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  • 401.
    Stone, Trudy-Ann
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Global Sourcing and Technical Efficiency -  a firm-level study on the ICT industry in Sweden2017Inngår i: Journal of Business Economics and Management, ISSN 1611-1699, E-ISSN 2029-4433, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 32s. 877-896Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the relationship between international sourcing, measured as imports of intermediate inputs, and the technical efficiency of firms in the information and communications technologies (ICT) manufacturing industry in Sweden. Using stochastic frontier analysis, we provide evidence that global sourcing improves firms’ capabilities to combine and re-combine inputs in productive ways, thereby increasing technical efficiency. We find a robust relationship between technical efficiency and international outsourcing. First, we find that firms that are deeply integrated into global sourcing networks are closer to their own production frontier. Second, firms that are engaged in international sourcing are also closer to the industry efficiency frontier. These findings are consistent with the argument that international sourcing stimulates firms’ capabilities by enabling them to identify and adopt higher quality inputs or more efficient production and management practices. These findings also suggest that the variety and extent of firms’ global sourcing networks constitute an important source of differences in efficiency levels among firms the ICT manufacturing industry.

  • 402.
    Stone, Trudy-Ann
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Quoreshi, Shahiduzzaman
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Do Global Value Chains Make Firms More Vulnerable To Trade Shocks?: Evidence from Manufacturing Firms in Sweden2019Inngår i: journal of Risk and Financial Management, ISSN 1911-8066, Vol. 12, nr 3, artikkel-id 151Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effect of the Global Financial Crisis on manufacturing firms in Sweden by analyzing the effect of trade exposure on firm performance. This study examines the decline in international trade during the global financial crisis by focusing on the relationship between global production linkages and firm performance. The trade exposure at the firm and industry levels were measured to assess the direct and indirect effects of the crisis on firm performance. Robust evidence was found of a negative relationship between trade exposure and the firms' sales and value-added growth during the crisis. In addition, it was found that higher export dependence was associated with lower sales growth during the crisis. Our results also show that the effect of the decline in the external demand on firm performance depends on the international input-output linkages. In particular, industries that are upstream in the value chain experienced a less severe decline in performance during the crisis.

  • 403.
    Storm, Kristian
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Schönström, Ulrika
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Selection of inbound innovations in an open innovation framework2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to explore the components of the innovation value chain, in particular the relationship between the main influencing factors and how inbound innovations are evaluated and selected in practice within an open innovation framework.

    Problem formulation: The innovation value chain involves a number of phases. A common description is that of a sequence consisting of idea generation, idea selection and idea diffusion. The literature on idea generation is quite vast, and multiple methodologies exist to allow companies to implement frameworks for idea generation and sourcing. But how does one select which ideas to invest in and progress to development and implementation? Specifically, when externally sourced inbound ideas are included, there is a need to understand how these ideas are rated and selected. This leads us to our research question; How is the selection process designed for external innovations in an open innovation framework?

    Method: A European company was selected to understand how this process is implemented in practice. This is described and analyzed by a single embedded case study. The sources of data consisted of interviews and documentation. The research process was iterative, consisting of a cycle of literature review, semi-structured interviews and documentation review. The data was then analyzed using investor triangulation, to ensure the quality of the data and validity of the case study, and was categorized according to the main influential factors identified.

    Findings: It is found that the case company has two initiatives for sourcing of inbound innovations. In both these cases, the selection process is well developed and formalized, and a process similar to the evaluation matrix method is implemented to evaluate and rank inbound ideas. The particular method employed ranks innovations along different dimensions, however there are differences depending on the time scope of the particular initiative. For iGrow, the more short-term scope initiative, business viability is among the highest ranking parameters, while for weFund, the more long term scope initiative, the scientific merits of the innovation and the alignment with the company’s long term strategy is more important. It is also found that there is a strong connection to the company strategy in the selection process, however this connection is more diffuse and not formalized. Based on the data analysis, it is found that the company may benefit from creating a stronger coupling between innovation selection and company strategy by formalizing the connection. It is also found that including sequencing opportunities in the innovation evaluation matrix may better allow for a chain of innovations to be created that steers the company towards the goals set in the company strategy.

  • 404.
    Strand, Lars-Olof
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Retaining Knowledge Workers: A ranking of the most valuable Rewards2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With the past decades of a growing trend in the western-world where knowledge workers are replacing traditional workers the importance of finding ways to attract, retain and engage the former is becoming even more challenging as the preferences of this kind of workers is totally different than for other workers. Non-monetary rewards such as achievement, autonomy and feedback have for a long time been highlighted by researchers to be of importance, yet the human relations departments (HR) still seem not to have realized the importance of such rewards and while HR strategies often are focusing on total rewards as a summary of monetary and non-monetary rewards there is a lack of an uniform ranking of the importance in between them.

    The purpose of this thesis is to make a ranking of the non-monetary rewards being most valuable for a knowledge worker to retain them within a company. The job mobility for this group is high and failing to retain them would except for short-term costs and organizational knowledge loss risk to create a lack of competitive advantage in long-term.

    Based on an extensive review of literature and papers by both researchers and practitioners with aspect to motivation theories, knowledge workers and rewards a theoretical framework has been constructed derived to five propositions which have been tested in a single case study. The empirical data was collected from a case being described in-depth and consist of archival data from employee surveys during seven years of time which have been supported by interviews and observations to achieve a triangulation of data. During analysis the findings have been put in relation to the environmental factors present within the case to achieve a rich and trustworthy case study.

    The findings confirms earlier research that autonomy is one of the highest ranked reward for a knowledge worker but that affiliation is of equal or even higher importance. The result also indicates that the difference between knowledge workers and other kinds of workers with aspect to affiliation is low or even non-existent. The thesis has also shown that autonomy, praise/recognition and career/personal development is of far more importance for a knowledge worker than for other kind of workers which may act as an important input to HR professionals.

    Furthermore this thesis has by the construct of a theoretical framework based on content theories of motivation contributed with a theoretical ground to the system of total rewards defined by HR professionals.

  • 405.
    Strauss, Håkan
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Rasmussen, Markus
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Designen av balanserat styrkort- En studie om en privat organisation som finansieras av offentliga medel2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Designen av balanserat styrkort – En studie om en privat organisation som finansieras av offentliga medel.

    Författare: Håkan Strauss och Markus Rasmussen

    Handledare: Anders Wrenne

    Institution: Managementhögskolan – Blekinge Tekniska Högskola

    Kurs: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 högskolepoäng

    Syfte: Den här studien avser att bidra med kunskap om hur en organisations ägarstruktur och finansieringsstruktur påverkar designen av balanserat styrkort.

    Metod: Studien använder sig av en deduktiv ansats utifrån befintliga modeller och teorier. Det empiriska materialet samlas in genom en kvalitativ arbetsmetod via den undersökta organisationens årsredovisning, hemsida och intervju.

    Slutsats: Studien pekar på att den undersökta organisationens design av balanserat styrkort påverkas till största del av dess ägarstruktur. Finansieringsformen påverkar till viss del genom dess ersättningsform. 

  • 406.
    Svensson, Josefin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Öljefors, Christine
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Millennials- Den nya och krävande generationen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykologisk forskning visar på att unga medarbetare, den så kallade Millennialgenerationen, efterfrågar en annan typ av ledarskap än deras äldre föregångare. Syftet med studien var att undersöka unga medarbetares föreställningar om transformativt ledarskap samt i vilken utsträckning dessa föreställningar motiverar dem i arbetet. Hypotes: Transformativt ledarskap är gynnsamt för unga vuxnas motivation på arbetsplatsen jämfört med andra ledarstilar så som laissez-faire och transaktionellt ledarskap. Undersökningsmetoden som använts var en webbaserad enkätdesign med 28 deltagare i åldrarna 20-38. Resultatet stödjer studiens syfte och hypotes, det transformativa ledarskapet var det som motiverade unga vuxna mest på arbetsplatser. Diskussionen leder fram till förslag på framtida forskning för att utöka kunskapen på området. Research in psychology shows that young co-workers, the so-called Millennials, are asking for a different kind of leadership than their older predecessors. The aim of this study was to examine young employee perceptions of transformational leadership and the extent to which these perceptions motivate them in their work. Hypothesis: Transformative leadership is beneficial for young adults' motivation in the workplace compared to other leadership styles such as laissez-faire and transactional leadership. The survey methodology used was a web-based questionnaire was designed with 28 participants aged 20-38. The result supports the study's purpose and hypothesis, the transformative leadership was what motivated young adults most at workplaces. The discussion leads to suggestions for future research to expand knowledge in the field.

  • 407.
    Svensson, Kate
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Trivsel, lärande och kompetensutveckling. En studie om arbetslivsfaktorer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Kompetenskraven i samhället och på företag som vill vara konkurrenskraftiga ändras och det blir viktigt för företagen att satsa på lärande och kompetensutveckling hos medarbetarna för att de ska kunna möta förändringarna, undvika stress och ohälsa samt uföra ett kvalificerat arbete. Det är många komponenter som ska spela inför att ge effekt på medarbetarnas lärande. Arbetstrivseln har de senaste decennierna fått stor betydelse när det gäller företagens konkurrenskraft. Syftet med undersökningen är att undersöka arbetstrivselns betydelse för lärande på arbetsplatsen. Undersökningen genomfördes med hjälp av sex medarbetare och en chef på ett företag med generellt hög arbetstrivsel. Genom intervjuer och en djupintervju berättade informanterna hur de upplever lärande. Undersökningen visar att det finns stöd för att arbetstrivseln är betydelsefull för de anställdas lärande. Flera faktorer är betydelsefulla för lärande på jobbet. Arbetsplatsen med ledningen och det klimat som råder är viktiga för arbetstrivseln och för lärande genom att skapa förutsättningar som främjar dem båda, vilket generar medarbetare som trivs, är drivkraftiga och vill lära.

  • 408.
    Svensson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    When being wrong might be right: on overconfidence as an evolutionary mechanism of nascent entrepreneurs2015Inngår i: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy: Knowledge, Technology and Internationalization / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Urban Gråsjö and Sofia Wixe, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 237-258Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical regularities regarding start-ups that do not show prolonged longevity have been known for some time. In this chapter, the regularity is argued to originate from an interaction between cognition-laden characteristics of entrepreneurs and contextual conditions. Overconfidence is argued to cause miscalibration of objective probabilities of success, which in turn causes excess entry, but also to negatively affect survival rates. Moreover, overconfidence is argued to be an evolutionary mechanism that helps explain the distribution of entrepreneurs at the local level. It does so by advocating overconfident entrepreneurs to be more likely to beacon personal, but miscalibrated, beliefs to others and thereby set off spillover effects. The bias is therefore argued to be detrimental to actors at an individual level (as it negatively affects survival rates), but favorable at the system level (as it facilitates spillover effects). The concluding discussion of these matters is extended by a discussion of policy issues.

  • 409.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bertoni, Alessandro
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    Maximilian, Lanander
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för maskinteknik.
    ON KNOWLEDGE MATURITY AND BIASED NATURE OF STAGED DECISION MAKING IN A HIGH CONSEQUENCE INDUSTRY2018Inngår i: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN / [ed] Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N., The Design Society, 2018, Vol. 1, s. 465-476Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores and problematizes decision-making in a high-consequence industry which is characterized by the stage-gate process. We showcase that decision-makers do not differentiate between the types of knowledge used for modelling decisions and calculation of risks. This makes them susceptible to incorporating cognitive distortions—biases—into the stage-gate process. We conclude by amending the risk for certain kinds of biases with a knowledge maturity framework in order to outline conditions for pragmatic decision making.

  • 410.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Gould, Rachael
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för strategisk hållbar utveckling.
    Hurdles to Clear: Cognitive Barriers in Sustainable Product Development2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Product development is a phased decision making process that is difficult to manage, for example, due to lack of knowledge in the early phases when design freedom is high. The management becomes even more challenging when adding the new, complex and potentially long range considerations of sustainability to decision making in product development.

    More explicitly, the management challenge is manifested in that product developers initially know little about the design problem, which is when they have highest design freedom. Later, when the product developers have acquired more knowledge about the design problem, design freedom has diminished. In sum, this paradox illustrates two challenging situations in which product developers undertake decision-making – low knowledge and high freedom, and higher knowledge and lower freedom. With the addition of time pressure, these challenging decision making situations lead product developers to become susceptible to relying on heuristics, and prone to systematic errors and biases.

    In our study, we aim to outline and understand which cognitive shortcomings are involved and create potential problems in development of more sustainable products. We do so by asking the question ‘Which cognitive barriers are most relevant when incorporating sustainability considerations into product development?’ Out of four identified categories of product development decisions - concept development, supply chain design, product design, and production ramp-up and launch – we focus on the first three as they are categories of decisions where product developers may try to incorporate sustainability. To address this question, we used the rich psychology literature on cognitive shortcomings to identify which barriers are particularly relevant in the decision-making context described by the literature on product development and decision-making for sustainability.

    We contribute to the practice of people developing decision support for sustainable product development by increasing awareness of cognitive barriers that are particularly relevant in this context. Theoretically, we contribute with increased understanding regarding how different cognitive barriers may be influential under certain phases, and not under others – a matter which underpins a forthcoming discussion on how clusters of cognitive shortcomings may affect outcomes of including sustainability in the product development process.

  • 411.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hällgren, Markus
    Umeå universitet, SWE.
    Sensemaking in sensory deprived settings: The role of non-verbal auditory cues for emergency assessment2018Inngår i: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 306-318Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency calls are high-stake situations characterized by volatile and time-critical conditions. The use of the telephone restricts sensory perception to a single modality-hearing-which makes both sensemaking and embodied sensemaking more difficult. Using observations, interviews, and organizational documents, we unveil how attention to the non-verbal cues of callers and their surroundings assists emergency operators to make sense of incoming calls for help. We find that operators use two practices to prioritize the calls: a frame-confirming practice and a frame-modifying practice. The practices are underpinned by configurations of verbal and non-verbal cues, wherein caller's emotional expressions and environmental sounds are both considered as distinct input. The non-verbal focus in this study extends our understanding of first-order sensemaking within the emergency domain but also in other sensory deprived settings in high-consequence industries. The contributions of this analysis to sensemaking research reside in the revelation that non-verbal cues contextualize and consequently frame the discursive elements of sensemaking. More specifically, this research offers the insight that embodies sensemaking benefits from attention being given to callers' non-verbal cues, rather than valuing only one's own bodily experiences and mere verbal descriptions about events. © 2017.

  • 412.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hällgren, Markus
    The Practice of Listening: (Dis-)embodied Sense Making in Emergency Call Taking.2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency call taking is a high-stake situation where errorless decisions must be made swiftly—often under ambiguous, emotionally volatile and time-critical conditions. The use of the telephone restricts operators to a single modality—their hearing—hindering multiple sensory perception.  Through an in-situ study, using observations, interviews and archival records, we develop understanding of operators every day decision practices. Emergency operators emphasize the role of sociomaterial cues, such as background sounds and the emotional state of the caller, when making sense of emergency calls. More specifically, they engage in matching and mismatching of non-verbal cues, facets that constitute building blocks for contraction and broadening of the sensemaking frame. Theoretical and practical implications of such single modal sensemaking are further discussed.

  • 413.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Jacobsson, Mattias
    Rationalizing emotions and emotionalizing reason: The staging of decisions in the ED2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the setting of healthcare in general, and medical Emergency Departments (ED) in specific, decision-making is at the core of almost all activities—ranging from simple medical prescriptions to crucial decisions in life and death situations. Despite the far-reaching rational traditions and objective assumptions characterizing the ED, it has lately been acknowledged that the everyday decision-making involves much more than a simple analytical action-reaction sequences. In order to disambiguate symptoms, doctors need for example to balance on the one side, intuition and emotion-laden (non-reason based) decisions and on the other side, rational (reason based) decisions. For instance, to sensitize clinicians to non-verbal information, such as an odour, may provide an additional information that otherwise could have been overseen. The shifting between different modes (reason and non-reason based) also happens in interaction with others, through means of different channels, and in different locations. Decision-making in the ED therefore become staccato paced rather than distinct and flowing, which also implies that the decision-making skills do not take place in a vacuum, but are rather bound to restrictions of the context in which they take place. How the ED context as such, and the shifting between different modes, influences and shapes the enactment of medical decisions, is however less clear. Based on an in-depth qualitative study conducted at the Stanford Hospital and Clinics’ Emergency Department, the purpose is therefore to describe and analyze how the medical decision-making process unfolds, is staged, and shaped by contextual logics. Theoretically, the paper takes its departure in the psychological decision-making literature. Empirically, the paper is based on more than 200 hours of participant observation, document collection, and semi-structured interviews, which was analyzed using a template-based approach. Through the analysis, two different logics are identified—one ‘backstage logic’ and one ‘front-stage logic’—that both, but in different ways, shape how the decision-making process unfolds and the decisions are staged. The two logics have their underpinnings in dualistic assumptions of traditional decision-making literature, but are context dependent enactments rather than being based on information processing and individual capabilities. Through the logics we explain how Doctors may uphold a professional role, under both institutional and individual decision-making pressures, but also create a sense of public security to meet the widespread expectations of healthcare being a ‘precise science’. By that, we contribute with an enhanced understanding of how reason and non-reason based elements intertwine and serve a purpose for both caregivers and patients. In turn, this helps in bridging the caregivers’ and patients’ sometimes different perspectives by creating realistic assumptions about how medical decisions are made in practice. The study advances our understanding beyond a dualistic and personal emotion versus rationality dichotomy by emphasizing decisions as blends of non-reason and reason-based process by enclosing personal and relational conditions. Such a contextualization is valuable as it increases understanding of that decision-making processes is about more than providing ‘the right’ answer. 

  • 414.
    Svensson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Pesämaa, Ossi
    Luleå tekniska Universitet, SWE.
    How does a caller's anger, fear and sadness affect operators' decisions in emergency calls?2018Inngår i: International Review of Social Psychology, ISSN 2397-8570, Vol. 31, nr 1, artikkel-id 89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We studied how emergency operators' interpretation of callers' anger, fear, and sadness influenced emergency assessments in 146 authentic emergency calls. All emergency calls need to be decided on quickly and operators discriminated emotional expressions, by separating fear from other emotions across help need levels. Using path analysis and structural equation modeling, caller's fear, as opposed to expressions of anger and sadness, showed both direct and indirect effects on the intention to provide help. Based on the findings, emergency operators are argued to actively incorporate callers' expressions into emergency decisions, rather than peripherally processing emotional expression. Such findings allow for a discussion on the interpersonal effects of emotional expressions and, more practically, how fast help will be able to arrive to the location of the emergency. © 2018 Ubiquity Press Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 415.
    Svensson, Morgan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    ETT SAMTAL UTAN UTMANING: Medarbetares upplevelse av utveckling och lärande vid medarbetarsamtal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En organisation lär när individerna i organisationen lär. Allt lärande i organisationer startar med andra ord på individnivå. Medarbetarsamtalet ses som ett moment för att ta tillvara på medarbetarens kunskaper och att utveckla nya kunskaper hos medarbetaren. Men fenomenet medarbetarsamtal har både blivit älskat och hatat och har fallgropar precis som all annan mänsklig interaktion. Fokus i forskningen av medarbetarsamtalet har legat på hur det ska vara för att bringa framgång, och då främst genom ett ledarperspektiv. Genom en fenomenologisk forskningsansats undersöktes hur medarbetaren själv upplevde medarbetarsamtalets funktion som ett utvecklande och lärande moment för individen och vad som upplevdes som givande respektive hindrande för lärande och utveckling vid samtalen. Sex medarbetare från en arbetsplats deltog i studien genom intervjuer. Medarbetarna upplevde inte medarbetarsamtalet som gynnade för det individuella lärandet och utvecklingen i arbetslivet. Samtalet upplevdes istället som något som utvecklar relationen mellan medarbetaren och chefen. Vad som upplevdes hindrande för lärande och utveckling i dessa samtal var att samtalet saknade innebörd och känslor och att medarbetarna kände sig hjälplösa när de inte fick insikt i de problem som de ansågs ha. Fenomenets essens tolkades med lärandeteorier för att skaffa en bredare förståelse för medarbetarnas upplevelser.

  • 416.
    Sällberg, Henrik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Divisibility and a goal-gradient effect in higher education? The relationship between number of examination tasks and student performance.2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 417.
    Sällberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    LTH, Lunds Universitet.
    Antecedents and consequences of consumers lead userness: The case of mobile applications2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lead userness (LU) captures to what extent a user, in a given product domain, is ahead of an important market trend and expects high benefits from innovating. A comprehensive understanding of antecedents and consequences of LU are important to both theory and practice. To lead-user theory, a more comprehensive understanding of antecedents such as intrinsic motivation may contribute to improved knowledge of the underlying motivational mechanisms that explain why some users display LU. Similarly an improved understanding of consequences may help explain why these users provide advice to other consumers or often come up with attractive innovations. To practice, such knowledge may provide insights on how to identify these users at lower cost as well as how to get use of them for developing or promoting new products.

    Previous studies have investigated different antecedents and consequences in different product domains. Therefore, there is a need to further investigate the previously studied antecedents and consequences in more domains. This way a more comprehensive understanding of the relative importance of different antecedents and consequences within and across product domains can be gained.  Some antecedent may thus be more domain-specific than other ones.

    In the current study we therefore set out to investigate three previously studied antecedents of LU: consumer knowledge, intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. In addition we study a fourth antecedent, technology cognizance, which may be of particular importance in the information technology intense domain we study. Further, two previously studied consequences of LU, opinion leadership and opinion seeking, are researched in the present study of the mobile application domain.

    Based on a survey study of 156 undergraduate students we report in a series of regression analyses: (1) consumer knowledge to be the only antecedent of LU; (2) opinion leadership and opinion seeking to be consequences of LU, the former being a relatively more important one, and; (3) Our findings to overall correspond highly to findings in researches of other domains ranging from extreme sports such as kite-surfing and sailplaning to the mass market of home kitchen appliances. Implications for research and practice are provided. 

  • 418.
    Sällberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Computer and smartphone continuance intention: A motivational model2016Inngår i: Journal of Computer Information Systems, ISSN 0887-4417, Vol. 56, nr 4, s. 321-330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops and tests a motivational model to explain the overall continuance intention to use computers and smartphones. Based on survey data from 192 undergraduate students, structural equation modeling analysis is used to report: (1) independent effect of intrinsic motivation on the continuance intention to use computers and smartphones; (2) independent effect of extrinsic motivation on the continuance intention to use computers but not smartphones; (3) intrinsic motivation mediating the effect of extrinsic motivation on the continuance intention to use computers; (4) Independent effect of technology cognizance on the continuance intention to use computers but not smartphones; (5) intrinsic motivation positively influencing extrinsic motivation and technology cognizance, with respect to both devices. This research contributes to an improved understanding of the independent and interrelated effects of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations to use technological devices. The findings have important implications for theory and practice regarding the overall use of technology.

  • 419.
    Sällberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    LTH, Lunds Universitet.
    Lead user roles and their functions: A framework2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we develop a framework of lead user roles and their functions. Two of the roles, innovating and diffusing are explicit in the lead user literature. The third role, the preventing role, captures how lead users act not to let inferior innovations be developed or spread. This role is much more implicit in lead user research and has until now thus received relatively less attention. Following that a high percentage of new products fail, it seems important to consider how lead users could contribute to lower such failure rates by preventing inferior innovations.

    For each role we specify functions. For instance, in their preventing role lead users may fulfil functions such as opinion seeking and use making. They may opinion seek their own innovation ideas in order to avoid developing inferior innovations and they may engage in use making (refers to persistently using an innovation with the purpose of convincing others of its superiority) in order to prevent diffusion of currently commercially available products. In specifying functions of each role we particularly pay attention to how functions within a single role, as well as between roles, are conceptually distinct from each other.

    We argue that is important to elaborate on different roles played by lead users, for instance, due to that  even in situations when lead users develop inferior innovations themselves, they may play important roles by preventing other inferior innovations from reaching the market or by recommending an innovation they perceive to be superior. Based on our developed framework we provide directions for future research. 

  • 420.
    Sällberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hederstierna, Anders
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Bronze, silver, and gold: Effective membership design in customer rewards programs2009Inngår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation, ISSN 1566-6379, E-ISSN 1566-6379, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 59-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies use rewards programs to create so called “loyal” customers. Information Technology (IT) has made it possible to design such incentive programs in principle with endless variations at a low cost. It means that the company can, with the use of IT, offer non-linear incentives that create “loyal” customers more effectively than linear ones. Internet has also reduced the cost for the customer to search and compare products and services like air flights, hotels etc. In such a competitive context, the company can use the programs to gain an advantage with a differentiated offer to the customer and to create lock-in effects still at a low IT cost. Field observations show surprisingly that programs look very much alike and do not present as much variation as could be expected. Of special interest in this paper is the fact that companies typically offer three, or less, membership levels to increase the incentive for the customer to spend money at the company. These three levels come in different versions like, for example, “Bronze”, “Silver” and “Gold” or with similar labels. The reward to the customer is generally associated and accelerated with membership level. In this paper, we analyze the consequences of using membership levels as a way to create both competitive differentiation and effective customer incentives. We suggest a model for understanding how the consumer decides on spending at a company that offers a reward program with different membership levels. The decision setting for the customer is described as a risky contract with a risky time-state-contingent claim. The contract is risky since the terms and conditions for membership can be altered by the company, without any legal penalties. The claim is risky since it is uncertain to the customer whether the state required for the membership will be achieved. We show with the help of this model that the present use of a small number of membership levels could be questioned as the most effective incentive mechanism.

  • 421.
    Sällberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Svensson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The preference between reward choice and reward specificity in repeated purchase incentives2013Inngår i: International Journal of Economic Sciences, ISSN 1804-9796, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 56-71Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to examine individuals’ preference between reward choice and reward specificity under different requirements (number of purchases) for rewards. The main goal is thus to contribute to the understanding of how to design effective incentives. More generally our study also adds to the growing body of studies on situations when individuals prefer less choice over more choice. Methodology: We conducted an empirical field study in a fictive setting whereby students (N=99) rated their preference for three kinds of rewards that differ in terms of specificity and choice; cash, rebate coupon and product in-kind. One-tailed t-tests were performed to test two hypothesis formulated on how number of purchases required for rewards matters for preference of kind of reward. More specifically, we hypothesized that in general customers prefer more choice over less choice but that a certain threshold level in terms of number of purchases required for a reward, specificity becomes more highly valued than choice. Findings: We found reward choice to be preferred over reward specificity irrespective of the size of the spending requirement. In other words, individuals’ rated a preference for cash over rebate coupon over product in-kind as reward irrespective of number of purchases required for rewards. Surprisingly though, we found that the preference for cash over rebate coupon decreased in magnitude while the preference for cash over rebate coupon increased in magnitude as the spending requirement was changed from low to high. Potential explanations to our findings are discussed. Originality: Individuals preference between reward choice and reward specificity is an aspect of incentive design that has received sparse attention in previous studies. In this regard we draw on goal-setting theory, which previously has been used mainly within a principal-agent context.

  • 422.
    Sällberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Wrenne, Anders
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Blomqvist, Jennie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The zero-price effect extended: An empirical study of multi-component online mobile services2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The zero‐price effect implies that people forgo a favourable option for a free one, not only because the free one brings no cost but also because it creates a higher positive feeling which people use in making decisions. We extend previous studies by testing this effect for three‐component online mobile services in a business‐to‐business context. Two survey experiments are conducted using a sample (N=113) of Swedish hauler managers. In none of the experiments we find any zero‐price effect. Free promotions may therefore be less effective in the business‐to‐business context than in the business‐to‐consumer context.

  • 423.
    Tan, Lujiao
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Data-Driven Marketing: Purchase Behavioral Targeting in Travel Industry based on Propensity Model2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    By means of data-driven marketing as well as big data technology, this paper presents the investigation of a case study from travel industry implemented by a combination of propensity model and a business model “2W1H”. The business model “2W1H” represents the purchasing behavior “What to buy”, “When to buy”, and “How to buy”. This paper presents the process of building propensity models for the application in behavioral targeting in travel industry.

        Combined the propensity scores from predictive analysis and logistic regression with proper marketing and CRM strategies when communicating with travelers, the business model “2W1H” can perform personalized targeting for evaluating of marketing strategy and performance. By analyzing the business model “2W1H” and the propensity model on each business model, both the validation of the model based on training model and test data set, and the validation of actual marketing activities, it has been proven that predictive analytics plays a vital role in the implementation of travelers’ purchasing behavioral targeting in marketing.

  • 424.
    Tapper, Madelene
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Zakrzewski, Maciej
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    90-talistens arbetsvärderingar. En studie om framtidens svenska arbetskraft.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att bidra med en utökad kunskap kring generation Y, som definieras som bestående av 80- och 90-talister, och deras arbetsvärderingar. Genom att undersöka vilka arbetsvärderingar svenska 80- och 90-talister besitter diskuteras begreppet generation Y och om dessa båda grupper kan betraktas som enhetliga gällande arbetsvärderingar. En enkätundersökning genomfördes bland svenska högskolestudenter. Utifrån resultatet av denna samt ett teoretiskt underlag har vi gett förklaringar till 90-talisternas syn på arbetsvärderingar. Denna syn har sedan jämförts med enkätresultatet med avseende på 80-talister för att därefter jämföras med tidigare kunskap om 80-talisternas arbetsvärderingar. Slutligen har innebörden av jämförelsen diskuterats med avseende på generationsbegreppet utifrån tidigare forskning. Efter genomförd studie kan vi konstatera att det är de inre arbetsvärderingarna som värderas högst av generation Y, följt av de yttre och de frihetsrelaterade. Lägst värderade är de sociala arbetsvärderingarna. Vidare fann vi genom vår studie inget underlag för att se 80- och 90-talister som fristående från varandra med avseende på arbetsvärderingar. Istället ser vi att svenska 80- och 90-talister vad gäller arbetsvärderingar kan sammanbuntas under ett begrepp – generation Y.

  • 425.
    Tavasolli, Sam
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Tsagdis, Dimitrios
    Critical success factors and cluster evolution: A case study of the Linköping ICT cluster lifecycle2014Inngår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 46, nr 6, s. 1425-1444Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the variation in the importance of critical success factors (CSFs) in the evolution of the Linköping ICT (information and communication technology) cluster in Sweden. The international empirical evidence of CSFs in ICT clusters reported in the literature is systematically reviewed. On this basis an object-oriented conceptual model is developed encompassing fifteen CSFs; each attributed to one or more objects: for example, firms, institutions, entrepreneurs. The lifecycle of the Linköping ICT cluster is delineated and its stages segmented. The existence and importance of each CSF at each stage of the cluster lifecycle is established empirically on the basis of interviews with key experts. The main findings comprise a stage-specific group of CSFs whose importance varies across the cluster's lifecycle stages with different patterns. The findings are aimed to stimulate policy makers and researchers alike to pursue further the line of enquiry developed in this paper.

  • 426.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Determinants and Effects of Innovation: Context Matters2014Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation and technological change is the major factor of production, renewal, and competitiveness of firms and nations in the contemporary “knowledge economy”. The overall purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the innovative behavior of firms in various sectors and regions. In particular, I have analyzed the determinants (driving forces) of firms’ innovation on the one hand (in paper 1 and 2), and the effect of firms’ innovation on the other hand (in paper 3 and 4). In addition, a central concern in this dissertation is that context, in which firms operate and innovate, matters for innovation. I take into account several contexts in the analyses of both the determinants and effects of innovation. These contexts are: the regions in which firms are located, the dynamics of industries, and the dynamics of cluster in which firms belong to. This dissertation consists of four separate papers plus an introductory chapter. Each paper can be read independently, but all of them deal with either determinants or effects of the innovation of firms. The first paper analyzes the effect of various firm-specific determinants on firms’ innovation output. It also considers the stages of the Industry Life Cycle (ILC) as a context in which firms operate and innovate. Using the Community Innovation Survey data for manufacturing and service sectors in Sweden during 2002-2004, I find that the importance of various determinants of firms’ innovation depends on the stages of the ILC in which they operate. The second paper is again investigates the determinants of innovation, but this time incorporates another context that affect the innovation, i.e. the regions that firms belong to. Using the patent applications data as a measure of innovation in all functional regions in Sweden during 2002-2007, we find that both the internal knowledge generated within the region and the inflow of external knowledge matter for innovation of firms located in the regions. Moreover, the extent of related variety of knowledge in the region has the superior role to promote innovation. The third paper examines the effect of a firm’s innovation output on firm’s performance. Export behavior of firms is chosen as a performance indicator. Particular attention is devoted to distinguishing between innovation input and innovation output and to isolate their effects on export behavior of firms. Using two waves of Swedish Community Innovation Survey data during 2002-2006 merged with registered firm-level data, I find that what really matters for enhancing the export behavior of firms is the innovation output of firms, rather than the innovation input (mere efforts in investing in innovation activities). The fourth paper also analyzes the effect of innovation on performance measures but this time incorporates another context, i.e. the life cycle of the regional cluster that firms belong to. This paper delves into a particular cluster, i.e. Linköping ICT cluster. Using data collected through interviews during 2009 and 2012 on key cluster actors, we find that innovation is among the factors that are always highly important at any given stage of the cluster’s evolution, however, it has slightly greater importance during the “growing” stage.

  • 427.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Innovation determinants over industry life cycle2015Inngår i: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 91, s. 18-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how the influence of firm-level innovation determinants varies over the industry life cycle. Two sets of determinants are distinguished: (1) determinants of a firm's innovation propensity, i.e. the likelihood of being innovative and (2) determinants of its innovation intensity, i.e. innovation sales. By combining the literature emphasizing firms' internal resources (micro-level) with the research strand on the role of the industry context (meso-level), the paper develops hypotheses about the relative importance of firm-level innovation determinants over the industry life cycle. Estimation of a firm-level model of innovation in Sweden, while acknowledging the stage of the life cycle of the industry a firm belongs to, shows that the importance of the determinants of innovation propensity and intensity is not equal over the stages of an industry's life cycle.

  • 428.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Lunds universitet, SWE.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Strategic entrepreneurship and knowledge spillovers: spatial and aspatial perspectives2017Inngår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 233-249Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature in the Strategic Entrepreneurship (SE) is increasingly embracing the concept and implications of knowledge spillovers. In this paper, we add to the theoretical repertoire on SE and knowledge spillovers by investigating the types of knowledge spillovers and what they imply for various dimensions of SE. On the one hand, we distinguish between spatial and aspatial knowledge spillovers. On the other hand, we distinguish between three dimensions of SE, i.e. inputs, resource orchestration, and output. Finally, we conceptually link the various types of knowledge spillovers and dimensions of SE and discuss the implications. Doing so, we argue that spatial knowledge spillovers (inter-firm) has received the major attention in previous research in increasing the amount of ‘inputs’ dimension of SE, while the aspatial knowledge (either inter-regional or intra-firm) has been relatively neglected not only for ‘inputs’, but also for ‘resource orchestration’ dimension. At the end, the paper provides suggestions for future research. © 2016 The Author(s)

  • 429.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Carbonara, Nunzia
    The role of knowledge variety and intensity for regional innovation2014Inngår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 493-509Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the effect of variety and intensity of knowledge on the innovation of regions. Employing data for Swedish functional regions, the paper tests the role of the variety (related and unrelated) and intensity of (1) internal knowledge generated within the region and also (2) external knowledge networks flowing into the region in explaining regional innovation, as measured by patent applications. The empirical analysis provides robust evidence that both the variety and intensity of internal and external knowledge matter for regions’ innovation. When it comes to variety, related variety of knowledge plays a superior role.

  • 430.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Jienwatcharamongkhol, Viroj
    The Impact of Individual Characteristics and Regional Agglomeration on the Survival of Self-Employed Firms2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-employed firms are known to have a very high mortality rate. The literature on the success of firms offers several explanations. I attribute the firm’s survival to internal and external factors by relying on the resource-based view and agglomeration economies, respectively. This paper aims at investigating whether individual characteristics of the founding entrepreneur and agglomeration economic variables (urbanization, related and unrelated variety, and specialization) have a significant impact on the survival of self-employed firms. Tracing the cohorts of newly established firms in Sweden from 1990 to 2010, I conclude that: (i) firms face a greater mortality rate when entrepreneur’s age increases, entrepreneurs are female, or immigrant, even after controlling for industry heterogeneity, (ii) the survival of firms with female entrepreneur is lower in the manufacturing sector whereas immigrant firms has a lower survival in knowledge-intensive sector, (iii) highly educated entrepreneurs are more likely to survive in services and knowledge-intensive business sectors, and (iv) self-employed firms barely benefit from agglomeration economies. Therefore, for a self-employed firm, it seems what matter is who you are, rather than where you are.

  • 431.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Persistence of various types of innovation analyzed and explained2015Inngår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 44, nr 10, s. 1887-1901Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the persistency in innovation behavior of firms. Using five waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced the innovative behavior of firms over a ten-year period, i.e., between 2002 and 2012. We distinguish between four types of innovations: process, product, marketing, and organizational innovations. First, using transition probability matrix, we found evidence of (unconditional) state dependence in all types of innovation, with product innovators having the strongest persistent behavior. Second, using a dynamic probit model, we found evidence of "true" state dependency among all types of innovations, except marketing innovators. Once again, the strongest persistency was found for product innovators. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 432.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Tsagdis, Dimitrios
    Developing an Object Oriented Model of Critical Success Factors for Clusters: The Linköping Information and Communication Technologies Cluster Test-Case2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An object oriented model (OOM) of critical success factors (CSFs) for clusters is developed on the basis of an extensive and critical review of the literature. The model is tested, as a proof of concept, in the Linköping information and communication technologies (ICT) cluster, Sweden. The model is flexible, scalable, and open-ended, applying equally to particular clusters as well as to clusters in general. The model aims to act both as a diagnostic tool for CSFs in particular clusters as well as a framework for policy and research in general. The model encompasses some 21 CSFs (e.g. trust, vision, knowledge) that belong or depend on one or more objects (e.g. firms, institutions, entrepreneurs) relevant to a cluster. A Venn diagram is initially developed on the basis of the literature to help delineate the relevant objects and is subsequently translated into the aforementioned model. The testing of the model follows a cluster life-cycle approach and ranks the 21 CSFs in terms of their relevance during different stages in the life-cycle of the Linköping ICT cluster. It is argued that the importance of different CSFs varies throughout a cluster´s life-cycle concluding with some relevant policy implications and areas of further research.

  • 433.
    Usmanova, Iman
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Dervishaj, Abetare
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Långvarig stress på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle har det blivit allt vanligare att anställda upplever stress på arbetsplatsen, på grund av att de upplever för mycket ansvar och krav på sitt arbete. Syftet med examensarbete var att undersöka på vilket sätt anställda upplever att långvarig stress på arbetsplatsen kan påverka deras hälsa och hur långvarig stress kan förebyggas. Den kvalitativa datainsamlingen användes för att genomföra studien vilket var stödjande för att förtydliga deltagarnas tankar och upplevelser kring fenomenet långvarig stress. Semistrukturerade intervjuer skedde. Intervjuer skedde med tre anställda från olika företag men med samma anställnings position. För genomförandet av examensarbete valdes att använda den hermeneutiska ansatsen. Genom analysprogrammet Atlas. Ti skapades huvud - och underkategorier för redovisning av resultatet. Huvudkategorierna bestod av; Långvarig stress på arbetsplatsen, stressreaktioner inom långvarig stress, och förebyggande åtgärder. De underkategorier som skapades var trötthet, viktökning, otillräcklig, o ambitiös & omotiverad, aggressivitet/ilska, ledsen/gråtfärdig, ledighet, stöd och uppmuntran från chef och hälsosam arbetsmiljö. Resultatet visade att deltagarnas uppfattning om långvarig stress var varierande beroende på hur länge de hade arbetat. Bland den första signalen på den långvariga stressen var då deltagarna inte kände att de fick tid för vilandet och återhämtningen. Därmed stöd och uppmuntran upplevdes som väldigt positivt och en viktig åtgärd för att förebygga den långvariga stressen på arbetsplatsen.

  • 434.
    van den Brink, Erik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    What is the importance of self-perception in open innovation processes?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation processes have been researched abundantly from a conceptual and process perspective on the emergence of innovations. Contemporary innovation processes are said to lack consideration of the resource side, even though innovation is very much a human driven process.

     

    One exposed gap in the literature is the importance of self-perception of the actors in such process. By means of a single case study this research brings a first insight into the importance of self-perception of the actors in the open innovation process, on the completion of the innovation process. Social behavioural models and theories related to self-perception creation and alteration have been explored through a literature review. Additionally, the required human characteristics for successful innovation according to the literature has been documented. By means of semi-structured interviews data was collected at an SME to validate the theories applicability in an innovation process environment and amend missing knowledge.

     

    Analysis showed that a growth mindset and self-efficacy are the most important factors to keep in mind when establishing innovation teams. Other self-perception aspects such as mental discomfort from cognitive dissonance and self-discrepancy had no impact on successful innovation.

  • 435.
    Vasovic, Milan
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Generation Y som investerare: en kvantitativ studie om hur generation Y:s karaktäristika påverkar deras investeringsbeteende2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 436.
    Viklund, Elin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Thulin, Daniel
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Är projektledarens praxis relevant för projekteffektivitet?: En studie om övergången mot personliga aspekter och dess betydelse för projekteffektivitet.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. I nio av tio byggprojekt överstiger kostnaderna budgeten. För att anpassa sig till dagens projektbaserade organisationsklimat krävs det att organisationer blir mer adaptiva för att kunna hantera förändringar orsakade av extern turbulens. På grund av den ökade förändringstakten räcker inte projektledarpraxis till för ett effektivt projekt. Tidigare forskning föreslår att psykosociala aspekter, till exempel intern arbetsmotivation, har en växande betydelse för projekteffektivitet.

     

    Syfte. Studien ämnar utreda projekteffektivitet i byggprojekt och syftet är att bekräfta de hypoteser om att projektledarpraxis eller psykosociala aspekter som prediktorer av ett effektivt projekt som presenterats i tidigare litteratur.

     

    Metod. Baserat på syftet användes en enkät för att skapa ramverket för analysen. Enkätundersökningen distribuerades till 230 personer i en projektledande roll på ett stort byggföretag i Sverige. Dessa personer förväntas besitta stor kunskap i projektet samt påverkar i allra största grad projektets utfall. Slutligen erhölls ett urval på 82 projektledare som användes i PLS-SEM (Partial least square – Structural equation model) analys som studien applicerar.

     

    Resultat. Resultatet visar att det inte finns något signifikant samband mellan upplevd projektledarpraxis och projekteffektivitet, medan upplevda psykosociala aspekter visar ett positivt samband med projekteffektivitet. Upplevd projektledarpraxis visar däremot ett positivt samband med projekteffektivitet när psykosociala aspekter agerar som mediator.

     

    Slutsats och framtida rekommendationer. En slutsats som fastställs är att fokus bör flyttas från de snarare tekniska och hårda faktorerna till de psykosociala faktorerna. Projekten är, för att uppnå projekteffektivitet, beroende av personerna i projektet och deras psykosociala tillstånd för att ge praxisaktiviteterna en mening. Slutligen konstateras det att projekteffektivitetsområdet är ett komplext område som kräver ytterligare forskning. Förslagsvis bör studien testas på fler industrier där frekvensen av samt praxisaktiviteterna skiljer sig. Organisationer förespråkar olika ramverk vilket kan ge divergens i praxisaktiviteterna och projekteffektiviteten.

  • 437.
    Wahlstedt, Joel Greider & Oskar
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Förändringsarbetets upplevelser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att skapa en större förståelse för individens upplevelser av förändringar i de vardagliga arbetsrutinerna. Med ett hermeneutiskt tolkande har vi genom semistrukturerade- och djupintervjuer arbetat fram vårt resultat. Resultatet i vår studie kategoriseras upp under fyra huvuddelar: information/kommunikation, lärande, social arbetsmiljö och ledarskap som tillsammans utgör grunden för en ökad förståelse för individens upplevelser av förändringar i de vardagliga arbetsrutinerna.

  • 438.
    Walberg, Christin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Åsberg, Evelina
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Kan användandet av arketyper stärka varumärken?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Denna studie syftar till att undersöka huruvida vissa arketyper kan betraktas som mer effektfulla än andra vid marknadsföring. Vi ämnar även ta reda på om varumärken som använder sig av arketyper förmedlar starkare och tydligare känslor än varumärken som inte använder ett arketypiskt perspektiv. Metod: Data har samlats in från gruppdiskussioner i tre olika fokusgrupper med sex deltagare i respektive fokusgrupp. Fokusgrupperna bestod av manliga och kvinnliga deltagare som var över 25 år och representerade olika nationaliteter. Gruppdiskussionerna genomfördes på ett fastighetsföretag i Barcelona där vi fått tillåtelse att tillfråga de anställda att delta i studien. Under genomförandet av gruppdiskussionerna fick respondenterna observera 24 olika reklamfilmer, varav hälften med arketypiskt innehåll och hälften utan arketypiskt innehåll. Frågorna som ställdes till respondenterna efter visandet av reklamfilmerna utgick från de känslor, tankar och personligheter som deltagarna relaterade varje reklamfilm till. Slutsatser: Utifrån det resultat vi fått fram är vår första slutsats att varumärken som använder sig av arketyper i sin marknadsföring generellt förmedlar starkare och tydligare känslor än varumärken som inte använder ett arketypiskt tillvägagångssätt. Vår andra slutsats är att en del arketyper är mer effektfulla än andra inom marknadsföring, detta främst eftersom att vissa arketypers attribut uppfattas starkare och tydligare än andras. De arketyperna som visat sig mest effektfulla i vår studie var de som förmedlat humor, glädje, kärlek och omtanke, men även som anspelat på magi, hjältemod, kreativitet och innovation. Bland dessa arketyper finner vi hjälten, vårdaren, skaparen, utforskaren, älskaren, rebellen, magikern och gyckelmakaren

  • 439.
    Wall, Nicklas
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The business intelligence mediator2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to provide a positioning of business intelligence in a changing environment and proving its affected aspects. Put within company’s ongoing change process. The study wishes to harmonize the acceptance of a technological change. This is pursued by highlighting (selected) factors that generate an effect on the uncertainty of an adjustment. The study is conducted as to create a low cost as possible to enable businesses to achieve goals and visions straightforward.

     

    This study provides guidelines in how a business intelligence system acts upon ongoing change in an organization. The phenomenon of change will be covered through an in-depth investigation of a company that is in the initiation and implementation phase of a BI system. By understanding the current thoughts and discussions of the personnel - and following how these requests are answered by the investment, a further discussion will be found within organizational change theory. This research gets support from an emergent, inductive and qualitative approach when discovering concepts and key variables that exist at the analyzed company. In this study I will identify factors associated with requests. Conclusively, variables of proactivity, duality, risk management and accesibility were found to be inharmonious factors for change. This realization was made possible through inductive research as well as through prior theory. The business intelligence brings a shared knowledge pool, acting as a great mediator for a firms change process.

     

    Most business’ have an ocean of information. Virtually every organization keeps records of their transactions, customers and products (among many). Nursing all this information and becoming conscious of the data makes the user transmorph and/or advance to a position of command. The user and/or organization with the power is the one succeeding. If a company is able to exactly understand it’s customers, they have the ability to churn the profits better. Creating an ever better change process.

  • 440.
    Wang, Shujun
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Determinants of mobile apps downloads: A systematic literature review2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Information Systems Management, ECISM 2017, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2017, s. 353-360Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile apps have grown fast since 2008, and mobile app global revenues amounted to 69.7 billion U.S. dollars in 2015. Hence, knowledge of mobile apps is of importance to mobile app developers, mobile app platform producers, and consumers following its size and expected growth. Mobile app downloads, i.e. how many times an app has been downloaded, are often claimed to reflect an app's popularity. A systematic literature review is conducted to identify what are the determinants of mobile app downloads, and to give guidance for future research. A total of 27 articles are selected as the final sample based on searches in four scientific databases. The selected articles identify a diverse set of determinants. In order to present results of selected articles in a more systematic way, I analyse the results of selected articles by three themes, which are consumers' intention, app developer strategy, and platform information (e.g. ratings, reviews and ranking), according to their purposes or research questions. The determinants of mobile app downloads summarized from the selected literatures are: perceived usefulness, perceived enjoyment, peer information, perceived ease of use, user interests, perceived risk, freemium strategy, advertisement, price, app selling category, app type, consumer ratings (valence, volume and variance), character of consumer reviews, top list ranking, etc. The dominant method among these articles is regression analysis. The review also shows that there is a need for better theoretical explanation to why consumers download mobile apps. Different robustness checks by econometric models can be done to test different determinants of mobile app downloads in further studies. Determinants from mobile app developers and platform information are less studied in previous researches, thus mobile app business strategy, consumer ratings and reviews, and mobile app categories need to be explored deeper in future researches. The relative importance of different determinants under different circumstances need to be investigated in more depth in future research.

  • 441.
    Watts, Laurie
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Social Influence and Book Reviews2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Review collecting websites are a relatively new phenomenon providing the ability to collect and publish word of mouth information on a scale that was not possible before. Offline methods of evaluating the credibility of the source are unavailable, so users use various other strategies to evaluate trustworthiness. Consumer reviews for products are rare compared to sales volume. Other forms of consumer feedback are by comparison higher. The study consists of a voluntary survey of users of book related social review sites with questions on both reception and production of reviews. Social influences provide a useful way of approaching the topic, and although both normative and informational social influences are found to have an effect, book reviews are found to differ qualitatively from other review cultures. The results show that social influences are more likely to affect the content of reviews in the form of if, where, and how detailed reviews are written rather than influencing reviews to be more positive or negative.

  • 442.
    Wattsgard, Lars
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Pernestam, Erik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Open Innovation for small companies: How should an open innovation model be designed to increase the innovation capacity for small companies?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis compares the theory regarding open innovation in large companies with empirical studies on small companies inside an incubator. For small companies as a collective as well as Sweden as a nation it is of utter importance to strive to increase growth as well as give more ideas commercial traction. Focus has been to evaluate existing knowledge, structures and processes from large companies, to decide what could be adopted and applied to the small company in an incubator environment. We do not seek to define a complete innovation model, for any specific type of case company, nor generalise among all small companies, but rather study general guidelines to understand how open innovation methods could be applied to the broad spectra of small innovative companies.

    Open innovation is a broad topic and has evolved over the years regarding areas where it is applicable. Based on relevant theories and empirical data, a model on how to use open innovation to small companies has been proposed. By applying this model in an incubator environment, it could be possible to take advantage of the practices offered by open innovation in large companies, while still benefiting from being small.

    By usage of a qualitative analysis method, this thesis formed theories, through the research of a narrow field of interest with a focus on deep exploratory research.

  • 443.
    Weber, Sergej
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Can Innovation be lean? Lean’s Influence on Innovation2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis deals with the analysis of Lean’s influence on innovation. The applied theoretical framework combines the Lean theory represented by the seven major Lean practices identified by Olivella et al. (2008) with Kline and Rosenberg’s (1986) chain-linked model of innovation and the classification of innovation types of Cooper (1998). In the present work it was examined how Lean is influencing innovation when it is implemented in an innovation-oriented environment. In order to answer this research question, six expert interviews with CEOs, Executives and Consultants from five different industries were conducted and subjected to a qualitative content analysis. As a result of this examination, it has been shown that Lean may impede as well as complement innovation. On the one hand Lean may complement innovation by freeing up resources and providing an appropriate environment for innovation characterized by a learning character and multi-functional and multi-skilled knowledge workers operating according to scientific methods. On the other hand Lean may impede innovation by reducing slack, risks, and variability, which are arguably important to innovation. Furthermore, it has been shown that the innovation process is influenced negatively most likely at its early stage, and that Lean is rather related to innovation types which are process-oriented. The collected data were found to be fruitful in answering the question of how Lean is influencing innovation. However, questions regarding the innovation process and innovation types could not be answered satisfactorily. Here, further research is needed.

  • 444.
    Wedelin, Axel
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Glaas, David
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Analys av marknadsetablerade aktörers nyttjande av cloud computings möjligheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 445.
    Wegmann Hachette, Isabelle
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Galijasevic, Mirza
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Does gender diversity on the board of directors affect the financial performance?: A study of Swedish companies registered on Stockholm NASDAQ OMX2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines if gender diversity on corporate boards affect the financial performance for large, mid and small cap firms on the Swedish OMX during the years 2005-2013. In corporate governance, the board of directors is an important control mechanism that could enhance the company’s financial performance. Board of directors have the potential to render valuable service to the company in shaping of its strategic development. Traditionally, main parts of the boards have been and are dominated by men, the boards are not balanced in the gender diversity perspective.

    In Sweden, there is a debate about introducing quota systems to increase the gender diversity on boards for public companies. There are many motivational factors why the number of women on boards should be increased. A gender diverse board could be considered as a competitive advantage that leads to developed knowledge base, and improved creativity and innovation, increased competition, new perspectives in the decision process or an attractive working environment. However, there are also research that indicates that homogeneous groups are the most efficient in decision making and consensus.

    This thesis investigates if the representation of women on the board of directors has any effect on the company’s financial performance and if the effect is positive or negative. Hence, the research question is: "Does gender diversity on the board of directors affect the financial performance?"

    The majority of the most cited research articles in this research field report from other countries than Sweden. Moreover, the research articles on the Swedish market either lack statistical significance, did not investigate long term effects or did not perform a fundamental regression analysis.

    In this thesis we examine the relationship between women on the board of directors and financial performance in public companies listed on the Stockholm NASDAQ OMX stock exchange in Sweden during 2005-2013. The data in this thesis was collected from 250 public companies. The data was processed through a data analysis methodology in order to extract useful information to extract valid data for the regression analysis.

    We provide an in-depth statistical analysis in this thesis. We use correlation analysis and regression analysis using data averaged over the following three time periods; 2005-2007, 2008-2010 and 2011-2013. Four different financial performance measures were evaluated for each of the three time periods; Return on Equity, Return on Invested Capital, Return on Sales and Return on Assets.

    A stepwise backwards elimination model was used to achieve at least a 95% confidence interval for the results in the model. The regression analysis shows that the research question is valid on a 0.05 significance level. Hence, this thesis shows that women on the board of directors affect financial performance positively for all financial performance measures.

    The results of this thesis supports the research question that gender diversity on the board of directors affect the financial performance positively.

  • 446.
    Wendner, Christian
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Nilsson, Rasmus
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Kunskapsöverföring vid introduktionsfasen för nyanställda2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 447.
    Wennström, Sarah
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Nilsson, Jenny
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Cianelli, Robin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Nätverkskonstruktion och innovationsprestation: Variationen av sökdjup och sökbredd i öppna innovationsnätverk2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Title: Network construction and innovation performance – the variation of search depth and search breadth in Open Innovation networks. 

    Authors: Robin Cianelli, Jenny Nilsson and Sarah Wennström 

    Supervisor: Henrik Sällberg 

    Department: School of Management, Blekinge Institute of Technology 

    Course: Bachelor’s thesis in Business Administration, 15 credits 

    The study aimed to investigate how companies construct there open innovation networks and how they in turn affects the innovation presentation. It was distinguishing between the product innovation and the process innovation to investigate if the companies constructed different open innovation networks for different innovation types. This was investigated by looking at how many different extern collaborators the companies were using and how deep these collaborations were. The studies hypotheses were that the search depth and the search width would have a positive influence on the innovation presentation and that the search depth and the search width would have a greater impact for the product innovation than the process innovation. To investigate this a selection of 91 small and middle big Swedish companies in the manufacturing industry where asked to answer a web survey and our collected data was processed by multiple regression analyzes. The results showed that search depth and width in open innovation networks had a positive influence on the innovation performance when the company wanted to do product innovations, but only search depth showed a significant positive correlation for process innovation. This could be explained with the fact that processes innovations are very complex and can look very different even within the same industry.

  • 448.
    Westerberg, Leif Almström Ronny
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Prestationsmätningssystem – och strategisk implementering i en professionell tjänsteorganisation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva hur professionella tjänsteorganisationer mäter och följer upp prestationer i verksamheten samt vilken funktion som prestationsmätnings-systemet har för implementering och uppföljning av organisationens strategier och mål. Metod: Metodvalet är en kvalitativ studie byggt på undersökningens syfte att bättre förstå hur studieobjektet i detta fall en kunskapsintensiv organisation mäter och följer upp prestationer för att nå sina strategiska mål. Den analytiska processen har utgått från att objektivt undersöka om det finns en överenstämmelse mellan befintlig teori och den empiriska undersökningen. Samtidigt har det varit viktigt att vara öppen för en djupare och subjektiv tolkning av det empiriska materialet för att på så sätt finna nyskapande och meningsfulla insikter inom det undersökta området. Genom att använda en intervjuguide istället för ett detaljerat frågeformulär anser vi att vi har uppnått en större följsamhet under intervjuarbetet samtidigt som respondenterna självständigt har kunnat utveckla sina tankar och åsikter. Slutsatser: Slutsatserna som författarna dragit i denna studie är att professionella tjänsteorganisationer generellt bör använda relativt få indikatorer vid användandet av prestationsmätningssystem för att implementera och genomföra strategier. Bakgrunden är att dessa företag många gånger kännetecknas av komplexa processer som kan vara svåra att styra och följa upp. Författarnas uppfattning baserat på analysen av empirin och den refererade forskningen, är att det idag många gånger saknas ett integrerat prestationsmätningssystem som mäter och följer upp att prestationerna utvecklas i linje organisationens strategier och mål. Visserligen sker prestationsmätning lokalt ute i organisationen där ansvaret för genomförandet är delegerat till linjecheferna. Emellertid anser författarna att det inte sker en medveten uppföljning och utvärdering på ledningsnivå vilket därmed riskerar leda till att prestationsmätningssystemet fulla potential inte utnyttjas i organisationen. Istället för att vara ett integrerat prestationsmätningssystem för strategisk implementering och utvärdering i organisation blir det ett socialt och värdeskapande system där prestationsmätningen sker rutinmässigt enligt direktiv från ledningen och HR-funktionen. Skall prestationsmätningssystemet fungera som ett integrerat ledningssystem anser författarna att ledningen måste vara ytterst ansvarig och delaktig i genomförandet och uppföljningen av att prestationerna sker i linje med organisationens strategier och mål.

  • 449.
    Westesson, Måns
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Pettersson, Magnus
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Leadership and Innovation: The relationship between leadership in a company and the company’s ability to be innovative2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this explanatory thesis is to study how leadership relates to innovation performance. The research findings aim to contribute to a deeper understanding of this relationship, and what actions management can take, in order to increase innovation performance. The thesis creates a model for the leadership stimulus influencing innovation performance. A survey was designed, based on the model, to assess the attitudes towards the studied parameters followed by the conclusive data processing, empirical findings, analysis, and conclusions. The stimulus used in the study was Visionary Leadership, Learning Organisation, Incentives and Resources spent on innovation.The originality and value that this paper adds, is to analyse the joint effects of different leadership dimensions with regards to innovation performance in one single study, and also make a compound correlation of these dimensions. The study validated the positive relationship between the compound leadership dimensions and innovation performance. Furthermore, the study shows that the strongest direct correlation was between visionary leadership and innovation performance as well as between learning organization and innovation performance. However, the research could not establish any clear relation either between incentives and innovation performance, nor resources spent on innovation, and innovation performance.

  • 450.
    Wetherell, Sarah
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES VIA IN-HOUSE NETWORKS2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research project was to seek greater understanding of how competence development processes may be developed through in-house workplace networks. The problem faced was that within the realms of competence development in networks there was an abundance of information both scientific and general regarding interactive, internet based social networks as learning communities. However scientific knowledge regarding competence development processes within in-house workplace networks seemed few and far between resulting in a knowledge gap. A hermeneutic approach was thus followed with aim to seek answers to the question “what are the experienced conditions of in-house networks (limitations and support) with regards to worker competence development processes”? Empirical findings revealed that processes surrounding the in-house network structure, organisational aims effecting the networks, social participation and individual inner processes were all experienced as conditions of in-house networks. Interpretation concluded that involvement, practice and reflection processes which are structured into in-house networks encourage competence development on individual, group and organisation levels.

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