Sverige. Blekinge TekniskaHögskola är huvudman för projektet med ansvar för att driva forskningen, och Miljöfordon Syd attdriva den operativa projektledningen avseende demonstrationer och samverkan med intressenter.Under 2013 gjorde forskningen inom GreenCharge en beräkningsstudie som påvisade att elbussar urett livscykelperspektiv har mycket mindre utsläpp än dagens dieselbussar och totalkostnaden skullekunna bli 25 % lägre över en 8-års period i Karlskrona på linje 1 och 7, 21 % i Jönköping på linje 1och 3, samt 17 % i Sundsvall på linje 2 och 4. Detta gäller under antagande att bussen drivs med nygrön el, att realränteökningen blir 1 % per år samt att energi-pristrender sedan 10 år tillbaka fortsättergälla framöver.. Beräkningsstudien antog också efter simuleringar utifrån befintliga linjer och aktuellavärden från busstillverkare en energianvändning på 1,04 kWh/km för eldrift.

  • 257.
    Borén, Sven
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nurhadi, Lisiana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Ny, Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Trygg, Louise
    Linköpings Tekniska Högskola, SWE.
    A strategic approach to sustainable transport system development - Part 2: the case of a vision for electric vehicle systems in Southeast Sweden2017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 140, no Part 1, p. 62-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric vehicles seem to offer a great potential for sustainable transport development. The Swedish pioneer project GreenCharge Southeast is designed as a cooperative action research approach that aims to explore a roadmap for a fossil-free transport system by 2030 with a focus on electric vehicles. In the first paper of this tandem publication, the authors propose a new generic process model embedding the Framework of Strategic Sustainable Development. The purpose of applying it in an action-research mode as described in this paper was twofold: (i) to develop a vision for sustainable regional transport and a coarse roadmap towards that vision, and, while doing so, (ii) get additional empirical experiences to inform the development of the new generic process model. Experts from many sectors and organizations involved in the GreenCharge project provided vital information and reviewed all planning perspectives presented in Paper 1 in two sequential multi-stakeholder seminars. The results include a sustainable vision for electric vehicle systems in southeast Sweden within a sustainable regional transport system within a sustainable global society, as well as an initial development plan towards such a vision for the transport sector. The vision is framed by the universal sustainability principles, and the development plan is informed by the strategic guidelines, of the above-mentioned framework. Among other things, the vision and plan imply a shift to renewable energy and a more optimized use of areas and thus a new type of spatial planning. For example, the vision and plan implies a lower built-in demand for transport, more integrated traffic modes, and more multi-functional use of areas for energy and transport infrastructures, for example. Some inherent benefits of electric vehicles are highlighted in the vision and plan, including near-zero local emissions and flexibility as regards primary energy sources. The vision and plan also imply improved governance for more effective cross-sector collaboration to ensure coor- dinated development within the transport sector and between the transportation sector and other relevant sectors. Meanwhile, the new generic process model was refined and is ready to be applied and further tested in the GreenCharge project and in other projects within the transport sector as well as other sectors. The study confirmed that the new generic process model suggested in support of sus- tainable transport system and community development is helpful for giving diverse stakeholders, with various specialties and perspectives, a way of working that is goal-oriented and builds on effective, iterative learning loops and co-creation. 

  • 258.
    Borén, Sven
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Ny, Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    A Strategic Sustainability and Life Cycle Analysis of Electric Vehicles in EU today and by 20502016In: Proceedings of ICSUTE 2016, 2016, Vol. 10, p. 229-237Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ambitions within the EU for moving towards sustainable transport include major emission reductions for fossil fuel road vehicles, especially for buses, trucks, and cars. The electric driveline seems to be an attractive solution for such development. This study first applied the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development to compare sustainability effects of today’s fossil fuel vehicles with electric vehicles that have batteries or hydrogen fuel cells. The study then addressed a scenario were electric vehicles might be in majority in Europe by 2050. The methodology called Strategic Lifecycle Assessment was first used, were each life cycle phase was assessed for violations against sustainability principles. This indicates where further analysis could be done in order to quantify the magnitude of each violation, and later to create alternative strategies and actions that lead towards sustainability. A Life Cycle Assessment of combustion engine cars, plug-in hybrid cars, battery electric cars and hydrogen fuel cell cars was then conducted to compare and quantify environmental impacts. The authors found major violations of sustainability principles like use of fossil fuels, which contribute to the increase of emission related impacts such as climate change, acidification, eutrophication, ozone depletion, and particulate matters. Other violations were found, such as use of scarce materials for batteries and fuel cells, and also for most life cycle phases for all vehicles when using fossil fuel vehicles for mining, production and transport. Still, the studied current battery and hydrogen fuel cell cars have less severe violations than fossil fuel cars. The life cycle assessment revealed that fossil fuel cars have overall considerably higher environmental impacts compared to electric cars as long as the latter are powered by renewable electricity. By 2050, there will likely be even more sustainable alternatives than the studied electric vehicles when the EU electricity mix mainly should stem from renewable sources, batteries should be recycled, fuel cells should be a mature technology for use in vehicles (containing no scarce materials), and electric drivelines should have replaced combustion engines in other sectors. An uncertainty for fuel cells in 2050 is whether the production of hydrogen will have had time to switch to renewable resources. If so, that would contribute even more to a sustainable development. Except for being adopted in the GreenCharge roadmap, the authors suggest that the results can contribute to planning in the upcoming decades for a sustainable increase of EVs in Europe, and potentially serve as an inspiration for other smaller or larger regions. Further studies could map the environmental effects in LCA further, and include other road vehicles to get a more precise perception of how much they could affect sustainable development.

  • 259. Boszhkov, Yuri
    et al.
    Freire, Igor
    Ibragimov, Nail H.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Group analysis of the Novikov equation2014In: Computational and Applied Mathematics, ISSN 2238-3603, E-ISSN 1807-0302, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 193-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We find the Lie point symmetries of the Novikov equation and demonstrate that it is strictly self-adjoint. Using the self-adjointness and the recent technique for constructing conserved vectors associated with symmetries of differential equations, we find the conservation law corresponding to the dilation symmetry and show that other symmetries do not provide nontrivial conservation laws. Then we investigate the invariant solutions.

  • 260.
    Bota, Erica
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Tschendel, Viola
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Hernández, Christian Zavala
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Social Sustainability: Exploring the Role of Social Enterprises2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The degradation of the ecological and social systems has largely resulted from human activities that deplete natural resources and undermine human needs in society. Traditional business culture, driven mainly by profit maximization, is a factor that has worsened this sustainability challenge. Social enterprises (SEs) are a form of business that hold the potential to help make the transition towards a sustainable society. The purpose of this study is two-fold. First, it explores SE contributions to creating a sustainable social system. Second, it examines how SEs exhibit the dimensions of trustworthiness, leading to trusting relationships in society. Social sustainability principles (SSPs) define social sustainability and are drawn from the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development. They are used as a foundation for identifying SE contributions. The researchers draw on experiences from social entrepreneurs and experts in the field of social entrepreneurship. SEs contribute at two levels: the individual level and the societal level. They break down barriers to the SSPs and provide opportunities to individuals with respect to the five principles. SEs operate based on a culture of impartiality and create opportunities for meaning for individuals in their target groups. They consistently take leaps of faith, believing in the trustworthiness of those who are otherwise deemed untrustworthy.

  • 261.
    Branco, Matheus
    et al.
    950 - Centro, Federal Institute of Santa Catarina, BRA.
    Coelho, Leticia
    Federal Institute of Santa Catarina, BRA.
    Schlichting, Louis
    950 - Centro, Federal Institute of Santa Catarina, BRA.
    Gustavsson, Ingvar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    Marques, Maria Arcelina
    Instituto Politcnico do Porto, PRT.
    Alves, Gustavo
    Research Centre in Industrial Technology and Engineering (CIETI), PRT.
    Differentiating simulations and real (remote) experiments2017In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, Association for Computing Machinery , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The more recent emergence of remote laboratories caused some discussions about their real educational value, when compared to traditional hands-on and virtual laboratories. This discussion is relevant because remote labs rely on computer-mediated access to real instruments and apparatus, being sometimes difficult to explain the difference between values obtained from real (remote) measurements and values obtained from computer simulations. This paper aims to evidence aspects that differentiate remote and virtual laboratories, by presenting two very simple experiments dealing with the characteristics of real instruments (limited bandwidth) and real circuits (electromagnetic interference). © 2017 Association for Computing Machinery.

  • 262.
    Brandt Johnson, Viktor
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Leo, Amanda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Re-make / Re-model: Om social hållbarhet i industriomvandlingar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur kommuner med stark industritradition behandlar social hållbarhet och hur sociala hållbarhetsaspekter i dessa implementeras vid industriomvandlingsprojekt. Detta görs genom att utifrån uppsatsens forskningsöversikt definiera nyckelord som appliceras i kvalitativa innehållsanalyser på kommunala plandokument. De översiktliga planerna består av Ljungby kommuns fördjupade översiktsplan för stadens centrum, Tierps kommuns översiktsplan och Lindesbergs kommuns fördjupade översiktsplan för tätorten. I de två sistnämnda kommunerna har även detaljplanedokument som berör industriomvandling analyserats. I analyserna framkommer att många av de aspekter som utifrån teorin beskrivs som betydelsefulla för social hållbarhet i planering förekommer i de översiktliga plandokumenten men behandlas mindre utförligt och frekvent på en detaljerad plannivå i industriomvandlingsprojekt. På detaljplanenivå uppmärksammas istället för nyckelorden i flera fall översiktsplanernas beskrivningar av nyckelorden. Uppsatsen innehåller även ett gestaltningsförslag för omvandling av ett centralt beläget industriområde i Ljungby. En deltagande observation genomfördes med syfte att skapa ett underlag för omvandling. De åtgärder som föreslås utgår från goda exempel på hur de ur forskningsöversikten definierade nyckelorden konkretiserats i de undersökta planerna. I förslaget framkommer att det främst var de översiktliga planernas strategier som var lämpliga att implementera. Det visar också att sociala hållbarhetsaspekter är realiserbara i industriomvandlingsprojekt på en mer detaljerad nivå. Uppsatsen visar att social hållbarhet uppmärksammas i de undersökta kommunernas planering men snarare på en allmän översiktlig nivå än i specifika planförslag som berör industriomvandling.

  • 263.
    Brandt, Robert
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Anhörigas upplevelse av vård till en person med stroke efter utskrivningen från slutenvården: En litteraturstudie baserad på artiklar med kvalitativ design2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige får 30 000 personer per år stroke, den vanligaste orsaken till neurologiskt handikapp i vuxen ålder. Anhöriga spelar en viktig roll i vården för en person som fått stroke. Personen med stroke och ofta även dennes anhöriga ska kunna föra en dialog med hälso- och sjukvårdpersonal så att alla tillsammans utformar hur vård samt behandlingarna ska se ut. Den mest grundläggande aspekten för att kunna erhålla eller ge omsorg, är människors beroende av varandra för att leva. Ökad kunskap om hur anhöriga till en person som fått stroke upplevt vården, kan bidra till ökad förståelse för att bättre inkludera anhöriga i den vård som bedrivs för personen som fått stroke

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva anhörigas upplevelse av vård till en person som fått stroke efter utskrivning från slutenvården.

    Metod: Studien genomfördes som en kvalitativ icke-systematisk litteraturstudie. Åtta vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats och som har kvalitetsgranskats och analyserats, har använts till studien.

    Resultat: Anhöriga berättade om hur behovet av information ofta kom upp, då de inte kände att de fick tillräckligt med information om hur de skulle ta hand om en person som fått stroke. De anhöriga behövde knyta kontakter med hälso- och sjukvårdpersonal så att de tillsammans kan leda vården via rehabilitering och hemsjukvård. Anhöriga lärde sig delvis att bli självständiga med hjälp av vården, då de själva blev förvånad över vad de klarade och hälso- sjukvårdspersonal gav dem beröm. Dock upplevde anhöriga problem med vården då de fick för lite stöd, kände sig övergivna, inte fick bli involverade i vården samt om de tappade förtroende för vården.

    Slutsats: Det framkommer tydligt i resultatet att när anhöriga får det stöd de behöver, fungerar vården väl för personen med stroke. Dock upplever många anhöriga hur vården inte levererar den vård de önskar. Detta kan bero på att vården helt enkelt inte har kunskapen eller resurserna till att ge de anhöriga tillräckligt med stöd. Författaren ser att det finns ett behov av att fortsätta göra liknade studier som denna, för att främja utveckling och förbättring inom problemområdet. De anhöriga fick inte tillräckligt med kunskap om vad de själva ska göra för att kunna utvecklas i sin roll som anhörig till en person med stroke. Författaren tror att en frivillig utbildning för anhöriga i konsten att bli anhörig till en person som har stroke, skulle kunna komplettera eftervården.

  • 264.
    Bratt, Ann Sofia
    et al.
    Linneaus Univ., SWE.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Linneaus Univ., SWE.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Effects on life satisfaction of older adults after child and spouse bereavement2017In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 602-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Few studies have compared the impact of different familial losses on life satisfaction (LS). Furthermore, there is a lack of research on the effect of having lost both a child and a spouse among older adults. Sample: A random sample of 1402 individuals, 817 women and 585 men, aged 60–96 years from the Blekinge part of the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care (SNAC-B) participated in this cross-sectional study. Aims: The first aim was to compare the effects of child or spouse or both child and spouse bereavement on LS and, the second aim, to investigate if there were gender differences within the bereaved groups. Results: The results showed that having lost a child, spouse or both child and spouse had a negative association with LS, although this effect was small. Having experienced multiple losses did not predict more variance than a single child or spouse loss. Gender differences were found within all the bereaved groups with bereaved men having lower LS than bereaved women. Longer time since the loss was associated with higher LS. Conclusions: Bereaved older adults have somewhat lower LS than non-bereaved and bereaved men seem more affected than bereaved women. Future research needs to address older menÂŽs experiences after the loss of a loved one. © 2016 Taylor & Francis

  • 265.
    Bratt, Anna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, SWE.
    Stenström, Ulf
    Linnéuniversitetet, SWE.
    Rennemark, Mikael
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Exploring the Most Important Negative Life Events in Older Adults Bereaved of Child, Spouse, or Both2018In: Omega, ISSN 0030-2228, E-ISSN 1541-3764, Vol. 76, no 3, p. 227-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Losing a child or a spouse is described as the worst of experiences. However, it is not known whether older adults bereaved of a child, spouse, or both child and spouse experience these losses as among the most important negative events in their lifetime. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the 1,437 older adults bereaved of a child, spouse, or both included in the southern part of the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care mentioned these losses when asked about their three most important negative life events. Gender differences in their choices of important negative life events were also explored. About 70% of those bereaved of a child or a spouse mentioned these losses as among their three most important negative life experiences. In the child-and-spouse-bereaved group, 48% mentioned both the loss of their child and spouse, while 40% mentioned either the loss of a child or a spouse. Gender differences were only found in the child-and-spouse-bereaved group, with a few more women mentioning the loss of the child but not the spouse, and the men showing the opposite pattern. © The Author(s) 2016.

  • 266.
    Bratt, Cecilia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Integrating a Strategic Sustainability Perspective into Eco-Labelling, Procurement and Supply Chain Management2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Maintaining the current course of the global society is threatening the human civilization. The urgency of the situation, understood from empirical research, has caused many researchers to call for more prescriptive research as a necessary supplement, to better support decision making for sustainability. While policymakers need to direct and stimulate sustainable production and consumption through, e.g., legislation and market phenomena such as eco-labelling, business represents a significant proportion of the necessary resources, capabilities and mechanisms for the innovation needed for a transition towards sustainability. However, while businesses more and more realize the self-interest in working proactively with sustainability, there is a desire for better support for how to do this also from this end. Such support needs to consider a significant shift going on in business; that individual businesses tend to no longer compete as autonomous entities, but rather as supply chains. Thus, no company is more sustainable than its supply chain partners. Therefore, sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) as a business function, and sustainable procurement as a subset thereof, plays an increasingly pivotal role for sustainable development. The overall aim of this thesis is to contribute to sustainable development by studying how three phenomena; eco-labelling, procurement and supply chain management are related to each other and to a strategic sustainability perspective, and to suggest how these phenomena can be integrated with such a perspective to provide better support for decision making and innovation for sustainability. For this purpose, a framework for strategic sustainable development, including a definition of sustainability and generic guidelines to inform stepwise strategic plans towards sustainability, is used as a foundational methodology. The development of new approaches is also based on case studies with eco-labelling and sustainable public procurement bodies, businesses and public institutions. Information is collected by shadowing of criteria development and collaboration processes, interviews and literature studies. While the findings point to a clear rational for all of the phenomena and several strengths in existing schemes and practices, the findings also point to several shortcomings. Sustainability is not defined, and as a result, there is no foundation for strategic and proactive approaches. Furthermore, decisions are not based on considerations of all dimensions of sustainability, the whole life cycle of products, all relevant stakeholders and a long-term perspective. As a result, the full potential of these phenomena for contributing to sustainable development is not utilized. This thesis prescribes enhanced processes for eco-labelling, sustainable procurement and SSCM, and shows how these can support organisations in developing from reacting individually on known sustainability-related problems to acting proactively and collaboratively in supply chains, in a coordinated and economically viable way, on society’s remaining gap to the full scope of ecological and social sustainability.

  • 267.
    Braun, Nicholas
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Hutle, Thomas
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Vonk, Milan Alexander
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    The Sustainable City Year Program Public Scholarship for Community Development2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By 2050, an estimated 6.3 billion people or 66% of the world population will live in cities. Therefore, cities are in a high impact position regarding sustainability. The question is, how do we increase awareness of the sustainability challenge among these populations and gain citywide buy-in and multi-stakeholder collaboration to address this challenge? The Sustainable City Year Program (SCYP) at the University of Oregon offers one approach to tackle this issue by matching higher education institutions (HEI’s), with local and regional cities to address their sustainability related needs through publicly engaged scholarship. The objective of this research was to examine how SCYP contributes to strategic sustainable development (SSD). Our research methods included a peer-reviewed literature review, semi-structured interviews, surveys and further document review. Our sources included SCYP co-founders, partner city program managers, strategic sustainable development experts, and municipal planners from around the world. Our research suggests that SCYP creates a subtle paradigm shift towards sustainability among partner city staff and community members while accelerating practical implementation of sustainability related projects. Furthermore, the added layer of SSD concepts can increase the efficacy of this approach and allow the model to embrace a larger systems level perspective over time.

  • 268.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Halldin, Torbjörn
    KTH, SWE.
    Born globals: presence, performance and prospects2019In: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 60-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept born global firms has gained a spectacular increase in interest from both academic and political circles. Rigorous quantitative treatment of born global firms are however rare in the international business/economics literature. Implementing unique data on all Swedish start-ups during 1998–2008 in the manufacturing sector, we conclude that born global firms are a very rare event, that their prevalence seems invariant to time, and that they perform similar to other matched “twin” firms with regard to profitability and productivity but report a considerably higher growth in employment and sales. These results are robust to a wider definition of born global firms and to the timing of performance measurements. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

  • 269.
    Bredberg, Paulina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Makten över handeln. En studie om maktförhållanden och deras betydelse i utvecklingen av handelsplatser i en kommun.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Handel kan beskrivas som grunden i städer och deras utveckling. Handelsplatser lockar människor och skapar stadsliv. Handel är således en viktig del både i översiktliga mål och i den fysiska planeringen. I stadsbyggnadsideal om att skapa en tät och blandad stad är handel en central aspekt och en önskan om att kunna styra handelsplatsernas utveckling kan i idealen utläsas. I diskussioner kring handelns utveckling som förts av forskare och i myn- dighetsrapporter ifrågasätts dock var makten att styra utvecklingen egentligen ligger. I denna studie undersöks hur maktförhållanden kopplade till handel kan påverka utveck- lingen av handelsplatser i en kommun. Utvecklingen diskuteras främst utifrån dimensionerna lokalisering, utformning samt skala, och en diskussion förs kring vilka aktörer som har makt och är drivande i utvecklingen. I studien används maktperspektiv om t.ex. definitionsmakt och utvecklingskontroll för att belysa och diskutera handelsplatsers utveckling. Inom ramen för studien har en fallstudie genomförts i Malmö stad, där etableringen av de två köpcentrumen Entré och Emporia används som fallstudieobjekt. Analysen av fallen belyser etableringsprocessen utifrån ett aktörsperspektiv och i den avslutande diskussionen förs resonemang kring vilka maktfaktorer och vilka aktörer som är drivande i vilka frågor i handelsplatsers utveckling. Analysen visar att den bild som framställs av handel i den kommunala planeringen har stor betydelse för utvecklingen, bland annat genom definitioner av fokusområden och genom begreppsanvändning. Det offentligas styrmöjligheter är också beroende av hur stark eller vag den framställda bilden är. Studien visar sammanfattningsvis att det främst verkar vara privata aktörer och deras normer som har makt att driva utvecklingen av handelsplatser.

  • 270.
    Brennan, Ciara
    et al.
    University of Iceland, ISL.
    Rice, James Gordon
    University of Iceland, ISL.
    Traustadóttir, Rannveig
    University of Iceland, ISL.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    How can states ensure access to personal assistance when service delivery is decentralized?: A multi-level analysis of Iceland, Norway and Sweden2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 334-346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Article 19 of the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities requires states to ensure that persons with disabilities have access to a range of support services, including personal assistance. The Convention is an agreement between state parties and the UN. However, in practice, disability services are often implemented at the local level. Drawing on the findings of qualitative research in Iceland, Norway and Sweden, this paper examines a paradox whereby states commit to ensure access to support services, but decentralize responsibility to autonomous and independent local governments. A multi-level governance framework is applied to analyse the findings of qualitative inquiry with policy-makers, local government officials and leaders of independent living organizations in all three Nordic countries. A multi-level analysis highlights the tensions and contradictions between decentralization and human rights commitments. © 2016 Nordic Network on Disability Research

  • 271. Brennan, Ciara
    et al.
    Traustadóttir, Rannveig
    Rice, James
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Negotiating independence, choice and autonomy: experiences of parents who coordinate personal assistance on behalf of their adult son or daughter2016In: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, E-ISSN 1360-0508, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 604-621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Article 19 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities requires states to provide personal assistance services. This article is based on qualitative research in Iceland, Norway and Sweden, carried out between 2012 and 2013. The overall study focused broadly on the implementation of Article 19. This article, however, reports findings based on a particular group of participants within the larger study: non-disabled parents who coordinate personal assistance schemes for their adult son or daughter. The article examines the various ways in which the parents, the majority of whom were mothers, negotiate principles of independence, choice and autonomy for their adult son or daughter who requires intensive support, including assistance with communicating. The aim is to explore, in the context of the Convention and the principles of the independent living movement, how to acknowledge and conceptualise personal assistance schemes that require another person to manage on behalf of the user. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 272.
    Brinck, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Stridh, Josefine
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    LEDARSKAPETS PÅVERKAN PÅ LÄRANDEPROCESSER AV TYST KUNSKAP: FYRA ANSTÄLLDAS UPPLEVELSER2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study’s purpose was to increase the knowledge of and if so how the interaction between employees and managers could develop employees' tacit knowledge. The study was based on the question of how the employees experienced that leaders influenced and supported the learning processes of tacit knowledge. In order to achieve the objectives of the study profund semi-structured interviews were carried out with four employees with different job roles from four different companies. The interviews were conducted face to face with the support of a mind map with room for follow-up questions to obtain as reliable answers as possible. The analysis showed that the participants experienced that the leaders influenced and supported the learning processes of tacit knowledge within the five themes; work team building, dialogue and reflection, concrete activites, work role and concept formation and autonomy and also room to take initiative. Together they formed a whole which created a picture of the experience of support and influence on the learning process of tacit knowledge at their workplaces. 

  • 273.
    Brinck, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Stridh, Josefine
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Utmaningar i att leda ur ett arbetskaraktäristikt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kvalitativa studiens syfte var att ur ett ledarskapsperspektiv undersöka vad chefer upplevde som signifikanta utmaningar i att leda en arbetsgrupp utifrån de fem arbetskaraktäristika dimensionerna; uppgiftsidentitet, uppgiftsbetydelse, variation i färdigheter, autonomi och feedback. För att uppnå studiens syfte valdes att göra djupgående, semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra chefer ifrån fyra olika verksamheter med varierande erfarenhet av ledarskap. Intervjuerna genomfördes vid personliga intervjuer med stöd av en intervjumall men också med utrymme för lämpliga följdfrågor för så uttömmande svar som möjligt. Resultatet av studien visade på att utmaningar återfanns i att arbetsgruppens autonomi tillsammans med variation i färdigheter begränsades av arbetsbeskrivning. Utmaningar upplevdes också kring att få de anställda att förstå hela bilden samt i anställdas sätt att nyttja eller utnyttja autonomi och hantera feedback i de fall de erbjöds. Studien pekade även på en signifikant utmaning i att varje anställd också var en individ, liksom chefers olika perspektiv på vad som ses som önskvärt beteende. Resultaten öppnade också upp för frågeställningar kring individuella skillnader, hos såväl chefer som anställda, i relation till de olika dimensionerna som påvisade ett behov för vidare forskning.

  • 274.
    Brink, Robin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Konstruktionsförslag av tömningsstationer för storsäckar2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Tarkett is one of the largest company whit manufacturing of floor whit operation in more than 100 countries and has about 12000 employees all over the world. Thanks to the establishment in Ronneby, the company has a strong footprint in Sweden and Northern Europé. The product line of the company is very wide and extending everything from wood, laminate, linoleum, textile, sports and vinyl flooring, as well as wall covering for wet rooms.

    Problem description

    Today, Tarkett has three emptyingstations with associated telphers for big bags filled with raw material. These bags are emptied to used as raw material in manufacture of accents in the covering. The accents are used to create pattern in the covering which are diffrent depending on the design that is running. A big bag has calculated to weigh about 800 kg and empties rarely before it is time to shift materials because of changing products. This happens because of the raw materials in the station are not allowed to be mixed up. In the absence of emtying stations and time saving, it ́s not unusual to change half-filled bags and sort the left over materials as energy recovery/landfill, wich cost the company money. Based on earlier saving analyzes, Tarkett is calculated to save about 600 K SEK per annum if they istall two more emptying stations.

    Goal

    The goal of this thesis is to provide a proposal of a construction whit two new emptying stations and associated hoists, containing both strength analysis with construction drawing and cost analysis for manufacturing and installation.

    Conclusion

    For the new construction to work according to the requirements of today ́s standards, two more IPE-270 beams are required on either side of the three beam of telphers.

    The welding joint ́s ability to change shape are highly dependent on the hardness and brittleness of the overpass zone. This has to be regarded as a possible source of error because it ́s shifting depending on the human factor when applying welding joints. Based on the text above, the conclusion as been made is that the construction will be welded in a way that all joints provide a average a-measure of 3 mm, even if the theoretical value of the a-measure are 2 mm.

    The total cost of the reconstruction has been calculated against approximately 380 KSEK, which means that the investment will provide an earning first after 8 months.

  • 275.
    Brissman, Elsa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Hur skapas den regionala planeringen?: en studie av intressen, perspektiv och maktresurser inom regional samverkan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen studerar processerna bakom den regionala planeringsprocessen. I ljuset av förändringsmönster såsom globalisering och urbanisering har det uppstått ett behov eller en vilja att samverka på en överkommunal nivå. I svallvågorna av den här debatten har regionen och en regional samverkan inom planering fått ett stort uppsving. Vad som dock är oklart är för vem den regionala planeringen egentligen genomförs. Eftersom det rör sig om ett förhållandevis nytt sätt att arbeta går det även att ställa frågan vem som har makten att styra processerna? Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka de här frågorna men även vad som är en regional fråga och hur den konstrueras.

    Uppsatsen är utformad som en fallstudie. Det studerade fallet är Region Örebro län med tillhörande kommuner. Metoder för datainsamling har varit dokumentstudier där kommunala och regionala planer ingått, samt semi-strukturerade intervjuer med kommunala och regionala planeringstjänstemän. En kvalitativ innehållsanalys har genomförts på det empiriska materialet. Det teoretiska perspektivet har haft sin grund i governance, soft spaces och strategiskapande.

    Den studie som genomförts i uppsatsen pekar på att det finns två skilda sätt att se på regionen, både avseende syfte och roller men även avseende intresset i planeringen. Kommunerna och regionen har olika intressen i den regionala planeringsprocessen där kommuntjänstemännen ser processen utifrån den egna kommunen och hur de kan dra nytta av den. Regiontjänstemännen ser däremot regionen som en enda enhet där nyttan ska gå till enheten och inte vissa utpekade delar. Att de två aktörsgrupperna har olika intressen får konsekvenser även i andra delar av processen. De har bland annat mycket skilda uppfattningar om hur rollfördelningen ska se ut, vad syftet med regionen är samt vem regionen är till för. Kommunerna anser att regionen är till för dem, att det är en arena där de och andra aktörer kan komma samman i regionala frågor. Regiontjänstemännen anser däremot att regionen är till för regionens bästa.

    De två olika perspektiven på regionen skapar konflikter. De problem som upplevs handlar i mångt och mycket om att det inte finns en tydlig förutbestämd process som arbetet ska följa. Den regionala planeringen befinner sig i ett soft space och är således fri att utformas så som aktörerna önskar. Även om det här leder till en stor flexibilitet bidrar det även till en osäkerhet och ett läge där aktörernas skilda bilder av hur processen ska gå till leder till svårigheter att komma överens. En intressant upptäckt är att det finns en splittring även mellan de två intervjuade regionala tjänstemännen angående vad regionen är och ska syfta till. En av dem utgår från kommunernas behov medan den andra av dem har ett ovanifrånperspektiv i vilket kommunerna ska ta hänsyn till den regionala planeringen och inte tvärt om.

    Från den genomförda studien framkommer även att makt är ett centralt begrepp inom den regionala planeringsprocessen. Aktörsgrupperna försöker båda hävda sig gentemot varandra i ett försök att kontrollera processen. Hur regionala frågor konstrueras är således en process definierad av vem som har makten att styra. De båda aktörsgrupperna har olika maktresurser som de använder för att hävda sig mot varandra. Kommunerna har sitt planmonopol och regionen har ekonomiska medel. Dessutom har regionen makten att bestämma över delar av processen, något som visat sig ha en betydelse i det perspektiv som tillåts råda.

  • 276.
    Brissman, Elsa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    På cykel i Karlskrona: En studie av cykelvägnätet i Karlskrona tätort2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 277.
    Bro, Marlene
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    PLACE ATTACHMENT: en kunskapsöversikt med fokus på fysisk planering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att arbeta med social hållbarhet i planering och förändring av våra fysiska miljöer behöver vi få större kunskap och förståelse för hur människor intergrerar och påverkas av den fysiska miljön. Människan är inte alltigenom rationell och logisk även om vi vill tro det; forskning i olika dicipliner visar på att vi styrs av känslor och perception. Hur vi upplever situationen med våra sinnen och hur vi sammanfogar detta med våra tidigare erfarenheter och vår självbild avgör hur vi reagerar och agerar.

    Denna uppsats granskar forskningen på place attachment genom en genomgång av nio vetenskapliga artiklar av forskare från en bredd av dicipliner. Syftet är att utreda begreppets innebörd och vad det har för betydelse i arbetet med att planera och förändra fysiska miljöer.

    Begreppet place attachment syftar till betydelsefulla känslomässiga band som människor har till en specifik plats. Större delen av utförd forskning behandlar miljöer kring hemmet, där skalan oftast innefattar grannskapet, men forskning finns även kring andra typer av miljöer så som semesterboenden och rekreationsområden.

    De två dominerande perspektiven för att beskriva fenomenet är dels anknytningsteorin som har sin grund i psykologin gällande hur vi anknyter till andra människor. Dels fenomenologin som ur ett mer filosfiskt perspektiv beskriver hur vi genom att uppleva omgivningen genom våra kroppar skapar ett förhållningssätt till platsen. Forskarna i de valda artiklarna är alla eniga om att det finns ett behov hos människan att anknyta till platser.

    Genom att lära oss att se och förstå innebörden av begreppet kan arbetet med att förändra en miljö i den fysiska planeringen ske på på platsens och användarnas villkor. Vilket också kan leda till smidigare planprocesser.

  • 278.
    Broman, Göran
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Collins, Terrence
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, USA.
    Basile, George
    Arizona State Univ, USA.
    Baumgartner, Rupert
    Graz Univ, AUT.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Huisingh, Donald
    Univ Tennessee, USA.
    Science in support of systematic leadership towards sustainability2017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 140, p. 1-9Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The un-sustainable course of our societies is the greatest threat humanity has ever confronted. The biophysical systems upon which we are totally dependent have not been challenged by human activities at the global scale before and our impacts upon those planetary systems, as well as upon our social systems, cannot be adequately addressed by ad hoc solutions. Science and leadership will be required to address this threat and transform our current societies into sustainable societies. This Special Volume presents an evolving, yet increasingly cohesive, science-based perspective on leadership towards sustainability. Examples of crucial, overall questions addressed by authors of articles in this Special Volume are: How can science help to clarify sustainability as a foundational platform for success for society's core institutions (e.g. business, governance and education), and how can this platform inform envisioning, planning, monitoring, communication and decision making to accelerate the needed transitions? The conceptual framing of sustainable development in this Special Volume is based upon the logic that it is only if we can define sustainability in a scientifically solid way, as a frame for any vision, that we can analyze current situations in relation to such sustainable visions, and design strategies to close the gap to such visions. In moving from current situations towards possible sustainable futures, specific support in the form of leadership concepts, methods, tools, and requirements are also essential, i.e. given clarity around what needs to be achieved, effective leadership then requires knowing how to achieve it. Both the what and the how questions are addressed in this Special Volume. The research described provides a foundation for moving from ad hoc activities to systemic, systematic and strategic transitions towards sustainability. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd

  • 279.
    Broman, Göran
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    A framework for strategic sustainable development2017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 140, no Part 1, p. 17-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to give a comprehensive and cohesive description of the most recent version of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), and also to describe and discuss the overall method for developing the FSSD, elaborate on the general rational for and general benefits of a framework of this type, and Validate benefits of the FSSD through examples of its application. The purpose is also to point to pertinent future work. In preparation of this paper, we have reviewed previous publications and other documents related to the FSSD and reflected on the 25-year learning process between scientists and practitioners. We conclude that the FSSD has proven to aid organizations in thoroughly understanding and putting themselves in context of the global sustainability challenge, and to move themselves strategically towards sustainability, i.e., to stepwise reduce their negative impacts on ecological and social systems at large while strengthening the own organization through capturing of innovation opportunities, including new business models, exploration of new markets and winning of new market shares, and through reduced risks and operation costs. Specifically, we conclude that the FSSD aids more effective management of system boundaries and trade-offs, makes it possible to model and assess sustainable potentials for various materials and practices before investments are made, and offers the possibility for more effective collaboration across disciplines and sectors, regions, value-chains and stakeholder groups. We also conclude that the FSSD makes it possible to prevent damages, even from yet unknown problems, and not the least, to guide selection, development and combination of supplementary methods, tools, and other forms of support, which makes it possible to increase their utility for strategic sustainable development. Finally, we have shown that the FSSD is useful for structuring transdisciplinary academic education and research. Several examples of ongoing FSSD related research, as well as ideas for future work, are given. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 280.
    Broman, Göran
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Basile, George
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Baumgartner, Rupert
    Collins, Terry
    Huisingh, Donald
    Systematic leadership towards sustainability2013In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systematic leadership towards sustainability implies utilization of systems thinking for step-wise approaches to transformative changes towards sustainable societies. This ‘call-for-papers’ (CfPs) for a Special Volume of the Journal of Cleaner Production is focused upon what types of research are needed for us to make the necessary local, regional, national and global changes. This CfPs is for anyone who wishes to address these challenges seriously, that is, to utilize essential aspects of leadership to contribute strategically to the transition towards sustainable societies. To successfully address these challenges, people from different sectors and disciplines must work together in a coordinated and efficient way. We wish to explore the question: What support do such transformative endeavors require and how can science contribute?

  • 281.
    Brosgård, Philip
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Fahlman, Anna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Kostnadseffektivisering och kvalitetsförbättring gällande hantering av skärvätska2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project was to provide the basis for appropriate and useful solutions for any eventually streamlining of Kockums Maskin's cutting fluid management. Cost-related factors regarding the company's cutting fluid are also included in this part. A detailed examination of suitable material within the project's main area were initially and subsequently result in a further analysis of the company's existing systems and management, regarding cutting fluids. Based on this analysis a further investigation on possible proposals was started for improvement regarding the issues involved with the solutions and the cutting fluids. Through direct contact with many companies and individuals in management/purchasing and existing documentation regarding cutting fluid, obtained a several solutions and suggestions for improvement regarding the searched area. This result was then later evaluated and used in the development of the project results. The problem regarding the choice of solutions has to do with the fact that it requires extensive expertise in every type of area to meet the requirements and conditions that Kockums Maskin demands. Thus, the boundaries claimed the election of solutions to instead provide suggestions for suitable solutions regarding the improvement of quality, which indirectly should lower the annual cost of cutting fluid, based on Kockums Maskin's actual needs.

  • 282.
    Brox, Mario Sánchez
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Competitive Global Ports for Regional Economic Development: The Port of Valencia2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Face to high unemployment and GDP stagnation, competitive ports bear potential positive impacts on regional economic development over their hinterland. Ports are conceived as nodes in global supply chains basing their competitiveness in deriving location, infrastructure, connectivity and supply chain integration advantages for logistics operators. In the current global logistics scenario, port oversupply has increased competition, and global shipping companies are increasingly influential in inserting ports into international maritime routes. This qualitative case study is a pragmatic research, making use of both new institutional economics to grasp the economic behaviour of port stakeholders, and the structure of provision approach to guide an institutional analysis on how the attributes of the Port of Valencia provide global shipping companies with competitive advantages. Institutions turn to be relevant in generating advantages such as a privileged connectivity to the centre of the peninsula, an outperforming integrated electronic information interchange system among all members of the port community, or the port authority’s valuable coordination, promotion and leadership of initiatives boosting logistics operators’ competitiveness. Port institutions have also shaped competitive disadvantages, namely the elevated cost of stowage, towage services, some taxes or low productivity of some terminals. The analysis of these findings grounds a discussion on possible adjustments of the port institutional attributes to strengthen the competitive advantages offered to global shipping companies, thus contributing to the regional economic development of the port hinterland. The paper concludes with some challenges for the future and further research tracks.

  • 283.
    Brunström, Albert
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Mathiasson, Viktor
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Om jag inte skrattar, gråter jag!: En litteraturstudie om upplevelsen av humor i omvårdnaden ur ett patientperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Humor är ett mångfacetterat begrepp som har en god psykologisk och fysiologisk påverkan på patienterna. Trots sina positiva effekter har humor länge varit ett svårt ämne inom hälso- och sjukvård. Humor i vården handlar bland annat om att lätta upp den allt som oftast allvarliga stämning som kan finnas. Humor har en stor roll i etableringen av en god vårdrelation som i sin tur påverkar patienters upplevelse av vården.Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelser av humor mellan sjuksköterska och patient i omvårdnaden.Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats som grundades på tio vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: I resultatet presenteras två huvudkategorier. Den första Humor kan förbättra omvårdnaden med tillhörande underkategorier Upplevelse av att humor stärker vårdrelationen, Upplevelse av att humor förbättrar kommunikationen, Upplevelse av att kunna hantera känslor och situationer med hjälp av humor, Upplevelse av att bli stärkt och må bättre av humor, Upplevelse av humor som en lämplig del i omvårdnaden. Den andra huvudkategorin Humor kan försämra omvårdnaden med tillhörande underkategorier Upplevelse av humor som en olämplig del i omvårdnaden samt Upplevelse av negativa konsekvenser av humor.Slutsats: Patienter upplever att humor är en essentiell del i omvårdnaden. Humor upplevdes ha flera terapeutiska fördelar. Den sågs även stärka den mellanmänskliga vårdrelationen och bidrog till kommunikativa fördelar mellan sjuksköterskan och patienten. Genom att etablera humor i vården kan sjuksköterskan skapa en bättre och mer personcentrerad omvårdnad.

  • 284.
    Bugga, Hemanth
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Challa, Aravind kumar
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Development of Tools for Automating Standardization of Cable way using Knowledge Based Engineering2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The path along which a high voltage cable needs to travel within the production facility is designed by a combination of straight and curved segments. As segments are available only in standard sizes, the path must be standardized. The transformation of an initial path into standardized path is a manual and time-consuming process. Tools are developed to automate this process using Knowledge-Based Engineering (KBE). The MOKA-methodology has been followed to capture and store the knowledge behind the standardization of the path. Designs of truss segments which are currently in use are studied and modified to make the models more efficient. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is performed to evaluate the strength of segments of both old and new models which shows that new models are more efficient. To rapidly obtain segments of different dimensions, parametric models of segments are designed.

  • 285.
    Burjorjee, Peter
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Roth, Benedikt
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Nelis, Yoeri
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Land cooperatives as a model for sustainable agriculture: A case study in Germany2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 286.
    Burra, Venkata Sai Vijay Krishna
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Nallamothu, Vamsi
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Design and Structural Analysis of a Jig-Fixture Assembly for a Tail Wing2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 287.
    Bustamante, Luis
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Mogren, Lena
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Organizational Culture as Factor for Development of Cultural Controls2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 288.
    Bustos, Mattias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Ljuset i Karlskrona: En studie om belysningen i centrala Karlskrona2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet redovisar förhållandet mellan belysnings- och fysisk planering och hur dessa två kunskapsfält kan ge upphov till en förbättrad utformning av våra städers offentliga miljöer. Förutom att belysning har såväl rationella och estetiska värden som funktions- och effektbelysning har ny teknik inom belysningsbranschen möjliggjort till en form av ljussättning av platser som tidigare ansågs vara antingen överflödiga, onödiga eller omöjliga. Hållbar utveckling, det offentliga rummet och belysningsplanering utgör således arbetets teoretiska ram där olika begrepp ställs emot varandra och konkretiseras i olika gestaltningsförslag i ett resultatkapitel. I detta kapitel formuleras visioner för olika problemområden i ett geografiskt avgränsat område i Karlskrona, där intentionerna med en ny ljussättning argumenteras och redovisas i ett gestaltande segment.

    Förutom att arbetet ger ett exempel på tillvägagångssätt för analys av belysning baserat på diverse litterära verk och relevanta handböcker, förankras arbetet med praktiker inom fältet. De ger oss en insikt i vad belysningsplanering anses ha för värde bland kommunerna, ger exempel på ljusdesignerns roll i planeringsprocessen och vad det finns för för- och nackdelar med ett belysningsprogram.

  • 289.
    Button, Kenneth J.
    et al.
    George Mason Univ, USA.
    Eklund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Are there inherent biases in applying cost-benefit analysis?2018In: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 25, no 7, p. 461-464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article extends discussions of potential biases that can exist in applying cost-benefit analysis. While there is extensive evidence that capture can result in stakeholder manipulation of inputs, there are also claims that the analysis is inherently theoretically bias in favour of over acceptance. The article shows that, contrary to these latter claims, treating projects in isolation is unlikely to produce such bias; indeed, it is as likely as not to lead to suboptimally low acceptance rates. The reason for excessive acceptance of projects therefore is largely due to institutional capture of the analysis for either self-interest or natural human over-optimism.

  • 290.
    Bylund, Sara
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Buller i byn: En studie om detaljplanering i bullerutsatta områden intill järnvägsstationer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges demografiska utveckling visar att fler och fler bor i tätorter samtidigt som resandet ökar. Det skapar efterfrågan på bostäder i tätorter med god tillgång till kommunikationer. Boende nära kollektivtrafiknoder ger god tillgång till transporter samt möjlighet för god service, men en av dess baksidor är buller. Bostäder i tätorter planeras genom detaljplaner. Kommunen är ansvarig för planeringen samt att ta andra aktörers åsikter i beaktning. Uppsatsen studerar synpunkter från detaljplaneprocessen gällande buller från länsstyrelsen, Trafikverket och kommunala nämnder. Länsstyrelsen har ansvar att granska kommunernas planer utifrån bland annat planens hälsopåverkan. Trafikverket är ansvarig för de statliga vägarna och järnvägen, och därigenom för det buller dessa alstrar. Uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkt tas i de två tankemönster Emmelin och Lerman anser är aktuella för planering av mark och miljö, miljöparadigmet och planparadigmet. Tre detaljplaneprocesser studeras i uppsatsens fallstudiedel och analyseras utifrån den teoretiska utgångspunkten. En detaljplan med bostäder vid järnvägsstation studeras i tre utvalda städer, Lund, Malmö och Växjö. Alla kommuner har en vision att bygga bostäder med god tillgänglighet i centrala delar. Planeringen grundas på avvägning mellan olika intressen. Synpunkter från de studerade aktörerna gäller främst bullerutredningar och riktvärden. Inga riktvärden är lagstadgade men de används i planeringspraxis. Boverkets Allmänna råd 2008:1 är central i de studerade städernas planering av bostäder i bullrig miljö. Skilda åsikter finns mellan statliga myndigheter gällande riktvärden och bullerberäkningar. Exempel på detta är skillnaden mellan Naturvårdsverket och Boverket gällande bullerberäkning vid uteplats. Studie av detaljplaneprocessen utifrån den teoretiska utgångspunkten visar på en spänning mellan planparadigmet och miljöparadigmet gällande buller. Skilda åsikter finns kring hur ett legitimt beslut tas samt hur ”bokstavligt” riktvärdena ska tolkas. Förslag på ändringar i plan- och bygglagen samt miljöbalken avser att skapa en mer sammanhållen prövning av buller. Emmelin och Lermans prognos över miljö- och planparadigmet utveckling är att miljöparadigmet kommer blir allt starkare och sätta gränser inom vilka planering får ske. Lagförslaget kring buller kan vara en del i miljöparadigmets gränssättande för planeringen.

  • 291.
    Bäcklund, Emma
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Samrådet - Den lokala kunskapens plattform?: En studie om kunskapens funktion och utfall vid det formella samrådsskedet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det första lagstadgade tillfället för medborgarna att ges möjlighet att påverka den fysiska planeringens planprocesser är genom det formella samrådet. Samrådet har till funktion att “...få fram ett så bra beslutsunderlag som möjligt och att ge möjlighet till insyn och påverkan” (SFS 2010 5 kap 12§). Det pågår dock en debatt om huruvida samrådstillfället i en planprocess leder till bättre beslutsunderlag och ger möjlighet för medborgarna att påverka den fysiska planeringen då forskningen hävdar att det finns ett glapp mellan deltagandets syfte och dess reella funktion.

    Syftet med studien är därför att studera ​hur den kommunala planeringen officiellt bemöter inkomna synpunkter vid det formella samrådsskedet med särskilt fokus på planeringens kunskapssyn och genom detta nyansera förståelsen kring det “rådande glappet” mellan deltagandets syfte och om dess reella funktion är så som forskningen framhäver. För att kunna uppfylla syftet ämnar studien besvara; Vilken kunskapssyn präglar planeringen vid det formella samrådsskedet utifrån upprättade samrådsredogörelser?

    I uppsatsen förs ett resonemang kring hur medborgardeltagande kan förstås i den fysiska planeringens planprocesser samt hur samråd idag genomförs. Det förs även en diskussion kring planeringens kunskapssyn och vilken funktion kunskap kan ha inom en rationell planeringstradition och de postmoderna planeringstraditionerna kommunikativ, kollaborativ samt radikal planering.

    Empirin som legat till grund för analysen består av tre skriftliga samrådsredogörelser, från tre svenska kommuner där respektive samråd berör planer med olika ändamål. Medborgarnas yttranden och kommunens bemötande av dem har sorterats, kategoriserats och analyserats genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med en hermeneutisk tolkningsansats. Vid analysen har kommunens bemötande ställts i relation till medborgarnas synpunkter utifrån kategorier som identifierats i forskningsöversikten där fokus legat på̊ kunskapssyn och vilken funktion kunskapen kan få vid samrådsskedet. Samrådsredogörelserna valdes ut genom ett selektivt urval där var och en av handlingarna uppfyller kriterierna om att detaljplanen är antagen och har vunnit laga kraft samt inte gäller ändring av detaljplan.

    Studien visar att planeringen präglas av både värdeneutral och värdebaserad kunskap vid det formella samrådsskedet, men att kunskap framförallt används på ett instrumentellt och rationellt sätt. Det framgår av studien att kunskap används med olika syfte där den främst får funktionen att styrka ståndpunkter snarare än att ta in nya handlingsalternativ i den fysiska planeringens beslutsprocesser. 

     

  • 292.
    Böhlmark, Johan
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Källman, Frida
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Gemensam stad: En fallstudie om socialt hållbar planering för Trelleborgs sjöstad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Omvandling av hamnområden och att stärka kopplingen mellan staden och havet är en aktuell planeringssituation i dagens ökande urbanisering i våra städer samtidigt som segregering är ett växande problem på många platser. Hållbar utveckling har sedan länge varit aktuellt i planeringsdebatten men under senare tid har en förskjutning skett från de ekologiska aspekterna av stadsplaneringen till de sociala värdena som skapas av densamma. Det har därför inte skrivits och forskats i lika stor utsträckning som inom den ekologiska och ekonomiska hållbarheten då planering för integration och det sociala livet är under pågående utveckling.

    Arbetet syftar därmed till att behandla synen på social hållbar utveckling och undersöka hur begreppet förstås, vad det innefattar och hur det definieras samt hur det senare kan komma att praktiseras. Detta görs med utgång i en teoretisk diskussion där hållbar utveckling som huvudbegrepp utreds utifrån dess ursprung, hur det används och förstås utifrån forskning kring ämnet, varpå en liknande redogörelse görs av begreppet social hållbarhet, vilket utgör arbetets huvudfokus.

    För att bringa klarhet i den sociala hållbarhetens koppling till fysisk planering har samtida forskning i ämnet studerats, vilket utgör arbetets forskningsöversikt. utifrån denna forskningsöversikt, tillsammans med studier av två referensprojekt, utrönas gestaltningsprinciper för hur social hållbarhet kan främjas och praktiskt appliceras i ett gestaltningsförslag. Dessa gestaltningsprinciper tillämpas sedan genom arbetets fallstudie av Trelleborgs sjöstad, som även är föremål för den aktuella arkitekttävlingen Europan 14. I fallstudien studeras planeringsförutsättningarna för Trelleborgs sjöstad utifrån den fördjupade översiktsplanen för området samt utifrån dokument tillhörande tävlingsprogrammet för Europan 14. Arbetet mynnar slutligen ut i ett gestaltningsförslag för en centrumnära del av Trelleborgs sjöstad. Förslaget grundar sig i de principer för socialt hållbar planering som baserats på forskningsöversikten, och det visar sig att det är möjligt att planera socialt hållbart utifrån aktuell forskning och samtida planeringsexempel.

  • 293.
    Böhm, Johannes
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Estvall, Camilla
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Tillänglighet och handelsområden: Ett analysbaserat kandidatarbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Handelsområden är inget nytt påfund. Redan antikens civilisationer hade offentliga marknader där varor såldes och bytte ägare. Marknader och handelsområden har sedan dess varit en central del av städer. I samband med industrialiseringen och något senare, bilismens intåg, har dock flera stora förändringar skett i hur vi handlar. När en större andel av befolkningen fick tillgång till bil kunde handelskedjor flytta långt utanför städerna där marken var mycket billigare och lättillgänglig.

    Handel i halvexternt läge är många gånger i konflikt med kommunens mål och strategier som ofta förespråkar social hållbarhet och tillgänglighet. Handelsområden kan bidra till att skapa barriärer i tätorterna eftersom de i regel ligger samlat i ett kluster relativt centralt. Sådana handelsområden besöks i regel enbart under dagarna medan platserna nattetid kan upplevas ödsliga och otrygga. Brist på gång- och cykelvägar, smidig kollektivtrafik samt funktionsblandning bidrar till att ytterligare förstärka barriäreffekten. Utöver det låser handelsområden som är byggda efter bilens behov fast oss i ett fortsatt bilberoende.

    Denna studie syftar sig till att undersöka hur halvexterna handelsområden i medelstora svenska städer kan utvecklas utifrån ett tillgänglighetsperspektiv. Detta genomförs genom en fallstudie på handelsområdet Giraffen i Kalmar samt en omvärldsanalys över hur andra aktörer hanterat tillgänglighet i projekt på olika skalor och med varierande syften. Undersökningen innefattar ett gestaltningsförslag på två skalor där de lärdomar som dragits av analysen appliceras. Avslutningsvis diskuteras hur undersökningen besvarat syftet och frågeställningen.

  • 294.
    Böhm, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    The demographic decline - The case of Sweden: The shrinking process in remote rural areas2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, growing processes and shrinking processes take place simultaneously since decades. The following thesis deals especially with the decline process in the remote rural municipalities in Sweden. The central question of the thesis is: how the national and municipal level in Sweden is dealing with the demographic decline in remote rural regions. To answer this question, the thesis includes three parts. The first part is the theoretical framework the thesis. The second part analyses the measures at the national level with a focus on the national regional growth policy as a support measure and the national equalisation policy as a compensation measure. The dealing on the national process is characterized by policies to reverse the decline and to compensate the negative impacts. The third part analyses the dealing process on the municipal level. Thereby, the dealing process has more a practical nature. This shows the two selected case study of the municipalities Arjeplog and Jokkmokk. It seems very common that the Swedish municipal measures are characterized by a two-way dealing namely reverse the decline and secure the municipal basic services.

  • 295.
    Börjesson, Alexander
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Mårtensson, Felix
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Den externa handeln i fysisk planering: En studie av handelns påverkan och dess betydelse i stadskärnan och externa lägen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Handel har i flera fall legat till grund för städers ursprung i Sverige, där stadskärnan har verkat som den centrala handelsplatsen. I takt med handelns utveckling och bilens framfart i det svenska samhället, har handelsplatser uppstått i externa lägen utanför staden. Externhandeln har med bilanpassade och lättåtkomliga lägen i nära anslutning till större trafikleder öppnat upp för en handelsmarknad som har bidragit till en konkurrens om kommuners kundunderlag. Samtidigt har handeln expanderat över internet genom e-handel som även denna plattform är en bidragande faktor till den ökade konkurrensen.

    Konkurrensen mellan den samlade externa handeln och stadskärnan har sedan ett antal år legat till grund för flera debatter, och kring forskningen råder det delade meningar där en del menar att konkurrensen gynnar handel i stadskärnan medan en del menar att den missgynnas. Kommuner har olika synsätt och innehar olika erfarenheter av den externa handeln men gemensamt för dem är att den påverkar deras fysiska planering. Forskningen yrkar på att aspekter som tillgänglighet, trafikfrågor och etablering i geografiska lägen medför konsekvenser för kommuner och att de måste behandlas effektivt i den fysiska planeringen.

    Följande kandidatuppsats undersöker den externa handelns påverkan på stadskärnan och dess verksamheter samt hur den externa handeln behandlas i kommunal fysisk planering. Syftet med arbetet har varit att undersöka två kommuner, Karlshamns kommun och Kristianstad kommun, med hjälp av fallstudier där deras kommunala planering har granskats och jämförts för att finna likheter och skillnader i deras planering. För att genomföra arbetet har dokumentanalys använts där relevanta begrepp har identifierats och kategoriserats utifrån uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkter. Begreppen har därefter applicerats på ett empiriskt material som består av kommunala dokument, för att granska hur kommunerna hanterar den externa handeln i planeringen. Samtidigt har uppsatsen använt sig av surveyundersökning för att finna vilken påverkan den externa handeln har på respektive stadskärna och dess verksamheter.

    I analysen av det empiriska materialet har det framgått att i respektive kommun behandlas den externa handeln på liknande sätt då de har snarlika förutsättningar. Båda kommunerna är medvetna om att den externa handeln är betydande för respektive kommuns intressen, samtidigt som de tar hänsyn till de sociala och miljömässiga aspekter som den externa handeln medför samhället. Av surveyundersökningen har det framgått bland aktörer i respektive stad att den externa handeln har en påverkan på verksamheter i stadskärnan, samtidigt som det har påverkat konsumenterna var de främst väljer att uträtta sin handel.

    Respektive analys av kommunerna har slutligen ställts mot varandra och en diskussion har genomförts. Därefter besvaras uppsatsens frågeställningar angående vilken påverkan den externa handeln har på stadskärnan, samt vilka likheter och skillnader det finns mellan de utvalda kommunernas hantering av den externa handeln i planeringen.

  • 296.
    Cai, Hantao
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Castro, Julian
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Wepundi, Wafula
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Fostering social cohesion towards Smart Sustainable Cities: the role of Living Labs2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 297.
    Cajanus, Denise
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Lindecrantz, Johanna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Innovation kräver olikheter. Samarbete kräver likheter. Framgång kräver båda delar.: En kvalitativ studie kring avvägning mellan innovations- och samarbetsförmåga i team för att nå framgång2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 298. Carbonara, Nunzia
    et al.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    The Role of Knowledge Heterogeneity on the Innovative Capability of Industrial Districts2013In: Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and the Transformation of Regions / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie; Johansson, Börje; Stough, Roger, New York: Routledge , 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to contribute to the ongoing debate concerning the role of heterogeneity for the innovative capability of industrial districts. With this aim, using a knowledge-based approach, the paper focuses on different sources of industrial district knowledge heterogeneity and studies how the different level of heterogeneity affects the innovative capability of industrial districts. Four theoretical hypotheses concerning the effects of knowledge and knowledge heterogeneity on the Industrial District innovativeness are formulated. To test the hypotheses, an econometric analysis on 32 Italian District Provinces is applied. Empirical results show that knowledge heterogeneity matter for increasing the innovative capability of industrial districts.

  • 299.
    Carew, Jasmine Hanna
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Ghebregiorgis, Zekarias
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Söderberg, Victor
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Kundfokus inom livsmedelsbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Title: Customer focus in the food industry - internal customer-oriented processes through a Value Chain perspective. Authors: Jasmine Carew, Zekarias Ghebregiorgis and Victor Söderberg Supervisor: Jennie Blomqvist and Katrin Franander Department: School of Management, Blekinge Institute of Technology Course: Bachelor’s thesis in Business Administration, 15 credits Key words: Financial Management, Value Creation, Customer Focus, Competitiveness, Food Industry, Value Chain, Value Chain Management, Shared Value and Value Chain Analysis Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify customer-oriented value creative activities in the food-industry with the help of Value Chain. Method: The study is a form of qualitative research based on primary data in the form of three interviews with industry experienced personal and secondary data in the form of an industry-specific report and scientific articles. Results: Focusing on customer means, in practical terms, customer value equivalent, preferably exceeding, the price of purchased goods/services. In the food industry one was able to find evidence of a great work focusing on customer; customer-oriented value creation was a focal part of the business activity. Companies within the food industry are actively working with focusing on customer in the business to create and strengthen relationships with customer and also to keep a strong position on the market. Despite this one could find some flaws in the customer focus where companies could improve their business and by that grow even stronger.

  • 300.
    Carey, Méabh
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Harned, Alexandrea
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Stein, Dayna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Addressing Food Waste as a Contribution to Strategic Sustainable Development within Vancouver, BC2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, the production, distribution and sale of food negatively impacts ecological and social sustainability, undermining the vital systems on which society depends. Global implications are intensified as one-third of the world’s food is wasted. The purpose of this research is to understand the role of food waste mitigation as a strategic stepping stone to further sustainable development in food systems. A pragmatic qualitative approach and the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development were used to analyze this using a systems perspective to identify key focus areas for development. Analysis of the data collected from industry, municipal government and community stakeholders led to the identification of key causes of waste, and drivers of and barriers to food waste reduction. Causal loop diagrams aided in mapping the opportunities for collaboration and potential associated risks between the three aforementioned sectors. Thirteen focus areas were deduced and analyzed using sustainability principles. The interplay of upstream and downstream strategies is discussed in examining ways to pursue focus areas simultaneously to impact the systemic barriers to a sustainable food system including globalized trade, overproduction, and underlying issues of food insecurity. 

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