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  • 51.
    Arai, Keigo
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Pia, Fernanda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    La Ray Armstrong, Kristopher
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Transitioning towards Sustainability: What are we waiting for?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is growing consensus that humanity is being confronted with a sustainability challenge of which the severity has never been known to modern man. This pressing situation is demanding solutions and alternatives to change the path of society. At the community level, grassroots movements have emerged around the world as a way of striving to develop local sustainability.  This research studies the Transition Movement, a popular, global community-based movement. The aim of this study is to evaluate if a Transition Initiative is effective in moving a local community towards sustainability. The definition of sustainability used in the research is taken from the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) which comprises of eight sustainability principles (SPs); three ecological SPs and five social SPs. To this end, an analytical-evaluative case study of a single Transition Initiative was conducted in which semi-structured interviews, a survey and document analysis were all use as sources of information. The researchers chose a small-scale Transition Initiative, conducting the case study on the village of Ungersheim, France. The results revealed that the actions of Transition are contributing to progressing Ungersheim towards sustainability, both socially and ecologically. The research also revealed how the Transition is being done and what critical factors allowed for success. The study finally deduces a set of strategic guidelines that may be used for further longitudinal research cross-evaluating Ungersheim to other small-scale community transitions. 

  • 52.
    Araz, Saruhan Utku
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Matulac, Michael
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Muhammad, Aqib
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Effective Communication for Strategic Sustainable Development Education: The Hook and Ladder Technique2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to reach sustainability, a greater capacity to facilitate the implementation of the principles on which sustainability is founded is required. Effective methods of communicating sustainability will be necessary. Although there is a notable range of successful methods, opportunities to expand that range always remain and are worthy of exploration. This study pursues capacity building by testing a communication method variation that uses questions, audience participation, and metaphors intended to make the subject matter more easily understood and more permanently retained. An initial trial of the method was attempted with several groups of senior secondary students who were introduced to the ideas of sustainability during group and individual sessions. The students were surveyed before, during and after the sessions to measure their understanding and acceptance of sustainability concepts and principles. Of the students surveyed, all showed greater knowledge after instructional sessions using this technique. Results suggest that using a consciously dynamic and adaptive approach to choice of metaphors and questions can make the subject of sustainability easier to understand and remember.

  • 53.
    Archer, Alice-marie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Fei, Rong
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Petzel, Rebecca
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Collaboration for Sustainability in a Networked World2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores how the web‘s collaborative potential can be harnessed strategically towards sustainability. With the success of web-scale collaborations such as Wikipedia and Linux in mind, we sought to understand how web-enabled collaborations could be used strategically, particularly to support innovation for sustainability. Building on Peter Gloor of MIT‘s research into collaborative innovation networks (COINs), a framework for collaborative organizational networks supporting innovation, we evaluated COINs‘ strategic potential for sustainability utilizing the framework for strategic sustainable development and the approach of backcasting. We found that COINs can provide a strategic and effective way to work towards sustainability because they harness collective intelligence towards innovation and support distributed working styles. Additionally they provide an organizational framework that supports socially sustainable modes of working. However, COINs can amplify the impact of unsustainable innovations, so a strong systems perspective based on principles of sustainability is required to use COINs strategically. The final product of this research is a set of recommendations for people considering utilizing COINs for sustainability.

  • 54.
    Archer, Isaiah
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Muirhead, Lewis
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Forrester-Wilson, Sarah
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Exploring Holacracy’s Influence on Social Sustainability Through the Lens of Adaptive Capacity2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The organizational structure of Holacracy has been gaining popularity in recent years,

    but a lack of academic research on Holacracy called for a systematic approach to assessing its

    merits and shortcomings. The need Holacracy fills, is that of organizations dealing with a

    complex world and rapidly evolving technology. While Holacracy is not tailored to address

    sustainability issues, there are many components that made it a candidate for the researchers to

    examine it through a social sustainability lens.

    This study examines the effect of specific components of Holacracy with elements of adaptive

    capacity – a theory from which the research definition of social sustainability was built. With

    the goal of determining the effect of Holacracy on social sustainability, a questionnaire directed

    at employees and practitioners of holacratic organizations was utilized.

    The findings implied that Holacracy does positively influence the experience of the elements

    of adaptive capacity; with the relationship to the adaptive capacity element of self-organization

    being a standout. The importance of trust is also identified. The link to the Framework for

    Strategic Sustainable Development can be elucidated through adaptive capacity’s influence to

    the social sustainability principles. Because of the importance of social sustainability and social

    capital to organizational performance and longevity, this research is of value to any business

    using, or considering using Holacracy.

  • 55.
    Arend, Clarissa de Oliveira
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Gallagher, Johanne
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Orell, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Reinventing the Wheel to Guide Ecovillages towards Sustainability2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ecovillages acting as experimental community models have the potential to help move society towards sustainability by developing alternative solutions for sustainable living. Their contribution is through the power of example, demonstrating successful alternative systems that can be replicated at higher scales through the broader community. However, ecovillages often struggle with long-term planning and lack a systematic approach to integrating structure, processes and actions into strategic planning. Research was conducted to examine how ecovillages could be supported in this deficiency to make them more successful as models of sustainability. An initial document review of tools and concepts currently used in the ecovillage movement uncovered a recently developed concept called the Wheel of Sustainability (WoS). The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) was applied to analyse this concept and to inform the development of a new prototype tool. The research was conducted in collaboration with experts in the ecovillage field and FSSD practitioners, through interviews and a final validation survey. The result of the research led to the co-creation of an enhanced communication and strategic planning tool, the Direction Indicator for Sustainable Communities (DISC), intended for use by ecovillage communities. Further research is recommended to field-test and further refine this tool.

  • 56.
    Arlefalk, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Fotbollens språk-en diskursanalys av journalisters och supportrars sätt att tala om Parken-skandalen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är för det första att genom diskursanalys analysera hur supportrar till fotbollslaget Malmö FF på Himmelriket på Svenskafans framställer diskurser kring läktarbråket i Parken år 2005 samt hur Sydsvenskan framställer samma läktarbråk utifrån samma incident och tidpunkt. För det andra syftar uppsatsen till att klarlägga de eventuella diskursernas relation till omliggande sociala strukturer som enligt Fairclough antingen påverkar diskurserna eller själv blir påverkad av diskurserna. De två forskningsfrågorna är således, vilka diskurser som kan identifieras kring Parkenskandalen hos supportrar på Svenskafans och hos Sydsvenskan? Samt, Vilken relation finns det mellan diskurserna och omliggande sociala strukturer? Uppsatsen har i bakgrundsavsnittet gått igenom supporterskap ur MFF-supports perspektiv, även huliganism ur ett vetenskapligt perspektiv för att skapa förståelse kring skillnader på supportrar och huliganer, vidare återges medias bevakning av andra incidenter samt annan fotbollsrelaterad forskning som är tänkt att utgöra förförståelse för problemområdet. Som tidigare forskning har författaren valt att använda sig av avhandlingen ”Kung Fotboll” av Thorbjörn Andersson vars verk bygger på en engelsk och nordisk kontext kring fotbollsrelaterade fenomen förr i tiden och där publikbråken under denna tid analyserats. Metoden som används i kandidatuppsatsen för dels bearbetning av empiri samt för att svara på de två forskningsfrågorna består av Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys. Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys har sedan även används som teoretisk utgångspunkt tillsammans med Foucaults teori om utestängningssystem. Foucaults socialkonstruktivistiska perspektiv utgör även en bakgrundsförklaring till kandidatuppsatsens genomgång av Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys. Det empiriska materialet utgörs av 15 artiklar från Sydsvenskan.se samt 9 publicerade artiklar av supportrar på svenskafans.com som valts ut i en analytisk process där fokuset är hur supportrarna och journalisterna beskriver ordningsvakternas och polisernas beteende och utseende. I resultat och analys som görs på tre olika nivåer, textanalys, diskursiv analys samt analys av den bredare sociala praktiken, visar författaren att journalisternas diskurs skiljer sig från supportrarnas diskurs och att det därför föreligger en låg grad av samhällelig förändring i den omliggande sociala strukturen. Journalisterna använder en diskurs som har mindre negativa konnotationer kring utseende och beteende hos ordningsvakter och polis än den diskurs som supportrarna använder och därtill fokuserar journalisterna mer på enskilda isolerade fall medan supportrarna oftare återger beskrivningar som inte enbart återger isolerade händelser. Därefter ges det en tänkbar förklaring utefter Foucaults teori om utestängningssystem till varför relationen mellan diskurserna och den omliggande sociala strukturen ser ut som den gör. I den slutliga diskussionen gör författaren reflektioner kring metoden samt ger en återkoppling till tidigare forskning och menar att resultaten i kandidatuppsatsen kan utgöra fördjupad förståelse kring hur media väljer att fokusera vid publikbråk.

  • 57.
    Arnason, Arnar
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Tholén, Rebecka
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    En gång kriminell, alltid kriminell? -En studie om kriminellas hinder och möjligheter att återintegreras i samhället2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att belysa vilka hinder och möjligheter de före detta kriminella möter när de ska återintegreras i samhället. Vi vill dessutom fördjupa förståelsen för varför de väljer att avbryta sin brottskarriär. För att bygga upp en förståelse för problemområdet har vi använt oss av fyra rapporter varav tre är publikationer från Brottsförebyggande Rådet och en från Equal-projektet Bättre frigivning. Vi har utöver dem använt statistik från kriminalvården för att belysa områdets omfattning. Rapporterna beskriver de problem interner möter vid frigivning, såsom bostad och sysselsättning. De behandlar även vilka utslussningsmetoder som finns och i hur stor utsträckning de används. Rapporterna belyser dessutom hur de före detta internerna har uppfattat sin egen frigivningssituation. De teorier vi har valt att använda i vår uppsats är tagna från Stigma och Jaget och maskerna av Erving Goffman och Etablerade och outsiders av Norbert Elias och John L. Scotson. Stigma behandlar hur olika människor stigmatiseras utifrån vissa kriterier, såsom kriminalitet. Vi använder detta teoretiska ramverk för att beskriva problemet före detta kriminella har med att accepteras för vilka de är utan att behöva dölja det stigma som kriminalitet ändå utgör. Jaget och maskerna handlar om hur människor framställer sig själva och de konsekvenser detta medför. I vår studie används denna bok för att belysa problemen en före detta kriminell har med att presentera sig själv för sin omgivning utan att behöva bli värderade på grund av sin bakgrund. Etablerade och outsiders behandlar olika gruppers maktutövanden över andra påstådda lägre grupper. Den använder vi för att förklara med vilka metoder de kriminella och de före detta kriminella hålls utanför samhället och nedvärderas. För att uppnå vårt syfte har vi valt att använda oss av ett kvalitativt tillvägagångssätt med intervjuer som undersökningsmetod. Till valet av intervjupersoner föll medlemmar av föreningen Kriminellas Revansch I Samhället, eller KRIS. Vi genomförde fyra intervjuer varav en var gruppintervju med två respondenter. Genom analys av resultatet identifierade vi fyra hörnstenar som är av särskilt stor vikt vid återintegration i samhället; motivation, sysselsättning, umgängeskrets samt bostad. Dessa fyra aspekter i kombination nämns av alla de intervjuade och även den tidigare forskningen behandlar dessa på mer eller mindre ingående sätt. Motivationen är väsentlig för individens möjlighet att ta sig bort från den brottsliga banan och för att ta till sig den hjälp som erbjuds. Med umgängeskrets menas vikten av att bryta med den gamla umgängeskretsen och lära känna nya icke kriminella vänner. Sysselsättning inbegriper både arbete och fritidsaktiviteter, då detta är en nödvändighet för att undvika upptagande av kontakt med gamla vänner. Det har visat sig både genom tidigare forskning och belysts i våra intervjuer att möjligheterna att på egen hand få bostad är nästintill obefintlig. I slutdiskussionen resonerar vi om de fyra hörnstenar vi identifierat och hur de både kan utgöra hinder och möjligheter beroende på den före detta kriminelles egen inställning och situation. Vi diskuterar även vår egen insats och vad som kunde ha genomförts annorlunda. Framförallt funderar vi över hur intervjusituationen hade kunnat utföras på ett bättre sätt.

  • 58.
    Aronsson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Karlsson, Linda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Döva och normalhörandes bedömningar av manipulerade illusionsbilder2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract The present study examined if early deaf people and people with severe hearing loss perceive visual information differently than hearing people. An experiment was conducted with eight deaf participants and eight participants with normal hearing. The participants were between the ages of 18-74 years. The participants were asked to look at fifteen different images portraying manipulated illusions, and then assess if the images were of the same size. Subsequently another image depicting a different illusion with a face hidden in it was presented to the participants. Their task was to find the hidden face in the image. A Mann-Whitney U-test revealed that the deaf and the people with severe hearing loss had significant better results of the first fifteen images. This indicates that it was easier for this group to discover the changes of the manipulated images. Still there was no significant difference between the results of the two groups at the last image with the hidden face. The results of the study indicate that early deaf individuals might have a more evolved visual perception than hearing people.

  • 59.
    Asadollahi, Nilofar O.
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Brodin, Jeannette
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Anställdas uppfattning av arbetsplatslärande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien utgår från en fenomenografisk ansats. Vi avser att fånga skilda uppfattningar om arbetsplatslärande och studera hur uppfattningarna påverkar medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse. Vi utgick från två frågeställningar: vilka uppfattningar har medarbetare av hur de lär på sin arbetsplats, och finns det skillnader i medarbetarnas uppfattningar av vad de lär? Resultatet visar att deltagarnas uppfattningar om fenomenet skiljer sig åt. Tolkningen av resultatet visar att deltagarna lär på olika sätt och använder kunskapen olika i deras yrkesutförande. De lär genom erfarenhet, socialt samspel, teoretiskt samt genom praktiskt arbetsutförande. De utvecklar och lär flexibilitet, anpassning, problemlösning och socialt samspel. Det finns ett samband mellan hur deltagarna uppfattar fenomenet och arbetstillfredsställelse. När arbetsplatslärande är effektivt bidrar det på ett positivt sätt till deltagarnas arbetstillfredsställelse.

  • 60.
    Asadollahi, Nilofar O.
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Brodin, Jeannette
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Hur Anställda Erfar Självförmåga2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet var att öka förståelsen av hur fenomenet självförmåga erfars av anställda samt hur de föreställer sig sin respektive nivå av självförmåga. Banduras (1997) teori om självförmåga användes med fenomenografi som metod. Fyra anställda på olika organisationer och med olika ålder och kön intervjuades. Det uppfattades att självförmåga fanns i många olika aspekter av de anställdas yrkessliv, det uppfattades som något som påverkade dem i väldigt stor utsträckning. Deltagarna hade sinsemellan olika nivåer av självförmåga och det visades tydligt i hur de hanterade olika delar av sitt arbetsliv. Det visades i deras val av arbetsuppgifter och om de påverkades positivt eller negativt av omgivningen samt av sina erfarenheter. Fler fenomenografiska studier om självkänsla bör genomföras inom psykologin, det skulle vara intressant att koppla emotioner och personlighets tester till fenomenet.

  • 61.
    Ashani, Shpresa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    När det som inte får synas blir synligt: En kvalitativ studie om fem kvinnor från Mellanöstern och deras syn på heder2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Syftet med denna studie är att ur ett kvinnligt perspektiv undersöka ryktets innebörd för familjens heder och hur familjens heder bevaras respektive förloras. Med utgångspunkt ur fem kvinnor med annan etnisk bakgrund än svensk och deras berättelser, söker jag svar på följande frågor: På vilket sätt påverkar ryktet familjens heder och vad riskerar en kvinna om hon får ett dåligt rykte? Arbetets fokus ligger på unga kvinnor från Mellanöstern och deras syn på begreppet heder, hur denna bevaras respektive förloras. I Mellanöstern har hedern sin grund i föreställningen att kvinnor inte själva besitter egenskapen att värna om sin kyskhet i manssamhället. För att bli accepterad i samhället krävs att mannen är hederlig och att kvinnan har skamkänsla. En kvinna som respekterar sin man hjälper honom att bevara sitt goda rykte genom sin pliktkänsla, som förmår henne att uppträda lämpligt. I enlighet med denna definition och problem har mina frågor formulerats utifrån Åsa Eldéns intervjumanual. Arbetet är inspirerat av Åsa Eldéns studie om rykten och splittrad kvinnlighet. Som underlag för att kunna tolka uppsatsens empiriska material har jag utgått ifrån genus, kultur och stämplingsteorin. Genus beskrivs utifrån Yvonne Hirdmans genusteori och stämplingsteorin skildras med en sammanfattning av både Howard Becker och Erwing Goffman. För att uppnå studiens syfte har den kvalitativa metoden tillämpats där tillvägagångssättet skett i form av öppna intervjuer. Intervjumanualen är formad utifrån Åsa Eldéns intervjumanual där vissa frågor är tillagda och vissa borttagna. De huvudrubriker som använts i intervjuerna är Familj, äktenskap, sexualliv och heder. Med hjälp av intervjuerna har informationen kodats där olika mönster är identifierade. Efter kodningen av materialet ändras rubriken äktenskap mot rubriken rykten då den mesta informationen om äktenskap hamnar under rubriken sexualliv. Samtliga informanter talar om ryktenas innebörd under varje rubrik därmed ter det sig naturligt att mynta en ny rubrik för att uppfylla syftet. Utifrån informanternas berättelser framgår att rykten och oskulden är sammankopplade med familjens heder. En mans heder står och faller i samband med kvinnans sexuella beteende. En kvinna måste bevara sin oskuld till bröllopsnatten och behålla sitt goda rykte för att bevara familjens heder. En kvinna måste hela tiden tänka på sitt rykte för att bli accepterad av sin familj, släktingar och deras sociala omgivning.

  • 62.
    Asiedu, Charlotte
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Byrne, Kristina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Corena, Ana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Increasing Participation in Social Enterprise: A Strategic Development Approach for the Developing World2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Current, unsustainable practices are negatively impacting the socio-ecological systems on which humanity depends. This paper argues that social enterprise, as a market-based approach is an effective tool to help developing countries to transition toward sustainability. To gain an understanding as to how broader participation in social enterprise could be encouraged, this research investigates the motivations, enablers, challenges and incentives for professionals in developing countries to participate in social enterprise. In addition, the role of social enterprise and its limitations in moving society toward sustainability were investigated. A qualitative research design was used. The framework for strategic sustainable development (FSSD) was employed to ensure a systems perspective of sustainability was captured in this study. Findings include seven motivational factors, eight enabling factors, and twelve challenges facing social entrepreneurs; as well as seven categories of suggested incentives to increase participation. Strategic recommendations targeted toward government agencies, non-governmental and multilateral development organizations, and social enterprise incubators, were provided as guidelines to encourage participation and ensure sustainability.

  • 63.
    Askevik, Josef
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Career choice:The relationship between personality, state anxiety and the career decidedness among Swedish upper secondary school students2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The main purpose of this study was to inquire into personality and the state anxiety in relation to career decidedness scale among students in upper secondary school. The participants were 124 students in three grades and respectively non vocationally oriented classes. The participants were asked to grade themselves on a scale in relation to the statements regarding, state of decidedness for career choice, personality (NEO FFI, Costa & McCrae, 1985. Sweden, Gerontologic Center) and anxiety (AnTI, Wells, 1994). The results showed no significant relationship between personality and state of anxiety that could be connected to the decidedness for career choice. Ecologic validity is brought up in the discussion part.

  • 64.
    Assarsson, Rrezarta Kadrija & Maria
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    KOMMUNIKATION OCH SAMARBETE: Upplevelser av förutsättningar för informellt lärande i olika arbetsmiljöer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med denna studie är att utveckla kunskap om medarbetarnas upplevelser av hur strukturen på den fysiska arbetsmiljön påverkar deras förutsättningar för det informella lärandet. Studien har en hermeneutisk ansats för att tolka och förstå medarbetarnas upplevelser. För att besvara vår forskningsfråga utfördes datainsamlingen i form av halvstrukturerade intervjuer med åtta medarbetare som arbetar inom samma organisation men i två olika arbetslag. Medarbetarna sitter och arbetar i olika strukturer av fysiska arbetsmiljöer. Resultatet av studien visar att arbetslaget som satt och arbetade i öppet kontorslandskap upplevde att de hade lättare för att kommunicera och samarbeta då de satt bredvid varandra och arbetade. Dock upplevdes strukturen påverka kommunikationen på så sätt att individerna inte alltid kunde föra en dialog. Medarbetarna som satt och arbetade i cellkontor å andra sidan upplevde att dörren ibland kunde vara ett hinder i deras kommunikation och samarbete med de andra. För att kommunicera och samarbeta med andra behövde medarbetaren visa sig tillgänglig genom att hålla sin dörr öppen.

  • 65.
    Axelsson, Gabriella
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Ojänmnlikhet i Colombia: En analys utifrån Charles Tillys teori om kategoriell ojämnlikhet2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract The people of Colombia suffer from a deep spiral of internal conflicts and unstable social conditions. The aim of this study is to highlight inequality in Colombia by applying Charles Tilly’s theory of durable inequality through categorical pairs. A qualitative method is applied in order to gain deeper insight to inequality in Colombia. The essay examines the phenomenon by completing a content analysis. The breakdown is limited to four study categories: gender, crime, health and social stratification. Categorical inequality is further analysed through Tilly’s four mechanisms: exploitation, adaptation, emulation and opportunity hoarding. A coding scheme is used in order to heighten the reliability and validity. Code entities (study categories) are examined through specific code variables. The method is further improved by reinterpretation of the content and analysis of Tillys’ mechanisms. Results confirm the serious condition of internal conflicts in Colmbia. Social stratifiction have wide-reaching effects. Furthermore, the results show that the internal conflicts create a multiplication effect with adverse consequences for Colombia’s society further destabilising the country’s condition. Minority groups such as internally displaced or indigenous Indian tribes are treated unfairly. Elites including the state benefit from the power which they hold. The less fortunate and minority groups are those who are most vulnerable. Women are subject to violence and excluded for reasons varying from a wide range of areas including the job market. The opportunity for good circumstances and well being in addition to fundamental medical treatment are not available for the general society. Furthermore, difficult living circumstances both social and environmental further complicate the circumstances. Moreover, results show inadequate measures what concerns to the implementation of human rights. Sharp contrasts are observed between categorical pairs such as poor and rich, men and women, criminal and non-criminal, and well-being and illness. A relative pattern between Tilly’s four mechanisms can also be recognized and made possible through local knowledge and the script of the people. One of the main conclusions is that local authorities are called upon to advance measures in order to minimise the current exploitation. In particular it is important that these measures are applied vigorously whilst there is also a great need to work with awareness raising strategies in Colombia. Abstrakt Colombia har en lång historia av väpnade konflikter och instabila sociala relationer. Uppsatsens syfte är att belysa hur ojämnlikhet i Colombia ur Charles Tillys teori om kategoriell ojämnlikhet. En begränsning görs till att undersöka ojämnlikhet utifrån fyra studiekategorier: kön, brottslighet, hälsa och social differentiering. Den kategoriella ojämnlikheten analyseras genom Tillys fyra orsaksmekansimer: exploatering, anpassning, efterlikning och möjllighetsansamling. En kvalitativ metod tillämpas för att fördjupa förståelsen av ojämlikhet. Genom en innehållsanalys undersöks hur den kategoriella ojämlikheten uttrycks i Colombia. Ett kodningsschema appliceras för att höja realibiliteten samt validitet ur vilka kodningenheter (studiekategorier) tolkas utifrån kodningsvariabler. Metoden stärks ytterligare av en tydlig kondingsintruktion som ger utrymme för omtolkning av resultaten och analys av Tillys fyra orsaksmekanismer. Resultaten bekräftar den allvariga interna konflikten i Colombia och åskådligör olika grupper svåra livssituation i samhället. Den social stratifieringen har ubredd konskevens för den colombianska befolkningen. Resultaten pekar vidare på att den interna konflikten bidrar till ett multiplikatseffekt vilket missgynnar befolkningen och bidrar till ytterligare destabilisering av Colombia. Minoritetsgrupper som till exempel internflyktingar och den urhemska indianbefolkningen missgynnas. Elitgrupper, därtill staten, drar nytta av den makt de besitter på orättmättlig bekostnad av befolkningen. Fattiga och mindre sociala grupper drabbas värst. Kvinnor utsätts för grovt våld och stängs ut av samhället på en rad olika arenor bland annat arbetsmarknad och våld. Tillgång till goda omständigheter och välbefinnande samt fundamentala läkarresurser finns inte tillgängliga till den allmänna befolkningen samtidigt som svåra levnadsförhållande både sociala och och miljö omständigheter försvårar situationen. Vidare visar resultatet bristande åtgärder vad gäller appliceringen av mänskliga rättigheter. Skarpa skillnader mellan kategoriella par såsom fattiga och rika, män och kvinnor, brottliga och icke-brottsliga samt välmående och icke-välmående urskiljs. Ett relativt mönster kan observeras genom Tillys fyra orsaksmekanismer. Det blir möjligt genom den lokala kunskapen och skript av den colombianska befolkningen. De framgår tydligt att statliga myndigheter bör inrätta fler åtgärder för att minska den exploatering som finns i samhället och att dessa rättsregler måste implementeras med allvar samtidigt som det finns ett stort utrymme för att arebta med en ökad medventehet is samhället.

  • 66.
    Axelsson, Malin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Eliasson, Nettan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Manligt och kvinnligt missbruk: Livshistorier om vägen in, tiden under och vägen ut ur missbruk.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alcohol and drug abuse is something that undoubtedly exists in our society today. Our interest in this area was inspired by an earlier study of the influence of socialization on these dependencies. From this we developed new hypotheses concerning men and women’s drug and alcohol abuse. The main purpose of this study was to highlight the experiences and reflections of six women and seven men on their own alcohol or drug abuse. We hoped to reach an understand of how these men and women perceived the road to, the time during, and the way out of their addictions. Our research methods were qualitative and material was collected on their life history by conducting semi-structured interviews, mostly through email. Two interviews were carried out in a different manner; one occurred over the telephone and another in person. Of the selected individuals, seven were men and six were women, all of whom have had a history of alcohol and/or drug abuse but now are alcohol and drug free. Our exploration of the topic began with a literature study where earlier research had showed that drug and alcohol abuse among men and women could have different causes and forms, but that there are common factors as well between them. Our collected information was analysed using a narrative analysis, and the result was consistent with Erving Goffman’s theory of stigmatisation and Robert W. Connell’s theories on gender and gender relations. The result was that many differences could be seen between men and women, but that typical gender-related patterns were also seen, for example that the men spoke more about their work and the women more about their children. When looking at a chronological timeline of the individual’s life it was clear how one event often caused another event, and we could see how these affected the person. From this we concluded that an individual’s childhood and adolescence could contribute to a feeling of being an outsider and that through alcohol and drugs they are able to find a community they can be accepted in and a new way to define themselves. To summarize, the study showed that there are more similarities than differences between men and women and that their interpretation of their addictions demonstrates similar thought patterns in regards to feeling like an outsider, social ties, abuse and children, their sense of self, confirmation and insights.

  • 67.
    Ayers, James
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Melchert, Gabriel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Piwowar, Julius
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    The Impact of Renewable Energy Cooperatives on the Social Resilience of Their Communities2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Major global problems, manifested by climate change and social inequality, reinforce the need for a societal shift towards sustainable practices. This transition requires new approaches in the future design of society. The current energy system, based on fossil fuels and centralized infrastructure is a key contributor to many of the socio-ecological issues related to the sustainability challenge. The intent of this research is to examine renewable energy cooperatives as an alternative to minimize the negative impacts of the current energy system. Using a Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) approach with a Resilience Attribute Framework, this research explored the presence of resilience attributes (Trust, Diversity, Learning and Self-organization) and sustainability behavior in renewable energy cooperatives. The research then explored, through interview and surveys, the perceived impacts that these cooperatives had on the resilience and sustainability behavior of the wider community. Findings showed that energy cooperatives displayed high levels of the resilience through the attributes of: - Trust: due to non-profit status, ownership structure, localisation and shared values - Diversity: due to member and service diversity - Learning: through collaboration, diverse member knowledge and participation - Self-organization: due to cooperative development, leadership and outcomes (infrastructure and energy knowledge). This study showed that renewable energy cooperatives have numerous impacts on their community however; there were no significant evidence to suggest energy cooperatives transferred their high levels of social resilience to the community.

  • 68.
    Aziz, Faisal
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Contextual Analysis of IT-Business Alignment2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IT-Business alignment is an imperative process in the success of any business to use the competitive advantage of the information technology. In this work, influence of contextual information on IT-Business alignment has been studied. For this purpose, a conceptual model has been proposed which considers the IT-Business alignment model and national culture as contextual information. For alignment model, strategic alignment maturity model (SAMM) by Luftmann has been used while Hofstede’s model has been followed for the analysis of national culture. Conceptual model considers the 6 maturity assessment elements and analyzes them in the perspective of 4 national cultural factors. Survey methodology has been employed with questionnaire technique to compute the SAMM elements. National cultural scores have been obtained from the empirical study of Hofstede. Empirical results of SAMM elements and cultural factors have been used to support the analysis of the conceptual model.

  • 69.
    Baan, Christopher
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Long, Phil
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Pearlman, Dana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Cultivating personal leadership capacities to facilitate collaboration in Strategic Sustainable Development2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The complex, multi-faceted sustainability challenge that society faces calls for a strategic approach to sustainable development. Strategic planning processes towards sustainability in organisations and communities are oftentimes led by a facilitator or facilitative leader. We argue that planning processes of complex and transformational change, call for collaboration among stakeholders and for highly skilled facilitative leaders who are committed to the development of self, others and society. This thesis explores the ‘interior state’ of facilitative leaders as a high leverage point in moving society towards sustainability. We identify nine personal capacities that enable leaders to facilitate collaboration in Strategic Sustainable Development: (1) Being Present, (2) Whole Self-Awareness, (3) Suspension & Letting Go, (4) Compassion, (5) Intention Aligned with Higher Purpose, (6) Whole System Awareness, (7) Personal Power, (8) Sense of Humour, and (9) Holding Dualities and Paradoxes. We identify a range of personal and collective practices that help develop these personal capacities. We propose these capacities are the foundation for a more holistic and authentic facilitation approach applied to strategic sustainable development.

  • 70.
    Badin, Iulia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Perfektionism, emotion och kreativ problemlösning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kreativiteten är mångfacetterad och intensivt studerad, med processerna involverade i kreativ problemlösning traditionellt undersökta inom kognitionen. Perfektionismen är ett personlighetsdrag som påverkar alla områden i individernas liv. Ändå är perfektionismens påverkan över kreativ problemlösning otillräckligt utforskat. Därför var syftet med föreliggande studie att undersöka perfektionismens effekter över kreativ problemlösning samt att undersöka hur perfektionism tillsammans med känslor påverkar förmågan att lösa kreativa problem. Genom en webbaserad enkät samlades data in från 96 deltagare genom självskattningsinstrument för perfektionism och för känslotillstånd, ett test för kognitiv reflektion och ett insiktsproblem där svarstiderna registrerades. Inom perfektionism delades deltagarna in i tre grupper: icke-perfektionister, adaptiva perfektionister och maladaptiva perfektionister. Resultatet indikerade att det finns vissa skillnader mellan maladaptiva perfektionister och de andra två grupperna, men inte mellan adaptiva perfektionister och icke-perfektionister när sättet att lösa problemet på undersöktes i relation till tiden de ägnade åt uppgiften. Känslornas roll har inte fastställts och behöver ytterligare forskning.

  • 71.
    Bafana, Ramzi
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    Zulfiqar, Zain
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Applied Signal Processing.
    Solar Energy2014Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about Photovoltaic (PV) cells and its stresses in various directions by calculating the power generated using solar cells under different conditions to improve its efficiency. Our research studies found that using multi-junction cells with larger substrates can increase the efficiency to some extent which in practice is limited to 43 percent. The experiment was conducted using ten solar cells each with an area of 20.9〖cm〗 ^2, where each cell gives 0.5 V and 0.4 A and a 1.25 Ω resistor was used. The cells were connected in series. Once, the PV cells were fixed horizontally and the other time tested in tilted position under same outdoor condition. The purpose of testing PV cells was to investigate the efficiency under above mentioned conditions. The data collected from the readings was used in calculation, and we have obtained from the calculations that horizontally fixed cells gave 4.8 percent efficiency whereas tilted cells gave 6.6 percent efficiency. Hence, the ratio showed that fixed cells produced 37.5 percent more power compared to horizontally fixed cells. Our other experiment consisted of testing PV cells under different temperature conditions that was done using a freezer and an oven for temperature variation and a tungsten bulb was used as a light source. The purpose of performing this experiment was to investigate how the efficiency of PV cells is affected under extreme conditions. Part of our thesis was also including studies and analysis of produced energy by the solar panel installed on the roof of “BTH” building in Karlskrona, Sweden. The data consisted of energy produced from February up to August 2014. The investigation also included finding the highest produced energy during these months. We have found that the highest energy was generated on the 1st of July which was 12.86 kWh. Furthermore, we went deep into investigation of the 1st of July to know exactly which hour of that day the highest energy was produced. The data showed that the highest produced energy was at 12:19 and 13:19 which was 2.03 kWh.

  • 72.
    Bai, Guohua
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Henesey, Lawrence
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    Coping with System Sustainability: A Sociocybernetics Framework for Social-Economic System Architecture2012In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 263-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes an epistemological model based on cybernetic principles and activity theory to interpret two levels of problems that are intertwined in our social-economic system, namely the liveability and sustainability problems. In the first part of the paper, important principles and concepts from related fields of cybernetics and activity theory are introduced for later construction of a model. In the second part, a model is constructed based on the introduced concepts. To validate the proposed model, the current economic crisis is studied in the third part. An important contribution of the proposed model is a theoretical understanding of the two levels problems, and how to construct macro social-economical policies to avoid similar crisis in the future.

  • 73.
    Bai, Xuefeng
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Product Development starts from Crowdsourcing2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A practice of applying of Product Service System (PSS)—Xinmade.com is demonstrated by a business plan and this paper discusses about using Crowdsourcing in the traditional New Product Development (NPD). Finally tips of applying Crowdsourcing in PSS are summarized.

  • 74.
    Bajraktari, Florentina
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Mosse, Rosamund
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Neira Voto, Gabriel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Transforming U.Lab: Re-designing a participatory methodology using a strategic sustainable perspective2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently society is facing a set of interconnected challenges, known collectively as the Sustainability Challenge, which are systematically increasing socio-ecological unsustainability on a scale never experienced before.

     In order to address the Sustainability Challenge, Social Labs provide an approach that is systemic, participatory and emergent, enabling solutions that are responsive to the dynamic nature of those interconnected challenges.

    Our research explores how a specific lab - U.Lab - can be re-designed in order to move society strategically toward a sustainable future. We use the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, designed to help practitioners to facilitate society’s transition towards sustainable development, as well as concepts of strategic sustainable development, which support s shift from unsustainable systems, structures and practices towards sustainable ones in a strategic way.

    Our research follows Design Research Methodology (DRM). DRM aims for the formulation, validation and development of theories and models in the field of design.

    U.Lab’s experiential response to the Sustainability Challenge inspires participants to question paradigms of thought and societal norms. However, U.Lab is still an emerging social technology and lacks boundary conditions and a scientific basis for understanding our current reality and creating the solutions that will lead society systematically towards a sustainable future.

  • 75.
    Balaskas, Antonios
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lima, Eduardo
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Seed, Tyler
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    A Strategic Approach to Sustainable Development through Official Development Assistance2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adopting a Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) approach to official bilateral development assistance could result in more effective development planning that yields lasting results in developing countries. A Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development Assistance (FSSDA) based on SSD and customised to the needs of a development agency offers guidance in planning for development towards sustainability. This it does by directing donor and recipient planners in generating holistic perspectives, setting the goal of development as an attractive and sustainable society, and providing a flexible decision-making framework to guide strategic planning. Development assistance donor agencies face several difficulties in ensuring aid effectiveness. The FSSDA offers support in addressing these challenges by: positioning the creation of sustainable societies as the fundamental goal of development; allowing progress against imminent sustainability threats while minimizing the risk of unforeseen negative impacts; balancing economic, environmental and social considerations; and providing a fairer basis for aid conditionality.

  • 76.
    Bardici, Minavere
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    ICT Design and Users’ Affect, Cognition and Creativity2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study set out to investigate how ICT design relates to users’ affect, cognition and creativity in task performance. More specifically, the intent is to highlight how ICT design can elicit positive effective states and enhance cognitive abilities, including creative thinking in task activity within distance learning. In addition to this is to emphasize the synergies between ICT design, affect, cognition, and creativity from as well theoretical as empirical perspectives. To achieve the objective of this study, a qualitative empirical method was used. A survey questionnaire was chosen as a collection data technique. As far as analysis is concerned, phenomenology analytic strategy was espoused to explore how the participants perceive the phenomenon under inquiry. As for theory, central themes were selected for review given the synergy between them and their implication for the topic. They include: ICT; design; ICT design aspects: aesthetics, functionality, and usability; affect and cognition; and creativity; as well as the synergies between these concepts. Key findings highlight the role of affective quality of ICT design aesthetics in eliciting positive affective states among users when they acquire and use new ICT products or services regardless of their motivational needs. Most users consider aesthetics, usability, and functionality as design aspects but they tend to differ in ranking them depending on how they emotionally perceive them. Simplicity in ICT design is perceived as pleasurable aesthetic value. Further, natural colors are favored most by ICT users and positively affect their emotions so do the other aesthetical features associated with computers, software graphics, and web design. Using ICT inspire users creativity in task performance through what design affective qualities induce as positive affect in them in addition to software usability and functionality depending on the user. There are some synergies between design aesthetics, affect, cognition, and creativity. Moreover, ICT design can, depending on additional factors, ease and help users’ to carry out complex task and if software applications are skillfully used, they can help stimulate users’ creativity in task performance because of the built-in capabilities that are intended to enhance cognitive and emotional abilities of users. In addition, users differ on the elements they focus on when interacting with ICT depending on their inclination. Human attentional capacity and intensity can play a role in creativity. Crystallization of creativity can be triggered when various ICT design elements are perceived in a useful way.

  • 77.
    Barkan, Anna
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Gunnarsson, Daniel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Postel, Olaf
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Strategic Sustainable Product Development: A Case of an SME in the Sealing Industry2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Product development is a crucial leverage point to move our society towards sustainability. The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge on how a selected strategic tool for sustainable product development (SPD), namely the Method for Sustainable Product Development (MSPD), can be adapted to integrate sustainability aspects into the Product Development Process (PDP) of an organization. A Small and Medium Sized Enterprise (SME) in the manufacturing industry with customers and office locations worldwide is used as a case study. A participatory action research approach is used throughout the study. It is shown in the case that the MSPD triggers thinking in product development by raising sustainability-related questions. In order to be answered most questions, however, require additional sustainability education in the organization and further investigation in long-term, company-wide projects, which the current PDP of the organization was not designed to provide. It was concluded that iterations of the process with the integrated MSPD tool and additional tools to supplement the MSPD are necessary to further move product development at the organization towards sustainability.

  • 78.
    Barnekow, Carl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Can Tourism Boost Development of Sustainable Infrastructure in Nepal?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to analyse both the existing planning system in Nepal and how tourism affects the local indigenous population. Furthermore it will try to understand how tourism can be used for poverty alleviation and sustainable development of infrastructure through planning. A study of planning theory has been interspersed with studies of the concept of sustainable development, planning, tourism, and infrastructure while and trying to find linkages between the fields of knowledge. Informal planning is a key function that occurs when the existing planning does not work. Can this form of planning be adapted and accepted as the official planning? Through case studies in three different locations in the Kaski district in Nepal the theoretical framework has been used to analyse how tourism is used and how planning works. The areas were all chosen because of their different preconditions and location. The study analysis both urban and rural areas, which have different challenges when working with achieving sustainable development. The result of the studies shows on a possible connection between sustainable development and infrastructure with tourism as an engine in Nepal. Through studies of literature focusing on planning challenges in Africa knowledge was extracted that could be used and adapted to local conditions in Nepal. But the studies also found grave problems with the existing planning system in Nepal - it is not working as the local administration is not capable of fulfilling its’ responsibilities towards the local population. If tourism is to be used for creating sustainable development in Nepal the regulatory and administrative system has to be adapted to the local context.

  • 79.
    Baron-Bonarjee, Jean-Paul
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Elal, Rifat Abed
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Nguyen, Quynh Van
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Fostering a Culture of Sustainabilty in Municipalities through Effective Training2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human society as a whole has a reached a tipping point in its relationship with the socio-ecological systems upon which it depends. All sectors of society need to be involved in addressing this crucial challenge through a raised awareness of the issues and pro-active solutions to it. This research focuses on small urban towns and cities, where half the world’s urban population lives, and looks at the ways in which local government in these key areas can play an active role in leading sustainability through education and training. Municipalities and communities that use the framework for strategic sustainable development (FSSD) were investigated, and the conditions were identified that helped and hindered training to be really effective. Effective training, in its many forms, was found to be essential in fomenting a common language of sustainability, engaging the community, and bringing concerted strategic actions that together could foster a culture of sustainability.

  • 80.
    Barrow, Charlotte
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Peterka, Stephanie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Ozcuhadar, Tuna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Open Source as Leverage towards Sustainable Housing2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shelter poses global sustainability challenges, as the population increase accelerates and resources dwindle. It is crucial for initiatives addressing the growing housing demand to incorporate a sustainability perspective. Open source, a form of Internet information-sharing, is being utilised by various housing initiatives worldwide. However, a sustainability perspective is not always included in a robust and holistic way, despite the negative impacts for human needs and ecosystems resulting from many aspects of current housing practices. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development includes basic conditions for a sustainable society and a planning and decision-making methodology to move systematically towards sustainability. It provides a robust method for organizing, evaluating and using tools to aid in handling sustainability challenges effectively. This thesis aims to contribute to the development of affordable, sustainable design solutions, by modelling the incorporation of the FSSD into open source housing initiatives. A case study of a housing project under development in Ghana is used. Despite the complexity of the system under study, the research concludes that bringing a strategic sustainable development perspective to open source approaches can act as leverage for housing to move towards sustainability. Within this context, guidance is provided for approaching open source housing to contribute to SSD.

  • 81.
    Bartunek, Julia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Undersökning av personlighetsdrag hos kriminella,rehabiliterade och icke-kriminella personer med femfaktorsmodellen2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka om och hur skiljer sig personligheter av personer som är intagna i fängelse, rehabiliterade personer och personer som inte har begått något brott. Personlighetsundersökning baserades på femfaktorsmodell och en enkät som bestod av 50 frågor. Samtliga faktorer jämfördes genom alla tre grupper. Vidare gjordes en jämförelse av vilken typ av brott har de intagna och rehabiliterade personer begått, vilka drivkrafter hade dem och vad de tyckte var viktigt i deras liv för att inte begå brott vilken realiserades genom en konstant komparativ metod. Personlighetsskillnaderna undersöktes genom Kruskal-Wallis test. Urvalet bestod av 21 deltagare, varav 5 var intagna, 6 var rehabiliterade personer och 10 var icke-kriminella. Resultatet visade signifikanta skillnader i Neuroticism och Vänlighet, majoriteten av kriminella har begått narkotika brott och viktiga aspekter i deras liv var familj, arbete och lugn och ro.

  • 82.
    Barzandeh, Fakhri
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Haug, Lynn-Katrin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Jannink, Alisa
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Planning for Refugee Settlement and Integration: A Strategic Social Sustainability Approach2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how municipal planning for refugee settlement and integration can move strategically towards sustainability. A conceptual framework was developed by integrating the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development with best practices and recommendations identified in the literature. A case study was conducted in Karlskrona, Sweden, to investigate how a municipality plans to settle and integrate a large and unprecedented influx of refugees, and to assess how the constructed Framework can assist in planning. Semi-structured interviews with stakeholders in the Karlskrona Municipality were conducted. Keywords from the constructed Framework were used as a priori codes, to analyze the data obtained in the interviews. As perceived in our case study there is no full understanding of the importance of reaching Social Sustainability and all the essential aspects needed to achieve it.

  • 83. Basile, George
    et al.
    Broman, Göran
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    A Systems-based Strategic Approach to Sustainable Enterprise: requirements, utility and limits2011In: The business of sustainability: trends, policies, practices, and stories of success / [ed] McNall, Scott G.; Hershauer, James C.; Basile, George, Praeger Publishers , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In today's business environment, "garbage" isn't simply worthless refuse to be disposed of anymore; it often represents a material with monetary value. The human population is using up about 30 percent more natural resources in one year than the earth can regenerate. Because businesses constitute half of the world's largest economies, there can be no sustainability without sustainable businesses. The Business of Sustainability: Trends, Policies, Practices, and Stories of Success is a foundation set that effectively captures and articulates the why, what, who, and how of sustainability and business. Volume I covers the scientific, economic, and social underpinnings of sustainability and identifies the challenges facing business leaders.

  • 84. Baugher, John Eric
    et al.
    Osika, Walter
    Robèrt, Karl-Henrik
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Ecological Consciousness, Moral Imagination,and the Framework for Strategic SustainableDevelopment2016In: Creative Social Change: Leadership for a Healthy World / [ed] Kathryn Goldman Schuyler, John Eric Baugher, Karin Jironet, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016, p. 119-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Beban, Ana
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Ok, Huseyin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Contribution of Tourism to the Sustainable Development of the Local Community: Case Studies of Alanya and Dubrovnik2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Mediterranean is the world’s number one tourist destination and the biggest tourism region in the world, which has been visited by 260 million tourists in 1990 and what is more, it is expected that this number will increase to 655 million by the year 2025. In the last 10 years Croatia and Turkey became two of the most popular Mediterranean destinations, and joined the trend of a growing number of European cities that are promoting the development of tourism in order to overcome the post-industrial crisis, or as in the case of Croatia, the post-war crisis. Consequently, today both countries see tourism as their economic future. However, to achieve continuous and sustainable development of tourism, three interrelated aspects should be taken into consideration: economic, social, and environmental. The main question that we tried to answer is in what ways tourism is contributing to the sustainable development of the local community - based on the case studies of Alanya in Turkey, and Dubrovnik in Croatia. Both communities have experienced rapid development of the tourism sector in the last 10 years, which still seems to rise continuously. As a result, various impacts have occurred. Some of them are positive and there is an obvious contribution to sustainable development, while some of the impacts have negative influence on sustainability. Alanya is characterized by the 3S or mass tourism, while Dubrovnik is a world heritage city, which is offering cultural tourism. Notably, mass tourism in Alanya and cultural tourism in Dubrovnik have different impacts on a place. Although Alanya has the opportunity to diversify their tourism, mass tourism is still the main tourism activity. Since mass tourism generally involves a large number of people visiting a small area, it can change an area dramatically. What is interesting about Dubrovnik is that its tourism has suffered a series of devastating events throughout history, such as a major earthquake in 1979 and war between 1991 and 1995, which has left the local tourist economy in tatters. However, cultural tourism in Dubrovnik has been proven as a more sustainable type of tourism than the mass tourism in Alanya, which can be mostly seen through the environmental impacts. In Dubrovnik, tourism is used to increase environmental awareness of the local population, and moreover, the city has recognized the financial values of cultural sites, which are used for the protection and preservation of the heritage.While Dubrovnik is putting a lot of effort to preserve its culture and heritage, Alanya’s main aim is to attract more tourists. For that reason, Alanya is much more sensitive than Dubrovnik concerning the possible threats to become an overdeveloped and overcrowded destination. The rich cultural and historical heritage make Dubrovnik a special and unique tourist destination, and therefore it is facing less risk than Alanya that it will be replaced by the other destinations in the near future. What is important for both communities is to be aware that positive consequences of tourism can arise only if, and when tourism is carried out and developed in a sustainable way. In order to achieve positive correlation between tourism and the local community, an involvement of the local population is essential. In Dubrovnik, the local population has been already involved in the implementation of the tourism, but the potential is still not completely used and there is much more to be done. On the other hand, the priority for Alanya perhaps should be a development of the alternative types of tourism with the special focus on the cultural tourism, which would enable Alanya to become a year-round tourist destination and provide more jobs for the local population, as well as greater income for the community. Moreover, earned money could be used for the protection of the environment and cultural heritage, and involvement of the local population in the planning process would arguably lead to more sustainable tourism.

  • 86.
    Bechtel, Nicola
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Bojko, Roman
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Völkel, Ronja
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Be in the Loop: Circular Economy & Strategic Sustainable Development2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Current human activities have a significant impact on the socio-ecological system, endangering this system’s capacity to support human civilization and biodiversity. Today’s linear industrial model can be seen as a main driver of this challenge, which implies a need for a model that uses less raw material and is more aligned with the cyclical nature of Earth. A concept that claims to provide such a model is Circular Economy (CE). This study analyses CE for its potential contribution to strategic sustainable development, and explores the barriers and enablers companies face in its implementation process. The main methodologies used for this research include the analysis of the concept by means of a conceptual framework and a Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, as well as interviews with experts in related fields. The research exposed several gaps between CE and strategic sustainable development. The main barriers were found on a technological, legal, economic level, and at the behavioural level, i.e. the difficulty to change mindsets. Leadership, collaboration, the CE concept itself and customer behaviour were identified as important enablers. These results show that the concept is difficult to implement and that there is a need for a refined approach, which is easier to apply while leading closer towards sustainability.

  • 87.
    Becker, Viktor
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    SKB i planerings-och gestaltningsprocessen: -Om att konceptualisera det "omätbara"2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I staden finns ingen socialdioxid. Detta sammanfattar den underliggande problemställningen som har legat till grund för hela arbetet. Hur ska vi mäta social hållbarhet och jämställa dess faktorer mot ekologi och ekonomi? Vi står inför en rad stora sociala utmaningar i och med den rådande bostadsbristen och urbaniseringen, detta kräver att vi vågar testa nya metoder i stadsbyggandet. Men hur ska vi utvärdera, mäta och breda plats för det sociala perspektivet? Eller måste vi bara tvingas inse att sociala konsekvenser är ”omätbara”?

    Hållbarhet som begrepp har många gånger avfärdats för att vara allt för öppet och vitt. Därför krävs det metoder för att definiera hållbarhet och gör begreppet konkret och arbetbart i planeringsskedet. Detta har i Sverige bland annat gjorts för den ekologiska hållbarheten genom miljöbalken och kravet på miljöbedömningar, som sedan kan utmynna i en miljökonsekvensbeskrivning (MKB). För den sociala hållbarheten har det inte på sammasätt utvecklats några verktyg. På senare tid har dock den sociala hållbarheten blivit en allt större fråga. Till exempel har Göteborg genom projektet ”Social hållbar utveckling år 2020” tagit fram en kunskapsmatris för bedömning av social hållbarhet i planeringen. Ett antal mindre kommuner, däribland Gällivare, har tagit fram så kallade sociala konsekvensbeskrivningar (SKB) som är ett verktyg för att konceptualisera den sociala hållbarheten i planeringen. Men hur fungerar egentligen sociala konsekvensbeskrivningar i praktiken och hur kan de integreras i planerings-och gestaltningsprocessen?

    I arbetet diskuteras begreppet sociala konsekvensbeskrivningar och dess förhållande till det sociala hållbarhetsbegreppet samt vad sociala konsekvenser egentligen innebär. Vidare diskuteras även för-och nackdelar av konceptualisering genom framförallt checklistor och designprinciper. Arbetet omfattas av en generell forsknings-och kunskapsöversikt, samt en fallstudie över Gällivares arbete med social hållbarhet genom strategiska dokument och SKB. Slutligen översätts teorin och analyserna till ett planförslag med fokus på att stärka den sociala hållbarheten i Gällivare. 

    I arbetet konstateras bland annat att sociala konsekvensbeskrivningar ännu är ett svagt begrepp ur en svensk kontext. Begreppet har inte slagit rot på samma sätt som sitt syskon, MKB, och detta skapar en begreppsförvirring som påverkar SKB-begreppet negativt. För att gå vidare krävs det att vi kan enas om ett begrepp för att förflytta diskussionen från: ”Vad betyder SKB?” till att istället fråga oss ”Hur ska SKB användas för komplettera den övriga planprocessen och konceptualisera sociala konsekvenser på bästa sätt?” För att den sociala hållbarheten ska bli en självklar del av processen krävs det att vi kan enas om ramverk och riktlinjer för att möjliggöra för bredare samverkan och diskussion.

  • 88.
    Belaieff, Antoine
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Moy, Gloria
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Rosebro, Jack
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Planning for a Sustainable Nexus of Urban Land Use, Transport and Energy2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Land use, transport, and energy systems create demands that are transferred to ecosystems. Urban sprawl is increasing, open space and farmland are disappearing and climate change is a growing concern. Yet local, national, and EU policies on sustainable development and economic growth are often at odds with one another. A sector-by-sector approach that focuses on incremental actions precludes effective, integrated solutions. Progress towards sustainability requires a systems-based perspective grounded in science. This paper presents a comprehensive and strategic framework to help communities (1) adopt a whole-systems view to land use, transport, and energy, (2) develop a vision to guide their actions, and (3) strategically adopt actions that close the gap between the current reality and the envisioned sustainable future. An emphasis is placed on strategies related to governance structures and strategies to secure political and public acceptance, including approaches to public participation.

  • 89.
    Benaim, Andre
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Collins, Amber
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Raftis, Luke
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Social Dimension of Sustainable Development: Guidance and Application2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the shift towards a sustainable society, there have been varying interpretations of what this will mean for the social sphere. Using the parameters for social sustainability presented in the framework for strategic sustainable development (FSSD), this research sought to assist sustainability practitioners in identifying and eliminating the creation of or contribution to barriers that undermine the individual’s capacity to meet their needs. In doing so, the researchers explored the processes of social systems and employed a systems thinking perspective to examine how an organization could, through the intentional structuring of its processes, work to eliminate their contributions to arriers. From this research, characteristics of processes that move an organization towards socially sustainable development were identified as cooperation, transparency, openness, inclusiveness and involvement, around which a guidebook was developed to promote organizational reflection and examination of processes in regards to these characteristics and fundamental human needs.

  • 90.
    Bengtsson, Linda
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Nilsson, Carina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Den virtuella världens baksida- en studie om barn och ungdomars utsatthet på Internet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola Sektionen för Management Arbetets art: C-uppsats 10p Sociologi 41-60p Titel: Den virtuella världens baksida- en studie om barn och ungdomars utsatthet på Internet Författare: Linda Bengtsson och Carina Nilsson Handledare: Kerstin Arnesson Abstract Uppsatsen behandlar barn och ungdomars utsatthet på Internet. På många plan fungerar Internet som ett verktyg och hjälpmedel, som dessutom skapar möjligheter till bland annat informationssökande och kontaktskapande. Datorns intrång i samhället är dock inte endast av godo, utan det finns en baksida, som på många sätt drabbar barn och ungdomar. Syftet med studien är att belysa barn och ungdomars utsatthet i form av sexuell exploatering och exponering vid flanering och interaktion på Internet. Vilka former av sexuell exploatering och exponering förekommer och vilka blir konsekvenserna för de utsatta barnen och ungdomarna, är frågor som kommer att behandlas i arbetet. Problemområdet studeras empiriskt med hjälp av en kvalitativ metodtriangulering, bestående av en telefonintervju samt ett personligt dokument. Telefonintervjun genomfördes med en kvinnlig psykolog vid Rädda Barnen i Stockholm, och det personliga dokumentet skildras i form av ett brev, författat av en mamma till en autistisk pojke som blivit sexuellt utnyttjad på Internet. Läsaren kan även ta del av information kring uppsatsens problematik, i form av tidigare publicerat material samt forskning som bedrivits inom ämnesområdet. Bland annat presenteras material från organisationer som, Rädda Barnen, BRÅ och Ecpat. Uppsatsens teoretiska del består av Sveningsson et al samt Turkles tankar kring identitetens betydelse vid kroppslös kommunikation och interaktion. Även Goffmans dramaturgiska teori behandlas, vilken belyser individens olika roller vid interaktion, beroende av kontext. Avslutningsvis presenteras Giddens, genom ett framställande av hans tankar kring modernitetens efterdyningar och begreppet tillit. Uppsatsens viktigaste slutsatser är att barn och ungdomars utsatthet på Internet gestaltas i flertalet skilda former. Resultatet visar bland annat att Internet är den största marknaden för spridning av barnpornografiskt material. Det förekommer att barn och ungdomar, via chatt blir övertalade att klä av sig framför webbkameran, mot någon form av ersättning. Ett karaktäristiskt drag för denna form av utsatthet, är att bilder som publicerats på Internet riskerar att cirkulera i etern till allmän beskådning, i oöverskådlig tid. Det har även framkommit att pedofiler använder sig av Internet för att etablera kontakter med barn och ungdomar. De konsekvenser som utsattheten för med sig varierar, men de barn som utsätts för sexuella övergrepp i form av fysisk våldsföring, är de som mår sämst. Andra konsekvenser är posttraumatiskt stressyndrom, depression, skam och- skuldkänslor samt svårigheter med att känna tilltro till sin omgivning. Nyckelord: Barnpornografi Pedofil Barn och ungdomar Internet Identitet Utsatthet

  • 91.
    Bengtsson, Maria
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Mutual Influence between EU Transnational Interreg Programmes and National Planning Authorities-The Cases of Sweden and Denmark:A Comparison2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to study the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) Programme and the North Sea Region (NSR) Programme within the Transnational Interreg IV B Programme for the period 2007-2013, by making a comparison between Sweden and Denmark. The thesis looked at the level of involvement of both National Planning Authorities in the designing process of the programmes and projects, and investigated whether the Interreg programmes influence the authorities in their work with future policy-making, and the national spatial planning policies in general. The ambition of the thesis was also to clarify the links between the Interreg Programmes, the ESDP document, the Territorial State and Perspectives of the European Union and the Territorial Agenda, and how these documents have influenced the EU Territorial Cohesion debate and the creation of the EU Baltic Sea Strategy. The reason was to better understand the role of the National Planning Authorities in the implementation of the transnational programmes and their work towards territorial cohesion. The methods used for the thesis consisted of secondary research and analysis of the intergovernmental “Territorial Documents”, the Interreg programmes and their specific projects, and not least, the study of books, articles, and other documents and sources of interest for this topic. Interviews were made with people working at Swedish “Boverket”, Danish “By- og Landskabsstyrelsen” (BLST) and “Danske Regioner” (Danish Regions). Some of the main findings have been the different approaches among the Planning Authorities towards their potential leadership in the Interreg projects, the little time dedicated to the Interreg work in general at Swedish Boverket, and Boverket’s scarce intervention in the development-process of the EU Baltic Sea Strategy. On the Danish side there is very little priority given to the diffusion and transfer of knowledge, while in Sweden on the other hand, this is one of the main issues for all the authorities involved. The conclusion is that, even if Sweden and Denmark are close neighbours and are collaborating in many fields, there are some substantial differences in attitude and action towards their role as participators of the Transnational Interreg projects, differences which, if emphasised, could be useful knowledge for both parts in order to develop their own Interreg-work, responding to the growing interest of the EU in territorial concerns.

  • 92.
    Bengtsson, Therese
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Business Administration and Social Science.
    Werner, Lina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Business Administration and Social Science.
    Locus of Control och arbetstillfredsställelse hos män och kvinnor i privat och offentlig sektor2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen var att se om det fanns någon skillnad i Locus of Control och arbetstillfredsställelse hos män och kvinnor i privat och offentlig sektor. Antal deltagare i undersökningen var 60 där två urvalsgrupper använts bestående av privat (n = 30) och offentlig (n = 30) sektor i Blekinge och Skåne län. Mätinstrumenten som användes var ett arbetstillfredsställelseformulär och ett Locus of Control formulär. T- test, korrelationsanalys, multipel regression och tvåvägs-ANOVA användes för beräkning av data i SPSS. Slutsatser som kunde dras var att män generellt sett är mer tillfredsställda än kvinnor och att offentliganställda är mer tillfredsställda än privatanställda. Det finns dock större skillnader mellan män och kvinnor än mellan de olika sektorerna. Två mönster kunde urskiljas genom studien där det första var att det endast för män hade betydelse för arbetstillfredsställelsen huruvida de hade intern eller extern kontroll. Det andra mönstret som kunde urskiljas var att arbetsuppgifterna tydligen är en mycket viktig faktor för den generella arbetstillfredsställelsen.

  • 93.
    Bengtsson, Victoria
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Hållbar stadsplanering för tillväxt2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    En undersökning om motiven till planläggningen av den hållbara stadsdelen Bo01 i Västra Hamnen, Malmö. En analys sker även om hur staden hanterade konsekvenserna i val av strategi.

  • 94.
    Benner, Andrea
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    McDonald, James
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Sallak, Abderrahim
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Towards a Sustainable Maritime Transport Corridor: How Could Security and Safety Help Attain This Goal ?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a fast moving world where maritime transport corridors play a major role in the movement of people and goods, there are significant sustainability issues with these operations. This paper considers the sustainability of these corridors and the contribution of security and safety measures to achieve sustainability. The research commences with a literature review and practitioner survey on sustainability, security and safety of maritime transport, then develops the analysis using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) and causal loop diagrams to analyze and evaluate measures and actions that could lead towards a sustainable maritime transport corridor - education and training, energy alternatives, waste management, dematerialization, efficient land and sea use, standardized operations between ports and community engagement. The Baltic Transport Corridor is used for analysis. Further recommendations are made in order to facilitate the path for future research and study.

  • 95.
    Berbatovci, Bane
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Thoughts, feelings and experiences by students – a study of motivation and mental health in the individual senior high school program2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka elevers tankar, känslor och upplevelser av studier inom det individuella gymnasieprogrammet. Enligt tidigare forskning och enligt teorierna framgår det att elever som går det individuella programmet har negativa tankemönster, upplever psykisk ohälsa och depressiva symtom. I undersökningen har både kvantitativa och kvalitativa data analyserats. En enkätundersökning har skickats ut hos eleverna och två intervjuer har gjorts, en intervju med en lärare och en med en kurator. Resultatet visar höga procent av negativa tankemönster, depression och psykisk ohälsa hos eleverna. Samtidigt visar resultaten att negativa tankemönster kring skolan och individuella programmet förändras till det mer positiva under programmets gång. Även motivationen ökar under skolans gång för eleverna som går det individuella programmet.

  • 96.
    Berge, Sophie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Svensson, Morgan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Att leva med ena foten över kanten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I det gränslösa arbetets tid tenderar ledaren att arbeta mer och samtidigt vara mer flexibel och tillgänglig på sin fritid. Detta gör att det blir svårt att hålla en balans mellan de olika roller som existerar i hemmet och på arbetet, vilket kan medföra att ledarens psykiska välbefinnande hotas. Den tidigare forskningen fokuserade mycket på medarbetarens livsbalans och ur ett genusperspektiv, men lite fokus har legat på ledarens livsbalans relaterat till hur ledarens familjesituation ser ut. Därför undersöktes i denna studie hur ledarens familjesituation inverkade på arbetsbelastning, stress, psykiskt välbefinnande och det gränslösa arbetet. Studien syftade även till att undersöka om det gränslösa arbetet överhuvudtaget existerade och ifall det fanns något samband med arbetsbelastning, stress och försvagat psykiskt välbefinnande. En kvantitativ enkätundersökning genomfördes med 37 ledare. Det visade sig att ledarna som levde ensamma hade högre arbetsbelastning, stress och gränslöst arbete än de som levde familjeliv. De ledare som levde ensamma hade också ett försvagat psykiskt välbefinnande än ledarna som hade familj. Dessa resultat kunde kopplas till hur betydelsefullt det sociala stödet från privatlivet var för individen. Denna studie stärkte teorin om det gränslösa arbetet och att det dessutom hade ett starkt samband med stress, arbetsbelastning och försvagat psykiskt välbefinnande.

  • 97.
    Bergkvist, Anna Sara
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Hur hushållas det med mark och vatten? en studie av tillämpningen av hushållningsbestämmelserna i 3 och 4 kap MB2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Den fysiska riksplaneringens riktlinjer och den senare lagregleringen av dem i NRL och MB har varit en del av det svenska planeringssystemet i snart 40 år. De senaste åren har kritik riktats mot att systemet är föråldrat och inte fungerar på det vis det var tänkt. Denna uppsats undersöker närmare uppfattningen av att hushållningsbestämmelserna inte fungerar, med fokus på hur man i den kommunala planeringen hanterar riksintressena. Varför fungerar inte planeringen av riksintressena som tänkt? Ligger felet i systemet eller i tillämpningen av det? Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera vad som orsakar glappet mellan teori och praktik, genom att studera hur hushållningsbestämmelserna tillämpas i fem utvalda kommuner. Syftet med studien är också att hitta intressanta frågeställningar för vidare studier av ämnet. Problemet preciseras till skillnaden mellan tillämpningen av lagstiftningen och hur det var tänkt att tillämpas. I uppsatsen studeras bland annat hur kommuners organisation och politiska styrning påverkar tillämpningen. Tre metoder används. Interventionsteori för att tolka hushållningsbestämmelserna, komparativ analys för att identifiera faktorer som kan påverka kommunernas arbete med riksintressen och kvalitativ intervju för att uppnå fördjupad kunskap om kommunernas arbete. Hushållningsbestämmelserna i miljöbalkens 3 och 4 kapitel kan härledas direkt till riksplaneringen under 70- och 80-talet. Naturresurslagen trädde i kraft 1987, och hushållningsbestämmelserna överfördes oförändrade till Miljöbalken 1998. Flera modeller har används för att visualisera hur samordningen mellan myndigheterna ska ske, både under fysiska riksplaneringen och under senaste året. I kapitel 5 sammanfattas interventionsteorin och två systemmodeller konstrueras. I kapitel 6 beskrivs hur kommunernas särskilda redovisning av riksintressen i översiktsplanen. Tre faktorer studeras: hur riksintressena redovisas; om samtliga hushållningsbestämmelser redovisas; om kommunen beskriver hur säkerställandet av riksintresseanspråken ska ske. Studien av översiktsplanerna visar att tre av kommunerna redovisar riksintressen i ett särskilt kapitel eller bilaga. Två av kommunerna redovisar samtliga hushållningsbestämmelser och tre av kommunerna beskriver säkerställandet av åtminstone något riksintresse mer utförligt. Två av kommunerna bedöms ha ett i huvudsak fullständigt underlag i översiktsplanen för att arbeta vidare med riksintressen i planeringen och bygglovshandläggning. I kapitel 7 jämförs kommunerna i ett antal faktorer som tros påverka hur kommunen redovisat riksintressen i översiktsplanen. (94) 5 Faktorer som invånarantal, tillgång till fördjupat kunskapsunderlag och politisk styrning studeras och jämförs mellan kommunerna. I kapitel 8 redovisas intervjuer med tjänstemän och politiker i de studerade kommunerna samt de berörda länsstyrelserna. Från intervjuerna identifieras ett antal teman som viktiga att belysa. Kunskaps- och planeringsunderlaget är mycket viktigt för kommunernas planering, och översiktsplaneringen är viktig för att riksintressesystemet ska fungera. I kapitel 9 redovisas slutsatser. Slutsatsen är att det finns brister i kommunernas översiktsplaner när det gäller översiktsplanen som vägledande dokument för hur kommunen ska arbeta med områden av riksintresse i detaljplanering och bygglovshandläggning; att det finns skillnad i hur utförligt de olika riksintressena redovisas; att den kommunala organisationen kan påverka hur väl riksintressen redovisas och att det kan finnas samband mellan hur länsstyrelsen presenterar sin roll och hur kommunerna ser på sin roll.

  • 98.
    Berglund Snodgrass, Lina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Conceptualising Knowledge in Spatial Planning and Displacement of “the Political”2017In: DISP, ISSN 0251-3625, E-ISSN 2166-8604, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 33-41, article id RDSP 1414487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that organising spatial planning policies by funding local projects constitutes a steering mode that organises knowledge in such a way that it contributes to displacing “the political” in local spatial planning practice. “The political” is conceptualised as a space of agonistic conflicts and choicemaking (Mouffe 2005a). Such an organisation of knowledge operates to consolidate the initial framing of the problem, in which the goal and the possibility to monitor the goal is in focus, rather than challenging or questioning it in the name of justness and fairness. This is illustrated through an analysis of conceptualisations of knowledge within 127 project applications within the Swedish government's Safe and Gender Equal planning policy (2008–2010), which the National Board of Housing, Building and Planning facilitated in conjunction with the County Administration Boards of Sweden.

  • 99.
    Berglund Snodgrass, Lina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Dags att rusta skolan2010Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 100.
    Berglund Snodgrass, Lina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Demanding Certainty: A Critical Examination of Swedish Spatial Planning for Safety.2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation constitutes a critical examination of Swedish spatial planning for safety. Spatial planning for safety rests on a number of assumptions about the desired order of the world. These assumptions appear as given and unproblematic, making the formulation of alternatives appear unnecessary. This dissertation provides an account of how, and on what basis a spatial planning problem such as ‘fear and insecurity’ is formulated and acted upon. It is an account of how and what conceptions of knowledge operate to legitimise ideological representations of spatial planning problems. And furthermore, what these ideological representations of spatial planning problems substantially entail, so as to allow for a political spatial planning practice that formulates and deliberates alternatives. This is carried out by analysing assumptions of public life and knowledge within Swedish spatial planning for safety. 

    This dissertation finds that Swedish spatial planning for safety constitutes ‘certainty’ as a hegemonic criterion for participating in public life, which operates to limit the articulation of alternative discourses in spatial planning for safety. The desired for safe public life is organised based on visual certainty, where the urban fabric should be configured in such ways as to allow for stereotypical visual identifications of one another. Such a public life reflects an individualised practice, where perceptions of fear should be governed by individuals themselves, by independently assessing situations and environments in terms of risks. This individualised conduct is coupled with the fostering of active subjects, which encompasses being engaged in the local residential areas as well as in one another. Such substantial content of ‘planning for safety’ brings about tensions in terms of its ideological legitimating basis, by moving from principles of ‘rights’, where the individual constitutes the first ethical planning subject, to unitary principles of ‘collective values’, in which the ‘community’ constitutes the first ethical planning subject. These presuppositions are further enabled through the ways in which knowledge is conceptualised in spatial planning. This dissertation argues that a hegemonic instrumental emphasis on knowledge in spatial planning prevails. Having such a hegemonic emphasis on knowledge has the implication that even though spatial planning adopts different assumptions, or moves between alternative assumptions of knowledge, the knowledge becomes meaningful only in its instrumental implementation. The instrumental emphasis on knowledge should be regarded in light of the rational and goal-oriented nature of project-based planning, which constitutes a logic that constrains the emphasis on knowledge in spatial planning. This dissertation argues further that if spatial planning should be considered a political practice that debates its goals and values, a politicisation of the emphasis on knowledge in spatial planning is imperative.

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