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  • 251.
    Knutsson, Thomas Brindefalk
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Urban Mobility in the 21st Century: Defining the Problems of Car-usage2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis ”Urban Mobility in the 21st Century” gives an insight into the challenges that come with car usage in today’s society. Even though decision makers are trying to encourage people to use other means of transport, the car is still the predominant choice of transport for many people. With this thesis I have tried to answer the question of why people generally prefer to commute and travel by car instead of using public commuting systems. The answers to this question are many. Different scientists have given their view of why people generally prefer to travel by car. One of the explanations is given by Zygmunt Bauman. He argues that we live in a society that demands consumption of both travel and merchandise as well as experiences. In this the car becomes the ultimate choice of transport, due to its apparent sense of speed, flexibility and safety. This appealing sense of speed, flexibility and safety also partly explains why people prefer to use the car, instead of public commuting systems. The society we live in today is complex with many activities spanning a wide geographical area, giving the car many advantages both in flexibility and speed. The decision makers in the European Commission, the Swedish government and the British government have tried to handle this usage of the car in different ways, sometimes by encouragement in using other means of transport, and other times by hard measures like road pricing or increased tax on petroleum. When analyzing these different methods and comparing with the dominating theories on urban mobility, I found that some methods are more successful than others and also that certain methods can have side effects that are less desirable.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 252.
    KNUTZEN, DORIS MBIH
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    SUSTAINABLE ENERGY STRATEGIES AND GREEN ELECTRICITY MARKET DEVELOPMENT: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM GERMANY2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Human misuse of environmental assets especially energy is causing environmental degradation, which hampers social and economic welfare for present as well as for future generations. A worldwide shift to sustainable energy sources is one of the required actions to solve the problem. Electricity from sustainable energy sources is called green electricity and has arose as one of the most motivating tools for developing the sustainable energy market. This has resulted in the restructuring of Germany's energy industry with a dramatic change in energy use in electricity. The change has been aided by the German renewable energies act (EEG), which is been criticized for its resulting high green electricity prices which consumers have to pay. Green electricity prices seem to call for more consumers' attention than threats posed by conventional energy because only a small fraction of energy is sold as green electricity neccesitating the rethinking of the energy market. Due to the need for future research on more factors influencing consumers buying behavior in the green electricity market, this thesis seeks to investigate the following research questions: Is green electricity price the major influencing factor for its market unattractivess? Does the concern about price really calls for more attention than environmental concerns? It specifically aims to describe German consumers' perceptions of factors influencing their green electricity buying behavior. The research methodology involves the use of secondary and primary data. The secondary data gives a background knowledge of Germany and its energy historical development, Germany's sustainable energy strategies and strategies for market development (electricity feed-in-tariffs, the renewable energy act and problems), green electricity marketing, consumers' purchasing behavior and factors influencing this behavior. The primary data is gotten through a questionnare survey and analysed using both excel and the statistical package for social sciences. Evidence is taken from Germany because of its ambitious goals of 20-30% green electricity by 2020 and 80-100% by 2050. The result of the study shows that, although price is the most influencing factor in choosing an electricity supplier and also calls for more attention than environmental concerns, it's not the major hindering factor for the green electricity market unattractivess. Most German electricity consumers (42%) have no idea about green electricity prices. In comparison to competitors, 27% of them assume the prices are higher while 31% say the prices are thesame and even lower. All green electricity consumers confirm the prices are moderate and even cheaper. Even when prices are the same, most respondents gave other reasons like conviniences before environmental friendliness as the first motive for their electricity choice. Despite Germany's ambitous goals, consumers selfinterest and ignorance about green electricity prices remain a problem for the market.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 253.
    Kolb, Florentina
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Swinton, Frank
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Solodovnik, Iuliia
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Jönsson, Tina
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Putting Farm-to-School on Sweden’s sustainability menu2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The global food system plays a significant role in the sustainability challenge. One way to approach such a complex problem is to provide a science-based, functional definition of success, and then to find leverage points in the system that can force change. Because they are accessed by all children, we see food education and responsibly sourced school food as such leverage points.

    Farm-to-School is a US concept which encourages schools to provide classroom food education, a garden, and locally produced food in the school restaurant. We explored how the Farm-to-School concept might move the Swedish public-school system, in a strategic way, towards sustainability, using the municipality of Karlskrona as an example.

    We interviewed stakeholders in Karlskrona to understand the current system, and what the benefits of Farm-to-School and the obstacles to implementation might be. We also interviewed stakeholders in the US, to gain knowledge about their experience of Farm-toSchool.

    We found that in Karlskrona there are some initiatives but restrictive regulations hindered innovation and local procurement, insufficient leadership meant there was no unified vision to work towards, collaboration was absent and not encouraged, and there was a shortage of resources. We therefore do not advise implementing Farm-to-School at present.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    BTH2018Kolb
  • 254.
    Koukouvetsios, Konstantinos
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Suci, Putri Sari
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Velpula, John Vimal Tej Kumar
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Winterhalder, Johanna Maria
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Mapping Social Sustainability Tools2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the lack of clear guidance regarding the way business could include social sustainability into their operations, the objective of this research project was to study the functionality of social sustainability tools which are used worldwide by business practitioners and assess how useful these tools are to overcome barriers related with social aspects of sustainability as they are described in the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD): health, influence, competence, impartiality and meaning-making. A qualitative method analysis was selected, based upon direct content analysis. Elements from the 5 Level Framework (5LF) and the FSSD were used for designing two review processes to analyse selected social sustainability tools. The 5LF is useful for planning in complex systems, while the FSSD is designed to address complex challenges and recognize opportunities which aim to sustainability. The findings from the research show which tools, based on their functionality, can help a company move towards sustainability and illustrate how they address different social sustainability aspects. Based on these findings, recommendations were developed which included key features of the selected social sustainability tools. These recommendations could help business practitioners to choose the most appropriate tool for specific business context depending on the company’s needs.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    BTH2018Koukouvetsios
  • 255.
    Kowalczyk, Angelika
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Kustra, Monika
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Transport Planning and Sustainability: The Via Baltica Case2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Road transport is most commonly used out of other modes in terms of freight and passenger transportation on local and regional levels. For European citizens it is a primary mean of their access to services, social activities and employment. The scope of road infrastructure differs in some regions. The major disparity appears when the East of Europe is compared with the West. Actions to link periphery with the core of Europe are being continuously performed, what in this case represents itself in constructing Pan-European Transport Corridors, which will contribute to the connection of the whole territory of Europe. The Via Baltica, chosen as a case for this thesis, is a route to connect Helsinki, Tallinn, Riga, Kaunas, Budzisko and Warsaw. It is the common initiative of Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia and Poland. In addition, it is to be an express road and part of the I Pan-European Transport Corridor, which is going to connect Baltic countries with the West and South part of Europe. We focus on presenting how the Via Baltica is introduced in official documents and compare it with the process in practice. Our final goal is to assess the planning process of the Via Baltica route in Poland according to top down planning approaches and sustainability criteria. We are trying to find out what are the advantages and disadvantages of the ongoing process. After introducing results of the analysis made for the Via Baltica by Polish experts, we present how stakeholders and local authorities try to reinforce the process, regardless of environmental issues, to achieve economic and social profits. As the result we try find out how are the dimensions of sustainable development handled in the Via Baltica case in Poland. The conclusions are based on our findings concerning several conflicts which appeared during the planning process. They are also based on one-dimension as well as multi-criteria analyses.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 256.
    Kurakina, Svetlana
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för fysisk planering.
    Translating Sustainability Rhetoric into Urban Planning Practice: interpreting ideas, finding solutions and dealing with conflicts, cases of Saskatoon and Uppsala.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines two urban renewal projects in Saskatoon (Canada) and Uppsala (Sweden). The central subject of inquiry is urban planning process and complex dilemmas of sustainable development. What is seen as “a sustainable city”? What are the concerns and conflicts, which planners have to face with? Which arguments are used to justify the planning decisions and how are these arguments constructed?

    The study proposes a three-step framework to compare sustainability interpretation processes in urban planning of the two cities: through identification of the ideas, which are associated with the concept of sustainability; through analysis of local objectives of sustainable development;  and, finally, through examination of actions, which are perceived as appropriate to achieve stated goals. Furthermore, the research examines conflicts of interests, values and scale occurring throughout planning process; and analyses arguments, which are used to justify need “to be sustainable” and choices of solutions for urban renewal projects. The arguments are categorised as rational or normative depending on the type of reference planners use to construct them.

    The study reveals obvious differences in the interpretation of the sustainability concept in Uppsala and Saskatoon: with reliance on normative considerations in one case and rational ones in another. It also shows, that arguments working well for one type of conflict, do not help in resolving conflict of another type; and that Swedish and Canadian planners, facing pretty close challenges, choose different strategies to respond to them.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 257.
    Kyere-Frempong, Bertha
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Lemboye, Olakunle
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Young Small Business Strategies and Re-orientation towards Sustaining its Business Goals2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This research is aimed at studying the business strategies of young small businesses in Finland and Ireland. Needless to say those young small businesses are critical to many economies despite their size. Studying their operational strategies and finding ways to re orient them to attain and sustain their business goals despite being faced with economic challenges, is therefore of scholastic interest To carry out this study, a qualitative method was used. The primary data used was interview of the manager of four young small firms; two from Finland and two from Ireland. To achieve geographical spread and diversity of information 4 firms were selected: 2 each from Finland and Ireland. And to avoid management bias in information delivery; we interviewed selected employees to help cross check information gathered from the latter. Some randomly selected employees of these firms were also interviewed. Secondary data such as literature collected from books, journals and previous researches were also used. Findings on strategies that the businesses applied during their operation were qualitatively analyzed and recommendations made to help re-orient such businesses. The analysis of the collected data revealed that products and service offerings, strategic marketing and communication, operational costs effectiveness, business educational background as well as commitment of the entrepreneur coupled with the corporate social responsibility affects the goals and for that matter the success of young small businesses. In Recommendation, it is therefore that if young small businesses would not consider their size and scale of operation but objectively adhere to strategy formation principles, they would experience swift strategy implementation guidelines and be in a better position to monitor and control their progress to be able to effect appropriate changes on time in order to sustain their business goals in the long run notwithstanding the economic challenges they face.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 258.
    Lagström, Hilda
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Osäkerhet och risk- En studie av Norra Älvstranden i Göteborg2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Inom den fysiska planeringen idag tycks det råda en viss osäkerhet kring hur risker i samband med framtida klimatförändringar och mer specifikt hur risken för stigande havsnivåer, bör hanteras. Det tycks råda en konflikt mellan att bygga bostäder i attraktiva vattennära lägen samt att vidta de åtgärder som behövs för att minska riskerna och minimera konsekvenserna av ett förändrat klimat. Syftet med detta arbete har därför varit att nå en ökad kunskap kring hur den fysiska planeringen hanterar riskerna för ett förändrat klimat och specifikt riskerna med de stigande havsnivåerna, genom att granska hur dessa har hanterats i planeringen av Norra Älvstranden i Göteborg. Vidare har syftet varit att diskutera lämpliga riktlinjer för framtida planering av vattennära bebyggelse genom att besvara följande frågeställningar: Hur har klimatfrågan och framförallt riskerna med de stigande havsnivåerna, hanterats i planeringen av Norra Älvstranden i Göteborg? Finns det någon skillnad mellan hanteringen av klimatrisker och hanteringen av miljörisker? Vilka generella slutsatser kan dras utifrån fallet Norra Älvstranden? På vilket sätt kan slutsatserna tillämpas för att förbättra strategierna inför planering av framtida vattennära bebyggelse? En fallstudie har gjorts över Norra Älvstranden i Göteborg. Metoden som använts har varit en kvalitativ dokumentstudie. De dokument som studerats har varit översiktsplaner, fördjupade översiktsplaner samt 14 antagna detaljplaner som omfattas av fallstudien. Plandokumenten har analyserats var för sig utifrån följande analysfrågor: Hur beskriver översiktsplanen vattnet och specifikt risken för stigande havsnivåer? Vilket är det minsta tillåtna avståndet från vattnet till bebyggelse? Vilken höjd över kommunens nollplan är den lägst tillåtna för bebyggelse i markplan? Var och i vilken omfattning i plandokumenten hanteras miljörisker?(a) generellt, och (b) i synnerhet riskerna med stigande havsnivåer? Beskrivs vattnet som en möjlighet eller ett hot? De teoretiska utgångspunkter som legat till grund för studien har varit kopplade till hur den fysiska planeringen hanterar risker i vad som en del kallar för risksamhället. Begrepp som riskhantering, osäkerhet, riskmedvetandet diskuteras samt vilka problem kommuner och myndigheters organisering kan medföra gällande hantering av risker. Även vår tids tekniska utveckling och beroende av experter diskuteras. Att klimatet förändras till följd av mänsklig aktivitet har konstaterats. De har fått till följd att havsnivåerna stiger vilket medför stora konsekvenser för det svenska samhället där översvämningar är en av de mest uppenbara konsekvenserna eftersom både byggnader och naturmiljöer riskerar att drabbas. Hur sårbart ett samhälle är beror ofta på dess lokalisering. De städer och tätorter som är lokaliserade intill vattendrag och längs kusten är mer sårbara än de som ligger i högre terräng. Norra Älvstranden i Göteborg ligger både vattennära och relativt lågt och har tidigare varit en plats för hamnverksamheter och industri men som under 1990-talet omvandlats till ett attraktivt bostadsområde men fina kvaliteter. Av de granskade översiktsplanerna framgår att det skett en förändring i synen på vattnet, från att endast ha varit ett positivt element till att ses som en riskfaktor som kräver en beredskap samt en långsiktig planering. Av de analyserade detaljplanerna det först i de två sista planerna som det beskrivs vilka konsekvenser en stigande vattennivå skulle kunna få. I dessa planer framgår ett framtidstänkande där man föreslår att förebygga översvämningsriskerna genom att höja lägsta grundläggningsnivåerna med ytterligare 0,5 meter. Utifrån analysen av detaljplanerna kan slutsatsen dras att de miljörisker som beskrivits har varit oförändrade över tid från det att den första planen antogs och fram till idag samt att ett nytt förhållningssätt av hanteringen av vattenfrågan kan urskiljas under de senare åren.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 259.
    Laycock Pedersen, Rebecca
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Robinson, Zoe P.
    Keele University, GBR.
    Surman, Emma
    Keele University, GBR.
    Understanding Transience and Participation in University Student-Led Food Gardens2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 10, artikkel-id 2788Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In an increasingly mobile world, transience is becoming the norm. Sustainable community food initiatives, therefore, must organise to withstand high turnover of volunteers. Using a case study of the United Kingdom’s National Union of Students’ food growing scheme in universities, this paper aims to map the causes and effects of short-term, irregular, and low participation using a causal loop diagram to understand how to mitigate their negative impacts and improve participation. Data was gathered through interviews, workshops, photovoice, a fishbowl discussion, and a reflective diary. We found three amplifying feedback loops increasing short-term, irregular and low participation, their causes, and their impacts. These feedback loops were precariously buffered by a continuous in-flow of new potential participants each academic year. We also found that the stakeholders of these gardens conceptualised time akin to both temporary and permanent organisations, and these differing conceptualisations were a source of tension. Furthermore, although ‘organisational amnesia’ was a problem, the gardens were still learningful spaces. We recommend both upstream and downstream solutions are implemented to buffer the impacts of transience and suggest that university and students’ union staff could play a crucial and subtle supporting role.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 260.
    Levy França, César
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Introductory Approach to Business Model Design for Strategic Sustainable Development2013Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The interrelated challenges of systematic degradation of ecosystems, social inequalities, financial instability and resource constraints are redefining the overall conditions for business in the twenty-first century. Addressing these challenges both demands and brings great opportunity for innovation. An important but sometimes neglected aspect of innovation is the design or redesign of business models. This has been identified as a greater source of lasting competitive advantage than new products and services per se. The majority of managers among those who say that their company´s sustainability activities have added to profits also say that these activities have led to business model changes. However, integrating business model design and sustainable innovation practices is a relatively underexplored area of research. The aim of this work is to develop an approach to business model design that supports the realization of sustainability-driven strategies. In this thesis, it is argued that a major barrier to sustainable innovation is the usual unawareness of an operational definition of sustainability and of guidelines for how an organization can support sustainable development while strengthening its own competitiveness. Therefore, a Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), which includes such an operational definition of sustainability and such strategic guidelines, is used as an overarching methodology for this work. Specific research methods include literature reviews, data collection, data and document analysis, explorative workshops and action research, mainly with partners in the district heating sector. To be able to design a business model that supports a sustainability-driven strategy, it is necessary to have, or to be able to develop, such a strategy. The literature review revealed that there is currently no business model design tool that in itself includes support for developing sustainability-driven strategies. However, as regards business model design as such, a tool known as the Business Model Canvas (BMC) is frequently referenced and by many seen as a kind of de-facto standard support tool for business model design. A combination of the FSSD (bringing the sustainability perspective) and the BMC (bringing the generic building blocks of business models) is therefore explored. Depending on the context it is necessary to also combine this with other methods and tools; in this work specifically with methods and tools for energy systems modeling and simulation. Both as a way to develop a combined approach and as a way to start validating it, a prototype of a handbook for sustainable innovation in the district heating sector was developed and tested iteratively. The use of early versions of this handbook preliminary indicates that the combined approach helps organizations to, e.g., self-assess their maturity in terms of strategic sustainability work, clarify strengths and weaknesses of current business models from a strategic sustainability perspective and generate of new solutions, including mutually supportive actions and business models within their wider value network.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 261.
    Lewis, Aaron
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Simmons, Mark
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    P2P Carsharing Service Design: Informing User Experience Development2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the P2P carsharing user experience. The intention of this investigation is to increase the adoption and uptake of P2P carsharing in existing and future markets because of its benefits to the environment, the local economy and its accruement of social capital. We see P2P carshar- ing as a key means to creating a sustainable urban transportation solution. We started by doing a web review of P2P carsharing followed by a system- atic analysis in which we categorized each platforms’ key attributes. With this information we created two infographics. The first displays existent platforms and their different attributes. The second illustrates the customer journey. We then conducted a survey between April 6 and May 14, 2012, receiving 206 responses from borrowers, owners and people who have not yet used the service. Although the survey was open to anyone, users in the US, France, Germany, Spain and Sweden were targeted. The survey pro- vides demographic information about P2P carsharing users who were found to be young, highly educated, well-off working professionals. Their trans- portation habits and needs, especially as relating to P2P carsharing were also found. After collating this information we partitioned respondents into: Owners, Borrowers, Prospective Owners, Prospective Borrowers, and then orthogonally into US Users and European Users. We then created user pro- files and a mix of short and longer-term multi-stakeholder design chal- lenges for stakeholders; whose work, building off of ours, will we hope, foster innovations that make P2P carsharing a ubiquitous mobility solution.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 262. Lichtenberg, Alexandra
    et al.
    Gurimaraes, Patricia
    Podsedkowska, Heleen
    Planning for Sustainable Mobility with Personal Rapid Transit in Small European Cities2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 263.
    Lichtenberg, Rose
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Guimarães, Patricia
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Podsedkowska, Heleen
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Personal Rapid Transit systems for reduction in car dependence Karlskrona case study2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This research project is designed to enhance the planning process that can aid authorities moving towards sustainable and economically feasible local and regional mobility systems. The improvements that have been made to transit so far have not been successful in breaking the trend of increasing car traffic and decreasing transit trip making. This means that sustainable mobility is a complex system which also encompasses changing attitudes and behaviours, integrating spatial and energy planning into it, and looking upstream to affect the causes of the problem instead of downstream to just fix its consequences. Environmental impacts (noise, pollution, health problems), accidents and congestion are all by-products of transport activities – they are the so-called external costs – and must be made part of the equation. European guidelines were analysed, as well as the results of many of the European Union‘s mobility research programs. The core of the research analyses how to move Karlskrona municipality‘s mobility system towards its vision of success in the future through the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development – Sustainable Mobility (FSSD-SM). Backcasting from a sustainable vision in the long-term future is central to this process. The Municipality of Karlskrona, in Sweden, is the case study. A sustainability analysis of Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) systems was undertaken to determine the feasability of integrating this modal system into the mobility solution for Karlskrona municipality.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 264.
    Lin, Shangchao
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Zhao, Zhenhua
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Peng, Peng
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Sustainable Neighbourhood Reconstruction in the Urban District2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The neighbourhood reconstruction involves three key stakeholders—municipality, builders and residents. There are some conflicts among them due to their different standpoints, and the reasons of most conflicts relate to human needs of residents when they are not met. The main purpose of this study is to create a general socially sustainable neighbourhood reconstruction process through the lens of FSSD and Max-Neef‘s human needs theory. This new process will promote the collaboration among these three key stakeholders and help residents to have their basic human needs fulfilled. First of all, a vision of a sustainable neighbourhood reconstruction process is created and amended based upon literature review and authorities‘ feedback; then a summary of the current reality of the reconstruction process is addressed in light of a case study; followed by the analysis of the gap between vision and reality. At last, different suggestions are given with the purpose of eliminating the gap.

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  • 265.
    Lind, Anders
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för fysisk planering.
    HOTANDE HAVSNIVÅER En fallstudie av Lomma2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringen är här och havsnivån håller på att höjas vilket hotar bebyggelse utmed kusterna. Lomma i sydvästra Skåne är en småstad som redan idag drabbats av översvämningar och som i framtiden kommer utsättas för än större risker. Havsnivån i Lomma kan enligt SMHI komma att stiga med så mycket som 2,6 meter vid framtida högvattennivåer vilket skulle få förödande effekter på bebyggelsen men även för drabbade människor. Sättet att hantera de stigande havsnivåerna har de senaste åren gått från en tillit till tekniska lösningar till en mer tillåtande lösning på naturens villkor, där vattnet tillåts översvämma bestämda områden. Med hjälp av de teoretiska utgångspunkterna, referensexempel från Hamburg och Nederländerna, samt en innehållsanalys av kommunala dokument från Lomma har tre strategier tagits fram för att hantera den stigande havsnivån i Lomma. Strategierna tillsammans med handlingsalternativet defend resulterar i ett gestaltningsförslag som på ett hållbart sätt hanterar de väntade havsnivåerna.

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  • 266.
    Lindahl, Pia
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Approaching Strategic Sustainable Materials Management2013Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Society’s sustainability challenges relatedto materials management have been an area of concern for policymakers, industry and the public for decades. However, if those challenges are managed in a strategic way, they are not only aproblem, but could also bring in new opportunity for companies and other organizations to improve their competitiveness through developingproduct-service systems that promote sustainable development of society. The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how aframework for strategic sustainable development (FSSD) can support the development and design of sustainable materials management strategies in product innovation. This is achieved by four studies investigating howsustainability considerations are, or could be, integrated in decisions regarding materials selection. The studies are informed by the FSSD, Maxwell’s model for qualitative research design and the design research methodology. The first study is a theoretical discussion which provides a base for the following three exploratory studies. The exploratory studies have, through literature reviews and semi-structured interviews, investigated general sustainabilityconsiderations in companies, made a comparison of the strategic potential of two product improvement strategies and finally studied what considerations that are in focus and what types of solutions that are revealed when companies apply a strategic sustainability perspective to materials management. The studies have shown that decisions regarding materials management often arebased on compliance with legislation and on avoiding substances with characteristics commonly considered problematic (such as toxicity, persistency, etc.), and that decision support regarding how materials could be managed in a sustainable way are lacking. However, the results also include some examples from companies that have successfully developed pro-active strategies towards sustainable materials management. They have approached this through managing materials in closedtechnical loops, enabled material substitution through value chain collaboration and reduced material flows through new and innovative design. Most importantly, they have assessedactions not only regarding their potential to reduce a selection of current socio-ecological impacts but also regarding their potential to link toforthcoming actions towards the full scope of socio-ecological sustainability. Through this approach, they have found several ways by which materials with characteristics that are commonly considered problematic can be. The results highlight the possibility of enabling sustainable materials management practices by using a strategic sustainability perspective in combination with material characteristics knowledge and that a static division of “sustainable” vs. “unsustainable” materials (e.g., through lists of forbidden and allowed materials) is not necessarily serving the purpose in the best way. More subtle considerations are needed. By not applying a strategic sustainability perspective to materials management, organizations risk using “sustainable” materials in unsustainable ways or phasing out “unsustainable” materials that, managed differently, could be helpful for sustainable development. Developing decision support for materials management that integrates this new way of thinking will be the focus of future work.

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  • 267. Lindahl, Pia
    et al.
    Broman, Göran
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Material substitution and weight reduction as steps towards a sustainable disposable diaper2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing market demands for 'sustainable products' has in the development of disposable diapers resulted in a focus on material substitution and weight reduction. In this study we have compared the strategic potential of these two approaches for development of the absorbing core of the product. The study indicates that regardless what strategy a company selects for reducing a products socio-ecological impact, both society and environment would benefit from a stronger focus on the long term goal of a sustainably product, instead of the milestones.

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  • 268.
    Lindahl, Pia
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Ny, Henrik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Strategic sustainability considerations in materials management2014Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 64, nr feb 2014, s. 98-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing awareness in business and society regarding socio-ecological impacts related to society's use of materials is a driver of new materials management practices. The aim of this study is to gain insight into what considerations come into focus and what types of solutions are revealed when companies apply a strategic sustainability perspective to materials management. Through literature reviews and semi-structured interviews we found that the companies studied have assessed material choices and related management actions, not only regarding their potential to reduce a selection of current socio-ecological impacts, but also regarding their potential to link to future actions to move towards the full scope of socio-ecological sustainability. Through this approach, these companies have found several ways through which materials with characteristics that are commonly considered problematic can be managed sustainably by making strategic use of some of these “problematic” characteristics and other characteristics of the materials. For example, a material associated with problems at end of life, could be managed in closed loops facilitated by the persistence of the material. Based on the findings, we conclude that by not applying a strategic sustainability perspective to materials management, organizations risk phasing out materials perceived to be unsustainable which, managed differently, could be helpful for sustainable development.

  • 269.
    Lindner, Patrick
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Mooij, Cynthia
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Rogers, Heather
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Circular Economy in Cities: A Strategic Approach Towards a Sustainable Society?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing environmental and social pressure caused by human activity requires action toward a sustainable society. As our population grows and the proportion living in urban areas increases, cities are in a unique position to affect change. This has led to Circular Economy (CE) gaining momentum in municipalities as a tool for their city. Despite this momentum, there is lack of clarity about what CE is, how it can be most effectively implemented, and its relationship to strategic sustainable development (SSD).

    This research synthesized definitions of CE used in the field and investigated 21 cities worldwide to see how their municipalities have implemented CE practices. Using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), the implemented actions were critically examined for their strategic contribution toward a sustainable society.

    The findings suggest that CE is defined broadly, and interpreted differently by different users. In some cases, this presents challenges for its strategic use. The CE actions examined are concluded to be within the boundaries of a sustainable society, as defined by the FSSD. Their strategic approach is determined to be largely positive, with some exceptions. Depending on its application, CE is concluded to be a useful, albeit insufficient, tool for municipalities working toward SSD.

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  • 270.
    Liu, Mengqiong
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Exploring Culture Changes to Help Develop Product-Service Systems2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers how the development of Product-Service Systems (PSS) relates to cultural changes in the organizations doing the development. On one hand, reducing cultural shift is desirable to absorb shocks and reduce obstacles that come from internal relations. And on the other hand, the cultural changes may be an opportunity and a breakthrough - or even necessary - to develop PSS. In exploring the possibility of managing culture, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to prioritize three possible actions to support the best culture to help PSS development. A survey was also carried out through sending questionnaires to nineteen experts. The results suggest that when people prioritized the three actions, the most important was related to pursuing “economic benefits”, and adopted “strengthen executive support and performance management”. This study proposes a portfolio of practices which is targeted at deep into the prioritized action and figure out an action plan as well as some sub-activities around the four quadrants which formed by the integration of Fulfillment, Informal, Innovation, and Formal approach. And each action and planning could still be applied to PSS development as well as other changes, prepare organizational culture changes and create a more harmonious enterprise culture.

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  • 271.
    Livitt, Alicia
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Hiscock, Danielle
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Piirtoniemi, Kirstin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Opportunity from Catastrophe: A Strategic Approach to Sustainability through Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning (Pre-DRP)2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research was to understand what elements should be considered in the construction of a pre-disaster recovery plan in order to move society towards sustainability during post-disaster recovery after a natural hazard event. A conceptual framework for Pre-disaster recovery planning (Pre-DRP) based on the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) was developed and critiqued by professionals in disaster management, resilience thinking, and sustainability in order to collect qualitative data to make the tool more rigorous and applicable to its intended audience. The revised framework, called the Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (Pre-DRP FSSD), includes a broad set of principles, planning strategies and guidelines, specifically designed to help communities become more resilient to disasters and move towards sustainability through Pre-DRP. As such, the Pre-DRP FSSD may help emergency planners at various levels of government to implement some of the strategic guidelines set out in the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015.

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  • 272.
    Ljungberg, Niklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    BORGMÄSTAREBRYGGAN: En studie av en offentlig plats attraktivitet och tillgänglighet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att studera ur olika synvinklar vad som gör en plats attraktiv och tillgänglig. Arbetet utgår från en fallstudie av det planerade kajstråket Borgmästarebryggan i Karlskrona. Genom analyser av resultaten från inventeringar, observationsstudier, intervjuer, dokumentsanalyser och beprövad praktik undersöks de bakomliggande faktorerna till Borgmästarebryggan, planens överensstämmelse med kommunens mål för att skapa en attraktiv och tillgänglig plats. Därefter kommer en kritisk läsning av planförslaget att utföras med grund i forskning och teorier om attraktivitet och tillgänglighet. Borgmästarebryggans tänkta utformning skapar många goda förutsättningar för att bli en attraktiv och tillgänglig plats för allmänheten. Dock visar arbetet även att den estetiska upprustningen och biltrafiken kring platsen kan skapa begränsningar samt att under vinterhalvåret riskerar Borgmästarebryggan att främst bli attraktiv för en viss samhällsklass på bekostnad av andras tillgänglighet. Detta går emot de grundläggande kraven för en offentlig plats: att vara en plats dit alla är välkomna.

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  • 273.
    Lorentzon, Bodil
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Fysisk planering ur ett folkhälsoperspektiv – fallstudie i Hjo2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur samverkar de nationella folkhälsomålen med fysisk planering, och på vilket sätt kan folkhälsomålen beaktas för att förbättra förutsättningarna för ökad fysisk aktivitet hos barn? Denna studie är en fallstudie i Hjo kommun. Studien tar utgångspunkt i kommunens folkhälsoproblematik som visar att det finns en hög förekomst av övervikt hos barn. Intentionen är att undersöka vilka organisatoriska processer som kan underbygga det kommunala arbetet med folkhälsomålen, liksom att ta reda på vilka faktorer i den fysiska miljön som skapar förutsättningar för barns fysiska aktivitet. Avsikten med studien har varit att skapa ett underlag för Hjo kommuns översiktliga planering. Resultatet av studien tydliggör vilka strukturella processer som påverkar arbetet med folkhälsa, men även hur utformningen av folkhälsomålen kan påverka den fysiska planeringens beaktande av folkhälsan. Resultatet åskådliggör även faktorer i den fysiska miljön som påverkar barns förutsättningar till fysisk aktivitet, liksom vikten av beaktandet av barnkonventionen. ABSTRACT How does national public health objectives cooperate with spatial planning, and in which way can public health objectives be considered in order to improve the conditions for increasing physical activity in children? This study is a case study in the municipality of Hjo. The starting point of the study is the municipal public health problem which indicates that there is a high prevalence of obesity in children. The intention is to examine the organizational processes that can underpin the municipal work of public health objectives, as well as to find out which factors in the built environment that can establish the conditions for children's physical activity. The purpose of this study was to provide a basis for the conceptual planning for the municipality of Hjo. Results of the study illustrates the structural processes that affect the work of public health, but also how the design of public health objectives may influence on the physical planning considerations of public health. The result also illustrates factors in the built environment that affect children's opportunities for physical activity, but also the importance of taking into account of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

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  • 274.
    Losell, Oskar
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Vad behöver åtgärdas för att EcoScience ska bli attraktivare på marknaden?2014Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En global finanskris kombinerat med en konjunkturnedgång har de senaste åren gjort ett starkt avtryck på den svenska ekonomin. Fueltech Sweden AB var ett av de företag som var tvungna att möta den nedåtgående konjunkturen. De startade avdelningen EcoScience för att förhoppningsvis kunna vinna nya marknadsandelar på en ny marknad. EcoScience hade i utgångspunkt att utveckla en ackumulatortank till ett solvärmesystem. De har satsat stora summor på att få ut sin nya produkt på marknaden men marknaden har däremot inte varit villig att köpa produkten. Generellt sett har det gått väldigt långsamt i spridningen av solvärmeenergin. Marknadspotentialen i Europa är väldigt stor, folk har bara inte börjat acceptera tekniken än. Syftet med den här undersökningen har varit att få en förståelse för varför produkten inte når ut på marknaden och hur EcoScience ska gå tillväga för att göra produkten mer eftertraktad. Kvalitativa intervjuer och observationer utfördes. Sex existerande kunder, fem återförsäljare, anställda på EcoScience och potentiella kunder på Nordbygg-mässan intervjuades för att fastställa var problemet ligger. Från intervjuerna mottogs olika informationer från de olika grupperna. Det som gick att konstatera var att EcoScience inte utförde någon marknadsföring, återförsäljarna tyckte priset var för dyrt och att organisationen inte fungerade som den skulle. Detta medförde att teorin delades in i fyra kategorier utefter intervjuerna. Kategorierna blev marknadsföring, prissättning, organisation och ”Cradle to cradle”. Slutsatsen för undersökningen är att marknaden inte ens känner till att EcoScience finns. För att produkten ska bli attraktiv föreslås att EcoScience bör utföra marknadsföring mer än att enbart ställa ut på mässor. EcoScience har inte heller några mål eller framtidsvisioner med sin verksamhet. De har inga strategier för hur de ska gå tillväga eller vad de strävar mot. Detta är något som måste utföras för att de ska kunna fortsätta bedriva organisationen och övergå till att bli ett lönsamt företag.

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  • 275.
    Lu, Lei
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Zhang, WeiGuang
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Zhang, WeiQing
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Transitioning Wood Furniture Products towards Sustainability2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Wood Furniture Products (WFPs) play a significant role in both the global economy and the transition of society towards sustainability. This paper begins with a brief description of the industry and highlights the current challenges and compelling measures of WFPs from a systems perspective through the lens of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) and by applying backcasting from sustainability principles (SPs). An examination of the challenges and opportunities of WFPs is performed using an ABCD analysis based on Strategic Life Cycle Management (SLCM). SLCM and Templates for Sustainable Product Development (TSPDs) approaches were applied in order to engage the participating Ningbo Fubang Company in the transition process towards sustainability and to provide an applicable tool for WFP development. The TSPDs were created based on the views of sustainability and WFP experts. This has developed the templates further and contributed to the overall development of the WFPs towards sustainability. Other recommended and compelling measures for the sustainable development of WFPs include: cooperating with non-government organizations (NGOs), conserving forests resources, clean production methods, "take-back" policy in the wood furniture industry, reforming government policies relevant to the industry, implementing waste management systems, green supply chains, clean energy use and distribution, and smart packaging.

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  • 276.
    Lundgren, Gustav Müller
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Design parameters for powder removal from crushed glass in a gravity separator2014Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Mercury is one of the most dangerous elements that exist on this earth and can cause serious damage to both humans and nature. Therefore it is crucial that it does not get spread out in the environment but is recycled in a safe manner when used in consumer products. Fluorescence lamps that are coated with mercury contaminated fluorescence powder still exist today. Therefore it is crucial that the mercury contaminated fluorescence powder is separated from the glass so the fluorescence powder can be reused and the mercury can be sent to final deposal. This thesis has been done as a compulsory part of the program Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering at Blekinge Institute of Technology and in collaboration with MRT System International AB. The purpose of this thesis was to develop a prototype of a gravitational separation unit to separate fluorescence powder from the glass on fluorescents light trying to increase the efficiency of the separation process at MRT. The work began by making a detailed project plan to get an overview of the different parts of the thesis and how they should be implemented. A requirement specification was made as a ground to make sure that the developed prototype would meet the requirements set for the prototype. After the requirement specification had been made a study of air classifiers began to get a perception of the alternatives that are offered today and to see how they work. Research was made to get ideas and a better knowledge of the different methods of separating two different materials. The information collected from the study formed the basis of the different concept proposals that was been generated. Tools were then used to decide which of the concepts that later would become the final one to be built. When the prototype was built, measurements were made to see how efficient the separation was.

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  • 277.
    Lundholm, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Richard, Renaud
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Engaging Individuals to act Strategically Towards Sustainability2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In order to reach sustainability, all parts of the system “individuals within organisations within society within the biosphere” must change. Individuals are major leverage points, and being more efficient in engaging them to act strategically towards sustainability is and will be of critical importance. To explore how to help the engager improve this engagement process, the authors did a broad transdisciplinary literature review; structured their information in a “Five Elements Guide – Structured information to help engage individuals to act strategically towards sustainability”; and used three brief examples to illustrate how to use their results. Based upon a deeper awareness about determinants of human behaviour and about how individuals change and become engaged, the results are structured into five interdependent elements: - ‘The Fifth Element’ – Think ‘Systems’. - ‘Earth’ – Understand yourself and what you want to achieve. - ‘Water’ – Understand the other’s behaviour and the influence of context. - ‘Air’ – Understand how change happens. - ‘Fire’ – Design an approach and perform it. This structure also allows for the addition of further findings that might be helpful for engaging individuals to act strategically towards sustainability.

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  • 278.
    Lydiatt, Tracy
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Mequita, Patricia
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Nolan, Anne
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Sustainable Mining? Applying the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development to Mining Projects2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Precious and base metal mining projects can serve as a stepping-stone in moving the mining industry towards achieving compliance with a scientific-principled definition of global socio-ecological sustainability. Using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development to assess the current reality of mine project development has resulted in identifying gaps between current best practices and a desired vision of sustainability constrained by science based principles. These gaps provide opportunities for sustainability driven innovation. Evaluation of mining project phases and their impacts on ecological and social systems using the four Sustainability Principles highlight specific opportunities to create value for social, economic and ecologic systems. Companies choosing to develop mining projects using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development can expect to achieve many business benefits, including improved reputation, increased transparency and stakeholder trust. Strengthening these aspects will provide robust support to companies as they manoeuvre to define their role in a sustainable society. This thesis examines how current processes for mining projects can be developed to support a successful transition into a sustainable society.

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  • 279.
    López, Itziar
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    A PSS-based process: Towards the participation of elderly in co-development of sustainable habitat solutions2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In response to the Ageing of our Society, a new paradigm is evolving that promotes healthy ageing and independency through self-care and wellbeing. The role of the living environments is crucial in the Ageing Society to promote wellbeing. Besides, elderly contribution through social participation is essential for their integration and inclusion in society. This thesis explores the case of Cooperative Housing for elderly in Sweden, a concept that promotes the participation of elderly in the design of their habitats. The research is oriented towards a smoother inclusion of elderly in participatory processes aimed at developing sustainable and need-satisfying habitat solutions for elderly. To do this the author explored how the concepts of PSS, Design Thinking, Human Needs and Needfinding could inform the design of those participatory processes. Based on the results of interviews, questionnaires and three case studies on Cooperative Housing, a set of three distinguished types of recommendations was developed to guide the design of future participatory processes: overarching models, process enablers and specific methods and tools for each of the process phases. Mainly, the discussion focuses on the concepts of PSS, human needs-centered design and sustainability, and how those can enable a smoother inclusion of elderly.

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  • 280.
    Ma, Sicong
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Shah, Prina
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Che, Jun
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    A Vision for a Better User Experience in a Smart Home2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The maturity of smart home technologies and wireless capabilities, increased accessibility through mass-market availability of internet is making the feasibility of the smart home more realistic. The added incentives to better control utilities and communications to make lives more sustainable, has also driven the growth in the market. This thesis investigates the advantages of the smart home both for the environment and user. Outlining opportunities for business by finding gaps in the market is to better synthesise products and services to improve the user experience. A literature review, market research and ethnographic research was undertaken to understand the current state of the smart home industry and identify the main stakeholders that impact the user. A customer journey map was created to visualise the user process and highlighted problem areas. A survey showed users were most concerned about quality, functions and saving energy and money. The survey perceptions on interactions with technology also shed light into the necessity for robust and reliable technology and adaptable products and services. The final outcome is a prototype model to improve user experience, including stakeholder influence, user needs and the connections between different stakeholders from pre-sale, sale and after-sale.

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  • 281.
    Maciulevičius, Karolis
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för fysisk planering.
    Dipole city – Vilnius + Kaunas. Case study of urban agglomeration development between two major cities in Lithuania2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Our thesis are focused on analyzing urban development of two major cities in Lithuania Vilnius and Kaunas. We analyse evolution and development of the cities focusing on the last 20 year period in the country, based on the urban agglomeration development models and evolution theory, planning experience around the world. By looking at the urban development indicators like built up area density, population, people mobility and change of different statistical data over time we try to understand development of these cities. Our main goal is based on these data to make a vision for future urban development of the Vilnius and Kaunas. During our work we found that over past 20 Vilnius has experienced fast change which have elements of uncontrolled expansion. Furthermore, planning problems in Vilnius are similar to cities of fast metropolitan development, but with unique historically shaped features. Based on analysis strategic planning, regional development, urban development of these two cities, we conclude that urban and strategic planning measures in Vilnius and Kaunas should be focused to bringing these similar sized cities together. In our vision of the region we suggest to aim at creating one structure of these two cites by linking them and incorporating smaller towns in between them into the functional region of growing metropolis.

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  • 282.
    MacKay, Laura
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Scheerer, Ann
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Takada, Tomomi
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Entrepreneurs as Change Agents to Move Communities towards Sustainability2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis argues that since the current global economic system contributes to the degradation of local economies and communities, alternative economic models based on multiple self-reliant economies led by community-based entrepreneurs could create a basis for a more sustainable global society. The research questions work to clarify how this vision of an alternate economic structure could become reality, and identify a gap in the skills base of current progressive entrepreneurs. Employing the method of backcasting and using an iterative research dynamic between the current reality of progressive entrepreneurs, as understood through case study interviews in four countries, and a vision of entrepreneurs as community-based change leaders, a new concept of entrepreneurship emerges in community sustainability entrepreneurship. The results point to four interactive skills for entrepreneurs, specifically that entrepreneurs a) hold and realize a vision of sustainable enterprise within sustainable community, b) support community needs through an ability to capitalize on community assets, c) develop competency in sustainable development and d) participate effectively in networks. Conclusions detail specific steps that can be taken by entrepreneurs, community development professionals and academics to realize the vision of entrepreneurs as community-based change leaders.

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  • 283.
    Makhalas, Kharsan Al
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    Alsehlli, Faisal
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    Wind Power2015Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis has been written at the Blekinge Institute of Technology. This thesis concentrates on the wind power and their components, also the large wind farm is studied. The electrical power is generated by using the power in wind to drive a wind turbine to produce mechanical power. This mechanical power can be converted into electrical power by using electrical induction generators. There are two types of the wind turbines, the horizontal axis and vertical axis wind turbine, where the horizontal axis wind turbine is mostly used and was studied in this thesis. The rotor can be placed in two directions: an upwind rotor where the blade of turbine faces to the wind, so it operates more smoothly and transmit more power. The other type is a downwind rotor which orients itself with respect for the wind direction. Moreover, the tower shadow makes the blade to flex, consequently resulting in fatigue, noise, and reduces output of the power. The modern wind turbine has been built with an odd number of blades which is important for the stability of the turbine. The rotor with an odd number of blades can be considered to be similar to a disc when calculating the dynamic properties of the machine. The main idea of this thesis is to study the wind power in general and large wind parks specifically. The Horns Rev wind park was taken as an example of a wind park in Denmark and the Gotland wind park as an example of a wind park in Sweden too. Into account, the distance between wind turbine in the wind direction cannot be too small. If the wind turbines are located to close to each other, the wind will be more and more turbulent after it passes through each single wind turbine. This would lead to that wind turbines downstream in the wind park, and it might even have to shut down due to that mechanical loading gets to high during strong conditions. This is due to the fact that when wind passes through the rotor of the wind turbine it gets very turbulent and the wind speed is decreased. The minimum length of the rotor should be approximately 5-7 rotor diameters to avoid that issue. Gotland Energy AB (GEAB) considered, that high voltage direct current light would be the only realistic way to solve the technical problems for the high amount of wind power in-feed. One result is that The stability of voltage during transient events, has become much better by using the high voltage direct current light so that the output current stability from the asynchronous generators have been improved, which reduces the stresses on the AC grid and on the mechanical construction of the windmills.

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  • 284.
    Mallick, Pravin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Branagan, Victor
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Mayer, Matthew
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    The Business Case for Sustainability: An Investigation of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in the House Building Construction Sector in the UK and Sweden2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the business case for sustainability as experienced by small and medium sized, house building construction companies in the UK and Sweden. The authors investigate what benefits, if any, these businesses have gained from adopting environmental and socially responsible business practices. The authors also set out to understand the barriers and drivers influencing the companies in respect of sustainability. The purpose of the thesis was to help sustainability practitioners in their work with the sector. The research had three separate strands of investigation; interviewing industry experts who had wide experience of the sector; interviews with companies that had some relevant experiences; and a detailed survey was sent to companies asking them to rate their experiences to date and estimate their future expectation on sustainability issues. The findings were collated, analyzed and an overview of the benefits, barriers and drivers for the sector were discussed. A sector specific strategic approach to dealing with the companies was presented for use by the practitioners.

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  • 285.
    Maria, Dzurik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Adrianne, Gilbride
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Dana, Gierke
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Purpose beyond Profit: Sustainability in the Outdoor Industry2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing population, finite resources, over-consumption, and unsustainable trends in business contribute to urgent and complex sustainability challenges in society. The intent of this research is to understand the role business can play in moving society toward sustainability, specifically by analyzing the strengths and weaknesses present in the outdoor industry. Evaluation of the outdoor industry using a lens of the FSSD highlights unique opportunities for the outdoor industry in moving society toward sustainability while addressing the complex challenges. Using the advantages of being cooperative and sharing the values of trust and a connection to nature, the outdoor industry has the potential to make a unique shift from the current profit-driven market economy. This thesis examines how the current operations of the industry can be more strategic, efficient, and impactful in moving consumers, business, and society in a transition toward sustainability.

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  • 286.
    Mateu, Adrià Garcia i
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Li, Zhe
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Tyson, Petronella
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Co-creating a sustainability strategy in a Product/Service-System value-based network of stakeholders2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project extends current research on how Product-Service/Systems (PSS) increase the competitiveness of what businesses provide to society. In particular, when the significant stakeholders who create value, structured as a network, are also involved in the co-development of the value proposition. Applying the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), this study looks at how the early stages of a strategic planning process for sustainability could improve this co-development of PSS. The field research helped to understand the particularities of co-developing PSS and how the planning process could be adapted using the FSSD. As a result, theoretical dimensions, and general guidelines to put these into practice, are recommended in a model. The theoretical dimensions were field tested and refined. It was discovered that when creating the aspirational goals of the network, including other perspectives, in addition to companies and the customer’s, could expand the perception of value available to be provided. To do so is proposed a systematic understanding of the situation, and its socio-ecological context, where the activities of the value-based network of stakeholders are performed.

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  • 287.
    Matsuura, Eri
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    ye, Yan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    He, Xiaoxuan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Sustainability Opportunities and Challenges of Bioplastics2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Bioplastics (BPs) can be defined as plastics made of biomass such as corn and sugarcane. These substances have been increasingly spotlighted as means to saving fossil fuels, reducing CO2 emission and plastic wastes. Biodegradability of BPs has been widely publicized in society and the demand for packaging is rapidly increasing among retailers and the food industry at large. However, there is little consensus on actual impacts of BPs production. This thesis therefore aims to identify current strengths and weaknesses and future threats and opportunities and leverage points for the bioplastics industry in a move towards sustainability?” The Strategic Life Cycle Management (SLCM) and Templates for Sustainable Product Development (TSPD) approaches were used to reveal current ecological and social impacts in relation to Sustainability Principles from the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development. Various sustainability challenges and opportunities were identified. Most threats were in agricultural production and in the disposal of products. Compelling measures for the BP industry include: having a consensus in BPs applications based on strategic sustainable development, universal labelling and recycling systems for BPs, government strategic policies to encourage research into new technologies in improving biodegradability and energy efficiency in manufacturing.

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  • 288.
    McElroy, Rachelle
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Orozco, Itzel
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Simard, Renee
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Applying Strategic Sustainability: For Small and Medium Sized Enterprises2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) are an underutilised sector to disseminating sustainability within communities. Entrepreneurs are action-oriented individuals who enjoy challenges and act upon environmental feedback, making them ideal change agents. However, there is a lack of tools specifically targeted towards SMEs to help them act strategically towards sustainability. In order to support entrepreneurs and motivate them into becoming catalysts for change towards sustainability the research team identified the need to provide them with a customized tool. The tool will be focused towards entrepreneurs interested in starting up new businesses with a core strategy of sustainable development. If the entrepreneur is able to apply sustainability at the beginning of their business venture, it reduces the need for later corrections. The research examines what is needed in a tool to support entrepreneurs and how to encourage them through the conception of adopting sustainable strategies.

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  • 289.
    McNerney, Tara
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Dankers, Maarten
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Callahan, Luke
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    How the Pacific Northwest Could Be Won – Overcoming Barriers to Growing Food in Yards2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how to overcome barriers to growing food in yards in cities of North America’s Pacific Northwest Coastal Region, to help build towards a more sustainable society. We used a survey and interviews to investigate what barriers prevent people with access to yards from growing food, or prevent them from increasing the amount of food grown in their yards, and how these barriers can be overcome. We also collected data to determine the resource inputs and production and/or financial outputs for three groups of people involved with growing food in yards: Do-it-yourself gardeners, Consultants involved with designing and implementing food gardens, and Commercial Urban Farmers. This allowed us to gain a better understanding of the current reality and identify what role these groups can play in helping to overcome the barriers. Based on our results, we made a list of recommended actions that are tangible, move in the right direction towards sustainability, can act as stepping stones for future improvements, and could provide a positive return on investment, in order to help individuals with access to yards who are interested in growing food overcome the barriers facing them.

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  • 290.
    Mejzini, Ilirjana A.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    The SHARR Mountains: Spatial Development based on Cross-border Cooperation2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    For decades, the peaks of Sharr Mountains had defined the border between two federal units of Former Yugoslavia, but after the political changes in Central and Eastern European Countries this massif became an intersected mountain. In this thesis work I saw of interest to analyze the status change from a massif unit as part of one state, to a cross-border mountain between two states and its affect on spatial development; - was there any cooperation on mountain management in the past; - how is the current mountain management proceeding on both sides; - which were the opportunities of cross-border cooperation in previous European experiences; - what can be expected from independent mountain side management on report to other side without any environmental assessment; and in the end to find and highlight the possible cross-border cooperation opportunities toward sustainability and eco-management of the Sharr Mountains in the future.

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  • 291.
    Mirafshar, Abbas (Behrad)
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Crowdsourcing: Using Open Modes of Collaboration for Product-Service System (PSS) Innovation2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the current, global challenges such as resource depletion and economic crisis, and international societal mega-trends such as multi-internationalisation, we are in transition from conventional methods of production to relatively novel methods that strives to be competitive, satisfy customer needs and have a lower environmental impact. Product-Service System (PSS) method is deemed to be a solid alternative towards this vision. To do that, we are in need of novel approaches to re-envision the current system. Therefore, Innovation methods are the backbone of PSS. Since PSS highly emphasizes the customers' needs and co-creation with them, user-innovation methods are required in order to boost PSS Innovation. Among user-innovation methods, Crowdsourcing seems to be valid option which would enable us to attract a large, undefined network of people to the innovation process. In this research, a success model for crowdsourcing practice is proposed and validated by literature and expert interviews. As a follow-up, based on the success model, a strategic guideline for innovation using open modes of collaboration is proposed. Moreover, we discuss the implication of PSS and sustainability and how these concepts can be empowered by crowdsourcing.

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  • 292.
    Missimer, Merlina
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    The Social Dimension of Strategic Sustainable Development2013Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development most prominently entered the global political arena in 1987 in a report from the United Nations Commission on Environment and Development, also known as the Brundtland report. In response to the concept of sustainable development, a vast array of ideas, concepts, methods and tools to aid organizations and governments in addressing the socio-ecological problems has been developed. Though helpful in many contexts, the multitude of such support also risks creating confusion, not the least since there is no generally endorsed overriding and operational definition of sustainability. Thus, there is a growing need for such a definition and for an understanding of how these ideas, concepts, methods and tools relate to sustainability and to each other. A framework for strategic sustainable development (FSSD) has been developed over the last 20 years to create such a unifying structure. The aim of this research is to contribute specifically to the social sustainability definition of this framework. The research follows the Design Research Methodology. First, the social dimension of the FSSD as it stands currently was examined and described as was the general field of social sustainability. Then, a new approach to the social side of the FSSD was created. The studies revealed that the field of social sustainability, in general, is vastly under-theorized and under-developed, and that a clear framework is important and desired. They also laid out in which ways specifically the structure of the FSSD could be used to further develop the social dimension of strategic planning and innovation, and that currently this aspect of the FSSD is relatively under-developed. This assessment was followed by a first attempt at a clearer definition of social sustainability. Based on these explorations, this research suggests five principles as a hypothesis to be used as a definition of social sustainability, the key-terms of which being ’integrity’, ‘influence’, ‘competence’, ‘impartiality’ and ‘meaning’. For validity purposes the results were cross-checked with other approaches and theories. The validity check shows that similar key-terms have been found by other researchers. In conclusion, this research contributes with a hypothesis for a clearer definition of social sustainability, which is general enough to be applied irrespective of spatial and temporal constraints, but concrete enough to guide decision-making. This is a contribution to systems science in the sustainability field and it is a step to creating an enhanced support for strategic planning and innovation for sustainability. Further testing and refinement of this theoretical foundation, and bringing it into practical use, will be the subject of the continued studies.

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  • 293.
    Missimer, Merlina
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Connell, Tamara
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Pedagogical Approaches and Design Aspects To Enable Leadership for Sustainable Development2012Inngår i: Sustainability: The Journal of Record, ISSN 1937-0695, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 172-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Various sets of skills for dealing with sustainability and the complexity of the modern world have been put forward by different actors in the field of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). In connection with these skills, pedagogical methods such as lifelong learning, social learning, problem-based learning, dialogue education, and empowerment for ESD have been discussed. This paper looks at how these theories and methods can be put into practice by examining a real-world example of a sustainability master’s program at Blekinge Institute of Technology (BTH) in Sweden. In 2004, BTH launched the international transdisciplinary master’s program Strategic Leadership towards Sustainability, which aims to develop leaders who will be able to address the ever-increasing sustainability challenge. The program combines a robust scientific framework for planning and decision making toward sustainability, with the leadership skills needed to energize large-scale societal change. In 2009, the Engineering Education for Sustainable Development (EESD) observatory awarded BTH the ranking of No. 1 in Sweden and third in Europe for demonstrating success in EESD. This paper describes the specific pedagogical approaches and design elements that were implemented to train and develop the skills and expertise surrounding leadership for sustainable development. It further presents and analyzes survey data taken from program alumni reflecting on the success of the program. The results of the survey clearly show that while there is room for improvement, overall the program design is extremely successful in equipping its graduates with the skills necessary to address the sustainability challenge. Finally, the authors offer reflections on the lessons learned after six years of continual improvements.

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  • 294. Missimer, Merlina
    et al.
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Broman, Göran
    Sverdrup, Harald
    Exploring the possibility of a systematic and generic approach to social sustainability2010Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 18, nr 10-11, s. 1107-1112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing need to understand how existing concepts and tools for sustainability relate to each other and to a robust, trans-disciplinary systems perspective for sustainability. As a response, a group of scientists, including some of the authors, have developed a framework based on backcasting from sustainability principles over the last 20 years – the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD), also known as The Natural Step Framework. The intent of this study is to scrutinize the existing framework as regards its social dimension. The study demonstrates dichotomies and lack of robustness and proposes a way forward to make the social dimension of the FSSD more cohesive as well as operational.

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  • 295.
    Missimer, Merlina
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Valente, Marco
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Meisterheim, Tracy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Johnson, Pierre
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Creating a learning environment for transformation: A case study of a course in sustainability leadership2013Inngår i: Leading Transformative Higher Education / [ed] Hampson, Gary P; Rich-Tolsma, Matthew, Olomouc: Palacký University , 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    For over 50 years, scientists and other thought leaders have been trying to call attention to the degradation of the foundation of human civilization through unsustainable behaviour (Carson 1962, Meadows et al. 1972, IGBP. 2004, Millenium Ecosystem Assessment 2005, Stern 2007, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2007, Rockström et al. 2009). The United Nations’ Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD) has recently put renewed focus on not only what we need to learn and teach in the field of sustainable development, but also how we learn and teach about sustainable development. Pedagogical methods such as lifelong learning, social learning, problem-based learning, dialogue education, and transformational learning in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) have been put forward. Transformative or transformational learning seems especially relevant to ESD as deep transformational change on a personal level might be one of the key aspects needed to facilitate a larger societal transformation. The chapter presents research on transformational learning and the components necessary for it, and provides a case study of a course that works specifically with transformational learning for sustainability. The Advanced Societal Leadership course is a 10-week course of the 10-month Masters in Strategic Leadership towards Sustainability programme at the Blekinge Institute of Technology. This course aims at providing learners with critical insights into how large-scale societal transformation for sustainability might occur, and explores several topics for social transformation. The chapter discusses the pedagogical design of the course as well as some of the challenges and questions that the staff has experienced over the last 9 years in imbedding transformational learning and personal transformational change in a traditional university setting.

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  • 296.
    Mohamed, Bibri
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Corporate Sustainability/CSR Communications and Value Creation: A Marketing Approach2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the current practices in corporate sustainability/CSR communications and how this trend contributes to corporate value creation. More specifically, this study looks at this subject from the angle of how companies can use corporate sustainability/CSR communications in marketing activities to attain corporate marketing objectives. To achieve the aim of this study, an examination of the current practices in corporate sustainability /CSR communications was performed through a pertinent empirical and theoretical literature review as well as a quantitative and qualitative empirical method using a survey questionnaire. The author attempted, in the same way, to illustrate how corporate sustainability/CSR communications can strengthen corporate reputation and directly enhance financial performance. For theory, two bodies of literature (corporate communications and corporate sustainability) were selected for review in terms of the degree of synergy and integration between them and their implications for this thesis. The key findings from literature review and empirical study showed that the practices of corporate social responsibility communications occurs through CSR, Triple Bottom Line (PPP) or corporate sustainability reporting, stakeholder dialogue on sustainability issues and social and environmental communication programs. Also, the auditing and assurance of CSR reporting is carried out through different measures including internal (i.e. human resources management, CSR and/or PR department) and external (i.e. business partner, consulting or risk management firm) or both measures. It was also found that sustainability has been a part of corporate culture and strategy development for a number of organizations pursuing the sustainability path for decades. Moreover, public relations activity is ranked the most effective in communicating sustainability at corporate level and has the potential to reach a wide spectrum of stakeholder audiences. However, a level of skepticism was noticed among stakeholders towards corporate sustainability/CSR communications. Nonetheless, knowing how stakeholders perceive corporate image and what they expect in return for their support is fundamental in designing effective corporate and marketing communications strategies. Stakeholders’ relations management is the bottom line for success and sustainability of the business and lies at the core of CSR practice and its reporting. Further, the growth of corporate sustainability/CSR communications has reflected the keen interest from all stakeholders; hence, it has become a topic of major importance and also, as it was found, a key factor that experts and planners in the field should capitalize on and watch in competitive marketplaces. Furthermore, having a pro-social and environmental agenda means having a sound corporate and marketing communications strategies that can build a company’s reputational standing and create sustainable competitive advantages. The trend towards injecting sustainability into corporate decisions making and strategy development has come about through what organizations have achieved in terms of value creation pertaining to reputation and financial performance enhancement. The author’s review of the literature makes an advance on extant reviews of the literature by highlighting the importance of corporate sustainability/CSR communications in marketing with respect to corporate value maximization. Overall, this thesis endeavours to present contributions, avenues and departure of journeying for further empirical research and development.

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  • 297.
    Monteverde, Monique
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Pease, Katie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Thompson, Anthony W.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Community Food Systems: Working towards Sustainability and Satisfying Human Needs2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: A community food system (CFS) can assist a community in satisfying human needs while also working toward a principle-based understanding of sustainability. Utilizing a whole-systems perspective and the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, we identify generic satisfiers of human needs (as defined by Max-Neef: Subsistence, Participation, Identity, Idleness, Creation, Freedom, Affection, Understanding and Protection) that are affected by a CFS. Then we identify specific leverage points within the community food system that most enhance those generic satisfiers. By implementing strategies developed around those leverage points, a community food system will provide opportunities to meet Human Needs and help a community move toward sustainability. In doing so, the CFS can have a significant ―ripple effect‖ within the community, and on into society, that serves to support movement towards a sustainable future.

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  • 298.
    Motamediyan, Farnaz
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Exploring Impacts of Project Overload on Creativity: An Agent-Based Modeling Approach2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Project overload is an unpleasant phenomenon which is happening for employees inside those organizations trying to make the most efficient use of their resources. AE project inside VolvoCE (VCE) is an Advanced Engineering project eager to be innovative suffering from project overload. This research aims to help VCE to move towards creative organizational climate. To do this, the author used the Agent-based modeling (ABM) approach to examine the current reality of VCE and AE projects, where the opportunities and challenges for reducing the risk of project overload and moving towards innovation were identified. The results of this research allowed the researcher to define the gaps inside AE project and create a list of some recommendations. From these results: project overload can damage the employees’ focus and bring psychological stress reactions; Creative actions are less likely to be the result of a team with high level of project. On the other hand, motivation on proper challenging goal is more likely to help individual to alleviate the negative aspects of low level of project overload.

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  • 299.
    Muchu, Gerald
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Sindowe, Benny
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Vummadi, Pavan Kumar
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Transitioning towards sustainable rural electrification in developing countries: a case study of Luangwa district in Zambia2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to examine how rural areas in developing countries can strategically transit towards sustainable electricity generation and how this transition can help promote strategic progress towards sustainable rural communities. Luangwa district in Zambia is studied as a special case but an approach that is generic for rural areas in developing countries is strived for. Based on a literature review of existing and potentially sustainable technologies for electricity generation, other case studies, and a survey of local conditions, this study proposes Small Scale Hydro and Solar as appropriate for Luangwa district. A strategic implementation plan is suggested. Some barriers to the transition and possible ways of overcoming them are pointed out, e.g., through technical and public policy measures. Potential economic, socio-political and environmental benefits of this transition are highlighted. The study concludes that with a well structured vision of a sustainable rural electrification, it is possible to strategically implement existing technologies based on renewable energy sources. However, the type of technologies that are suitable for different areas will differ considerably due to different local conditions, such as geography and climate.

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  • 300.
    Mukaze, Sabine
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Velásquez, Denny Carolina Villamil
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Product Service System: Co-Designing for Social Impact2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Designing for Social Impact is an approach of social sustainability that presents an alternative way to improve living conditions in low income communities, of low income countries, by providing solutions that will enable them to meet their basic needs. Some current methods and tools used by social designers are focused on specific social aspects and often fail to engage communities to participate actively in the design processes. A non-linear Design Research Method was used to engage experts from the Design for Social Impact sector, Product Service System “PSS”, and social designers. A case study based in Gambia was used to study if “PSS” could encourage social designers to co-design with these communities as a way to promote positive solutions. Thus, strategic actions were collected from the research findings as a way to promote co-designing with involved stakeholders in low income communities.

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