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  • 451.
    Xiao, Jing
    et al.
    Lund Univ, SWE.
    Boschma, Ron
    Univ Utrecht, NLD.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Industrial Diversification in Europe: The Differentiated Role of Relatedness2018Inngår i: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 94, nr 5, s. 514-549Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is increasing interest in the drivers of industrial diversification, and how these depend on economic and industry structures. This article contributes to this line of inquiry by analyzing the role of industry relatedness in explaining variations in industry diversification, measured as the entry of new industry specializations, across 173 European regions during the period 2004-2012. First, we show that there are significant differences across regions in Europe in terms of industrial diversification. Second, we provide robust evidence showing that the probability that a new industry specialization develops in a region is positively associated with the new industry's relatedness to the region's current industries. Third, a novel finding is that the influence of relatedness on the probability of new industrial specializations depends on innovation capacity of a region. We find that relatedness is a more important driver of diversification in regions with a weaker innovation capacity. The effect of relatedness appears to decrease monotonically as the innovation capacity of a regional economy increases. This is consistent with the argument that high innovation capacity allows an economy to break from its past and to develop, for the economy, truly new industry specializations. We infer from this that innovation capacity is a critical factor for economic resilience and diversification capacity.

  • 452.
    Xiao, Jing
    et al.
    Lund Univ, SWE.
    Boschma, Ron
    Univ Utrecht, NLD.
    Andersson, Martin
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Resilience in the European Union: the effect of the 2008 crisis on the ability of regions in Europe to develop new industrial specializations2018Inngår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 15-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adopts an evolutionary framework to the study of industrial resilience. We present a study on European regions and assess the extent to which the capacity of their economies to develop new industrial specializations is affected by the global economic crisis of 2008. We compare levels of industry entry in European regions in the period 2004-2008 and 2008-2012, i.e. before and after a major economic disturbance. Resilient regions are defined as regions that show high entry levels or even increase their entry levels after the shock. Related and unrelated variety exhibit a positive effect on regional resilience, especially on the entry of knowledge-intensive industries after the shock.

  • 453.
    Zawadzki, Claudia
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bemötande hur vårdgivare upplever att de lär genom omsorgsarbetet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bemötande är ett ämnesområde som är väldigt centralt för omsorgen av äldre. Det är en företeelse som sker då vårdgivare och vårdtagare möter varandra. En viktig aspekt som bör belysas är utveckling av bemötande. Att ta reda på hur vårdgivaren upplever att den utvecklar sitt bemötande kan belysa på vilka sätt ett bemötande kan utvecklas och förbättras. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vårdgivares upplevelse av hur de utvecklar bemötandet och lär att bemötandet utgör påverkan på vårdtagares hälsofrämjande i omsorgsarbetet. Analysen och tolkningen gjordes utifrån åtta intervjuer där alla respondenterna hade erfarenhet av yrket. Tolkningen skedde med hjälp av hermeneutisk ansats för att få en djupare förståelse för svaren. Resultatet av studien visade att vårdgivaren upplevde att denne lär sig genom att bemöta varje unik individ samt anpassa sig efter varje situation och erfara varje unikt möte med vårdtagaren. Lärandet skedde även genom att kommunicera med vårdtagare i mötet men även med arbetskamrater som bidrog till lärande och därmed bemötandeutveckling, vårdgivaren lärde sig även att bemötandet påverkar vårdtagarens hälsofrämjande genom att vårdtagaren aktivt visade det genom sin kommunikation.

  • 454.
    Zelic, Dani
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    A Customer Aimed Market Analysis for an Innovative Lifting Equipment2014Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report focuses on three parts which are market research, marketing- and sales strategies, and product development for a start-up company in Italy called ARS Meccanica Dolomiti and their new product, Quikky. The main objective was to find a strategy which the company could use to attract customers. In the market research both potential customers and competitors were identified. Similar products that could be a threat for the product were also investigated. Most of the information came through own research via Internet. However, a visit to the CeMAT fair in Hannover was also helpful since potential customers, competitors and other partners were gathered at the same place. The main results from this research are that there are a lot of potential customers for the product. The reason for this is that it was discovered that the product could be used in different application areas, resulting in a broader market for the product. However, there are many competitors since the product is mostly directed towards the lifting industry which is already an attractive market. As for the product development it was early recognised that the product could be designed in many different ways. Both mini Quikky and symmetric Quikky, which are two new versions of the original Quikky, could be new products that the company could sell. By having several versions of the product, the company can more easily attract customers.

  • 455.
    Åberg, Julia
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Svensson, Jesper
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Warranty reserve forecast for complex products2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Warranty is a contract between a seller and a buyer. A warranty is also a signal for quality that can be

    utilized both by the seller and the customer. Even though the warranty is mainly something that is

    positive, a warranty also incurs risk to the warranty provider. The warranty cost can range from 2 -

    15% of the net sales of a product which means that the warranty cost could potentially affect the

    company a lot. In order to handle such a risk, forecasting is a necessary tool. Forecasting is no exact

    science, and it’s impossible to forecast the exact future value due to uncertainty. Factors such as the

    quality of the product affect the cost of the claims, but unpredictable factors such as fraud, human

    factors and sales delay must also be considered. Forecasting error affects the warranty provider

    because the forecast sets the warranty reserve, which should cover the costs of the warranty claims.

    Overestimations and underestimations of the reserve have negative consequences for the company.

    The purpose of this study is to forecast a warranty reserve using a quantitative approach, in order to

    gain insight in to which model that could be best suited for complex products. The models that have

    been tested originate from causal and time-series methods, where the models tested consider different

    aspects of the data. The primary data used comes from archive data and to determine the forecast

    error, error measurements have been utilized. The time series method exponential smoothing Holt’s-

    Winter’s method was the one that performed best considering the error measurements. From the

    models tested, it has been shown that a more complex model does not necessarily mean a more

    accurate result. To be able to decrease the forecasting errors, a model considering unpredictable

    factors such as fraud could be the answer which makes it interesting to investigate.

  • 456.
    Åhl, Sara
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Karlsson, Sabina
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Chefers arbetstillfredsställelse i äldreomsorgen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att kartlägga arbetstillfredsställelsen hos chefer i svensk äldreomsorg samt undersöka om det fanns några skillnader mellan chefer i privat och offentlig verksamhet. En rikstäckande webbenkätundersökning (N=104) genomfördes. Denna genererade både kvantitativ och kvalitativ data. Cheferna som sammantagen grupp visar på en förhållandevis hög arbetstillfredsställelse. Resultatet visade dock att det fanns signifikanta skillnader mellan privata och offentliga chefer vad gäller arbetstillfredsställelse. En högre grad av arbetstillfredsställelse kunde utläsas bland cheferna inom den privata sektorn. Utav totalt nio variabler kopplade till arbetstillfredsställelse, var det endast tre som inte påvisade signifikanta skillnader mellan sektorerna. Dessutom var det fyra av totalt åtta variabler tillhörande hygienfaktorer som uppvisade signifikant skillnad mellan sektorerna. När det gällde förutsättningar för att känna arbetstillfredsställelse, uttryckte de flesta vikten av att ha förtroende från medarbetare och ledning som det mest betydelsefulla. Eftersom vårt resultat visar på signifikanta skillnader mellan sektorerna föreslår vi ytterligare forskning för att få mer förståelse för detta fenomen. The aim of this study was to measure the job satisfaction of managers in Swedish elderly care, and examine whether there were any differences between managers in the private and public sectors. A nationwide online survey (N=104) was executed. This generated both quantitative and qualitative data. Managers as an overall group seem to be relatively satisfied in their job situations. The results however showed that there were distinct differences between private and public managers in terms of job satisfaction. A higher degree of job satisfaction could be seen among managers in the private sector. Of a total of nine variables related to job satisfaction, only three did not show significant differences between the sectors. Moreover, four out of eight variables related to hygiene-factors did show significant differences between the sectors. Regarding the prerequisites for experiencing job satisfaction, most of the respondents expressed the importance of having confidence from employees and management. Since our results show significant differences between the sectors, we suggest further research to investigate the area more thoroughly.

  • 457.
    Åkesson, Mathias
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Fäldt, Erik
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The Aftermarket Performance of Swedish Initial Public Offerings: A study about short- and long-term performance and underpricing of Initial Public Offerings on the Swedish stock markets2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the performance of IPO firms in the Swedish markets during their first three years of trading to investigate what effects different factors have on the short- and long-term performance. The level of underpricing on Swedish IPOs are also investigated to detect any abnormalities from previous studies on larger markets in the US and Europe. A total of 175 IPO firms included in the sample in the period between 2000 and 2015. The method used to calculate the aftermarket performance is the buy-and-hold abnormal returns method in an event-time portfolio approach. These returns are used as a dependent variable in a multivariable linear regression analysis. The main findings from this study are that IPO firms in the Swedish markets underperform the OMX market index one month and three years after the offering. Conversely, IPO firms in the Swedish markets overperform after 18 months compared to the OMX market index. The results show that Swedish IPOs are on average underpriced and that underpricing has a significant effect on short-term performance. Firm age, offer size and the technology industry also have a significant effect on the first month’s performance of IPO firms; however, there is little support for these factors to affect the longterm performance.

  • 458.
    Öhlin, Ann
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Fröjd, Elin
    Samband mellan definition av tillväxt och bransch: En studie avseende svenska små och medelstora företag inom två industribranscher2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte är att studera hur olika företag, i vårt fall SME-företag inom två branscher inom industrisektorn, definierar tillväxt. Tanken bakom undersökningen är att göra det lättare för efterkommande forskning att skapa verktyg och modeller avseende tillväxt för specifika branscher.

     

    Metod: Insamlad empirisk data härrör från en enkätundersökning. I denna undersökning tillfrågades 135 företag (efter att 45 stycken fallit bort av olika anledningar) och urvalet bestod av samtliga företag som kom upp via företagsdatabasen med sökord betongvarutillverkning och gummivarutillverkning. Enkäten består till största del av flervalsfrågor med undantag av några få öppna frågor.

     

    Slutsats: Båda branscherna anser att tillväxt skall definieras som ökning av företagets omsättning eller att försäljningsintäkterna ökar. Vi kan visa att det finns tendens till att gummiindustrierna till en större andel anser att det är omsättningen eller försäljningen som är definitionen av tillväxt än betongvaruindustrin.

  • 459.
    Öhrn, Anna
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    The use of mobile health applications and health improvements2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This thesis aims to investigate if the use of mobile health (mHealth) applications have positive effects on health.  

    Objectives: This research are to provide an insight of how people are using mHealth applications but also provide an insight of the target group. Additionally, the thesis will provide an analysis of the proposed Structural Equation Model (SEM) to understand the influencing factors (constructs) for health improvement.   

    Method: In this research a Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used in which a questionnaire with closed ended questions related to each construct were provided to collect the data. The data were analyzed by the computer program IBM SPSS 25 and the SEM was made by the IBM SPSS AMOS 25.  

    Results: The proposed theoretical SEM model showed validity and the proposed hypotheses 1 and 2 were significant for this model. The corresponding contributed construct to improve health, were “Healthcare Service” and “mHealth App Behavior”. “New Technology” did not contribute to improvement of health directly, but it correlated strongly to “Healthcare Service” but also to “mHealth App Behavior”.  

    Conclusions: The target group was defined as a group of early adopters who used mobile health applications and more specifically, they used fitness apps to enhance health. People in the target group were high educated and had occupations which corresponded well with their education. Additionally, this group used their knowledge by reading and understanding health information when they needed healthcare service to improve health. 

    Keywords: Adoption, Health, mHealth, New Technology

  • 460.
    Öman, Jennie
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Karlsson, Josephine
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Konflikter -En kvantitativ studie om effekter av konflikter och konfliktstrategier på arbetsplatsen.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    A quantitative study was conducted with the aim to investigate whether individuals use a specific conflict strategy when they are in a task conflict or a relationship conflict in their workplace. The study also examined whether individuals experience positive or negative effects of a task conflict or a relationship conflict when a specific conflict strategy have been used. Previous research explains the effects of task conflicts and relationship conflicts at the workplace (De Dreu, 2008) Likewise lifts the effects of the conflict strategies interaction, avoidance, and power and coercion (Hoerr, 2005; Meyer, 2004; Trudel & Reio Jr., 2011). However it does not tie together what the conflicts and conflict strategies have for effects together. This also means that it is impossible to discern if there is a strategy that is frequently used in a specific conflict type. The study group consisted of 62 participants from different workplaces that responded to a survey. The results showed that the participants have experienced positive and / or negative effects when they are in a task conflict or a relationship conflict and use a specific conflict strategy. The authors could not discern whether individuals use a specific conflict strategy when they are in a task conflict or a relationship conflict.

  • 461.
    Özyapar, Ahmet H.
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Zahid, Kamil
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Fakulteten för teknikvetenskaper, Institutionen för industriell ekonomi.
    Leadership and Employee Engagement in organizations: an analysis on correlation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Purpose: Leadership plays an important role in organizations towards driving the growth and success. And employee engagement is considered a key factor for organizational efficiency, success and achievement. Existing literature defines drivers of the employee engagement from different angels and commonly relates a portion to leadership skills, especially of the immediate managers. Our purpose is to strengthen the literature that relates leadership to organizational success by leadership positively effecting employee engagement. Our case is to investigate the nature and the magnitude of the correlation between Leadership and Employee Engagement, witness the existence or non-existence in our example organization. Our research hypothesis is - “Effective Leadership in organisations leads to an increased level of Employee Engagement”.  

    The literature and the method: First, the related literature is reviewed. We focused specifically on the literature investigating the relation of our two variables i.e. Leadership and Employee Engagement. Next, for our research, we analysed the existing data from the survey reports of AB Volvo Penta for which we have been granted access. The company is long established, multinational and have its corporate culture with focus on both leadership competences and employee satisfaction.

    Key findings: Congruent with the reviewed literature, the 2015 survey results of AB Volvo Penta shows that the two variables are correlated. The two indexes, namely Leadership Effectiveness Index (LEI) and Employee Engagement Index (EEI), are showing close relation within 146 departments measured. The survey results provide an interesting commonality, about the importance employees give on the behaviour of their immediate leaders which is eventually impacting their engagement at work. The commonality also leads to the fact that focusing on increasing leaders skills would increase employee's engagement.

    Originality/value: The relationship between Leadership and Employee Engagement is explored theoretically and tested empirically in an isolated organizational structure.

78910 451 - 461 of 461
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