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  • 351.
    Saha, Polin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Ahmad, Salman
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Abbasi, Ashfaq
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Khan, Masood
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Environmental Management Systems and Sustainability: Integrating Sustainability in Environmental Management Systems2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    To check rapidly deteriorating environmental conditions, many management tools are being used by different industries. In order to address environmental issues the corporate sector has seen a drastic increase in the use of environmental management systems. There is strong need to check how these environmental management systems are rendering environmental management services. Research shows that environmental management systems are mistakenly expected to prescribe technical and environmental objectives. Without describing what goals an organization must achieve, they lay out a system for management of numerous environmental obligations. Hence environmental management systems are not strategic; they tend to reactively fix issues contingent upon their occurrence and may miss opportunities to avoid problems before they occur. Further, environmental management itself is seen in isolation of a socio-ecological context, which makes environmental management lose ground and operate in a virtual vacuum. Mostly environmental management is identified as an ’agenda’ which runs counter to the overall development of an organization. Provided, environmental management systems can be integrated with basic principles of sustainable development these management systems can be utilized as a launching pad to move organizations towards sustainability. Built to render the administrative services only through a mechanism of self regulation and continuous improvement, these management systems can be used to deliver sustainable product planning. The present study illustrates the possibilities for integration of sustainability objectives into environmental management systems. In our effort to integrate sustainability in environment management systems extensive literature reviews, interviews and a case study (Hammarplast AB) have been used. For the analysis of the current reality, a framework for strategic sustainable development and methods incorporating “backcasting from principles of sustainability” – i.e. templates for sustainable product development and strategic life cycle management – has been used. The use of tools not only illustrates contemporary sustainability gaps but also gives a concrete set of guidance to integrate sustainability in environmental management systems.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 352.
    Schönberg, Johanna
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för fysisk planering.
    Folkhälsa i översiktligplanering- med fokus på fysisk aktivitet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Folkhälsa och folkhälsomål är ämnen som vid en första tanke tycks ligga långt bort från stadsplanering. Faktum är dock att människors vardag påverkas av hur staden planeras, viket är logiskt. Hur en individ väljer att förflytta sig från en målpunkt till en annan påverkas exempelvis av vilken infrastruktur som finns, vilka avstånd det handlar om, vilken aktivitet individen är på väg till eller från samt vilken tid på dygnet som förflyttningen sker. Flertalet resor sker idag med bil eller kollektivtrafik, vilket innebär att människan transporteras stillasittandes. Många arbeten utförs idag stillasittande och flertalet fritidsaktiviteter innebär ännu mer stillasittande. Utvecklingen till en mer stillasittande livsstil, i kombination med energität mat leder till att folkhälsosjukdomar eller så kallade livsstilssjukdomar. En relevant fråga, är vad folkhälsa har med stadsplanering att göra? Genom att skapa förutsättningar för exempelvis aktiv transport, som innebär att människan transporteras genom fysisk aktivitet, (cykel, gång, inlines, longboard med mera) eller att bevara park- och grönområden i bostadsområden och stadsmiljön så ökar möjligheten för individer att uppnå rekommenderade nivåer av daglig fysisk aktivitet. Vilket ger positiva hälsoeffekter som förebygger folkhälsosjukdomar. I detta kandidatarbete kommer översiktsplaner att analyseras för att undersöka hur den fysiska planeringen behandlar folkhälsa med fokus på fysisk aktivitet i översiktlig planering. Forskningsdesignen som använts i kandidatarbetet är survayundersökning och metoden som används är en form av innehållsanalys, vilken heter Templet analys. Analysverktyget går ut på att undersökaren konstruerar kodord som identifierats i dokumenten som undersöks. Kodorden placeras i överordnade kategorier för att kunna analysera textinnehållet på en mer översiktlig nivå. Vidare har sökordens frekvens och dess kontext tagits fram för att analysera innehållet. Vidare görs en djupare analys av tre översiktsplaner där det görs en bedömning om ordet tolkat ur dess kontext går att koppla till fysisk aktivitet samt om det medför en positiv eller negativ inverkan på folkhälsa. Det som framkommer av analysen är att folkhälsa i sig inte behandlas i någon större utsträckning i översiktsplanen. Vilket kan bero på att folkhälsa är ett relativt nytt arbetsområde som grundlades först på 70-talet i Sverige och slog igenom bland Sveriges kommuner på 90-talet. Ytterligare en orsak kan vara att det inte står något uttryckligen om folkhälsa i Plan och bygglagen eller Miljöbalken. Om folkhälsa däremot delas in i underkategorier som gång- och cykelväg, parker, frilufts- och rekreationsområde finns det en del lagstöd i Plan – och bygglagen samt i Miljöbalken. Analysen visade vidare att underkategorier (gång- och cykelväg, park, grönområde, frilufts- och rekreationsområde, strandskydd med mera) till folkhälsa behandlas i översiktsplanerna samt att de har en övervägande positiv inverkan på folkhälsa.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 353.
    Serrure, Laurent
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Rootes, Lucia Beltrame and Zachary
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Solutions from Below: A strategic approach for the sustainable management of organised community seed banks2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Organised community seed banks (OCBSs) are one of the main tools to preserve crop diversity at a local level and therefore constitute an important driver for local resilience, as well as an important tool to move society towards sustainability. Agriculture is a fundamental leverage point for society: it fulfils a basic survival need as well as being one of the causes of humans’ unsustainable impact on the environment. It also holds the key to the preservation of biodiversity, which is increasingly important in the face of climate change and extreme weather conditions, and the reduction in use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, which is necessary to move towards sustainability. Organised community seed banks have the potential to be a tool for this preservation of biodiversity, however, there is currently a lack of literature, resources and guidelines to position them as such. This research set out to identify the challenges that OCSBs face that could affect their success in contributing to a sustainable society, and the gaps between what management resources are available to them and their current management practices. With the aid of organised seed bank representatives and experts from around the world, the result was the design of a strategic approach to help OCSBs address their challenges and allow them to better contribute to the provision of food sovereignty, food security and socio-ecological sustainability.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 354.
    Sienknecht, Jos
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Villafranca, Daniel
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Martel, Jennifer
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Lamb, Sarah
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Promoting Sustainability through the Integration of Citizen Science and Ecotourism2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to draw attention to a new concept within the tourism industry that integrates citizen science into an ecotourism product. The merge of citizen science and ecotourism shows potential to play a role in strategic sustainable development and to give ecotourism providers a competitive advantage in the market. However, the environmental and social benefits of this concept can only be realized if it is applied correctly. The framework for strategic for strategic sustainable development (FSSD) was used to address the complexity surrounding ecotourism and the use of citizen science. The study used a mixed method research design by conducting exploratory interviews, and then distributing a questionnaire to validate the qualitative findings. Results demonstrate that the merge of citizen science and ecotourism could contribute to sustainability through education, conservation, local community engagement, and the increased environmental awareness of the travellers. Additionally, it demonstrates that the integration of citizen science in an ecotourism product might create business benefits for the ecotourism providers in conjunction with a dynamic learning experience for the consumer. This study makes adaptions to a widely used citizen science toolkit and recommends appropriate changes to the process in order to ensure that it is effective for ecotourism providers while incorporating sustainability throughout the product design phase.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    BTH2018Sienknecht
  • 355.
    Stinnette, Nathan
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Li, Zhuona
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Rajaee, Shahla
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Success Factors for Supporting Intercultural Engagement of Employees towards Sustainability2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The goal of this thesis is to contribute to the overall progress of society towards sustainability by supporting the engagement of employees of multinational organizations. By first identifying unique aspects of sustainability that are important for engagement and aspects of national culture that affect receptivity to sustainability messages, the authors were able to make informed selections of success factors contributing to intercultural sustainability engagement. Within these categories, specific strategies and actions leading to successful engagement were identified, based on interviews and survey results from experienced sustainability practitioners and intercultural management experts, as well as an extensive literature review. The further selection and refinement of these led to the development of a capacity building tool to help sustainability practitioners address cultural differences when working to engage employees of multinational organizations in sustainability.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 356.
    Stratmann, Judith
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Ferreiro, Laura Weiss
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Narayan, Rumy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Towards Sustainability – Analysis of Collaborative Behaviour in Urban Cohousing –2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Society is facing a great Sustainability Challenge. The designs of our social and economic structures are creating enormous stress in our social, environmental and economic systems and across the world, citizens, businesses and governments have begun to take notice. Adopting more Sustainable Consumption behaviours have been identified as a necessary step in the move towards sustainability. This thesis explores the idea of Collaborative Consumption within the context of Cohousing in cities. Cohousing is defined as housing comprising of individual apartments or homes with shared spaces and facilities designed to create a community, oriented towards collaboration among residents and collective organisation of services. This research sought to identify key barriers and enablers for moving towards Sustainable Lifestyles and study the role of Cohousing as a catalyst for Collaborative Behaviour that triggers Collaborative Consumption leading urban communities towards Sustainable Lifestyles and ultimately towards Sustainable Development. By combining the Strategic Sustainable Development approach and Cohousing, this thesis provides a set of recommendations that could help Cohousing communities move strategically towards sustainability.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 357.
    Stumpler, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Integrated and sustainable urban development planning: An empirical case study on the reflection of the Leipzig Charter’s principles in the context of German local urban planning2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis deals with the concept of integrated urban development planning as e.g. promoted in the Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities. The legally non-binding character of the EU policy document raises the question of its implementation. On the local level, the drawing up of Integrated Urban Development Concepts (ISEKs) is recommended as strategic planning tool. However, the competence of the EU in urban affairs is limited and the preparation of such planning documents is subject to local self-governance. The purpose of this thesis is therefore to analyse, how the principles of integrated and sustainable urban development planning as laid out in the Leipzig Charter are reflected in local planning documents. Due to ambiguous definitions, the dimensions of the planning concept are presented in detail within the theoretical framework of this thesis. This is backed-up with policy statements and scientific evidence. Moreover, the concept is embedded in a broader planning theoretical framework since reference to planning theory is partly missing in the current discourse. In line with methodological requirements, the analysis provides a comprehensive description of the rhetorical context on integrated urban development planning on European and national level. It is outlined that this discourse is shaped by various actors in a multi-level setting with complex interrelationships. A qualitative content analysis has been chosen in order to assess the dimensions ‘integration’ and ‘sustainability’ in selected ISEKs. Since a comprehensive national framework and long experience in the application of integrated planning exists in Germany, a case study has been conducted for the cities of Greifswald, Kiel, Lübeck and Schwerin. The empirical analysis illustrates a great variety in the reflection of the dimensions of integrated planning as well as different approaches in the application of the sustainability paradigm. Besides the varying approaches, a high level of consistency with the principles laid out in the Leipzig Charter can be observed. However, these findings cannot be traced back to the awareness about the EU policy document. In contrast, other endogenous and exogenous motives for the ISEK preparation can be identified. They include the multi-faceted challenges for urban development as well as financial incentives or requirements within national programmatic frameworks. Nevertheless, the ISEKs include a European dimension as the reference to EU Structural Funds, EU initiatives in urban policy as well as cooperation within European city-networks shows. Further findings include that differences in the ISEK preparation in East and West Germany exists. They are explained by varying initial conditions and motives as well as different programmatic frameworks in the two Federal States Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Even though integrated urban development planning is promoted as a prerequisite for sustainable development, no clear evidence could be found in the analysis. Obstacles for the operationalization of the sustainability paradigm as well as the focus on the content and preparation process of the ISEKs are explanations here. The thesis concludes with some personal reflections under consideration of theoretical concerns and empirical findings. They bear the potential of recommendations for those involved in the ISEK preparation process.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 358.
    Svensson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Managing Negative Emotions in Emergency Call Taking: A Heat-Model of Emotional Management2011Inngår i: What Have We Learned? Ten Years On / [ed] Charmine E.J. Härtel, Neal M. Ashkanasy, Wilfred J. Zerbe, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011, s. 257-286Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on management of emotions in an emergency setting. More specifically, how do emergency call takers manage double-faced emotional management – i.e., their own and the caller's emotions – simultaneously? By triangulating interviews, observations, and organizational documentation with theories on emotional management multiple strategies were identified. The range of strategies included hiving (selecting and modifying) calls, elaborating on (by deploying attention and reshaping/reappraising) content of calls, auralizing (by externalizing an emotional barrier) as well as taming emotional expression. The set of emotional management strategies are concluded in a Heat-model. The model is further discussed in terms of performance efficiency; in terms of how emotional aspects may interfere with decision-making capabilities as well as how wellbeing can be maintained for call takers.

  • 359.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Listen! On audiobased sensemaking in emergency call taking practice2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency call taking is a high-stake situation where errorless decisions must be made under ambiguous, emotionally volatile and time-critical conditions. The primary mean for communication, the telephone, restricts call takers to a single modality—their hearing—making information gathering difficult.  Through an in- situ study, using interviews, observations and archival records, we develop understanding of call takers every day decision practices. Emergency call takers emphasize the role of sociomaterial cues, such as background sounds of the context and emotional cues, referring to the state of the caller, when making sense of emergency calls. More specifically, they engage in matching and mismatching of non-verbal cues, facets that constitute building blocks for decoupled and coupled sensemaking processes. Theoretical and practical implications of such single modal sensemaking are further discussed.

  • 360.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hällgren, Markus
    The Practice of Listening: (Dis-)embodied Sense Making in Emergency Call Taking.2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency call taking is a high-stake situation where errorless decisions must be made swiftly—often under ambiguous, emotionally volatile and time-critical conditions. The use of the telephone restricts operators to a single modality—their hearing—hindering multiple sensory perception.  Through an in-situ study, using observations, interviews and archival records, we develop understanding of operators every day decision practices. Emergency operators emphasize the role of sociomaterial cues, such as background sounds and the emotional state of the caller, when making sense of emergency calls. More specifically, they engage in matching and mismatching of non-verbal cues, facets that constitute building blocks for contraction and broadening of the sensemaking frame. Theoretical and practical implications of such single modal sensemaking are further discussed.

  • 361.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Rationalizing emotions and emotionalizing reason: The staging of decisions in the ED2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the setting of healthcare in general, and medical Emergency Departments (ED) in specific, decision-making is at the core of almost all activities—ranging from simple medical prescriptions to crucial decisions in life and death situations. Despite the far-reaching rational traditions and objective assumptions characterizing the ED, it has lately been acknowledged that the everyday decision-making involves much more than a simple analytical action-reaction sequences. In order to disambiguate symptoms, doctors need for example to balance on the one side, intuition and emotion-laden (non-reason based) decisions and on the other side, rational (reason based) decisions. For instance, to sensitize clinicians to non-verbal information, such as an odour, may provide an additional information that otherwise could have been overseen. The shifting between different modes (reason and non-reason based) also happens in interaction with others, through means of different channels, and in different locations. Decision-making in the ED therefore become staccato paced rather than distinct and flowing, which also implies that the decision-making skills do not take place in a vacuum, but are rather bound to restrictions of the context in which they take place. How the ED context as such, and the shifting between different modes, influences and shapes the enactment of medical decisions, is however less clear. Based on an in-depth qualitative study conducted at the Stanford Hospital and Clinics’ Emergency Department, the purpose is therefore to describe and analyze how the medical decision-making process unfolds, is staged, and shaped by contextual logics. Theoretically, the paper takes its departure in the psychological decision-making literature. Empirically, the paper is based on more than 200 hours of participant observation, document collection, and semi-structured interviews, which was analyzed using a template-based approach. Through the analysis, two different logics are identified—one ‘backstage logic’ and one ‘front-stage logic’—that both, but in different ways, shape how the decision-making process unfolds and the decisions are staged. The two logics have their underpinnings in dualistic assumptions of traditional decision-making literature, but are context dependent enactments rather than being based on information processing and individual capabilities. Through the logics we explain how Doctors may uphold a professional role, under both institutional and individual decision-making pressures, but also create a sense of public security to meet the widespread expectations of healthcare being a ‘precise science’. By that, we contribute with an enhanced understanding of how reason and non-reason based elements intertwine and serve a purpose for both caregivers and patients. In turn, this helps in bridging the caregivers’ and patients’ sometimes different perspectives by creating realistic assumptions about how medical decisions are made in practice. The study advances our understanding beyond a dualistic and personal emotion versus rationality dichotomy by emphasizing decisions as blends of non-reason and reason-based process by enclosing personal and relational conditions. Such a contextualization is valuable as it increases understanding of that decision-making processes is about more than providing ‘the right’ answer. 

  • 362.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Lindström, Erik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Vocal emotional expressions: Proxies for decision making in emergency calls?2012Inngår i: Individual Sources, Dynamics, and Expressions of Emotion (Research on Emotion in Organizations / [ed] Wilfred J. Zerbe, Neal M. Ashkanasy, Charmine E.J. Härtel, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012, s. 227-248Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on whether perceived emotional intensity and help need is possible to discriminate in expressions of fear and neutrality in brief authentic emergency calls. Extraction of acoustic parameters of fear and neutrality was done prior to letting participants listen to a low-pass-filtered stimuli set. Participants discriminated fear and neutrality in both the intensity and help need condition. In turn, judged intensity and judged help need correlated strongly, with partial correlations indicating that participants use acoustically measured intensity (mean dB) as information to infer the intensity/help need relationship. We also discuss the implications of emotional expression in the call centre domain.

  • 363.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Westelius, Alf
    @ the emotional verge: When enough is enough in email conversations2013Inngår i: Individual Sources, Dynamics, and Expressions of Emotion / [ed] Wilfred J. Zerbe, Neal M. Ashkanasy, Charmine E.J. Härtel, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Emailing does not preclude emotional exchange and many times it causes us to engage in spiralling exchanges of increasingly angry emailing. The purpose of this chapter is threefold: to explore how factors of temporality are related to anger when emailing, to model circumstances that protect against, but also ignite, anger escalation, and to raise a discussion for practitioners of how to avoid damaging email communication. By intersecting literature on communication, information systems, psychology and organisational studies, factors leading to an ‘emotional verge’ are identified and summarised in a model showing factors likely to prime, but also protect against, anger escalation.

  • 364.
    TANTEH, DERICK NJOMBOG
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    AL-LIDDAWI, SHAFIQ YOUSEF
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    SSEKASIKO., DANIEL
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    PROPERTIES OF TRANSFORMER OIL THAT AFFECT EFFICIENCY.2014Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. Transformer explosions caused by dielectric failure account for over 50% of the disasters. The aim of this thesis is to examine, compare and outline the differences, in function, as dielectric insulators, vegetables oil has, with respect to the mineral oil used in high-power transformers. We will first consider the vegetable oil which has less dielectric capabilities than the mineral oil used in power transformers. Later in the experiments, we will focus mainly to examine the breakdown voltage property, as we try to alter some properties of the respective oils used. Considering the fact that vegetable oil has low viscosity, with its chemical compounds constituting less molecular masses compared to mineral oil, we endorse, from our experimental findings, that mineral oil is indeed worthy and reasonable to be used as a dielectric in high power transformers. In this write-up, we have considered eleven transformer oil properties. In the experiment proper, we considered only the acidity, whose concentration in the transformer oil increases with aging if the transformer, moisture, and a ‘suitable’ impurity like NaOH(aq). At first glance, one would be tempted to think, as we were, that since the increase in acid content of the oil deteriorates its dielectric performance, an increase in alkaline content of the transformer oil, would increase its dielectric ability; reversing the acid effect. But as we see in the results from our experiments, this is false. We think that the visible degradation of the insulating property of the oil, with the introduction of NaOH(aq), is because it acts as an impurity to suitable dielectric function. From the experiments, the heating procedures resulted in the production of toxic gases. This indicated the actual loss of chemical structure and significant breakage of chemical bonds. The resulting chemical composition of the oil does not produce the same dielectric properties as the initial oil sample. Also, here has been considerable inconsistency in the addition of NaOH(aq) or HCl(aq) to both oils. We only added HCl(aq), before every measurement, in two of the experiments. The other experiments were either with moisture, or a single addition of 2cm3 of either HCl(aq) or NaOH(aq) before heating; after which several measurements were taken, at specific intervals, as the mixture cools. We did so, in the latter, in which we had only one addition of a 2cm3 chemical, because in real life, given the short time frame of the experiment, the total amount of acid in the oil has a negligible change. So, in a functioning heated transformer, within a short time frame, there is actually deterioration in oil insulation properties

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 365.
    Tao, Cheng
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Li, Chengqi
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Development of a Systems Dynamics model to assess the value of alternative manufacturing technologies2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Recently trade-off among producers, customers and society/ environment is one of the most popular concerns in industry. This issue conducts the decision making by manufacturers on the selection between two alternative techniques, ECM and MM. The purpose of this study was to explore the problem in how to assess the value of a product/ service in the early stages of the design activity. Through the simulation tool of System Dynamics, a model helps to quantify all the values which were involved. The result of this model was that the coming 10 years NPVs of two alternatives were assessed. Contrasting the alternatives on different manufacturing processes and market conditions, the decision makers could find out an appropriate scenario with an appropriate technique. This approach was verified to ensure the accuracy and practicability.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 366.
    Telldén, Erik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Korsten Town Local Economic Development in the Public Space2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    My project takes place in Korsten four kilometers north of central Port Elizabeth. Korsten is today known as the industrial center of the city and provides job opportunities throughout the whole region. Central Korsten contains the biggest informal market within Port Elizabeth; it is also functioning as a nodal interchange where buses and minibus taxis provide transport within the city as well as nationwide. In 2010 major changes in the transport system will take place as a part of the 2010 world cup program. The city introduces the new Bus rapid transit system, a transportation system based on trunk buses complimented with minibus taxis. Introducing a new bus-system to Korsten will be a great challenge especially concerning Korstens informal identity and tradition. The informal economy is today an integral part of the South African economy and something that most South Africans come in contact with on daily bases. But it is an economy and movement not measurable or regulated by the government. The informal economy got its own rules and traditions and it flourishes in Korsten. It creates job opportunities as well as a possibility to buy everyday goods to a reasonable price, but it also contributes to a hectic and unstructured environment which gives a chaotic impression. This dissertation highlights the informal tradition and its possibility to be an integral part of the modern Korsten. It investigates the meaning of the public space and what role it plays in our cities and how it can be implemented in Korsten.

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  • 367.
    Tepecik, Aslı
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    Anderson, Eric
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    Sustainable Development Within The Region Strategies and The Complex Social System: What Can Turkey and U.S.A. learn from Skåne, Sweden2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Thanks primarily to the international community, sustainable development has in recent decades been more in the forefront. Many communities around the world are taking part in discussions and implementing strategies that address sustainable development. However, Sweden has been and continues to be extremely proactive in addressing sustainable development. Perhaps, this can be seen best in the län of Skåne. There are numerous communities throughout Skåne that address sustainable development. In addition, and what also makes Skåne an even more interesting case study is its recent history, which includes a significant influx of immigrants, the construction of the Öresund Bridge, and the desire of the national government of Sweden to address sustainable development. This project looks at a specific region in the two types of countries that do not address sustainable development (Turkey and the U.S.A.) and examines what methods from Skåne can be implemented into the respective regions. In addition, addressing sustainable development in a regional context involves the creation of a complex social system. Therefore, the paper also analyzes how these two regions can think and operate like regions and initiate a plan for sustainable development.

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  • 368.
    Tew, Mandy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    A Learning Organization? Evaluating the University of Canterbury's Strategic Transition toward Sustainability2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Institutions of higher educations (IHE), particularly universities, have a significant role to play in the global transformation to socio-ecological sustainability. This study focuses on the strategic planning efforts of one university, the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand where The Natural Step Framework (TNSF) is being used to develop a pan-University Sustainability Plan. Drawing upon the triple helix model of university-government-industry interactions for knowledge creation, and integrating principles of education for sustainable development into strategic organizational learning and change processes within higher education, this study suggests that advocates for sustainability within IHE can use the TNSF to assess institutional barriers and communicate specific opportunities in order to institutionalize strategic sustainable development and promote socio-ecological innovation.

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  • 369.
    Thompson, Anthony
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Integrating a Strategic Sustainable Development Perspective in Product-Service System Innovation2012Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an intersection of challenges where society’s social and ecological problems coincide with the industrial firm’s challenge to maintain profitability in a globalizing world. Products connect these challenges. The development of these products together with services (product-service systems) therefore provides a critical intervention point to address these challenges. This includes e.g. defining what the products and services are, how they will deliver value to users, and the business models that enable them to be realized, as well as how these can contribute to sustainable development of society. The overarching goal of this research is to contribute to sustainable development of society by better understanding how a strategic sustainable development perspective based on backcasting from basic principles for a sustainable society can be brought into and guide product-service system innovation. Interviews with industry professionals, workshops with both manufacturing companies and within student projects, and industrial cases studies, together with a review of literature and theoretical considerations, provide the methodological basis for this work. This thesis contributes to clarifying theoretical and practical possibilities and limitations for a strategic sustainable development perspective to guide product-service system innovation and provides a basis for the integration of these concepts. The findings indicate that the co-innovation of products and services in product-service systems can contribute to sustainable development of society both by supporting reduced material and energy use and by supporting improved life cycle management of materials. Further, a strategic sustainable development perspective can contribute to the refinement of existing tools and methods in product-service system innovation by providing an operational definition of sustainability articulated in the form of first-order principles that describe the boundary conditions for a sustainable society, and by providing guidelines for how to approach a vision of success inside those boundaries in a strategic way. In order to identify solutions that meet society’s pressing challenges, new solution spaces may need to be identified, and this can be enabled by a shift from product development with service as “add-ons” to their co-innovation in product-service systems. An initial approach for how this could be enabled through bringing together set-based approaches to design product-service systems with a strategic sustainable development perspective is presented.

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  • 370.
    Thompson, Anthony
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Hallstedt, Sophie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Isaksson, Ola
    Introductory approach for sustainability integration in conceptual design2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of sustainability-related requirements into new product development has been a popular topic since the 1990s, and one of the very roots of the topic – scarcity of resources – indicates that market forces will require improved ways of dealing with sustainability for product developing companies. The question remains, however, of the importance of considering sustainability aspects in product design, and if important - how to do it? This paper assumes importance and works to answer the question of how to do it by presenting an approach, currently under development, to include sustainabilty aspects in a generic design process by defining a sustainable design space inpsired by the early steps of a set-based concurrent engineering (SBCE) approach, and then describing how each stage of the generic design process can be aligned in order to arrive at more sustainable products.

  • 371. Thompson, Anthony
    et al.
    Larsson, Tobias
    Broman, Göran
    Towards Sustainability-driven Innovation through Product-Service Systems2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many current sustainability considerations in industry constrain design space by emphasizing reduced material and energy flows across product life cycles. However, there are also opportunities for sustainability awareness to extend design space and drive innovation. Product-service systems (PSS) in particular can be a vehicle through which sustainability-driven innovation occurs. A framework for strategic sustainable development, including a backcasting approach, provides the basis for understanding sustainability in this work and provides insight into how incremental and radical approaches could be aligned within product innovation. This work explores how sustainability considerations can be better integrated into existing product innovation working environments, with an emphasis on opportunities that occur as sustainability knowledge leads to innovation through a product-service system approach. It is demonstrated and ideas are discussed around how sustainability can be used to drive innovation processes through product-service systems that companies rely upon, while also supporting global society’s movement toward sustainability.

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  • 372. Thompson, Anthony
    et al.
    Lindahl, Pia
    Hallstedt, Sophie
    Ny, Henrik
    Broman, Göran
    Decision Support Tools for Sustainability in Product Innovation in a Few Swedish Companies2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies are finding that customers increasingly demand “sustainable products” while also noticing economic benefits from eco-efficiency and other sustainability-related design approaches. Employees making product-related decisions need support tools to incorporate sustainability considerations — both at strategic (e.g. regarding product lines to develop) and operational levels (e.g. detailed design). This paper presents the results from a set of interviews that explored where and how sustainability considerations are taken into account in the product innovation processes of six Swedish companies. Results are presented as a map of the overall company operations in relation to a generic product innovation model, followed by a map of the places where sustainability considerations are made in that model. Some of the tools that are used to support those sustainability considerations are also briefly described. The conclusion is that there are some, but not sufficient, tools and methods to support inclusion of sustainability aspects in the product innovation processes of these companies.

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  • 373. Thompson, Anthony
    et al.
    Ny, Henrik
    Lindahl, Pia
    Broman, Göran
    Severinsson, Mikael
    Benefits of a Product Service System Approach for Long-life Products: The Case of Light Tubes2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Products designed for long-life often have significant potential for better sustainability performance than standard products due to less material and energy usage for a given service provided, which usually also results in a lower total cost. These benefits are not always obvious or appealing to customers, who often focus on price. Long-life products are therefore at an inherent disadvantage: due to lower volume of sales that results from the products’ longer-life, the margins (price) often need to be higher. In this paper, we demonstrate that when the revenue base is shifted to be the service of light (instead of the sales of light tubes), there is an opportunity for a “win-win-win” for the light user, the long-life light provider and society. Through a product-service system approach, resulting in a well-communicated total offer, the full array of benefits becomes clearer to the customer, including that they avoid the high initial cost.

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  • 374.
    Thulesius, Marie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    Viner, John
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    The Triple Bottom Line: Can profit maximising organisations create social, environmental and economic value? With the Swedish cases Ericsson, Tetra Pak, Max Hamburgers and Mitt Liv2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional concepts in economic theory state that the sole purpose of a company is to make as much money for its owners (or shareholders). This paper explores discussions and theories regarding alternatives to this model, and in doing so examines whether a business can simultaneously contribute to social and/or environmental issues in a meaningful way or benefit a wider group of interested parties beyond the traditional definition of owners. The paper discusses traditional neo-liberal economic views of the company as well as various topics relating to Corporate Social Responsibility, sustainability, development and stakeholder theory. It then develops a condensed theory that the authors abstract from the literature on this subject, drawing on the similarities in theories developed by a range of theorists and academics. Once the theoretical framework is presented, the results of a number of interviews, questionnaires and surveys are analysed in order to discuss the applicability of theories regarding a Triple Bottom Line to real business cases. Yin’s (2009) Case Study Method is used to collect and analyse evidence drawn from the corporate sector, academia and social entrepreneurs. The Swedish cases; Ericsson, Tetra Pak, Max Hamburgers and Mitt Liv are analysed. They are three very different companies but to a certain extent alike when looking from a “Triple Bottom Line” view. Tetra Pak and Max are both private owned enterprise that do not have to struggle with myopic quarterly earnings to please the stock market and can therefore work with a longer time horizon in mind. Mitt Liv, which is a social enterprise and not a profit maximizing enterprise, on the other hand, has social issues as their core value proposition. The authors conclude that despite considerable scepticism from academics, business people and development practitioners, particularly in Sweden perhaps due to relying too much on “the Nordic model”, more and more organisations, though, (small and large) are working in ways which generate profit while benefiting the environment as well as societies or communities where the business activity is conducted.

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  • 375.
    Thulin, Christoffer
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Biltrafikens påverkan på modern stadsplanering, en fallstudie av Söderstaden, Kungsbacka2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka hur trafiken idag påverkar och styr vårt sätt att planera städer. I detta arbete görs en fallstudie av Söderstaden, som är ett nybyggt bostadsområde i Kungsbacka kommun, där trafikens påverkan undersöks. Historiskt sett har våra dominerande transportmedel haft stor påverkan på våra samhällens uppkomster. Handeln har varit beroende av den tidens effektivaste transporter, då sjöfarten, nu motorfordonstrafiken. Hur våra städer lokaliserades och utformades vid de olika tidsepokerna skiljer sig avsevärt. Arbetet inleds med en teoridel om hur trafiken påverkat oss genom historien och hur teorierna idag anser att kommunerna bör planera för trafiken, för att till sist gå in på vad trafikens utveckling påverkat enskilda kommuners stadsplanering. Stadsplaner har ofta anpassats efter hur transporter effektivt kan ta sig fram i stadsmiljön. Manhattan i New York är ett återkommande exempel på en klassisk rutnätstad, inspirerad av den romerska antiken, som främjar tillgängligheten för trafiken. När massproduktionen av bilen kom ökade människans rörlighet och man såg en positiv utveckling av välfärden i form av ökad bilism. Resultatet blev ett bilberoende samhälle med långa avstånd mellan stadens funktioner. Idag utgör bilen en stor belastning på staden tack vare dess enorma markanvändning och skapandet av barriärer för andra trafikslag. Detta har skapat nya planeringsideal. Ett av dessa är blandstaden som bland annat innebär en tät, funktionsblandad miljö med korta avstånd mellan ett stort utbud av stadens funktioner. Detta sägs främja kollektivtrafiken. Ett bra utbud av kollektivtrafik är viktigt med tanke på att många är beroende av den. De som inte har bil har annars svårt att resa längre sträckor. Trafikplaneringsidealen idag strävar efter att främja tillgängligheten, tryggheten och trafiksäkerheten. Bilen är ett färdmedel som är vida diskuterat inom dessa områden. Samtidigt som biltrafiken försämrar tillgängligheten och tryggheten för andra trafikslag ökar den rörelsefriheten för individen. En annan viktig aspekt är att samhällets ekonomiska grund är uppbyggt genom ett bilberoende. Många industrier och verksamheter är beroende av en fungerande biltrafik. Det är dock tydligt att en prioritering av tillgängliga gaturum för de resterande trafikslagen är vad teorierna idag anser vara mest hållbart. Integrering och separering är två olika sätt att utforma gaturummet genom att välja vilket trafikslag städerna vill prioritera. En integrering innebär att flera trafikslag får samarbeta på samma yta vilket är ett bra sett att underminera bilen och göra miljön mer attraktiv för övriga trafikslag. Ett annat sätt att prioritera trafikslagen kan exempelvis vara att skapa mer plats för gående eller mindre plats för bilen. Detta kan ha stor påverkan på människors val av färdmedel. Hur kommunen balanserar trafiksystemet bestäms efter stadens förutsättningar. Kungbacka är en kommun med väldigt liten centralort i förhållande till både kommunens yta och folkmängd. Orter som förr varit fritidshusorter har växt sig större och skapat en väldigt utglesad kommun. Tack vare de långa avstånden och den höga andelen miljonärer i kommunen har ett starkt bilberoende växt fram. Vägnätet har inte hunnit med i utbyggnaden och detta har skapat hårt belastade vägar i kommunen och underlaget på kollektivtrafikresenärer är dåligt. Ett sätt att råda bot på detta anser kommunen vara en förtätning av centrumdelarna där ett flertal projekt har kommit upp på ritbordet. Ett av dessa är Söderstaden, som är ett blandstadsområde lokaliserat i nära anknytning till Kungsbacka Innerstad. Stadsdelen är lokaliserad just för att skapa en förtätning av centrum samtidigt som en omfattande ombyggnad av vägnätet tillkommer just för att kunna hantera en större trafikkapacitet. Trots att kommunens mål är att minska bilberoendet separeras trafikslagen i gaturummet och stora ytor parkering anläggs. Biltrafiken får gott om plats att ta sig fram på i området vilket visar på att Kungsbacka inte riskerar att råka ut för samma problem som andra städer fått ta del av efter att de planerat för en minskad biltrafik. Det är kommunens historiska utveckling som skapat det bilberoende kommunen inte kan bortse ifrån. Ett av de övergripande målen Kungbacka har är att öka tillgängligheten för fotgängare i Innerstaden. Med hjälp av Söderstaden kan parkeringsplatserna flyttas till ett avstånd som fortfarande är rimligt utan att det känns som antalet platser minskat. På så sätt blir det högt belastade vägnätet i Innerstaden befriat från en stor del av biltrafiken. Det är tydligt att trafiken på flera sätt har påverkat stadsplaneringen i Kungsbacka. Söderstadens lokalisering har uppkommit som en reaktion mot de tidigare stadsbyggnadstrenderna som skapade bilberoendet och då utformats efter de trafikbehov som kommunen fortfarande kräver.

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  • 376.
    Thuot, Lea
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Netto, Giuliana
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Hachey, Amanda
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Supporting Sustainable Rural Tourism in British Columbia through Strategic Incentives2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates the potential incentives have on driving behaviour change towards the adoption of sustainable business practices by rural tourism operators in British Columbia (BC), Canada. Even though operators in rural BC have recognized the importance of making their business practices sustainable so that future generations are able to enjoy living and visiting these communities, they claim there is a lack of incentives from the industry. To support the BC rural tourism industry in attaining its aspiration to enhance the social/cultural, environmental and economic well being of the province, a model and corresponding recommendations on how to better support operators through strategic incentives was developed. Using the lens of strategic sustainable development, understanding the mechanisms of behaviour change and the role of operators as early adopters of sustainable practices, this research takes a whole systems perspective to identify in what ways sustainability can be encouraged by the tourism industry through the use of incentives in the context of rural BC.

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  • 377.
    Thysell, Julia Andersson
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för fysisk planering.
    Rörelsestyrd utomhusbelysning för ett tryggt och hållbart samhälle2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med min utbildning till fysisk planerare stötte jag på begreppet trygghet flera gånger. Dock nämndes detta sällan i samband med belysning, utan endast andra aspekter togs upp. Därför tycker jag att det behövs närmare undersökning av hur vi egentligen upplever att en trygg miljö ska vara. Det behövs närmare undersökning av hur denna upplevda trygga miljö påverkas av en annan sorts belysning. Detta leder således till att denna uppsats behandlar ämnet trygghet i relation till belysning, med en inriktning på rörelsestyrd belysning. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka om städer kan dra nytta av rörelsestyrd belysning och hur den rörelsestyrda respektive vanliga belysningen påverkar trygghetskänslan. Arbetet utgår ifrån innehållsanalyser av teknisk litteratur och forskningslitteratur och av en fallstudie av ett område på Kungsholmstrand i Stockholm.

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  • 378.
    Timbo, Ahmed
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för teknokultur, humaniora och samhällsbyggnad.
    Evaluating Of The National Strategy for Sustainable Development in The Gambia.2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    National sustainable development strategies (NSSDs) were inspired in 1992 by the Rio summit. Since 1999; the World Bank (WB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have further encouraged developing countries to prepare NSSDS as National integrated strategies formulated through a participatory process and coordinated with donors.

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  • 379.
    Timóteo, Lúcia
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Matuszak, Natalia
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Indilaitė, Vaiva
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Guidelines for Wellness towards Social Sustainability: Moving Sweden to Optimal Health2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a conclusion of a four-month-long research project. Aging and lifestyle diseases pose a massive challenge for sustainability of societies of the developed countries. The aim of the study was creation of a set of guidelines and actions that would facilitate interaction between primary health care and wellness organisations in Sweden in a manner conducive to achievement of social sustainability in the area of public health. The theoretical part provides insights into significance of public health for sustainability. It explores systematic barriers for achievement and maintenance of optimal health within health system and social system. Research was conducted through interviews with professionals working at the Blekinge Health Arena, doctors and nurses. The results were framed within FSSD to ensure compliance with Social Sustainability Principles. The guidelines and actions promote health through lifestyle change, community empowerment, holistic perspective of the patient and close collaboration between primary health care and wellness organisations. The authors believe the results may be widely implemented within Sweden, helping transition towards sustainability.

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  • 380.
    TOKALA, SAI SUJIT
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    ROKALA, RANADEEP
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för tillämpad signalbehandling.
    HUMAN ACTIVITY MONITORING USING SMARTPHONE2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the project is to develop an algorithm which will classify the activity performed by a human who is carrying a smart phone. The day to day life made humans very busy at work and during daily activities, mostly elderly people who are at home have an important need to monitor their activity by others when they are alone, if they are inactive for a long time without movement, or in some situations like if they have fallen down, became unconscious for sometime or seized with a cardiac arrest etc… will help the observer to know the state of activity of person being monitored. In this project we develop an algorithm to know the activity of a person using accelerometer available in Smartphone. We have extracted the Smartphone accelerometer data using an application called accelerometer data logger version 1.0 available in Smartphone market and have processed the data in Matlab for classifying the different activities of human being into static and dynamic activity, if the activity is dynamic then further classification into walking or running is performed with the algorithm. We implemented smoothening filters for data analysis and statistical techniques like standard deviation, mean and signal magnitude analysis for activity classification. This classification algorithm will let us know the type of activity either static or dynamic and then classify the position of the user, such as walking, running or ideal, which can provide useful information for the observer who is monitoring the activities of wearer, and which will help the wearer for his daily living. To bring out the extensive use of algorithm and to provide valuable feedback for wearer regarding his activities, energy spent by user during the activities was calculated at a given time using regression methods and was implemented in the algorithm. The developed model was able to estimate the energy spent by the user, the observations recorded were almost similar to the treadmill data which is taken as a standard for our model and the mean error is not more than ±2 for 30 observations. The final results when compared with the standard model was proved to be 93 % accurate on average of 30 subjects data which is used for verifying the algorithm developed. With these set of results we have come to a conclusion that algorithm can be easily implemented in a real time Smartphone application with low false predictions and can be implemented with low computational cost and fast real-time response. In future our classification algorithm can also be used in military applications where one can know what the soldier is doing without actually seeing him and additionally it can be proved as a support system in athlete’s health monitoring and training.

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  • 381.
    Tonnie, Aruoture Onome
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    A Reference Searching Related To Nanomaterials,Food Packaging and Sustainability2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report focuses on the study of nanomaterials as a packaging material for the food industries. Reviews were carried out and the various properties exhibited by various nanomaterial used in the packaging industry were looked into. An investigation was also done on carbon nanotubes which are used to a large extent as reinforcing materials in the development of new class of nanocomposites. This report also traces the cause of sustainability problems associated with the use of nanomaterials in the food packaging industry. It analyzes and extrapolates the prospect of additional capabilities that human may gain from the development of nanomaterial in the food industry in order to ascertain environmental sustainability.

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  • 382.
    Turner, Carmen
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Kasnet, Archie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    How can a destination resort development company be strategic in sustainable development?2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Although sustainable development is becoming a strategic priority for some organizations, many do not apply it as a business strategy like traditional objectives. Sustainability requires a calculated and streamlined approach, specifically, a clear vision of success and a comprehensive plan to achieve success. Intrawest Corporation is currently looking at integrating sustainable development into their practices in both their real estate and resort divisions. Whistler Blackcomb, implemented several environmental and community-based initiatives but has yet to take a company-wide approach to sustainable development. In this study, Whistler Blackcomb and Intrawest’s sustainability initiatives were evaluated based on a scientific definition of sustainability. The paper explores how a resort destination company can strategically integrate sustainability into their business operations. The objective is to highlight Whistler Blackcomb and Intrawest as case studies to understand how a company can gauge their awareness, identify challenges and opportunities, and move towards being a more environmentally excellent, socially just and economically viable company.

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  • 383.
    Tyler, Kirk
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Bibri, Mohamed
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Tyler, Norman
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för maskinteknik.
    Strategic Sustainable Development and Knowledge Management2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore how organizations can apply the Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) Framework (Robèrt et al. 2006) as a lens and filter to a Knowledge Management Framework to move an organization towards sustainability. A conceptual framework of Knowledge Management (KM) was developed and then utilized to conduct a sustainability assessment on The Natural Step (TNS) organization as a case study. The researchers explored how an understanding of KM can support SSD and aid an organization in leveraging their existing knowledge. To achieve the objective, the most commonly accepted KM frameworks were summarized through a literature review. Then the researchers’ understanding of a conceptual KM Framework was developed. The SSD lens was used to identify gaps within the KM frameworks when an organization’s ultimate goal of success is sustainability. The conceptual KM Framework viewed through the SSD lens was utilized in conducting a sustainability assessment on TNS as a case study. The authors attempted to illustrate how using SSD as a lens could assist any organization, not just NGO’s with a sustainability mandate, to enhance any Quality Management System, such as KM, to tackle global issues. The scope of the analysis was focused on understanding the role of KM as it relates to an organization’s journey towards sustainability. Specifically a strengths and weaknesses assessment was conducted. The assessment was used to identify gaps and successes in the following areas: knowledge sharing, sharing methodology and sustainable practices.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 384.
    Ugwu-Eze, Ozoeze Joseph
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    THE GREEN STRATEGY: INDUSTRY PERCEPTIONS AND PERSPECTIVES AS A NEW MARKET-DRIVEN BUSINESS FOCUS FOR GAINING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    All businesses no matter how benign or smart their operations are create some level of environmental harm. These impacts can be minimized or controlled by a adopting a well articulated firm-level green strategy. The need to green should not just be to address companywide environmental challenge but also a proactive strategy to stay on the right side of the regulation and for profitability. Many factors drive a company to pursue green initiatives but whatever it is that motivate an organization, it also possible that a company can enjoy a sustained competitive advantage through greening. This study examined the green strategies organizations can use to derive competitive advantage. A multiple case study approach based on intensive field survey was used. The field survey was carried out in 2010. A total of 268 respondents drawn from ten companies were selected for the purposes of the survey. These companies operate in different sectors of the economy: 3, from the oil/gas; 3, from the manufacturing; 2, from banking/insurance; 1, from hospitality/tourism and 1, from the telecom. A questionnaire survey (see Appendix A) containing thirty-six (38) questions was sent out to the companies. The data gathered through the questionnaires was analyzed using the statistical functions of Microsoft Excel. Result obtained confirmed that companies‘ activities cause environmental burden and their impacts can be responsibly controlled using firm-level green strategies. Companies can also derive other benefits from going green. Ultimately a company can achieve sustained green competitive advantage in the long run.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 385.
    Utkucan, Ece
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Lobach, Matthew
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Larson, Wyeth
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Sustainable E-waste Management: Using the FSSD in a Case study at NUR2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how to apply an approach of strategic sustainable development to e-waste management through a case study at the National University of Rwanda (NUR). Interviews and surveys were conducted, and workshops and presentations were hosted during a site visit to NUR. No e-waste management system is in place in Rwanda, while the country is working to increase ICT capacity. At NUR, awareness of e-waste challenges is low, and management currently consists of storage and limited low-tech pre-processing. Suggested actions were prioritized and delivered to NUR in an action plan under three project categories: project core, e-waste management, and e-waste education and research with the aim of establishing a pilot project of e-waste management to make NUR an e-waste leader. A Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development was used to ensure e-waste is managed in a strategic way that leads to an e-waste management approach that could exist in a sustainable society. This research concludes that strategic sustainable e-waste management is possible at NUR and presents six theme areas to guide the development of an e-waste project with a systems perspective.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 386.
    Vadda, Praveen
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Seelam, Sreerama Murthy
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation.
    Smart Metering for Smart Electricity Consumption2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the demand for electricity has increased in households with the use of different appliances. This raises a concern to many developed and developing nations with the demand in immediate increase of electricity. There is a need for consumers or people to track their daily power usage in houses. In Sweden, scarcity of energy resources is faced during the day. So, the responsibility of human to save and control these resources is also important. This research work focuses on a Smart Metering data for distributing the electricity smartly and efficiently to the consumers. The main drawback of previously used traditional meters is that they do not provide information to the consumers, which is accomplished with the help of Smart Meter. A Smart Meter helps consumer to know the information of consumption of electricity for appliances in their respective houses. The aim of this research work is to measure and analyze power consumption using Smart Meter data by conducting case study on various households. In addition of saving electricity, Smart Meter data illustrates the behaviour of consumers in using devices. As power consumption is increasing day by day there should be more focus on understanding consumption patterns i.e. measurement and analysis of consumption over time is required. In case of developing nations, the technology of employing smart electricity meters is still unaware to many common people and electricity utilities. So, there is a large necessity for saving energy by installing these meters. Lowering the energy expenditure by understanding the behavior of consumers and its correlation with electricity spot prices motivated to perform this research. The methodology followed to analyze the outcome of this study is exhibited with the help of a case analysis, ARIMA model using XLSTAT tool and a flattening technique. Based on price evaluation results provided in the research, hypothesis is attained to change the behavior of consumers when they have better control on their habits. This research contributes in measuring the Smart Meter power consumption data in various households and interpretation of the data for hourly measurement could cause consumers to switch consumption to off-peak periods. With the results provided in this research, users can change their behavior when they have better control on their habits. As a result, power consumption patterns of Smart electricity distribution are studied and analyzed, thereby leading to an innovative idea for saving the limited resource of electrical energy.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 387.
    Viszlay, Zsuzsanna
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling. Frau.
    Mumme, Jannika
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Hagedorn, Hanne
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Planning for sustainability in Swedish municipalities: a strategic approach2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities play an important role in society’s transition towards sustainability. However, as they are subject to forces from both top-down (legislation etc.) and bottom-up (stakeholders’ needs and interests etc.), as well as internal dynamics within the municipal organisation, their planning approaches are usually not strategic. This implies that there is often a gap between long-term plans and short-term actions. This thesis explores enablers and barriers for strategic sustainability planning in municipalities. Focussing in particular on the översiktsplan Swedish municipalities are required to create for their spatial planning, we develop a proposal how the planning process defined by Swedish law can be made more strategic and incorporate sustainability. We suggest to integrate elements of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) into the planning process, and to engage experts and the general public from early on. Moreover, we provide a toolkit containing various instruments that facilitate using the strategic planning process proposed. Finally, this thesis shows ways to deal with forces from top-down, bottom-up and within the municipality. The suggestions build on insights from literature as well as interviews conducted in municipalities and with further experts, but have not yet been tested in a real-life context.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 388.
    Watz, Matilda
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Utilizing requirements to support sustainable product development: Introductory approaches for strategic sustainability integration2019Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The attention to sustainability impacts arising during the lifecycle of products is growing as industry wants to increase its contribution to a sustainable society. To do so, companies must find ways to navigate the complexity of the needs within the socio-ecological system in which they operate. In engineering design projects, the interpretation of needs into requirements is essential, as they represent the collective understanding of the design problem to be solved. Ideally, requirements are possible to verify and validate, which makes it challenging for industry to integrate socio-ecological considerations, often based on qualitative models, into requirements. Sustainability then tends not to be prioritized in trade-offs with traditionally identified requirements for engineering design.

    A qualitative research approach within design research methodology framed a sequence of studies guided by the research question ‘How can requirements be utilized to support Sustainable Product Development?’ First, a research gap was identified from a literature review which indicated a lack of socio-ecological systems contextualization in the identification, as well as the traceability of sustainability criteria to integrate into requirements. Secondly, a conceptual model was established for how management of requirements can be improved to facilitate traceability, as well as how contextual socio-ecological systems perspective can be introduced in the selection, of sustainability criteria for engineering design projects. For this purpose, the results from a multiple-case study based on semi-structured interviews with seven design and manufacturing companies was triangulated with findings of an in-depth literature analysis. Five key elements of management of sustainability in requirements were proposed in a profile model corresponding to different levels of sustainability maturity. A third study explored, based on literature and prototype causal loop diagramming, the potential of a group model building approach to enhance contextual understanding of strategically identified, i.e., company-tailored, sustainability criteria in relation to traditional requirements in early phases of the product innovation process. A final study investigated how a strategic sustainability perspective can be integrated with engineering design methods and value modelling to create a decision support for concept selection.

    The studies together indicate that key constituents of good requirements, traceability and systems contextualization, can be achieved also for socio-ecological sustainability considerations. This requires organizational commitment and will be reflected in the design of the operational management system for their product innovation process. Following the proposed five key elements of sustainability integration in requirements, a company is expected to increase the organizational sustainability maturity, and hence its capability to contribute to a sustainability transition. This research also shows that there is a gap in current methods and tools for enhanced socio-ecological systems contextualization. The two last studies of this thesis give promising approaches of tools and methods to be further developed and analyzed, namely group model building, system analysis and value modelling.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 389. Wilk, Julie
    et al.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Rydhagen, Birgitta
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Adaptation Spinoffs from Technological and Socio-economic Changes2015Inngår i: Climate Change Adaptation and Development: Transforming Paradigms and Practices / [ed] Inderberg, Tor Håkon; Eriksen, Siri; O'Brien, Karen; Sygna, Linda, London, New York: Routledge , 2015, s. 161-177Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that societal change related to economic growth and development policies can affect the adaptive capacity of communities to a multitude of stressors including climate variability and change. Concerns have recently been raised about the consequences of climate mitigation and adaptation on vulnerable groups and the impacts of large-scale globalization processes on the adaptive capacities of local communities. This chapter addresses how side effects of technological and socioeconomic changes, which we refer to as spinoffs have potential to strengthen climate adaptation strategies. The spinoff examples fall under a two-dimensional framework according to whether they arise from orchestrated or opportunity-driven initiatives and technological or socio-economic changes. Three cases in developing countries undergoing rapid economic growth have been chosen as examples of different types of spinoffs and how they can positively influence climate adaptation and more particularly adaptive capacity. They are: information and communication technology (ICT) in South Africa, changing lifestyles in China and empowerment in India. The cases illustrate that new objects, inventions and trends constantly emerge which have potential to help people improve their livelihoods in ways that can be climate smart. People working as development workers and policy makers need to be observant and engage in open-minded dialogue with communities in order to recognize emergent technologies, lifestyles and trends to facilitate the use and development of on-going or potential spinoffs that positively affect adaptation to climate change.

  • 390.
    Zhang, Yan
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Chen, Xi
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
    Value-Driven Needfinding for Early Product: Service System Development. A Study Collaborates with Volvo Construction Equipments in Chinese Market2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Many literatures have shown that needs last longer than any specific solutions, so understanding of customer needs seems a crucial factor in early Product-Service System (PSS) development. Nowadays, many western companies, especially manufacturing focused companies, have realized the difficulty of understanding market needs. In this thesis, a new Value-Driven Needfinding methodology for manufacturing company to apply in certain markets was investigated. To further demonstrate the implementation of the proposed methodology, a case study involving Volvo Construction Equipment exploring value-orient needs in Chinese market is showed. At the end, by providing the scenarios comparison, a PSS conceptual design will be illustrated to show the utilization of the customer needs, then opportunities for company future provision towards sustainability based on early PSS development will be discussed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 391.
    Zhao, Jingjing
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    zheng, Wenbo
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för management.
    The Trend of Emission Reduction is Inevitable:Is It an Opportunity or Challenge for Chinese Private Automotive Enterprises?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of economy, human concern more and more about environment protection and sustainability, especially the automotive industry, all the enterprises have been aware of that they will have no future if they cannot improve the technology of emission reduction or solve it by developing alternative energy. China has attracted lots of attention due to the rapid economy development. However, automotive industry in China, in particular, Chinese private enterprises only has short history. At present, China has been the first vehicles production country, but just for manufacture. Chinese private auto enterprises are also playing an important role in this process. What will they do after being a "Manufacture King"? In this thesis, we take BYD as a case study, use PEST, Five-forces, SWOT to analyse the factors those can affect the development of Chinese private automotive industry, besides, we also give some possible suggestions for them according to the analysis.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 392.
    Årevall, Agnieszka Janicka
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    Urban Agriculture: Sustainability Multiplier2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    For some years now, the phenomena of urban agriculture have been present in the public discourse on cities and sustainability. It is often assumed that urban agriculture has the potential to contribute to an increased sustainability of the cities. However, many practical and theoretical obstacles might have to be overcome in order to realize this potential. One ambition of this thesis is to analyse urban agriculture as a “sustainability multiplier” – that is, as a practice that can positively affect a large number of dimensions of sustainability. Another ambition is to study how urban agriculture can contribute to lower the “ecological footprint” of our cities. Two concepts are essential in the discussion and have been given special attention in the thesis: “ecological footprint” and “sustainability”.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 393.
    Öster, John
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för planering och mediedesign.
    "Stad vid Strömmen – En studie i Norrköping om funktionens betydelse för en hållbar stadsutveckling"2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbete som fokuserar på stadens fysiska strukturer samt stadens funktioner inom ett område i centrala Norrköping. I arbetet redovisas dels en allmänteoretisk beskrivning av begreppen hållbar utveckling, stadens fysiska strukturer och stadens funktion, och därefter en analys av det aktuella planområdet utifrån dessa aspekter. Inledningsvis återges grundläggande historie-, och nutidsbeskrivning av Norrköping samt problembeskrivning för det planområde som uppsatsen avser ge förbättringsförslag för. Uppsatser ger även fördjupad kunskap i såväl allmänteoretiska som platsspecifika ämnen så som hållbar utveckling, stadens fysiska strukturer, stadens funktion samt om medborgardeltagande. Informationen är hämtad hållbar utveckling, stadens fysiska strukturer, stadens funktion samt om medborgardeltagande. Det planförslag som presenteras i arbetet syftar till att itergrera de olika delarna i centrala Norrköping ur planeringssynpunkt samt ge ett tryggare och livligare centrum i Norrköping med ett ökat flöde av folk och där vissa kvarter inte bara passeras förbi obemärkta utan även ger invånarna anledning att stanna till. Planförlaget analyseras därefter utifrån både långsiktiga och kortsiktiga konsekvenser för samtliga olika faktorer som tagits upp tidigare. Här skall man tydligt kunna se hur väl planförslaget uppfyller sitt syfte. Dessutom presenteras en framtidsanalys för hur jag ser på stadens möjligheter att få en fortsatt hållbar stadsutveckling.

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