Change search
Refine search result
1 - 4 of 4
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Falk, Johannes
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Fracture prediction of stretched shear cut edges in sheets made of Dual-Phase steel2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dual-Phase (DP) steels, part of the group of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS), are used by car manufactures due to its large strength to weight ratio. The high strength of the DP steel does have a negative impact on the formability during sheet metal forming and stretch forming, e.g. fractures often appear in shear cut edges during forming of blanks made of DP steel.

     

    The main objective with this thesis is to develop a new punch for Volvo Cars that concentrates the strain to the sheared edges of a test specimen made from different types of DP steel. This is done to be able to measure and obtain maximum fracture strain during stretch forming tests in a press. The newly developed test method is called CTEST (Concentrated Trim Edge Strain Test).

     

    The tests are performed with DP steel specimens with three different qualities of the shear cut edges; fine cut, medium cut and worn cut. DP steels tested are DP600GI, DP600UC and DP800GI from three different suppliers. 10 different types of DP steels are tested in this study with different thickness. Thickness of specimens tested are 1 mm, 1.1 mm, 1.5 mm and 2 mm and all specimens tested have a lengthwise (RD) rolling direction.

     

    The quality of the sheared cut edge has a great impact to the formability and maximum fracture strain of the specimen. A specimen with a fine cut endures higher fracture strain than medium cut and a worn cut for all types of DP steel with different thickness. A 1 mm thick specimen endures a lower fracture strain than 1.5 mm and 2 mm specimen for all cut qualities.

     

    Further, the impact of the orientation of the burr zone of a shear cut edge is studied. With the burr zone facing upwards from the CTEST punch the formability of the specimens is decreased compared to a burr zone facing downwards, especially for a worn cut specimen with micro cracks and imperfections in the edge surface.

     

    ARAMIS Digital Image Correlation (DIC) system is used to analyze the specimen edges during press experiments. The ARAMIS results unveil that several small fractures appear in the sheared edges of a specimen just before the specimens split into two pieces. This phenomenon was seen for specimen with worn and medium shear cut qualities.

     

    Finite Element (FE) simulations of the CTEST is performed in AutoForm to determine maximum values of the true strain for the three different cut qualities. The simulation in AutoForm does show a slightly higher value of the force and press depth than the value from the press test before maximum fracture strain in reached. The small fractures seen in ARAMIS just before the specimen split into two pieces cannot be seen in the simulation in AutoForm.

  • 2.
    Hallstedt, Sophie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Isaksson, Ola
    Chalmers University of Technology, SWE.
    Material criticality assessment in early phases of sustainable product development2017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 161, p. 40-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Improving structural performance of products is often realized by introducing increasingly advanced and complex materials as well as material combinations. What material to use in products is decided in the early product development phases and has a decisive impact for manufacturing, maintenance and end-of-life. A particular challenge is that the decisions need to be made upfront, where information of the forthcoming product is limited. This paper presents an early product development method to assess the criticality of alloy materials from a resource availability- and sustainability perspective. The method distinguishes itself from previous studies that focus on element criticality on a country level. The method is used to characterize and analyze the criticality of alloys in a three-step process that aims to support product design teams selecting what material alloy to use in early phases of design. It provides a proactive and systematic approach related to critical materials to avoid potential future problems on a long-term basis. The method presented has been developed in an action research-based approach in an aerospace company where a product design team validated and evaluated the material criticality method. The generic nature of the method is likely to be applicable not only to aerospace companies but also to other industries using advanced alloys. An important finding from applying the method in the company case was the clear link between long term business impact and sustainability performance. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

  • 3.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Measuring material properties of thin films with DIC and tearing test of laminate2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Thin polymer materials are today widely used in industry and production. An ordinary food package can have around six different layers of materials laminated together to obtain the desired protection. To obtain an efficient usage of these materials simulations are often required. But the simulations require precise and good material models and properties. To obtain these properties through standard tests are difficult as normal strain gauges or extensometers can’t be used. Much research has been done on this kind of material. But still, the knowledge of the behaviour in certain cases is limited. One such area is the tearing of a laminated material.

     

    The first objective of the work is to test a new measurement method, Digital Image Correlation (DIC), for thin polymer films and test if the method is applicable. DIC is a non-contact measurement technique that measure the deformation of a stochastic pattern. The strain is then calculated from this deformation. These strains can then be used to obtain material properties and behaviour. The second objective is to test the tearing behaviour of a laminate.

     

    The material used is a laminate between a PET (100 μm) and LDPE (25 μm) film. When testing the single layers they were carefully delaminated with a plexiglass staff. As the material can be anisotropic the materials were tested in five directions: Machine Direction (MD); 22,5˚; 45˚; 67,5˚ and Cross Direction (CD). The work and tests were performed at BTH Campus Gräsvik.

     

    An experimental setup for DIC with the usage of chalk spray and backlight was tested. Five tests were performed with and without DIC pattern. It was calculated that the DIC specimens were within standard deviation of the reference tests. GOM Correlate was used to evaluate the strains and visualise the distribution. The strains obtained were also used to calculate the true stress of the specimens and estimate the Poisson’s ratio.   

     

    Through testing it was concluded that the tearing of the laminate led to delamination in one of the legs. The delamination always appears in the leg where the LDPE film will experience tensile forces. The crack also angels towards 45˚. By testing single layers it was found that the PET film angles when teared, likely caused by the anisotropy of the material.   

     

    An experimental setup for the use of DIC for thin polymer has been developed. This method can be used for future measurements and improvement of material models. The behaviour of laminated tearing was observed and some conclusions could be drawn about its behaviour. However, a lot more work is required on this subject.

  • 4.
    Rudenko, Oleg
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering. Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Hedberg, Claes
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering. Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mathematics and Science. Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering. Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Blekinge Institute of Technology, Department of Telecommunications and Mathematics.
    A new equation and exact solutions describing focal fields in media with modular nonlinearity2017In: Nonlinear dynamics, ISSN 0924-090X, E-ISSN 1573-269X, Vol. 89, no 3, p. 1905-1913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brand-new equations which can be regarded as modifications of Khokhlov–Zabolotskaya–Kuznetsov or Ostrovsky–Vakhnenko equations are suggested. These equations are quite general in that they describe the nonlinear wave dynamics in media with modular nonlinearity. Such media exist among composites, meta-materials, inhomogeneous and multiphase systems. These new models are interesting because of two reasons: (1) the equations admit exact analytic solutions and (2) the solutions describe real physical phenomena. The equations model nonlinear focusing of wave beams. It is shown that inside the focal zone a stationary waveform exists. Steady-state profiles are constructed by the matching of functions describing the positive and negative branches of exact solutions of an equation of Klein–Gordon type. Such profiles have been observed many times during experiments and numerical studies. The non-stationary waves can contain singularities of two types: discontinuity of the wave and of its derivative. These singularities are eliminated by introducing dissipative terms into the equations—thereby increasing their order. © 2017 The Author(s)

1 - 4 of 4
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf