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Project grant
Title [sv]
Beslutsstöd för införandet av elbussar i linjetrafik
Title [en]
Decision support for implementing electric buses in public transport
Abstract [sv]
Syftet med projektet är att utveckla och testa ett nytt hållbarhetsinriktat besluts-stöd för upphandling av kollektivtrafik med elbussar. Affärsmodeller samt systemvalsmetodik är två av huvudfrågorna som ska studeras i projektet. Tidigare studier har visat på behov av anpassad upphandling av elbussar som inkluderar ny teknik som laddningsinfrastruktur och minimerar risktagandet för inblandade parter.
Abstract [en]
Previous studies and investigations in the bus industry have shown a need for customized procurement of electric buses that include charging infrastructure, minimize risk for the parties involved, and lead to a sustainable future. The project therefore wants to develop and test new sustainability-oriented decision support for procurement of public transport with electric buses. This is achieved by 1. Based on existing projects with electric buses identifying real yearly averages of costs, energy use and availability. 2. Measuring noise (incl. from acceleration) from several electric buses and based on the results propose a new EU noise measurement standard for buses that includes acceleration. 3. Integrating from 1 and 2 in a process and business model for procurement. 4. Testing and further developing an electric bus system selection method for procurement feasibility studies. This should enable a sustainability-oriented selection of battery sizes and charging infrastructure per line.
Publications (1 of 1) Show all publications
Grauers, A., Borén, S. & Oskar, E. (2020). Total Cost of Ownership Model and Significant Cost Parameters for the Design of Electric Bus Systems. Energies, 13(12), 1-28, Article ID 3262.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Total Cost of Ownership Model and Significant Cost Parameters for the Design of Electric Bus Systems
2020 (English)In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 13, no 12, p. 1-28, article id 3262Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Without experiences of electric buses, public transport authorities and bus operators have faced questions about how to implement them in a cost-effective way. Simple cost modelling cannot show how costs for different types of electric buses differ between different routes and timetables. Tools (e.g., HASTUS, PtMS, and optibus) which can analyse such details are complicated, time consuming to use, and provide insufficient insights into the mechanisms that influence the cost. This paper therefore proposes a method for how to calculate total cost of ownership, for different types of electric buses, in a way which can predict how the cost varies based on route and timetable. The method excludes factors which cause minor cost variations in an almost random manor, in order to better show the fundamental mechanisms influencing different costs. The method will help in finding ways to reduce the cost and help to define a few cases which deserve a deep analysis with more complete tools. Testing of the method in a Swedish context showed that the results are in line with other theoretical and practical studies, and how the total cost of ownership can vary depending on the variables.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
electric bus; cost model; total cost of ownership; TCO; charging strategy; public transport; sustainability
National Category
Civil Engineering
urn:nbn:se:bth-19913 (URN)10.3390/en13123262 (DOI)000550143100001 ()
Swedish Energy Agency, P41411-1

open access

Available from: 2020-06-24 Created: 2020-06-24 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorNy, Henrik
Coordinating organisation
Blekinge Institute of Technology
2016-01-01 - 2017-12-31
National Category
Energy Engineering
DiVA, id: project:1985Project, id: P41411-1_Energi

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