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  • 1.
    Ada, Ketchie
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Meret, Nehe
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Hila, Shapira
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    For the Creative Problem-Solver: An Integrated Process of Design Thinking and Strategic Sustainable Development2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the dawn of humanity design has influenced human life. Today, facing the depletion of the socio-ecological system, increasing complex problems threaten humanity’s existence. Design has been a contributor to creating such problems, yet with appropriate tools can become a source for solutions. Design Thinking (DT) was identified as a possible approach that could contribute to Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD). The purpose of this thesis is to examine potential contributors and hindrances of the DT process with regards to SSD, and create a prototype for an integrated process that could help achieve more strategic and sustainable outcomes. With the use of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) as a lens to examine the above, along with interviews, Action Research and expert feedback, an integrated process was created. Results of the interviews and FSSD analysis helped shape two prototypes that were examined through the mentioned methods. It was indicated by participants of the Action Research and by experts that the prototype could help reach a strategic and sustainable outcome, and further refinement should be pursued. The final prototype is presented as part of the discussion, suggesting additional tools and actions that if included could create a possible Sustainable DT (SDT) process.

  • 2.
    Al-hedny, Suhad
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    European Community Measures to Reduce Nitrate Pollution2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Water protection proves to be a difficult task, whether it is dealt with through legislation or the implementation of a process to reduce further pollution. This study considers how the issue of water pollution from nitrates in agricultural practices has become better understood through the reforms of the common agriculture policy (CAP) and the enactment of various regulations and directives by EU. The implementation of the EC Nitrate Directive is a main focus of this study because it was a major movement towards protecting water against pollution from agriculture, and an important step in implementing the Water Framework Directive. The implementation process is analyzed from both a formal and practical perspective, along with a discussion of the difficulties that arose in the implementation phase. There is a focus on the implementation of the Nitrate Directive in UK, with an emphasis on England as a case study. The study finds that if the distribution of responsibilities (planning, regulating, implementing, and reporting) is shared between national, regional and local bodies, the compliance with political regulations becomes easier. It is also concluded that rearrangements of the existing institutions are necessary to reduce costs, exchange new ideas that could translate to regulative ideas, and create an atmosphere of trust between regulators and implementers. It can be concluded from this study that, despite the traditional centralization of governments, England has taken several steps towards integrating institutions and has tried to be open and responsive to the local communities. Finally, there are several lessons that can be learned from the UK’s approach to control nitrate pollution, which are discussed and outlined in the conclusion of this study.

  • 3.
    Anthony, Tontoh
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Implementing an Environmental Planning System2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem Climate change is here now causing dramatic storms, heat waves and other extreme temperature that affects everyone on earth. The importance of environmental issues has triggered politicians, governmental bodies and industries to take precautionary measures. This has caution organizations to initiate activities that will reduce the damage caused by them to the environment although it may involve cost. One of these organisations is the Green Scorpion in South Africa that has prosecuted steel companies in the country for environmental violation. Highveld Steel Limited is one of these companies. This has prompt these steel companies to implement an environmental management system (EMS). The cost and benefits, of introducing such preventive measure makes it advisable to implement a suitable EMS that will be relatively important to the organization interest. Purpose The research is meant to guide the implementation of an environmental management system. This will be the result of steel companies in South Africa to develop an environmental management system that would be realized to suit them. Also, the research will examine the strength, weakness and managerial endeavours of Highveld Steel Limited to implement an efficient environmental management system. Method Qualitative and deduction based research approaches were preferred compared to quantitative and induction research. Grounded theory is the qualitative research method that is used in this research. It was done with caution to confirm and verify the trustworthiness of the data we used with other sources of information and references. Telephone interview was used to collect empirical data. The author beforehand will prepare a questionnaire for interview with a top manager. To accompany the research an extensive literature review will also be undertaken. Not only will this provide a valuable insight into how others have approached this subject area, but it will also ensure that the investigation is not duplicated by any previously undertaken work in addition to ensuring a degree of depth in understanding the concepts and theories involved. Result The research reveals that Environmental Management Implementation Process (EMIP) could help South Africa Steel companies to adopt an appropriate environmental management system. Four main stages were deduced for the proposed EMIP for an environmental management system to be efficient. The four main stages are research, analysis, choice and implementation. The research concludes that EMIP could generate environmental management system (EMS) that would be of interest to stakeholders and enhance better use of resources for Highveld limited. Also, EMIP will ensure that, Implementation of an EMS will not restrain corporate objective achievement.

  • 4.
    Barrow, Charlotte
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Peterka, Stephanie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Ozcuhadar, Tuna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Open Source as Leverage towards Sustainable Housing2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Shelter poses global sustainability challenges, as the population increase accelerates and resources dwindle. It is crucial for initiatives addressing the growing housing demand to incorporate a sustainability perspective. Open source, a form of Internet information-sharing, is being utilised by various housing initiatives worldwide. However, a sustainability perspective is not always included in a robust and holistic way, despite the negative impacts for human needs and ecosystems resulting from many aspects of current housing practices. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development includes basic conditions for a sustainable society and a planning and decision-making methodology to move systematically towards sustainability. It provides a robust method for organizing, evaluating and using tools to aid in handling sustainability challenges effectively. This thesis aims to contribute to the development of affordable, sustainable design solutions, by modelling the incorporation of the FSSD into open source housing initiatives. A case study of a housing project under development in Ghana is used. Despite the complexity of the system under study, the research concludes that bringing a strategic sustainable development perspective to open source approaches can act as leverage for housing to move towards sustainability. Within this context, guidance is provided for approaching open source housing to contribute to SSD.

  • 5.
    Bergkvist, Anna Sara
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Hur hushållas det med mark och vatten? en studie av tillämpningen av hushållningsbestämmelserna i 3 och 4 kap MB2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Den fysiska riksplaneringens riktlinjer och den senare lagregleringen av dem i NRL och MB har varit en del av det svenska planeringssystemet i snart 40 år. De senaste åren har kritik riktats mot att systemet är föråldrat och inte fungerar på det vis det var tänkt. Denna uppsats undersöker närmare uppfattningen av att hushållningsbestämmelserna inte fungerar, med fokus på hur man i den kommunala planeringen hanterar riksintressena. Varför fungerar inte planeringen av riksintressena som tänkt? Ligger felet i systemet eller i tillämpningen av det? Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera vad som orsakar glappet mellan teori och praktik, genom att studera hur hushållningsbestämmelserna tillämpas i fem utvalda kommuner. Syftet med studien är också att hitta intressanta frågeställningar för vidare studier av ämnet. Problemet preciseras till skillnaden mellan tillämpningen av lagstiftningen och hur det var tänkt att tillämpas. I uppsatsen studeras bland annat hur kommuners organisation och politiska styrning påverkar tillämpningen. Tre metoder används. Interventionsteori för att tolka hushållningsbestämmelserna, komparativ analys för att identifiera faktorer som kan påverka kommunernas arbete med riksintressen och kvalitativ intervju för att uppnå fördjupad kunskap om kommunernas arbete. Hushållningsbestämmelserna i miljöbalkens 3 och 4 kapitel kan härledas direkt till riksplaneringen under 70- och 80-talet. Naturresurslagen trädde i kraft 1987, och hushållningsbestämmelserna överfördes oförändrade till Miljöbalken 1998. Flera modeller har används för att visualisera hur samordningen mellan myndigheterna ska ske, både under fysiska riksplaneringen och under senaste året. I kapitel 5 sammanfattas interventionsteorin och två systemmodeller konstrueras. I kapitel 6 beskrivs hur kommunernas särskilda redovisning av riksintressen i översiktsplanen. Tre faktorer studeras: hur riksintressena redovisas; om samtliga hushållningsbestämmelser redovisas; om kommunen beskriver hur säkerställandet av riksintresseanspråken ska ske. Studien av översiktsplanerna visar att tre av kommunerna redovisar riksintressen i ett särskilt kapitel eller bilaga. Två av kommunerna redovisar samtliga hushållningsbestämmelser och tre av kommunerna beskriver säkerställandet av åtminstone något riksintresse mer utförligt. Två av kommunerna bedöms ha ett i huvudsak fullständigt underlag i översiktsplanen för att arbeta vidare med riksintressen i planeringen och bygglovshandläggning. I kapitel 7 jämförs kommunerna i ett antal faktorer som tros påverka hur kommunen redovisat riksintressen i översiktsplanen. (94) 5 Faktorer som invånarantal, tillgång till fördjupat kunskapsunderlag och politisk styrning studeras och jämförs mellan kommunerna. I kapitel 8 redovisas intervjuer med tjänstemän och politiker i de studerade kommunerna samt de berörda länsstyrelserna. Från intervjuerna identifieras ett antal teman som viktiga att belysa. Kunskaps- och planeringsunderlaget är mycket viktigt för kommunernas planering, och översiktsplaneringen är viktig för att riksintressesystemet ska fungera. I kapitel 9 redovisas slutsatser. Slutsatsen är att det finns brister i kommunernas översiktsplaner när det gäller översiktsplanen som vägledande dokument för hur kommunen ska arbeta med områden av riksintresse i detaljplanering och bygglovshandläggning; att det finns skillnad i hur utförligt de olika riksintressena redovisas; att den kommunala organisationen kan påverka hur väl riksintressen redovisas och att det kan finnas samband mellan hur länsstyrelsen presenterar sin roll och hur kommunerna ser på sin roll.

  • 6.
    Bernhardt, Jan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Urban Sprawl: origins and environmental consequences2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present work is to provide a brief survey of the process of urban sprawl. What are its origins, how did it develop and why? Moreover, focus will be on envi-ronmental concerns in the framework of urban sprawl. The thesis concentrates on develop-ments in Europe and North America, where cities can look back on a long history of sprawl, and where processes have become very sophisticated. Based on a detailed description of the origins and history of urban sprawl in Europe and the United States, potentially sprawl-induced effects on the environment will be presented and discussed. In a further step, urban sprawl in two case studies (Stuttgart and Leipzig) will be highlighted and discussed with special focus on environ-mental effects. The purpose in doing so is basically to provide a basis and a starting point for further discussions concerning potential and actual effects of sprawl on environment con-cerns.

  • 7.
    Bibri, Mohamed
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    ICT Design Unsustainability & the Path toward Environmentally Sustainable Technologies2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study endeavors to investigate the negative environmental impacts of the prevailing ICT design approaches and to explore some potential remedies for ICT design unsustainability from environmental and corporate sustainability perspectives. More specifically, it aims to spotlight key environmental issues related to ICT design, including resource depletion; GHG emissions resulting from energy-intensive consumption; toxic waste disposal; and hazardous chemicals use; and also to shed light on how alternative design solutions can be devised based on environmental sustainability principles to achieve the goals of sustainable technologies. The study highlights the relationship between ICT design and sustainability and how they can symbiotically affect one another. To achieve the aim of this study, an examination was performed through an extensive literature review covering empirical, theoretical, and critical scholarship. The study draws on a variety of sources to survey the negative environmental impacts of the current mainstream ICT design approach and review the potential remedies for unsustainability of ICT design. For theory, central themes were selected for review given the synergy and integration between them as to the topic under investigation. They include: design issues; design science; design research framework for ICT; sustainability; corporate sustainability; and design and sustainability. Findings highlight the unsustainability of the current mainstream ICT design approach. Key environmental issues for consideration include: resource depletion through extracting huge amounts of material and scarce elements; energy-intensive consumption and GHG emissions, especially from ICT use phase; toxic waste disposal; and hazardous substances use. Potential remedies for ICT design unsustainability include dematerialization as an effective strategy to minimize resources depletion, de-carbonization to cut energy consumption through using efficient energy required over life cycle and renewable energy; recyclability through design with life cycle thinking (LCT) and extending ICT equipment’s operational life through reuse; mitigating hazardous chemicals through green design - low or non-noxious/less hazardous products. As to solving data center dilemma, design solutions vary from hardware and software to technological improvements and adjustments. Furthermore, corporate sustainability can be a strategic model for ICT sector to respond to environmental issues, including those associated with unsustainable ICT design. In the same vein, through adopting corporate sustainability, ICT-enabled organizations can rationalize energy usage to reduce GHG emissions, and thereby alleviating global warming. This study provides a novel approach to sustainable ICT design, highlighting unsustainability of its current mainstream practices. Review of the literature makes an advance on extant reviews of the literature by highlighting the symbiotic relationship between ICT design and environmental sustainability from both research and practice perspectives. This study adds to the body of knowledge and previous endeavours in research of ICT and sustainability. Overall, it endeavours to present contributions and avenues for further theoretical and empirical research and development.

  • 8.
    Bitterman, Michal
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lopez, Viviana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Wright, Fiona
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    A Bridge to Peace: Strategic Sustainable Development as an approach to Conflict Resolution2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: This thesis argues that taking a strategic sustainable development (SSD) approach to conflict resolution in areas of the world in long-term intractable conflict with intermittent violence could support an effective process and lasting outcome. SSD proposes a holistic systems perspective and decision-making framework to address challenges and opportunities at the largest scale, including identifying root causes and drivers of the conflict as well as finding common ground internally and externally. The currently unbalanced dynamics between the two fundaments of sustainability, a robust ecosystem and social fabric, are the basis of deeply unsustainable patterns of behaviour which are often also at the heart of conflicts. Socio-ecological unsustainability can be both a threat, and an opportunity for resolution and social change. The framework offers a proven way of organizing, evaluating and using tools that can aid in dealing with sustainability issues constructively, and evidence is presented to suggest its usage can be extended to conflict issues. This thesis analyzes the links between sustainability, strategic sustainable development and conflict resolution work in the areas of conflict described, and proposes a set of guidelines for approaching conflict resolution with SSD.

  • 9.
    Böber, Elisabeth
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Seeds of Change: Urban Agriculture2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays more than half of the world´s population lives in cities. Urbanization is viewed as the primary cause of many problems, but also as the primary stage for more sustainable development in the 21st century. But the increasing and ongoing urbanization changes the economic, social, environmental and political setup of cities and can have several negative impacts related to economic and social inequities and environmental damage. At the same time the global sustainability challenges intensifies. Especially cities need to become more sustainable; they need to abolish their dependence on the unsustainable management of resources like water, energy and food.

  • 10.
    Capano, Immanuel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Renewable Energy Policy Practices: Three European Cases.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of renewable energy sources in EU member states is expected to increase, leading to a more sustainable energy mix, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and a lower dependency from fossil fuels. Promoting the production of renewable energy is a topic that nowadays tops the agenda of many national and regional governments, due to three main reasons: environmental, energy security and regional development reasons, whereby the environmental reasons can be considered the driving force. The Thesis aims at distilling lessons learned from a comparative study of the policies practices in three large Member States and it analyses the relevance of the policy context for the development of the renewable energy (RE) sector. This study examines the national policies of EU member states towards the development of renewable energy, and the rationale for government intervention in this area. It analyses the different supporting instruments adopted by the three Member States and the impact that have on the development of the RE sector.

  • 11.
    Carlsson, Liesel
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Callaghan, Edith
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Morley, Adrian
    Manchester Metropolitan University, GBR.
    Broman, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Food system sustainability across scales: A proposed local-to-global approach to community planning and assessment2017In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 6, article id 1061Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in food systems sustainability is growing, but progress toward them is slow. This research focuses on three interrelated challenges that hinder progress. First, prevailing visions lack a concrete definition of sustainability. Second, global level conceptions fail to guide responses at the local level. Third, these deficiencies may lead to conflicting initiatives for addressing sustainable food systems at the community level that slow collective progress. The purpose of this article is to (1) describe the development of a framework for assessing food system sustainability which accommodates local-level measurement in the context of broader national and global scale measures; and (2) to propose a process that supports community determinacy over localized progress toward sustainable food systems. Using a modified Delphi Inquiry process, we engaged a diverse, global panel of experts in describing "success" with respect to sustainable food systems, today's reality, and identifying key indicators for tracking progress towards success. They were asked to consider scale during the process in order to explore locally relevant themes. Data were analyzed using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) to facilitate a comprehensive and systematic exploration of key themes and indicators. Key results include a framework of indicator themes that are anchored in a concrete definition of sustainability, stable at national and global scales while remaining flexible at the local scale to accommodate contextual needs. We also propose a process for facilitating community-level planning for food system sustainability that utilizes this indicator framework. The proposed process is based on insights from the research results, as well as from previous research and experience applying the FSSD at a community level; it bears promise for future work to support communities to determine their own pathways, while contributing to a more coordinated whole. © 2017 by the author.

  • 12.
    Cornmark, Sandra
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Människans interaktion med miljön2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en beskrivning och undersökning på vad utemiljön har för betydelse för oss som individer och hur den påverkar oss. Uppsatsen kommer först att gå igenom en litteraturgenomgång, sedan görs en analys av två bostadsområden i Kristianstad och därefter presenteras en intervjuundersökning som har gjorts på respektive bostadsområde. Utefter de slutgiltiga resultaten kommer uppsatsen att avslutas med en diskussion och slutsats. Enligt bl.a. Karla Werner (Olsson m.fl. 1998), Kevin Lynch (1977) och Patrik Grahn (Olsson m.fl.) föredrar människan platser där denne känner sig hemma och kan skapa sig en egen identitet. Även Maria Nordström (Olsson m.fl. 1998) betonar hur människan kan skapa sig en identitet i utemiljön. Men hon påpekar istället att detta sker först och främst under vår barndom. Boverket (1994:12) skriver också om identiteten, men i detta fall är det grönskan de skriver om. De menar att det är grönskan som ger en karaktär och identitet till staden, även Grahn (1986) antyder på detta. Lynch (1977), Grahn (Olsson m.fl. 1998) och Nordström (Olsson m.fl.) skriver om hur viktig naturen är för vårt barndomsminne och att vårt minne påverkar hur vi ser på saker och ting senare i livet. Nordström skriver också att hon märkt genom en undersökning att barns uppfattning gentemot naturen skiljer sig åt från vilken kultur de har. Enligt hennes undersökning visar det sig att franska barn är mer inriktade på människorna runtomkring när de ska beskriva en miljö. Svenska barn är däremot mer inriktade på att förklara själva naturen runtomkring. Detta var något som kunde märkas i en del av frågorna i intervjuundersökningen som gjordes till denna uppsats. När respondenterna skulle beskriva utemiljöer var de flesta svar relaterade till naturen, det svar som skiljde sig åt var från personen med utländsk bakgrund. Denne var mer inriktad på att beskriva vikten av människorna runtomkring.

  • 13.
    Ditlevsen, Christoffer Moe
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Technology and Aesthetics.
    Čehovin, Martin Björkman
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Technology and Aesthetics.
    Den dramatiska kraften i filmmusik, Filmmusikens dramatiska vikt i modern media2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    När och varför tillsätter man musik till en scen i ett filmscenario? Med informationsresurser och teorier från etablerade medieteoretiker såsom Michel Chion, Oliver Sacks samt Johnny Wingstedt söker vi svaret. Genom beprövade analysmetoder bryter vi ner kritikerrosade filmer för att finna hur musiken präglat dem. Analyserna har sedan sammanfattats och jämförts för att kärnan av dem skall kunna identifieras. I diskussionen slår vi fast att det finns många verktyg att tillämpa när man vill styrka expressiviteten eller känslointensiteten, och varför man tillsätter musik till film; Att antingen stärka ett budskap som gestaltas i bild, eller inducera känslan av något som inte går att tolka genom endast visuella medel. Dessa resultat använde vi sedan för att skapa ett ramverk inför produktion av musik och ljud till Emil. (2014) , en modern samt mörkare tolkning av Emil I Lönneberga (1971) med en underton av ett dysfunktionellt familjeförhållande. Nyckelord: Musik, dramaturgi, film, känslor, analys, narrativ When and why is music implemented to a specific scene in a film? With informational resources and theories from established media-abstractionists like Michel Chion, Oliver Sacks and Johnny Wingstedt, we’re on a hunt for the ultimate answer. With well proven analytic methods we break down critically acclaimed movies in search of how music has characterized them. The outcome of the analyses has been put together to identify their common dramatic core. In the discussion we state that there are many tools available when one wishes to accentuate the expressionistic and emotional effects of a piece, and why one would use these pieces for film. The reason being that of wishing to emphasize a message or feeling show in picture, or induce a feeling of something not visible on screen. The results were then used for the framework which we work within when producing sound and music material for Emil. (2014), a modern, darker interpretation of Emil I Lönneberga (1971). Keywords: Music, dramaturgy, film, emotions, analysis, narrative

  • 14.
    Ede, James
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Graine, Sophia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Rhodes, Chris
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Moving Towards Sustainable Food Consumption: Identifying Barriers to Sustainable Student Diets2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adopting more sustainable consumption habits has been identified as a necessary step in the progression towards a sustainable society. In the area of sustainable consumption, personal food behaviour represents a strong leverage point. University students have been identified as a strategic audience; habits established during this transformative period can track forward into later life. This study seeks to identify the barriers inhibiting students from eating more sustainably. Perceived benefits of eating more sustainably, student food preferences, and student definitions of sustainable food are also identified. Focus groups, surveys, and interviews were carried out at universities in Europe, North America and Australia. Results show that perceived cost of sustainable food and a lack of knowledge, time and availability were ubiquitous barriers preventing students from adopting more sustainable eating habits. In addition to gathering the perceptions of others, the authors’ understanding of the challenges and benefits of eating more sustainably was augmented by a month-long self-study. Results from the self-study show that it is feasible to eat more sustainably without incurring additional costs. Recommendations informed by the focus groups, surveys, interviews and self-study are made to help students overcome the barriers to eating more sustainably.

  • 15.
    Gomér, Johan Johansson
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Wärneryd, Erika
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Natura 2000- implementation and application in Sweden, Case study of Botniabanan and Tre Toppar2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When Sweden first implemented Natura 2000 in 1995, it was done in a hurry and not all the information from the European Commission was interpreted as it was intended. The fact is that it took a long time for the authorities in Sweden to really understand Natura 2000 and its potential. The big break came in 2000 when the Swedish environmental Code was changed to match the regulations of Natura 2000. This created problems for already planned projects in Sweden that now had to follow the new rules. The implementation also provided the environmentalist management to advance at the expense of the spatial planning in a struggle about the governance over the landscape. In this thesis the Natura 2000 network is described as an instrument and compared to other nature protections in Sweden. The thesis also gives a description on how Natura 2000 is built up and how it was and is implemented in Sweden. The Environmentalist paradigm and planning paradigm are described and presented in the case studies Tre Toppar and Botniabanan. The development of the two cases is also described to get a picture of how differently they were managed and how different they turned out in the end.

  • 16.
    Grahn, Linnea
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Fysisk planering i Sápmi2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det ligger ett stort ekonomiskt intresse i de näringar som finns etablerade i Sápmi och de naturresurser som ännu inte exploaterats. Norrländska älvar, skogar och mineraler bringar stora inkomster till Sverige varför det finns ett samhälleligt intresse i att ge goda förutsättningar för att utnyttja landets naturresurser. Mineralbrytning och vindkraftsparker är intressanta etableringar i både fjäll- och skogsland och högaktualiserar frågan om rennäringens fortsatta bedrivande. Det finns även andra ekonomiska intressen i fjällområdena bortom energiproduktion, gruvnäring och skogsbruk som gör anspråk på mark och vatten som omfattas av renskötselrätt. Omfattande intrång i renbetesmarker och hinder för den praktiska renskötseln utgörs nämligen också av turism och friluftsaktiviteter. Med detta som bakgrund finns det ett intresse och behov av att studera svenska kommunala, statliga och rättsliga instansers hantering och värdering av rennäringsintresset i frågor som rör den fysiska planeringen på mark med rätt för sameby att utöva renskötsel. Examensarbetet har koncentrerats till två fallstudier och med hjälp av en metod för kvalificerad uppföljning av offentlig förvaltning har resultatet av fallstudierna analyserats. Den ena fallstudien behandlar ett bygglov för en vildmarkscamp i Kuossanjarka i Kiruna kommun medan den andra fallstudien behandlar en detaljplan för ett fritidshusområde i Nedre Laukkuluspa, också det i Kiruna kommun. I analysen och diskussionen utifrån examensarbetets problemställning har det framkommit att svenska myndigheter hanterat och värderat rennäringsintresset på ett olikartat sätt i ärendehandläggningen. Myndigheter har inte tydligt redovisat vilka argument och mot bakgrund av vilka lagbestämmelser eller annat underlag som beslut fattats. En sådan otydlighet kan bland annat skönjas i myndigheters tolkning av bestämmelserna i första och andra stycket i 3 kap. 5 § MB, där det inte tydligt kunnat utläsas om eller på vilket sätt, skillnaderna i de båda styckena vägts in i myndigheternas bedömningar och beslut. Vad beträffar myndigheters hantering av riksintresset för rennäring, har det framkommit att tolkningen av bestämmelsen även där skett på ett disparat sätt. Skillnader återfinns både i myndigheternas bedömning av det underlag som legat till grund för beslut liksom vilka konsekvenser den förändrade markanvändningen kan få och vilka effekter det kan ge på riksintresset. I myndigheternas värdering av risken för påtaglig negativ inverkan på förutsättningarna att utöva renskötsel, har bedömningar generellt gjorts utifrån det enskilda fallet och inte med hänsyn till det samlade intrång i betesmarker som berörd sameby fått utstå eller beräknas kunna få utstå i framtiden. Därutöver kan konstateras att översiktsplanen som varit gällande för de två fallen har brustit i sin funktion som beslutsunderlag då riksintressanta områden för rennäring inte redovisats i laglig ordning.

  • 17.
    Holmberg, Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
    Offentliga miljöer – Hur de underlättar alternativt försvårar människors hälsofrämjande livsmedelsval2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett av de viktigaste folkhälsomålen som finns i både Sverige och i världen är våra försämrade matvanor. Under de senaste decennierna har övervikt och fetma ökat konstant. Insatser för att förbättra situationen har ofta grundats i kunskapsökning. Men man har mer och mer kommit underfund med att miljön vi vistas i har större påverkan på våra matvanor än vad vi tidigare trott. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om miljöer underlättar eller försvårar för människan att välja ett mer hälsosamt livsmedel. Observationer gjordes på ett antal cafeterior för att bland annat undersöka vad som såldes och köptes, om besökarna påverkades på något sätt i sina val av livsmedel och om miljön hade någon inverkan. Resultatet av studien visade att valmöjlighet, livsmedelsutbud, personal, miljö samt ekonomisk styrning var viktiga faktorer för att människor skulle göra hälsosamma livsmedelsval. I ett eventuellt förändringsarbetet för caféerna var det därför viktigt att ha ett billigt, brett och mättande utbud, innehållande både hälsosamma och ohälsosamma livsmedel. Sortimenten i caféerna bör visas upp på ett positivt sätt som inbjuder till köp, samt att man gör de mer hälsosamma livsmedlen mer lättillgängliga. Dessutom hade det betydelse om personalen var väl tillmötesgående och uppmuntrade till hälsosamma livsmedelsval. Det kom bland annat fram att caféer där ungdomar vistades, hade ett mer ohälsosamt livsmedelsutbud än övriga observerade caféer. Observationsstudien visade även att caféer på arbetsplatser överlag hade ett bättre livsmedelsutbud och där konsumerades heller inte ohälsosamma livsmedel i samma utsträckning som på övriga caféer.

  • 18.
    Iryna, Usava
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT IN A COUNTRY OF TRANSITION:2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract SEA is currently becoming an important tool for sustainable development. The main principles of SEA are to incorporate environmental considerations to the process of development of strategic documents and to make the process of the decision-making more transparent. Over the past years, there have been an increasing number of countries especially transitional and developing countries such as Belarus that consider joining the international conventions for SEA such as EU Directive 2001/42/EC (the SEA Directive) and UNECE SEA Protocol. This research focuses on the capacity assessment for SEA implementation in Belarus. The benchmarks for SEA capacity assessment were defined. For identifying the approaches for SEA implementation in the countries in transition, the experience of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe was analyzed. The capacity assessment for Belarus was made involved three levels, namely, system level, as well as organizational and individual levels. The paper analyses strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for SEA implementation in Belarus. The study concludes with some suggestions that might help to improve capacity for SEA implementation.

  • 19.
    Jackson, Kellee
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Johnson, Pierre
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Jolley, Melinda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Strategic Methods in Community Engagement for UNESCO Biosphere Reserves2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aimed to find strategic methods in community engagement related to regional sustainable development, specifically within the context of regions in Europe and North America that are applying for the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve designation. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development was presented as a planning framework that can fill gaps in the current Biosphere Reserve planning process. A tool for assessing community engagement based on the five Process Characteristics of transparency, cooperation, openness, inclusiveness, and involvement was created and used to explore community engagement practices in six UNESCO Biosphere Reserve regions in Sweden and Canada. The assessment of methods used in those six regions yielded a list of nine methods which stood out in contributing to community engagement.

  • 20.
    Jogie, Greg
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Shukat, Ayaz
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    How do Global Retail Companies utilize Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporations around the world are today acknowledging more and more the need of long-term sustainability strategies integrated into their core businesses. This has led to the use of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) framework. H&M and UNIQLO are no different. They are established global retailing companies and heavily affected by the consumers demand of a sustainable work process. The demands are often heard when news hits of problems in the supply-chain. This can be issues like unsatisfactory working conditions in factories, environmental issues caused by production and general imbalance of labor policies. Such problems have put pressure on the companies to enact a proper reporting framework for their sustainability efforts and that is the focus of this thesis. The objective is to understand how well the organizations’ have been using CSR and the goal is to look at their behavior within their supply chain processes and their environmental focus. We will then benchmark them according to the sustainability measurement framework called Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). GRI is a framework widely used by the top global companies today and as it has a diversified perspective on CSR; it can expand the views of CSR from the consumer and the corporate perspective to a global reporting perspective. That perspective is unbiased and globally accepted. The conclusions drawn in the end of the thesis, shows the similarities and differences of the companies CSR actions and the gap that they need to fill to really strengthen their focus on CSR. A way forward is to understand these gaps and create a strategy which will help the companies overcome these obstacles in the long run.

  • 21.
    Johansson, Helena
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Människor och offentliga rum: inom norrcity i Örebro2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Stadens offentliga rum är en viktig arena för stadslivet. Detta påstående har varit utgångspunkten för att undersöka de fysiska förutsättningarna i stadsrummet och vad de har för betydelse för mötet mellan människor. Människor ska ha möjlighet att mötas i det offentliga rummet, men det behövs en anledning för att vistas där. Det kan vara så enkelt som att titta på andra människor, men då måste människor välja att uppehålla sig just på den platsen. I examensarbetet utpekas ett antal element i den fysiska miljön som underlättar eller försvårar möjligheten till att vistas i den offentliga miljön. En avgränsad del av norrcity i Örebro har fungerat som studieområde, bestående av Järntorget, Henry Allards park och del av Storgatan. Norrcity besitter ett av Örebros ”finrum” med historiska miljöer så som Henry Allards park med utsikt över Örebro Slott och omgivningar. Storgatan på norrcity fungerade som Örebros shoppinggata nummer ett under första delen av 1900-talet. Därefter förflyttades de huvudsakliga shoppingstråken till södra delen av Örebro city. Storgatans shoppinggata består nu alltmer av alternativa orientaliska småbutiker. Järntorget fungerar idag huvudsakligen som parkeringsyta till bilar men också i begränsad utsträckning som marknadsplats. Examensarbetet har utgått ifrån sju begrepp, som är hämtade från Bentley et al. Responsive Enviroments: A manual for urban designers (1985). De sju olika begreppen har förtydligats med hjälp av metoder ifrån Jan Gehl, Kevin Lynch och Gordon Cullen och Edward T Hall. Gehls metod som är hämtad från boken Life between buildings (2001) används under begreppet variation, valbarhet. Lynchs metod som är hämtad från boken The image of the city (1960) används under begreppet orienterbarhet. Cullens metod är hämtad från boken Townscape (1961) och används under begreppet visuella upplevelser. Halls metod är hämtad från The hidden dimension, (1966) och används under begreppet design för olika sinnen. De sju begreppen som har genomsyrat examensarbete är: 1. Tillgänglighet 2. Visuell upplevelse 3. Variation 4. Orienterbarhet 5. Valbarhet 6. Design för olika sinnen 7. Påverkan Vid varje begrepp har tillvägagångssättet för den valda metoden beskrivits, under kapitlet begreppsanalys. Därefter har studien av stadsmiljön på norrcity genomförts, där hänsyn har tagits till mina egna men också andra människors förhållanden till den fysiska miljön. Fokus har baserats på inventeringar, observationer och upplevelser av planområdet. Järntorget är den plats som i slutsatsen behöver flest förändringar, platsen har många brister men också en hög potential! På Järntorget finns förutsättningar för plats till aktiviteter. Genom att aktiviteter äger rum, finns underlag för att en bredare publik kommer att infinna sig. Storgatans barriär mellan Järntorget och Henry Allards park bör tonas ner för att låta de sociala och valbara aktiviteterna ta plats. Förslag till förändringar har haft en underordnad betydelse i examensarbetet. Slutsatserna i kapitlet ”studien av norrcity” ligger till grund för kapitlet ”förslag till förändringar” och presenterar åtgärder i den fysiska miljön som underlättar för möten mellan människor.

  • 22.
    Kristiansson, Alex
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Medved, Leonard
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Fantasymiljö i 3D2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete visar processen och olika element som kan användas eller krävs för att skapa en trovärdig fantasymiljö. Genom att läsa, samla in och sammanfatta information om miljöer, växter, tekniska processer, färger, ljus och form från litteratur, internet och egna erfarenheter har vi skapat en slags guide över hur man kan skapa en trovärdig miljö. Växter kan inte ha för enformig placering i miljön utan måste placeras enligt slumpmässig naturligt kaos. De 3D-modeller som miljön innefattar måste ha vissa attribut så som smuts, damm, röta, brister, rivor och sprickor. Inget är kliniskt rent i naturen. Något som man oftast inte tänker på, är att det nästan inte finns kanter i naturen som är helt skarpa och vassa, därför bör man tänka på att runda de flesta kanterna på sina modeller. Färg, ljus, textur och skuggor är något man kan använda sig av för att förmedla känslor på ett effektivt sätt. Ett exempel på hur man kan förmedla en viss känsla, är att placera en ljuskälla på ett sätt där man lyser upp ett objekt underifrån, detta kommer skapa en känsla av onaturlighet och mystisk.

  • 23.
    Kumlin, Lina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Technoculture, Humanities and Planning.
    Klimatanpassning på en strategisk planeringsnivå2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Framöver kan vi vänta oss ett varmare och mer nederbördsrikt klimat i Sverige. Detta beror till stor del på den globala uppvärmningen, som huvudsakligen orsakas av den ökade mängden växthusgaser i atmosfären. Högre temperaturer bidrar bland annat till att havsisarna smälter snabbare vilket höjer havsnivån. Ett varmare och fuktigare klimat kommer att på olika sätt påverka mark, byggnader och infrastruktur. En höjd havsnivå leder till att kustområden i högre grad drabbas av översvämningar och erosion. Intensiva och mer långvariga regn leder till fler källaröversvämningar och ökad markinstabilitet. Områden som tidigare betraktats som säkra kan drabbas. En tydlig koppling mellan klimatfrågan och den kommunala planeringen finns genom att kommunerna ansvarar för planeringen av mark- och vattenanvändningen. Från och med första januari 2008 har dessutom risken för olyckor, översvämningar och erosion lagts till som kriterier för kommunens lämplighetsprövning i Plan- och bygglagen. Det innebär att Sveriges kommuner måste beakta klimatförändringarnas konsekvenser så att bebyggelse och infrastruktur lokaliseras till områden som är säkra, även framöver. Planeringen måste även ta ställning till åtgärder som minskar konsekvenserna av klimatförändringarna. Det kan handla om allt från att utarbeta olika slags strategier, till att sätta in mer specifika åtgärder. Genom att ta hänsyn till hur klimatet utvecklas skapas en beredskap. Ett exempel är att se till att ha en aktuell Dagvattenstrategi med en handlingsplan för hur VA-systemen kan byggas ut för att klara högre flöden. I examensarbetet har Flemingsberg i södra Stockholm fungerat som fallstudie. I området planeras en omfattande utbyggnad de kommande decennierna. Det handlar om såväl bostäder som stora infrastruktursatsningar. Huddinge kommun och Botkyrka kommun arbetar tillsammans för att ta fram en fördjupning av översiktsplanen för Flemingsberg. I fallstudien presenteras Flemingsbergs förhållanden i dagsläget, hur området kommer att utvecklas fram till år 2030 samt de klimatanpassningsaspekter som bör beaktas. En slutsats är att det finns ett behov av ett planeringsunderlag som tar pågående och kommande klimatförändringar i beaktande. Det gäller bland annat markförhållanden och VA-kapacitet, utan detta är det svårt att ta de rätta strategiska besluten. De åtgärder som kan bli aktuella för Flemingsberg är att exempelvis dimensionera VA i ett tidigt skede, ge markanvisning åt den som bygger klimatsmartast och att ange riktlinjer för att bevara största möjliga andel grönska. Förändringar i klimatet kan orsaka svåra påfrestningar på samhällets funktioner och på naturmiljön. Att minska sårbarheten inför extrema väderhändelser är därför ytterst viktigt, både utifrån dagens situation och utifrån pågående och kommande klimatförändringar. Hur vi planerar att bemöta dessa påfrestningar avgör i hög grad hur pass sårbart vårt samhälle kommer att vara för dessa klimatförändringar.

  • 24.
    Larsson, Kristina
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Planning and Media Design.
    Riksintressen i den översiktliga planeringen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Riksintressesystemet har sedan det lagstiftades år 1987 granskats, diskuterats och ifrågasatts. Tillämpningen av riksintressesystemet har ansetts haft grundläggande oklarheter och problem, bland annat vad det gällde riksintresseområdens aktualitet samt hur de skulle geografiskt avgränsas. Då bristerna och problemen med tillämpningen av riksintressesystemet ansågs vara av den omfattningen att det påverkade dess trovärdighet och legitimitet var det intressant att studera hur riksintressesystemet tillämpades i praktiken, i den översiktliga planeringen. Syftet med arbetet var att studera hur riksintressesystemet tillämpades i praktiken. Detta genom att undersöka hur Sveriges kommuner geografiskt avgränsade riksintressen enligt 3 kapitlet MB i den översiktliga planeringen, i förhållande till länsstyrelsernas underlagsmaterial. De metoder som användes i arbetet var en litteraturstudie samt en kvantitativ studie, i form av en enkätundersökning. Resultatet av litteraturstudien och enkätundersökningen påvisade att det fanns problem och brister med riksintressesystemet och tillämpningen av det, i den översiktliga planeringen. De slutsatser som kunde dras var att: • Majoriteten av kommunerna geografiskt avgränsade samtliga riksintressen enligt länsstyrelsernas underlagsmaterial, trots att ett flertal av tjänstemännen angav att kvaliteten på länsstyrelsernas underlagsmaterial var bristfällig i flera avseenden. • Det fanns skillnader mellan olika riksintressen för hur de hanterades och tillämpades i den översiktliga planeringen. • De statliga myndigheterna, länsstyrelserna och kommunerna saknade tillräckliga resurser, kunskap och kompetens för att kunna tillämpa riksintressesystemet. • Riksintressesystemet och tillämpningen av det genomfördes inte enligt intentionerna i gällande lagstiftning.

  • 25.
    Livitt, Alicia
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Hiscock, Danielle
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Piirtoniemi, Kirstin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Opportunity from Catastrophe: A Strategic Approach to Sustainability through Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning (Pre-DRP)2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research was to understand what elements should be considered in the construction of a pre-disaster recovery plan in order to move society towards sustainability during post-disaster recovery after a natural hazard event. A conceptual framework for Pre-disaster recovery planning (Pre-DRP) based on the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) was developed and critiqued by professionals in disaster management, resilience thinking, and sustainability in order to collect qualitative data to make the tool more rigorous and applicable to its intended audience. The revised framework, called the Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (Pre-DRP FSSD), includes a broad set of principles, planning strategies and guidelines, specifically designed to help communities become more resilient to disasters and move towards sustainability through Pre-DRP. As such, the Pre-DRP FSSD may help emergency planners at various levels of government to implement some of the strategic guidelines set out in the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015.

  • 26.
    Lund, Miguel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
    photovoltaics2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Solcellsteknik med nätanslutning är relativt nytt i Sverige och lagarna är oklara vad gäller anläggningar på bostadshus villor och offentliga hus. I analysen redovisas den ekonomiska aspekten av producerad solcellsel och konsumtionen av denna. Solcellsanläggningen på kommunhuset i Mönsterås har studerats, varvid följande resultat har framkommit: från de installerade solcellerna (210 kvm), får man 10 % av den totala energiförbrukningen i byggnaden. Kostnaden för solcellerna och installationen av dem är subventionerade av staten med 70 %. För den resterande kostnaden skulle solcellerna vara i bruk i 24 år för att täcka kostnaden. Produktionen och förbrukningen i kommunhuset i Mönsterås har jämförts med två solcellsanläggningar i Malmö och Göteborg (hur stor del av den el som förbrukats av Malmö kårhus och av äldreboendet i Göteborg har utgjorts av el från solcellsanläggningarna). Det visade sig att även Malmös och Göteborgs solceller, stod för cirka 10 % av deras totala energiförbrukning, vilket visar att den teoretiska beräkningen av Mönsterås solceller stämmer. Lennart Söders förslag om nya bestämmelser är till för att utveckla och stödja utbyggnaden av nya förnybara källor. Det har visat sig att det är för stor skillnad mellan stora (större än 1500 kW)och små (max 1500 kW) anläggningars kostnader för anslutning och elöverföring till nätbolag. Elbolagens höga kostnader för elmätning, som krävs för elcertifikat har gjort att många valt att inte skaffa dessa elcertifikat. Elcertifikaten är till för att stödja utvecklingen av förnybara energianläggningar. Därför har Söder även gett föreslag till ett skäligt sätt att läsa av sin egen mätare enklare. Lennart Söder föreslår att avgiften för de små anläggningarna ska vara 3öre/kWh plus en fast kostnad för mätning, beräkning och rapportering av nätkoncessionshavarens nät under max. 10 år från produktionsstart. Från 2015 betalar alla full årlig nätavgift. Anläggningar med max 63 amperes säkringsnivå och som är anslutna till lågspänningsnät ska inte behöva rapportera timvis utan månadsvis. De ska dessutom själva kunna göra mätning och rapportering för elcertifikat. De lagar som diskuteras i denna analys är 4 § (2003:113) som handlar om ändring i elcertifikat och ellag (4 kap. 10 § 1997:857). Lönsamheten av en investering i en solcellsanläggning är beroende av tre faktorer; elpriset på elmarknaden, solcellernas pris på marknaden och bestämmelserna om mätningskostnaden av förnybar energi. leder Det kan inte bli lönsamt förrän elpriset har stigit och solcellsystemen har sjunkit i pris, så att de ligger i samma prisklass som inköp av el från ett elbolag.

  • 27.
    MacKay, Laura
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Scheerer, Ann
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Takada, Tomomi
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Entrepreneurs as Change Agents to Move Communities towards Sustainability2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis argues that since the current global economic system contributes to the degradation of local economies and communities, alternative economic models based on multiple self-reliant economies led by community-based entrepreneurs could create a basis for a more sustainable global society. The research questions work to clarify how this vision of an alternate economic structure could become reality, and identify a gap in the skills base of current progressive entrepreneurs. Employing the method of backcasting and using an iterative research dynamic between the current reality of progressive entrepreneurs, as understood through case study interviews in four countries, and a vision of entrepreneurs as community-based change leaders, a new concept of entrepreneurship emerges in community sustainability entrepreneurship. The results point to four interactive skills for entrepreneurs, specifically that entrepreneurs a) hold and realize a vision of sustainable enterprise within sustainable community, b) support community needs through an ability to capitalize on community assets, c) develop competency in sustainable development and d) participate effectively in networks. Conclusions detail specific steps that can be taken by entrepreneurs, community development professionals and academics to realize the vision of entrepreneurs as community-based change leaders.

  • 28.
    Monteverde, Monique
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Pease, Katie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Thompson, Anthony W.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Community Food Systems: Working towards Sustainability and Satisfying Human Needs2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: A community food system (CFS) can assist a community in satisfying human needs while also working toward a principle-based understanding of sustainability. Utilizing a whole-systems perspective and the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, we identify generic satisfiers of human needs (as defined by Max-Neef: Subsistence, Participation, Identity, Idleness, Creation, Freedom, Affection, Understanding and Protection) that are affected by a CFS. Then we identify specific leverage points within the community food system that most enhance those generic satisfiers. By implementing strategies developed around those leverage points, a community food system will provide opportunities to meet Human Needs and help a community move toward sustainability. In doing so, the CFS can have a significant ―ripple effect‖ within the community, and on into society, that serves to support movement towards a sustainable future.

  • 29.
    Nurhadi, Lisiana
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    An Approach to Business Modeling for Sustainable Personal Road Transport2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Between 1950 and 2013 the total amount of Swedish travelling has increased from about 20 billion to about 140 billion passenger kilometers. This included an increase in travelling with private cars from about 3 billion to about 105 billion passenger kilometers, and in bus travelling from about 2.5 billion to about 5 billion passenger kilometers. The European commission has indicated that public transportation (if powered by clean fuels) is a suitable way to reduce environmental and health problems.

     

    This thesis focuses on sustainable personal road transport, and aims to develop and test a new approach to examining the economic and socio-ecological sustainability effects of various road vehicles for private travelling and related business models. A special focus is set on comparing various bus systems for public transport and ways (business models) for private people to access cars. The main comparison parameters are the total cost of ownership and carbon dioxide emissions of different energy carriers for buses and cars. The Design Research Methodology is used to guide the research approach. The approach also builds on the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, which includes, for example, principles that define any sustainable future and a strategic planning process. The approach first employs Strategic Life Cycle Assessment to give a quick overview of sustainability challenges in each bus life cycle stage from raw materials to end of life. Several analysis tools such as Life Cycle Costing, Life Cycle Analysis, Product Service System, and Business Model Canvas mapping are then iteratively used to ”dig deeper” into identified prioritized challenges. Literature reviews, interviews, and simulations are used as supporting methods.

     

    The results from a first theoretical test of the new approach suggest that a shift from diesel buses to electric buses (powered by renewable energy) could significantly lower carbon dioxide emissions, while also significantly lowering the total cost of ownership. The theoretical calculations were followed up by testing of electric buses in real operation in eight Swedish municipalities. The tests verified the theoretical results, and showed that electric buses are better than diesel buses both from a sustainability point of view and a cost point of view, and also that electric bus operation is a practically viable alternative for public transport. The new approach was tested also by comparing a variety of business models for private car travelling. The results indicate, among other things, that only people who travel more than 13.500 kilometers per year would benefit from owning a car.

     

    In all, the thesis suggests a simultaneous shift from diesel buses to electric buses in public transport and, for the majority of the car drivers that drive less than 13.500 kilometers per year, switching from car ownership to car use services would be favourable for an affordable transition of the transport sector towards sustainability. 

  • 30.
    Paradine, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Siopi, Vasiliki
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Management.
    Determinants of environmental awareness in small sized public organizations: A survey of environmental requirements in engineering projects' tender documents at a local authority2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental awareness among public authorities and governmental institutions has been a priority initiative for countries in the EU over the last years. The public sector is a major consumer of products and services, while their environmental policies are also at a top. Many EU Member Countries have already implemented EU legislation for greener purchasing in the public sector, while others are now preparing their National Action Plan. However, conscious acceptance of National Policy objectives and adoption of green environmental behavior in all scales of the public sector is a challenge. Researchers are concerned that public authorities and especially those of a small size are still focused on the lowest price as a leading factor in public tenders. Many studies have shown that lack of knowledge is a key determinant for the scarce environmental requirements in public procurements. Under this framework, this thesis explores the determinants that affect the implementation of environmental requirements in public procurements and consequently the environmental awareness of small sized public organizations. This thesis is based on a review of policy documents and a single case study investigation. The single case study was conducted on the Technical Department of a municipality in North Greece and the data sources were engineering projects’ public procurements and interviews from the local authority’s officers.

  • 31.
    Schulte, Jesko
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Hallstedt, Sophie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Challenges and preconditions to build capabilities for sustainable product design2017In: DS87-1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 17), VOL 1: RESOURCE SENSITIVE DESIGN, DESIGN RESEARCH APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES / [ed] Maier A.M.,Skec S.,Salustri F.A.,Fadel G.,Kim H.,Kokkolaras M.,Oehmen J.,Van der Loos M., Design Society , 2017, Vol. 1, no DS87-1, p. 1-10, article id DS87-1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable product innovation has previously been found to be positively correlated to competitiveness. However, in order to build capabilities for sustainability integration one must first understand companies' current state. The overall aim is therefore to identify common preconditions and challenges for sustainability integration in product innovation. A questionnaire study, targeting employees with roles in product development, was conducted at four medium-sized to large product development and manufacturing companies in Sweden. Results show that capabilities for sustainability integration are perceived as decisive for future company success, but are not considered to be correspondingly high prioritized today. Decision making is focused on material selection and energy efficiency, so no full socio-ecological sustainability perspective is covered. Formal decision support tools are only used by half of respondents and are a main area for improvement. Identified challenges include short-term economic thinking, lack of sustainability criteria and vague management commitment. Based on these findings, seven recommendations for companies are presented and validated.

  • 32.
    Serrure, Laurent
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Rootes, Lucia Beltrame and Zachary
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Solutions from Below: A strategic approach for the sustainable management of organised community seed banks2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organised community seed banks (OCBSs) are one of the main tools to preserve crop diversity at a local level and therefore constitute an important driver for local resilience, as well as an important tool to move society towards sustainability. Agriculture is a fundamental leverage point for society: it fulfils a basic survival need as well as being one of the causes of humans’ unsustainable impact on the environment. It also holds the key to the preservation of biodiversity, which is increasingly important in the face of climate change and extreme weather conditions, and the reduction in use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, which is necessary to move towards sustainability. Organised community seed banks have the potential to be a tool for this preservation of biodiversity, however, there is currently a lack of literature, resources and guidelines to position them as such. This research set out to identify the challenges that OCSBs face that could affect their success in contributing to a sustainable society, and the gaps between what management resources are available to them and their current management practices. With the aid of organised seed bank representatives and experts from around the world, the result was the design of a strategic approach to help OCSBs address their challenges and allow them to better contribute to the provision of food sovereignty, food security and socio-ecological sustainability.

  • 33.
    Utkucan, Ece
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Lobach, Matthew
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Larson, Wyeth
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Sustainable E-waste Management: Using the FSSD in a Case study at NUR2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how to apply an approach of strategic sustainable development to e-waste management through a case study at the National University of Rwanda (NUR). Interviews and surveys were conducted, and workshops and presentations were hosted during a site visit to NUR. No e-waste management system is in place in Rwanda, while the country is working to increase ICT capacity. At NUR, awareness of e-waste challenges is low, and management currently consists of storage and limited low-tech pre-processing. Suggested actions were prioritized and delivered to NUR in an action plan under three project categories: project core, e-waste management, and e-waste education and research with the aim of establishing a pilot project of e-waste management to make NUR an e-waste leader. A Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development was used to ensure e-waste is managed in a strategic way that leads to an e-waste management approach that could exist in a sustainable society. This research concludes that strategic sustainable e-waste management is possible at NUR and presents six theme areas to guide the development of an e-waste project with a systems perspective.

  • 34.
    Watz, Matilda
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Hallstedt, Sophie
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development.
    Addressing Sustainability in Product Requirements: a Systems Perspective2018In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, NordDesign 2018, The Design Society, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lack of sustainability considerations in product development can lead to unintended consequences that are costly in the long run, and difficult to solve. Furthermore, the sustainability performance of a solution is predominately determined by decisions in the early phases of the design process, in which requirements are formed and which plays an essential role to guide and constrain innovation. The purpose of this paper is therefore to explore possibilities to address previously identified research gaps regarding i) the importance and challenges to integrate sustainability aspects into design requirements, and ii) the need of a strategic approach based on a full socio-ecological sustainability perspective to select which sustainability criteria to integrate. The aim is to investigate how the influence of sustainability aspects on traditional design variables may be modelled using systems thinking, e.g., System Dynamics modelling, as previous research has pointed out this as an area for future research. Against this background this paper explores the potential of a systems thinking perspective within requirements development, and how it can be applied, to favour a strategic sustainability perspective in product development. A conceptual literature review covering systems engineering, requirements engineering and systems dynamics, was conducted to analyse which phase in the requirements development that could benefit from systems thinking to promote a strategic integration of sustainability criteria into the requirement list. The results point towards the domain between stakeholder requirements and functional requirements, to allow building of a shared understanding the full design decision context that can be cascaded through the requirement levels. Furthermore, a systems analysis model can clarify which requirements that are involved in trade-offs and how. In addition, more detailed requirements imply less space for innovation. One outcome of the paper is a simplified causal loop diagram, showing how a systems’ modelling approach can help identify both traditional trade-offs between strategically identified leading sustainability criteria and traditional design requirements. Potential incentives for sustainable design decisions were identified. Future research will focus on improving and testing the suggested approach and investigate how sustainability criteria indicators can be linked to design value drivers.

  • 35.
    Weidenhiller, Maximilian Martin
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Spatial Planning.
    Development in Coastal Areas in Ronneby Kommun from 1960 to 2018: GIS-Based Analysis of LIS Areas in Ronneby Kommun (Blekinge, Sweden) Using Orthophotos2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2009, Swedish municipalities have the possibility of limiting the coastal protection in rural areas with the LIS-tool in order to promote countryside development there. In 2013, Ronneby Kommun pointed out 28 such areas. The goal of this thesis is to describe the development in the coastal areas in Ronneby Kommun between 1960 and 2018, with a special focus on the recent development in the designated LIS areas since 2013. A proposal for the future application of the LIS-tool in the municipality is an additional goal. For the analysis of the LIS-tool as such, the author conducted two expert interviews and compared the results with the quantitative GIS-based analysis, using orthophotos, of the building activity along the shores in Ronneby Kommun. The data shows very low building activity within the LIS areas and a generally low building activity in the municipality recently. For the further application of the LIS-tool in its present form in Ronneby Kommun, the author proposes to either combine it with other measures to increase the attractivity of the existing LIS areas such as infrastructure improvements, or to wait some more time until the pressure on the housing market increases and thereby the general building activity. The municipality can then evaluate the individual areas independently of each other and adjust them to meet the demand on the housing market. In addition, the author and the experts suggest changing the LIS-tool in order to make it more forceful, independent and regional specific. In general, the results of this thesis are regional specific on Ronneby Kommun and, therefore, this thesis can be a comparison base for other research but does not generalize.

  • 36.
    Wilk, Julie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, SWE.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, SWE.
    Rydhagen, Birgitta
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Technology and Aesthetics.
    del Callejo, Iván
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Cerruto, Noelia
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Chila, German
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Encinas, Silvia
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Kumar, Arun
    Government College, IND.
    Rani, A.
    University of Kota, IND.
    Assessing vulnerability in Cochabamba, Bolivia and Kota, India: how do stakeholder processes affect suggested climate adaptation interventions?2018In: International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, ISSN 1946-3138, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 32-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Cochabamba, the vulnerability assessment process focused on La Maica community and the agriculture sector. Community stakeholders were involved in workshops while municipal and regional actors participated through interviews. In the Kota process, the municipality was in the geographical focal point and a multi-level stakeholder group focused upon slum inhabitants. The suggested interventions and actions in both cities were dominated by systems (infrastructure and ecosystems) while identified barriers and facilitating factors to implementation revealed a greater acknowledgement of governance issues. Focus on marginalized groups and sectors is facilitated by the direct representations of those issues. While multi-stakeholder processes can be important forums for social learning adaptation planning that benefit vulnerable sectors and groups, with limited inclusion and responsibility given to representatives of marginalized sectors and groups for implementation actions, it is likely that the interests and priorities of more powerful actors will dominate and not contribute to increasing the resilience of the most vulnerable. © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

  • 37.
    Wilk, Julie
    et al.
    Linkopings universitet, SWE.
    Rydhagen, Birgitta
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Technology and Aesthetics.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, SWE.
    Del Callejo, Iván
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Cerruto, Noelia
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Chila, German
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Encinas, Silvia
    Universidad Mayor de San Simon Bolivia, BOL.
    Framing and blaming in the Cochabamba water agenda: Local, municipal and regional perspectives2017In: Water Policy, ISSN 1366-7017, E-ISSN 1996-9759, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 620-636Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present framings of water issues at three administrative levels in Cochabamba, Bolivia to increase insight of how actors' perspectives facilitate, obstruct or strengthen suggested actions or solutions. Participatory vulnerability assessments were conducted with leaders in one peri-urban community and municipal and regional officials in waterrelated sectors. Actors framed water problems and potential solutions differently, placing blame most often at other levels of responsibility. While all pointed to the municipality as responsible for solving the most acute water problems, it was acknowledged that the municipality consistently underperforms in its responsibilities. All actors promoted concrete and detailed technical measures as solutions to many problems while governance-related ones such as training and increased cooperation between different levels were only discussed at an abstract level. While fiscal federalism would fit some of the suggested management solutions, issues such as ecosystem protection and flooding with cross-border externalities might require shared yet clearly defined responsibilities between different levels. We suggest that the water war of 2000 and the framings that emerged from it have so strongly impacted the current water management situation that alternative management models and solutions are rarely discussed. ©IWA Publishing 2017.

  • 38.
    Yılmaz, Delfin
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Kazbekov, Kirill
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Titiz, Merve
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Engineering.
    Decision Making for Strategic Sustainable Development in Selected Swedish Ecovillages2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite of significant role of collective decision making in strategic community development towards sustainability, this area is seen to be generally underestimated by community planners and ecovillage members, comparing with, for example, legal, financial and technological aspects of community life. This study aims to understand how Strategic Sustainable Development (SSD) perspective can contribute to decision making procedures in ecovillages in Sweden. The research examines how decision making procedures work in ecovillages today and to which extent strategic component, viewed through SSD perspective, is currently incorporated. Secondly research explores how SSD perspective could possibly be incorporated into decision making procedures in ecovillages, in order to foster their development towards sustainability. To address this purpose decision making model was created, based on literature review; three ecovillage studies were conducted; and recommendations were offered, based on findings from literature and findings from current experience of selected ecovillages in Sweden.

1 - 38 of 38
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